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(10) "Eventful:" full of events.

(11) "Pathless:" without any known path: we may suppose that not one of the Israelites had ever been far out of Egypt towards the land of their fathers, they could not, therefore, have found their way over pathless deserts, had not their God guided them by His cloud and pillar. This does not mean that "God himself moved from place to place, for He is always everywhere, but this cloud was moved by Him from whom it came, as a token that He was present," and would be with them wheresoever it went.

(12) "Camp:" a great number of tents. When they rested for the night, they fixed tents, to shelter them; and the place where they stood was called a camp.

(13) "Daily dependence:" you all feel that you owe much, every day, to your parents and friends, who take care of you, and supply all your daily wants; you depend upon or trust to them for your daily bread: if you wish for any thing, you ask them for it: if you are in trouble, to them you tell all your little griefs. Thus you place your daily dependence upon them; while they are with you, you are happy, because you feel sure that they will take care of you, and keep away all evil from you: thus should we trust daily in our Heavenly Father, who is always near us: we may lose our parents and friends, they inay be taken from us, but He will be ever near to hear all those who call upon His


(14) "Commune:" Moses communed with his God, he did what we should all very often do; he went away from the noise and bustle of his

fellow men, into a lonely place, that he might there open his heart before the Lord, and receive His help and blessing.

(15) "Idolatry:" Idols are images made of wood or stone, or sometimes of gold and silver, which are, in some countries, worshipped instead of the one true God, and this is called idolatry. It was very grievous to see the people of Israel, who had so much reason to bless and praise their God, so far forget their duty as to forsake Him, and set up an idol of their own. Let us

never forget God, for He will never forget us. (16) "Pomegranates:" the pomegranate is a fruit of the apple form, covered with a reddish rind, and red within, having red grains full of juice, like wine, with little kernels. This fruit was very common in Palestine, and is considered very beautiful.

(17) "Fertility:" fruitfulness; having fruit and flowers, &c. in great plenty.

(18) "Sincerity:" we are said to do any thing in sincerity, if we do it honestly, without deceit; not pretending any thing we do not feel: it is of no use for us to say that we love God, and wish to walk in His ways, unless our actions prove the truth of our words.

(19) "Prophets:" persons who were taught of God to foretell those things which should come to pass; in many parts of the Bible the life and death of our Saviour are foretold exactly as they afterwards took place, which is one of the many proofs that the Bible is a true book.

(20) "Desolate:" lonely, without friends.


"Filial love:" the love of a child to its parents.


(22) "Dugon:" an idol of the Philistines, which they worshipped; the upper part of it was formed like a man, the lower like a fish.

(23) "Anoint:" it was the custom to pour oil upon the head of the person appointed to be king, as well as in some other cases; this was called anointing them. David was not really made king at this time, but only set apart to succeed Saul at his death.

(24) "Hero:" a brave man, one who performs great


(25) "Javelin:" a kind of spear with an iron head. (26) "Cruse:" a small vessel or cup.

(27) "Supplication:" prayer. To pray, is to make known to God the wishes of our hearts.

(28) "Solemn feast:" it was the custom of the Israelites to mark great events by holding a feast; those held upon a religious account were called solemn feasts.

(29) "Famine:" want of food. This must have been very dreadful to bear: how thankful should we be to God for our many blessings.

(30) "Drought:" dryness; want of water.

(31) "Trench:" Elijah made this trench, or ditch, around the altar, and had it filled with water, that the people, who were looking on, might be sure that it was no fire of his lighting that should consume the altar, because the water that was running all round would have put out any common fire. But when the fire of the Lord fell, we find that it not only dried up the water, and burnt the sacrifice, and the wood that was

about the altar, but even the stones also. How very powerful is God!

(32) "Reverence and submission," mean respect and obedience which is due to all, particularly to those who are older and wiser than ourselves.

(33) "Minister:" one who attends to or waits on another; so we find that Elisha was the minister of Elijah, and was of use to him in many ways. Thus it is a very high and holy office to be the minister of God, to explain His word to the people, and rightly to perform the public services of God.

(34) "Covetousness:" selfishness, a greedy wishing for more than is right.

(35) "Convert" a convert is a person turned from one opinion, or way of life, to another, as from the worship of idols to that of the true God: if our sins are washed away in the blood of our Saviour, our hearts are converted from death unto life. Thus Naaman was a convert from idols to the one true God.

(36) "Sepulchre:" a place where the dead are buried: among the Hebrews, they were sometimes hewn out of a rock.

(37) "Conscience," is that feeling within us which comes from God, and which makes us feel happy when we have done what is right, and causes us to be very uncomfortable when we have done wrong.

(38) "Disobedience:" the leaving undone any duty which we have been told to do.

(39) "Covenant:" an agreement, a bargain. (40) "Incense:" a kind of gum, having a pleasant scent; it burns with a bright flame, which is

not easily put out. The sweet incense spoken of in Exodus, xxx. 7, and elsewhere, was a mixture of several drugs. As so many animals were slain for sacrifice, it was necessary to have some pleasing perfume to hide the unpleasant scent which must have been caused by the sprinkling of so much blood, and the burning of so much flesh.-HARRIS's Natural History of the Bible.

(51) "Pulse:" a term made use of for those grains or seeds which grow in pods, such as peas, beans, &c.; but, in this case, the word given as pulse may mean seeds in general; for many kinds of grain were dried, and used for food, by the people of the East.

(42) "Furnace:" an enclosed place wherein a fire is lighted, the heat of which is very great: of course, it seems to us a very wonderful thing that these men should be able to live in the fire, but it was a miracle wrought for them by that God in whom they trusted.

(43) "Hosen:" coverings for the legs or feet, stockings.

(44) "Extol:" to extol, means to praise, to exalt. (45) "Abuse:" to humble, or bring low.

(46) "Live for ever!" This is a phrase formerly made use of in the East, and meant as a compliment, not that they really expected their king should live for ever.

(47) “Sat in the king's gate:" he sat in the public gate of the palace, through which all must pass who would go to the king, and where, in eastern nations, all public affairs were settled.


J. and C. Adlard, Printers, Bartholomew Close.

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