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Use and significa .הצדיק

153

by apprehending, receiving; declared by an instrument. Faith in what
sense the condition of our justification. Signification of that term whence to
be learned

..... 133

CHAP. IV.

The proper sense of these words justification, and to justify, considered. Ne-

cessity thereof. Latin derivation of justification. Some of the ancients de-
ceived by it. From `jus,' and justum ;' 'justus filius,' wbo. The Hebrew
.

of it. Places where it is used, examined.

2 Sam. xv. 4. Deut. 21. 5. Prov. xvii. 15. Isa. v. 23. I. 8. 1 Kings viii. 31,

39. 2 Chron. vi. 22, 23. Psal. Ixxxii. 3. Exod. xxiii. 7. Isa. liii. 11. Jer. xliv.

16. Dan. xii. 3. The constant sense of the word, evinced. Alxasów, use of

it in other authors, to punish. What it is in the New Testament, Matt. xi.

19. xji. 37. Luke vii. 29. x. 29. xvi. 15. xviii. 14. Acts xiii. 38, 39. Rom.

ii. 13. iii. 4. Constantly used in a forensic sense. Places seeming dubious, 1

vindicated. Rom. viji. 30. 1 Cor. vi. 11. Tit. iii. 5-7. Rev. xxii. 11.

How often these words dixciów and dinasówuai are used in the New Testa-

ment. Constant sense of this. The same evinced, from what is opposed

unto it, Isa. I. 8. Prov. xvii. 15. Rom. v. 16. 18. viii. 33, 34. And the de-

claration of it in terms equivalent. Rom. iv. 6, 7. v. 9, 10. 2 Cor. v. 20,

21. Matt. i. 21. Acts xiii. 39. Gal. ii. 16, &c. Justification in the Scripture,

proposed under a juridical scheme, and of a forensic title. The parts and

progress of it. Instances from the whole

CHAP. V.

Distinction of a first and second justification. The whole doctrine of the Ro-

man church concerning justification grounded on this distinction. The first
justification, the nature and causes of it according unto the Romanists. The
second justification, what it is in their sense. Solution of the seeming dif.
ference between Paul and James, falsely pretended by this distinction... That
same distinction received by the Socinians, and others. The lathing is said
by some, the continuation of our justification. The distinci, 31. Nature
Justification considered, either as unto its essence, or its

Spirit immediately
manifestation of it twofold, initial and final. Initial;

igelists. 3. Differences
or others. No second justification hence ensues

ne, answered. Sense of the

legal and evangelical. Their distinct nature

derogatory to the merit of Christ. More

among Protestants, considered. 69

unto the blood of Christ, in our justification II.

this purpose. All true justification overthrie first reformation. Advantages

countenance given unto this justification in te of the consciences of men ander

fication not intended by the apostle Jovation before God. Alterations made

Our first justification so describurine, though not received. Alterations in the

a second. Ocving world, by the introduction of Christianity. Design and

fajthccess of the first reformer herein. Attempts for reconciliation with the Pa-

pists in this doctrine, and their success. Remainders of the ignorance of

the truth in the Roman church. Unavoidable consequences of the corruption

of this doctrine

... 81

CHAP. I.

Justification by faith generally acknowledged. The meaning of it perverted.

The nature and use of faith in justification proposed to consideration. Dis-
tinctions about it, waved. A twofold faith of the gospel expressed in the
Scripture. Paith that is not justifying. Acts viii. 13. John ii. 23, 24.
Luke viii. 13. Matt. xxii. 28. Historical faith, whence it is so called, and
the nature of it. Degrees of assent in it. Justification not ascribed unto
my degree of it. A calumny obviated. The causes of true saving faith.

CHAP. VI.

Evangelical personal righteousness, the nature and use of it. Whether there be

an evangelical justification on our evangelical righteousness, inquired into.

