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which only made the applause valuable 3. He indeed in the same epistle says, “ It is a sign we have left off doing things which deserve praise, when we think commendation impertinent.'. This is asserted with a just regard to the persons whose good opinions we wish for ; otherwise reputation would be valued according to the number of voices a man has for it, which are not always to be insured on the more virtuous side. But however we pretend to model these nice affairs, true glory will never attend any thing but truth ; and there is something so peculiar in it, that the very self-same action, done by different men, cannot merit the same degree of applause. The Roman 4, who was surprised in the enemy's camp before he had accomplished his design, and thrust his bare arm into a flaming pile, telling the general there were many as determined as elf, who, against sense of danger, had conspired his death, wrought in the very enemy an admiration of his fortitude, and a dismission with applause. But the condemned slave, who represented him in the theatre, and consumed his arm in the same manner, with the same resolution, did not raise in the spectators a great idea of his virtue, but of him whom he imitated in an action no way differing from that of the real Scævola, but in the motive to it.
This true glory is inseparable from true merit; and whatever you call men, they are no more than what they are in themselves; but a romantic sense has crept into the minds of the generality, who will ever mistake words and appearances for persons and things.
The simplicity of the ancients was as conspicuous in the address of their writings as in any other monui
3 C. Plin. Epist. lib. iii. ep. 21.
ments they have left behind them. Cæsar and Augustus were much more high words of respect, when added to occasions fit for their characters to appear in, than any appellations which have ever been since thought of. The latter of these great men had a very pleasant way of dealing with applications of this kind. When he received pieces of poetry which he thought had worth in them, he rewarded the writer; but where he thought them empty, he generally returned the compliment made him with some verses of his own.
This latter method I have at present occasion to imitate. A female author has dedicated a piece to me, wherein she would make my name, as she has others, the introduction of whatever is to follow in her book; and has spoke some panegyrical things which I know not how to return, for want of better acquaintance with the lady, and consequently being out of a capacity of giving her praise or blame; all therefore that is left for me, according to the foregoing rules, is to lay the picture of a good and evil woman before her eyes, which are but mere words if they do not concern her. Now you are to observe, the way in a dedication is, to make all the rest of the world as little like the person we address to as possible, according to the following epistle:
S Mrs. D. Manley's “ Memoirs of Europe towards the Close of the 8th Century, written by Eginardus, Secretary, &c. to Charlemagne, and done into English by the Translator of the New Atalantis.” See N° 35, Sagissa ; N° 163, Mira; and N° 174, Lady Fidget : all conjectured to have had allusions to Mrs. Manley,
No 178. TUESDAY, MAY 30, 1710.
Sheer Lane, May 29. WHEN we look into the delightful history of the most ingenious Don Quixote of La Mancha, and consider the exercises and manner of life of that renowned gentleman, we cannot but admire the exquisite genius and discerning spirit of Michael Cervantes ; who has not only painted his adventurer with great mastery in the conspicuous parts of his story, which relate to love and honour, but also intimated in his ordinary life, in his æconomy and furniture, the infallible symptoms he gave of his growing phrenzy, before he declared himself a knight-errant. His hall was fure nished with old lances, halberds, and morions ; his food, lentils; his dress, amorous. He slept mode rately, rose early, and spent his time in hunting. When, by watchfulness and exercise, he. was thus qualified for the hardships of his intended peregrinations, he had nothing more to do but to fall hard to study; and, before he should apply himself to the practical part, get into the methods of making love and war by reading books of knighthood. As for raising tender passions in him, Cervantes reports, that he was wonderfully delighted with a smooth intricate sentence ; and when they listened at his study-door, they could frequently hear him read loud, “The reason of the unreasonableness, which against my rea. son is wrought, doth so weaken my reason, as with all reason I do justly complain of your beauty.' Again, VOL. III.