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PERIOD I.-THE APOSTOLIC AGE: TO CIRCA A. D. 100
§ 1. The Neronian Persecution . .
PERIOD II.-THE POST-APOSTOLIC AGE: A. D. 100-A. D. 140
§ 7. Relation of the Roman State to Christianity
§ 8. Martyrdom and the Desire for Martyrdom
§ 9. The Position of the Roman Community of Christians
§13. Worship in the Post-Apostolic Period
PERIOD III.-THE CRITICAL PERIOD: A. D. 140 TO A. D. 200
Chapter I. The Church in Relation to the Empire and Heathen
§ 17. The Extension of Christianity
§ 18. Heathen Religious Feeling and Culture in Relation to
19. The Attitude of the Roman Government toward
Christians, A. D. 138 to A. D. 192
§ 21. The Earlier Gnostics: Gnosticism in General . . .
Chapter III. The Defence against Heresy
§ 26. Councils as a Defence against Heresy
§ 27. The Apostolic Tradition and the Episcopate .
§ 28. The Canon or the Authoritative New Testament
Chapter IV. The Beginnings of Catholic Theology
§ 32. The Apologetic Conception of Christianity
Chapter I. The Political and Religious Conditions of the Em-
§ 34. State and Church under Septimius Severus and Cara-
38. The Easter Controversy and the Separation of the
Churches of Asia Minor from the Western Churches 161
39. The Religion of the West: Its Moral and Juristic
42. The Penitential Discipline.
§ 43. The Catechetical School of Alexandria: Clement and
Chapter III. The First General Persecution and Its Conse-
§45. The Decian-Valerian Persecution. .
§46. Effects of the Persecution upon the Inner Life of
51. The Unity of the Church and the See of Rome
52. Controversy over Baptism by Heretics.
53. The Beginnings of Monasticism
$47. The Chiliastic Controversy
§ 48. Theology of the Second Half of the Third Century
§ 49. The Development of the Cultus
Chapter V. The Last Great Persecution.
§ 55. The Reorganization of the Empire by Diocletian
§ 56. The Diocletian Persecution . .
§ 57. Rise of Schisms in Consequence of the Diocletian Per-
PERIOD I.-THE IMPERIAL STATE CHURCH OF THE UNDIVIDED
EMPIRE, OR UNTIL THE DEATH OF THEODOSIUS THE
Chapter I. The Church and Empire under Constantine
§ 58. The Empire under Constantine and His Sons
§ 59. The Favor Shown the Church by Constantine
§ 60. The Repression of Heathenism under Constantine
§ 61. The Donatist Schism under Constantine
§ 62. Constantine's Endeavors to Bring about the Unity of
the Church by Means of General Synods: the Coun-
cils of Arles and Nicæa.
§ 65. The Victory of the Anti-Nicene Party in the East
§ 66. Collapse of the Anti-Nicene Middle Party; the Re-
newal of Arianism; the Rise of the Homoousian
Chapter IV. The Empire and the Imperial State Church
§ 67. The Policy of the Sons of Constantine toward Hea-
Chapter III. The Triumph of the New-Nicene Orthodoxy over
69. The Emperors from Jovian to Theodosius and Their
Policy toward Heathenism and Arianism
$70. The Dogmatic Parties and Their Mutual Relations.
871. The Emperor Theodosius and the Triumph of the
New Nicene Orthodoxy at the Council of Constan-
74. The Position of the State Church in the Social Order
§ 77. The Extension of Monasticism throughout the Empire
§78. Celibacy of the Clergy and the Regulation of Clerical
(A) Clerical Marriage in the East
PERIOD II.-THE CHURCH FROM THE PERMANENT DIVISION OF
THE EMPIRE UNTIL THE COLLApse of the Western Em-
PIRE AND THE FIRST SCHISM BETWEEN THE EAST AND THE
Chapter I. The Church at the Beginning of the Permanent
79. The Empire of the Dynasty of Theodosius
§80. The Extension of the Church about the Beginning of
Chapter II. The Church of the Western Empire in the Fifth
§ 81. The Western Church toward the End of the Fourth
82. Augustine's Life and Place in the Western Church.
§83. Augustine and the Donatist Schism
§84. The Pelagian Controversy.
$85. The Semi-Pelagian Controversy
§86. The Roman Church as the Centre of the Catholic
Chapter III. The Church in the Eastern Empire
§ 87. The First Origenistic Controversy and the Triumph
§88. The Christological Problem and the Theological
§89. The Nestorian Controversy; the Council of Eph-