How this is by some affirmed and applauded. Evangelical personal righte-

ousness asserted as the condition of our legal righteousness, or the pardon of

sin. Opinion of the Socinians. Personal righteousness required in the gos-

pel. Believers hence denominated righteous. Not with respect unto righte-

ousness babitual, but actual only. Inherent righteousness the same with sanc-

tification or holiness. In what sense we may be said to be justified by in-

herent righteousness. No evangelical justification on our personal righte-

ousness. The imputation of the righteousness of Christ doth not depend

thereon. None bave this righteousness, but they are antecedently justified.

A charge before God, in all justification before God. The instrument of this

charge; the law or the gospel. From neither of them can we be justified by

this personal righteousness. The justification pretended needless and useless.

It hath not the nature of any justification mentioned in the Scripture ; but

is contrary to all that is so called. Other arguments to the same purpose.

Sentential justification at the last day. Nature of the last judgment. Who

shall be then justified. A declaration of righteousness, and an actual ad-

mission onto glory, the whole of justification at the last day. The argument

that we are justified in this life, in the same manner, and on the same grounds

as we shall be judged at the last day, that judgment being according unto

works, answered ; and the impertinency of it declared ..

189

16

nature os

CHAP. VII.

Order of the

anto. Sincere asse.

nature of it. The first express record of justification, deter-

putation. Gen. xv. 6. Reasons of it. The doctrine
the gospel unto that en
called to believe. Justify

Paul; the occasion of it. Maligned and opposed
act of the mind or will. The naine concerning imputation of righteousness on
Approbation of the way of salvativt of the reformed churches herein, parti-
nature of justifying faith. What ihoni opposed, and on what grounds.

between reputare' and 'imputare.'

all other ways. Hos. xiv. 2, 3.

Consent of the will unto this wa

ours antecedently unto that im-

kinds. Nature of this

heart in God. 1 Pet. i. 21. Trust
reason of it. Nature and object of this

it is, and nothing
sideration of special mercy. Whether obedientu

s made
of faith, or be of the essence of it. A sincere purpose of universar
inseparable from faith. How faith alone justifieth. Repentance, how re-
quired in, and unto justification. How a condition of the new covenant.
Perseverance in obedience, is so also. Definitions of faith

... 116

CHAP. III.

Use of faith in justification ; various conceptions about it. By whom asserted,

as the instrument of it, by whom denied. In what sense it is affirmed so to
be. The expressions of the Scripture, concerning the use of faith in justifi-
cation, what they are ; and how they are best explained. By an instrumental
cause. Faith, how the instrument of God in justification. How the instru-
ment of them that do believe. The use of faith expressed in the Scripture,

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Gal. iii. 13, 14. 1 Pet. i. 24. Deut. xxi. 23. Testimonies of Justin Martyr,

Gregory Nyssen, Austin, Chrysostom, Bernard, Taulerus, Pighius, to that

purpose. The proper actings of faith with respect thereunto. Rom. v. 11.

Matt. xi. 28. Psal. xxxviii. 4. Gen. iv. 13. Isa. liü. 11. Gal. iii. 1. Isa. xlv.

22. John iii. 14, 15. A bold calumny answered

43

SECT. VI.

Introduction of grace by Jesus Christ, into the whole of our relation unto God,

and its respect unto all the parts of our obedience. No mystery of grace in

the covenant of works. All religion originally commensurate unto reason.

No notions of natural light concerning the introduction of the mediation of

Christ, and mystery of grace into our relation to God. Eph. i. 17-19.

Reason, as corrupted, can have no notions of religion, but what are derived

from its primitive state. Hence the mysteries of the gospel esteemed folly.

Reason, as corrupted, repugnant unto the mystery of grace. Accommodation

of spiritual mysteries unto corrupt reason, wherefore acceptable unto many.

Reasons of it. Two parts of corrupted nature's repugnancy unto the mystery

of the gospel. 1. That which would reduce it unto the private reason of

men. Thence the Trinity denied. And the incarnation of the Son of God.

Without which the doctrine of justification cannot stand. Role of the

Socinians in the interpretation of the Scripture. 2. Want of a due compre.

hension of the harmony that is between all the parts of the mystery of grace.

