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not much less rare, than when our unlettered, grandfathers were wont to court God Almighty with faise Latin in their devotions : for, did the true light shine into the hearts of men, in the know. ledge of God, the world, themselves, how could they, how durst they live thus ? Durst the lewd tongues of men rend the holy name of God in pieces with oaths and blasphemies, if they knew him to be so dreadful, so just, as he hath revealed himself? Durst the cruel oppressors of the world grind faces, and cut throats, and shed blood like water, if they were persuaded that God is a sure revenger of their outrages? Durst the goatish adulterer, the swinish drunkard, wallow in their beastly uncleanness, if they knew there is a God to judge them, a hell to fry in ? Durst the rebellious-seditionary lift up his hand against the Lord's Anointed, and that under a colour of religion, if the fool had not said in his heart, There is no God? Could the covetous fool so admire and adore his red and white earth? Could the ambitious so dote upon a little vanishing honour, as to sacrifice his soul to it, if he knew the world? Could the proud man be so besotted with self-love, as that he sees his God in his glass, if he knew himself? Surely then, the true light is as rare, as it is precious: and it is as precious, as life itself; yea, as life eternal : This is eternal life, to know thee; and whom thou hast sent, Jesus Christ; John xvii. 3. What were the world, without light; and what the soul, without the light of knowledge ? We condemn malefactors to darkness : that is one great part of the horror of their durance : and by how much more heinous their crime is, so much darker is their dungeon. Darkness of understanding then, is punishment enough alone: as it is also the entry into hell, which is described by blackness of darkness. None, but savage creatures, delight in darkness : man naturally abhors it in all things. If our eyes be dim, we call for glasses : if our houses be dark, we make windows: if the evening grow dark, we call for lights; and if those lights burn dim, we call for snuffers : and shall we avoid darkness in every thing, except our souls, which is our better and more divine part? Honourable and Beloved, as we love and tender those dear souls of ours, let us labour to furnish them with the light of true and saving knowledge. What is this Gospel, which shines thus daily and clearly in your faces, but the Ve-, hiculum lucis, “ The carriage of that heavenly light” to the world? Send forth thy Light and thy Truth; saith the Psalmist. Thy Word is Truth ; saith our Saviour. That word of Truth then, is the body of that Light, which God shows to men. Oh, let it not shine upon us in vain : let us not trample upon the beams of it in our floor; as that foolish woman, that St. Austin speaks of, did to those of the sun, with a Calco Manichorum Deum. But now, while God gives these happy opportunities, let us enlarge our hearts to receive it with all joy and thankfulness. And, if Moses, by conferring with God but forty days and nights in the delivery of the Law, had a glorious brightness in his face; oh, let us, that more than forty years have had conversation with God in his Gos. pel, shine with the resplendent beams of heavenly knowledge. And, if the joys of heaven are described by Light, surely the more lightsome our souls are here, the nearer they come to their blessed. ness. Light is sown from the righteous ; saith the Psalmist. Lo, here is the seed-time of light: above, is the harvest. If the light of saving knowledge be sown in our hearts here, we shall be sure to reap the crop of heavenly glory hereafter.
And this is the first quality of Light, with the reflection of it ipon us.
II. The next follows, which is PURITY.
Of all the visible creatures, that God hath made, none is so pure and simple as the light. It discovers all the foulness of the most earthly recrements : it mixeth with none of them ; neither is possibly capable of the least corruption. Some of the best interpreters therefore, have taken this metaphor of light to imply the purity and perfect goodness of God: in whom, as there is an infinite clearness of understanding, so also an infinite rectitude of will; insomuch as his will is the rule of all right: neither doth he will ought, because it is good; but therefore it is good, because he wills it. Goodness hath no less brightness in it, than truth; and wickedness, as it is never without error, so it is no less dark than it.
Justly, therefore, is God all Light, in that he is all pure and good. And the REFLECTION of this quality upon us must be our HOLINESS : for This is the will of God, even our sanctification. The more holy then we are, the more we conform to him that is Light.
