Obrazy na stronie
[ocr errors]

other, so there was an entire mutual Love between Christ and his Sheep. For that to know frequently fignifies to love, to be pleas'd with, to favor, and to obey; and that God is thus said to know Men, and Men to know God, I need not prove to a Person so converfant in the Scriptures as your self. However, for the sake of others, I will transcribe three Texts. For the Lord knoweth the way of the righteous : but the way of the ungodly shall perish, Pfal. 1. 6. And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom thou bäst fent, John 17. 3. And hereby we do know, that we know him, if we keep bis commandments, : John 2. 3. Wherefore Christ's Knowledge of the Father of Very God, and being reciprocally known by him, was no Argument to his Disciples of his being more than Man.

4. Our Lord says, if ye bad known me, ye should have known my Father also ; and from henceforth ye known him, and bave seen him. Philip saith unto him, Lord, few us the Father, and it sufficeth us. Jefus faith unto bim, have I been so long time with you, and yet haft thou not known me, Philip? He that hath Geen me, bath seen the Father; and how jay'st thou then, shew us the Father? Believest thou not, that I am in the Father, and the Far ther in me? The words that I speak unto you, I speak not of my self : but the Father that dwelleth in me, be doetb the works. Believe me, that I am in the Father, and the Father in me ; or else believe me for the very works fake, John 14:7-I. Now from the Disciples knowing and seeing the Father by knowing and seeing the Son, it can't be inferr'd, that the Son discover'd his Divine Nature. Because these Phrases manifestly import, as the Context Thews, such a Knowledge and Sight of God, as is gain'd by the Son's Revelation of his Will, and doing Miracles


by his Power. For that the Spirit's Affistance, by which he wrought Miracles, was his Father's Power, is manifest from numberless Places, and granted on all Hands. Now the Son might revele the Father's Will, and do Miracles by his Power, even tho? he had no Divine Nature, as the Apostles and others did, who were mere Men," tho conducted and affifted by the Spirit of God.

s. Our Lord said, The Son can do nothing of bimfelf ; but what be feetb the Father do. For whatsoever things be doth, these also doth the Son likewise, John si 19.

I beg leave to explain this Passage in Dr.Whit. by's Words, who says, The Jews concluding Christ to be a false Prophet, because be in this peculiar Manner stild God bis Father, Christ here undertakes to New, Firft, That be exercis'd bis Prophetick Office according to the Will of the Father. Secondly, That he confirm'd it by Miracles done by the Power of God residing in him. As to speak nothing of himself, is to speak nothing of his own Inština and Will, without Commission from God-So to do now thing of bimself, is to do nothing without Commission from, and Knowledge of the Will of God, that he should do it, and Yo respecteth bis Prophetick Office, and things done in Cone firmation of it; and then the Words following, unless he see the Father doing them, must bear this Sense, Una less he by the Spirit of the Father residing in him, fee that the Father would have them done by him For what the Father moin, would have done, be doth according to his Will, or as he would have them to bet done. And this Import of the Words feems to be confirm'd from the following Words.; For the Father loveth the Son, kyta deínvuoty 'outh ä autos molel, and sheweth him all things which he (the Son) doeth; and he will fhew him greater Works than these (which are to be done by him, even that of raising the Dead, v. 21.)


For, because we receive all our Knowledge from our Eyes and Ears, therefore Christ speaking of the Execution of his Prophetick Office, useth these Metaphors, declaring, that he Spake and testified what he had seen, Chap.3. 11. what he had seen with the Father, Chap. 8. 38. And, fo the Baptift saith, What he hath seen, he'teftifieth : And again, that he spake what he had heard from the Father, Chap. 8. 26, 49.----15. 15. And because they who teach or declare things, do by that shew them to us ; therefore Christ useth this Metaphor here, and faith, Chap. 8.28. I do nothing of my self; but as my Father hath taught me, fo I speak. And again, Chap. 12. 49, 5o. I have spoken nothing of my self, but as the Father who sent me, gave me commandment what I should say and speak; the things therefore which I speak, as the Father said to me, fo I speak. Now that he spake this with refpect to the Spirit of Propbely, with which he was anointed, and by the Father sent to preach the Gospel to the Poor, &c. Luke 4. i8. the Baptist teacheth in these Words, What he hath seen and heard, that he teftifieth; for he whom God hath sent, speakech the words of God; for the Father giveth not him the Spirit by measure, Chap. 3. 23, 24. And he himself intimates by saying, Chap. 14. 10. The words that I speak to you, I speak not of my self; the Father abiding in me, he doth the works. Thus far Dr. Whitby.