This harmony proved. Compared with the harmony in the works of nature.

To be studied. But it is learned only of them who are taught of God ; and

in experience, Evil events of the want of a due comprehension hereof. In-

stances of them. All applied unto the dootrine of justification

56

5

&

SECT. VII.

General prejudices against the imputation of the righteousness of Christ. 1. That

it is not in terms found in the Scripture, answered. %. That nothing is said

of it in the writings of the evangelists, answered. John xx. 30, 31. Nature

of Christ's personal ministry. Revelations by the Holy Spirit immediately,

from Christ. Design of the writings of the evangelists. 3. Differences

among Protestants themselves about this doctrine, answered. Sense of the

ancients herein. What is of real difference among Protestants, considered. 69

SECT."VIII.

Influence of the doctrine of justification into the first reformation. Advantages

unto the world by that reformation. State of the consciences of men under
the papacy, with respect unto justification before God. Alterations made

therein by the light of this doctrine, though not received. Alterations in the

Pagan unbelieving world, by the introduction of Christianity. Design and

success of the first reformer herein. Attempts for reconciliation with the Pa-

pists in this doctrine, and their success. Remainders of the ignorance of

the truth in the Roman church. Unavoidable consequences of the corruption

of this doctrine

81

CHAP. I.

Justification by faith generally acknowledged. The meaning of it perverted.

The nature and use of faith in justification proposed to consideration. Dis-
tinctions about it, waved. A twofold faith of the ospel expressed in the
Scripture. Faith that is not justifying. Acts viii. 13. John ii. 23, 24.
Luke viii. 13. Matt. xxii. 28. Historical faith, whence it is so called, and
the nature of it. Degrees of assent in it. Justification not ascribe: 1
any degree of it. A calumny obviated. The causes of true

dery

re

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CHAP. II.

The nature of justifying faith in particular; or, of faith in the exercise of it,

whereby we are justified. The heart's approbation of the way of the justifi-,

cation, and salvation of sinners by Christ, with its acquiescency therein. The

description given, explained, and confirmed. 1. From the nature of the gos-

pel. 2. Exemplified in its contrary, or the nature of unbelief. Prov. i. 30.

Heb. ii. 3. 1 Pet. ii. 7. 1 Cor. i. 23, 24, 2 Cor. iv. 3, 4. What it is, and

wherein it doth consist. 3. The design of God, in and by the gospel. His

own glory, bis utmost end in all things. The glory of his righteousness,

grace, love, wisdom, &c. The end of God in the way of the salvation of

sinners by Christ. Rom. iii. 25. John iii. 16. 1 John iii. 16. Eph. i. 5, 6.

1 Cor. i. 24. Eph. iii. 10. Rom. i. 16. iv. 16. Eph. iii. 9. 2 Cor. iv. 6. The

nature os "aith thence declared. Faith alone ascribes and gives this glory to God.

Order of the arts of faith, or the method in believing. Convictions previous there-

unto. Sincere assent unto all divine revelations; Acts xxvi. 27. The proposal of

the gospel unto that end; Rom. x. 11–13, &c, 2 Cor. ii. 18. State of persons

called to believe. Justify Yng faith doth not consist in any one single babit or

act of the mind or will. The nature of that assent which is the first act of faith.

Approbation of the way of salvation by Christ, comprehensive of the special

nature of justifying faith. What is in Juded therein. 1. A renunciation of

all other ways. ' Hos. xiv. 2, 3. Jer. iii. 23. Psal. vii. 16. Rom. x. 3. 2.

Consent of the will unto this way; John xiy. 6. 3. Acquiescency of the

heart in God. 1 Pet. i. 21. Trust in God. Faith described by trust, the

reason of it. Nature and object of this trust inquired into. A double con-

sideration of special mercy. Whether obediencs he included in the nature

of faith, or be of the essence of it. A sincere purpose of universal obedience

inseparable from faith. How faith alone justifieth. Repentance, how re-

quired in, and unto justification. How a condition of the new covenant.
Perseverance in obedience, is so also. Definitions of faith

...... 116

CHAP. III.

