A third window: natural life beyond Newton and Darwin
Templeton Foundation Press, 1 kwi 2009 - 196
Thus far, the dominant paradigms through which modern scientists have viewed nature have been structured primarily around Newtonian and Darwinian approaches. As theoretical ecologist Robert E. Ulanowicz observes in his new work, A Third Window, neither of these models is sufficient for explaining how real change-in the form of creative advance or emergence-takes place in nature. The metaphysical foundations laid by these great thinkers centuries ago are ill suited to sustain today's search for a comprehensive description of complex living systems. Ecosystem dynamics, for example, violate each and every one of the Newtonian presuppositions. Hence, Ulanowicz offers his titular "third window"-a new way of understanding evolution and other natural processes beyond the common mechanistic or materialistic philosophies of nature. Drawing on the writings of Walter Elsasser, Karl Popper, Gregory Bateson, Robert Rosen, and Alfred North Whitehead, as well as his own experience as a theoretical ecologist, Ulanowicz offers a new set of axioms for how nature behaves. Chance and disarray in natural processes are shown to be necessary conditions for real change. Randomness is shown to contribute richness and autonomy to the natural world. The metaphysical implications of these new axioms will lend A Third Windowa wide appeal not only among scientists, but also among philosophers, theologians, and general readers who follow the science and religion dialogue. Ulanowicz's fresh perspective adds a new voice to the discussion.
Wyniki 1 - 3 z 8
competitive interactions. This will happen whenever positive indirect effects grow
to be more influential than direct negative effects. For example, during the wet
season in the forested regions of the Everglades, alligators account for 10
With complex systems, it may often occur that the system is responding less to the
magnitude of the eliciting disturbance and more to a lock-and-key
correspondence with it, as one observes in antibody-pathogen interactions. The
2 Engineers have developed a methodology to address multiple scales called
dimensional analysis, and one of their rules of thumb is that two processes
associated with parameters that differ greatly in scale rarely interact (Long 1963).
Co mówią ludzie - Napisz recenzję
LibraryThing ReviewRecenzja użytkownika - BillHall - LibraryThing
Ulanowicz is a systems ecologist whose work I generally admire. This book, "A Third Window: Natural Life beyond Newton and Darwin" tries to look at life from a viewpoint that is neither reductionist ... Przeczytaj pełną recenzję
Two Open Windows on Nature
How Can Things Truly Change?
How Can Things Persist?
Nie pokazano 5 innych sekcji