Wherefore the Son's doing whatsoever the Father did, was no Discovery of his being more than a Man conducted and affitted by the Spirit. Especially if it be consider'd, that as general as this Expression is concerning the Son's Works, yet the Son never did any sort of Works during his Humiliation, which his Disciples did not also at some time or other perform. And consequently it might be truly said of his Disciples, that whatsoever God



[ocr errors]

did, they did the same. And yet'tis plain, that the Disciples were not more than mere Men, but only had the Affiftance and Guidance of a Divine Power.

6. Our Lord affirm'd himself to be greater than the Temple, Matt. 12. 6. and Lord of the Sabbath, v. 8. And thus the Disciples might well think of him, because he was the greatest of Prophets, and the Son of God; even tho' they had not the least Suspicion of his being God-Man.

Thirdly, With respect to what was then future,

1. Our Lord affirms, that he barb 'life in himself, even as the Father baib, But let us read the Context. Verily, verily 1 say unto you, the hour is coming, and now is, wben the dead shall bear the voice of the Son of God: and tbey that bear, Mall live. For the Farber bath Life in himself: sobath be given to the Son to bave life in bimself. John's. 25, 26. You see, our Savior proves, that the Son shall raise the Dead at the last great Day ; because the Father hath given to the Son to have Life in himself, as the Father also hath. So that to bave Life in bimself, manifestly signifies to have a Power of raising the Dead. But fince he declares, that he should raise the Dead by his Father's Power ; 'is certain, that he did not thereby declare himself to be more than Man. For a mere Man aslifted by the Spirit might also raise the Dead; as the Apostles themselves did.

2. Our Lord says, All things that the Father bath, are mine, John 16.15. For the Explication of there Words, I shall recite two parallel Texts. All things are delivered unto me of my Father, Matt. 11. 27. The Father loveth the Son, and bath given all things into his band, John 3. 35. The Meaning plainly is, that God has given the Son all manner of Power and Authori. ty to direct and govern the Church. Christ is speak

[ocr errors]



ing of the Spirit’s Descent to instruct his Disciples
fully, and to guide them into all Truth; and tels
them, that be shall not speak of himself : but whatsoever
be shall bear, that he shall Speak, and be will shew you
things to come, v. 12. 13. adding, He shall glorify me:
for, he shall receive of mine, and be shall shew it unto you,
V. 14. That is, I will send the Spirit to revele
to you whatsoever it shall be fit for you to hear
concerning me and my Kingdom. This will there-
fore tend to my Glory; because he shall act as sent
by me, and deliver my Messages. And, that you
may not doubt of my being able to perform this
Promise, I assure you, that I am fully empower'd
to send the Spirit. For the Father has committed
to me all Power and Authority relating to the
Church ; and therefore what the Spirit shall do in
that resped, will be perform'd by him as sent by
me for that Purpose. But how did this discover to
the Disciples, that Christ was at that time more
than a Man He foretels indeed what he should
certainly be able to do; and he speaks of the fame
in the Present Tense, to denote the Certainty of it,
as the Jewish Manner was; and all this he ascribes
to the good Pleasure of his Father, from whom he
should receive fuch wonderful Abilities, at the
time of his Exaltation, which he frequently prophe-
lied of. And this he might well say to them, with-
out causing them to believe, that he was at chac
time any thing more than a Man conducted and
assisted by that very Spirit, which he himself should
afterwards pour forth upon his Disciples.

3. Our Savior speaking of the Persecutions of his
Disciples after his Exaltation, bids them not be fol-
licicous about making their Defenses, saying, Settle
it therefore in your hearts, not to meditate before, what ye
Shall answer. For I will give you a mouth and wisdom,

I 2


« PoprzedniaDalej »