Use of faith in justification ; various conceptions about it. By whom asserted,

as the instrument of it, by whom denied. In what sense it is affirmed so to
be. The expressions of the Scripture, concerning the use of faith in justifi-
cation, what they are ; and how they are best explained. By an instrumental
cause. Faith, how the instrument of God in justification. How the instru-
ment of them that do believe. The use of faith expressed in the Scripture,

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by apprehending, receiving; declared by an instrument. Faith in what

sense the condition of our justification. Signifioation of that term whence to

be learned

133

CHAP. IV.

The proper sense of these words justification, and to justify, considered. Ne-

cessity thereof. Latin derivation of justification. Some of the ancients de-

ceived by it. From ‘jus,' and justum ;' justus filius,' who. The Hebrew

D7%. Use and signification of it. Places where it is used, examined.

2 Sam. xv. 4. Deut. 21. 5. Prov. xvii. 15. Isa. v. 23. 1. 8. 1 Kings viii. 31,

39. 2 Chron. vi. 22, 23. Psal. Ixxxii. 3. Exod. xxiii. 7. Isa. liii. 11. Jer. xliv.

16. Dan. xii. 3. The constant sense of the word, evinced. Alxasów, use of

it in other authors, to punish. What it is in the New Testament, Matt. xi.

19. xji. 37. Luke vii. 29. x. 29. xvi. 15. xviii. 14. Acts xiii. 38, 39. Rom.

ii. 13. iii. 4. Constantly used in a forensic sense. Places seeming dubious,

vindicated. Rom. viii. 30. 1 Cor. vi. 11. Tit. iii. 5–7. Rev. xxii, 11.

How often these words dixatów and donatówuchs are used in the New Testa-

Constant sense of this. The same evinced, from what is opposed

unto it, Isa. I. 8. Prov. xvii. 15. Rom. v. 16. 18. viji. 33, 34. And the de-

claration of it in terms equivalent. Rom. iv. 6, 7. v. 9, 10. 2 Cor. v. 20,

21. Matt. i. 21. Acts xiii. 39. Gal. ii. 16, &c. Justification in the Scripture,

proposed under a juridical scheme, and of a forensic title. The parts and

progress of it. Instances from the whole

153

CHAP. V.

Distinction of a first and second justification. The whole doctrine of the Ro-

man church concerning justification grounded on this distinction. The first

justification, the nature and causes of it according unto the Romanists. The

second justification, what it is in their sense. Solution of the seeming dif.

ference between Paul and James, falsely pretended by this distinction. The

same distinction received by the Socinians, and others. The latter termed

by some, the continuation of our justification. The distinction disproved.

Justification considered, either as unto its essence, or its manifestation. The

manifestation of it twofold, initial and final. Initial is either unto ourselves,

or others. No second justification hence ensues. Justification before God,

legal and evangelical. Their distinct natures. The distinction mentioned,

derogatory to the merit of Christ. More in it ascribed unto ourselves, than

unto the blood of Christ, in our justification. The vanity of disputations to

this purpose. All true justification overthrown by this distinction. No

countenance given unto this justification in the Scripture. The second justi-

fication not intended by the apostle Jones. Evil of arbitrary distinctions.

Our first justification so describca in the Scripture, as to leave no room for

a second. Of the continuation of our justification: whether it depend on

faith alone, or our personal righteousness inquired. Justification at once

completed in all the causes and effects of it, proved at large. Believers upon

their justification, obliged unto perfect obedience. The commanding power

of the law constitutes the nature of sin in them, who are not obnoxious unto

its curse. Future sins, in what sense remitted at our first justification. The

continuation of actual pardon, and thereby of a justified estate, on what it

doth depend. Continuation of justification, the act of God; whereon it de-

pends in that sense. On our part it depends on faith alone. Nothing re-

quired hereunto, but the application of righteousness imputed. The conti-

nuation of our justification is before God. That whereon the continuation of

our justification depends, pleadable before God. This not our personal obe-

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