A third window: natural life beyond Newton and Darwin
Templeton Foundation Press, 1 kwi 2009 - 196
Thus far, the dominant paradigms through which modern scientists have viewed nature have been structured primarily around Newtonian and Darwinian approaches. As theoretical ecologist Robert E. Ulanowicz observes in his new work, A Third Window, neither of these models is sufficient for explaining how real change-in the form of creative advance or emergence-takes place in nature. The metaphysical foundations laid by these great thinkers centuries ago are ill suited to sustain today's search for a comprehensive description of complex living systems. Ecosystem dynamics, for example, violate each and every one of the Newtonian presuppositions. Hence, Ulanowicz offers his titular "third window"-a new way of understanding evolution and other natural processes beyond the common mechanistic or materialistic philosophies of nature. Drawing on the writings of Walter Elsasser, Karl Popper, Gregory Bateson, Robert Rosen, and Alfred North Whitehead, as well as his own experience as a theoretical ecologist, Ulanowicz offers a new set of axioms for how nature behaves. Chance and disarray in natural processes are shown to be necessary conditions for real change. Randomness is shown to contribute richness and autonomy to the natural world. The metaphysical implications of these new axioms will lend A Third Windowa wide appeal not only among scientists, but also among philosophers, theologians, and general readers who follow the science and religion dialogue. Ulanowicz's fresh perspective adds a new voice to the discussion.
Wyniki 1 - 3 z 13
His perspective contrasts markedly with the modern scenario, which makes the
amalgamation of material with mechanical causes obligatory. A second postulate
that gained favor in the wake of Newton is related to closure and is the idea that ...
Darwin's basic scheme was simple enough — so extremely simple that some say
the resultant scenario became "colonial" in the sense that it could be applied to
almost any situation, even many where it does not apply (Salthe 1989).
The ecological scenario, by contrast, places much of the selection as active
formal agency within the internal dynamics. As a matter of application, the
conventional scenario focuses on organisms as the objects of selection. These
objects are ...
Co mówią ludzie - Napisz recenzję
LibraryThing ReviewRecenzja użytkownika - BillHall - LibraryThing
Ulanowicz is a systems ecologist whose work I generally admire. This book, "A Third Window: Natural Life beyond Newton and Darwin" tries to look at life from a viewpoint that is neither reductionist ... Przeczytaj pełną recenzję
Two Open Windows on Nature
How Can Things Truly Change?
How Can Things Persist?
Nie pokazano 5 innych sekcji