The way of the just is as the shining Light, that shineth more and more. As, contrarily, sins, are the works of darkness: the mover of them, is the Prince of Darkness: the agents of them, are the sons of darkness : and their trade, is walking in darkness, as it fol. lows in my Text; and the end of them, is utter darkness. While he says then, Be Holy as I am Holy, he doth as good as say, “ Be ye Light as I am Light.” Ye were darkness ; but now, it is God's own phrase, Lux estis, ye are Light in the Lord; saith St. Paul to his Ephesians. Justly therefore doth it follow, Walk as children of the Light : in right ways; with straight steps. And, surely, if God be Light and we darkness, what interest can we claim in him? For, what communion is there betwirt light and durkness ? Oh the comfortable and happy condition then of those, that are in God! they are still in Light. Truly the light is sweet, saith wise Solomon; and a pleasant thing it is for the eyes to behold the sun : 'as, on the contrary, it is a woeful and disconsolate estate to live in any sin. This is no other, than to be dungeoned up in a perpetual darkness. The Egyptians were eren weary of themselves, for a three days' darkness: how irksome had it been, to have lived al. ways so! I have read a book of one Haitonus, a monk of the order of the Præmonstratenses; a cousin, as he says, of the then king of Armenia; written some three hundred and forty years ago, set forth by one Nicholas Salcon and dedicated to Pope Clement the Vth; where, with much confidence, he affirms, that, in the country of Georgia, there was a certain province, called Hamsen, of three days' journey about, so palpably dark continually, as that no man VOL. V.
could see his hand in it: that the inhabitants of the borders of it might hear many times in the woods, the noise of men crying, of horses neighing, of cocks crowing; but no man durst venture to go unto it, because he could not find the way out again: which he says, with much earnestness, that he saw. Neque credidissem, saith he, nisi propriis oculis perspexissem : reporting it to have been a miraculous judgment upon some Persian persecutors of the Christians in that place. I list not to enquire into the likelihood of the story. It might be some temporary judgment, as that was upon Egypt for the time, and now long since vanished. But imagine ye the truth of that, which he dares with so deep protesta. tions avow: and conceive the condition of all wilful sinners, who live shut up in a region of thick darkness, whence they can no more get out, than they can be capable of any comfort within; and, when they have wearied themselves in those wretched mazes of vanity, they are shut up in the utter darkness of the dreadful pit of eternal death Oh then that willing sinners, be they never so gay and glorious, could but apprehend the misery and horror of their own estate in this behalf! Certainly, it were enough, to make them either mazed or penitent. For, what is darkness, but a privation of light? Now, God is Light: and sin deprives us of God's presence, and shuts us out from the face of God; and, if in his presence be the fulness of joy, then in his absence is the fulness of sorrow and torment. Neither have the Schools determined amiss, that the pain of loss is more horrible than the pain of sense : so as that darkness, which our sin causeth in the alienation and absence of the light of God's countenance, is, without his great mercy, the beginning of an utter exclusion from the beatifical face of God, and of that utter darkness of hell. For us, as we profess ourselves the Children of the Light, so let us walk in the Light. And what light is that? Thy law is a Light to muy feet; saith holy David. Lo, this is the light, wherein we must walk ; that, so walking in the light of his law, we may happily enjoy the light of his countenance; and may come, at the last, to the light of his glory: so, in his light we shall see light ; Psalm xxxvi. 9.
This, of the second quality of the Light, and the reflection of it. III. The third and last follows: DIFFUSIVENESS.
It is this, which learned Estius thinks to be mainly driven at in this place, That God is therefore Light, because he is the fountain and cause of Light to all creatures that do enjoy it: and, indeed, what light is there, which is not from him; natural, moral, divine? For the Natural : it was he, that said, Fiat Lux, Let there be Light, in the first day: it was he, that recollected that diffused light into the body of the sun, in the fourth day : that goodly globe of light receives from him those beams of light, which it communicates to the moon, stars, sky, and this other inferior world. What light of iltellectual or Moral virtue ever shined in the heart of any man, but from him? The spirit of man is the candle of the Lord, searching all the inward parts of the belly ; Prov. xx. 27. What light of Divine knowledge or holiness ever brake forth upon any saint or angel, but from
his blessed irradiation, and DeoDavíos? Justly, therefore, is he Pater Luminum, The Father of Lights ; and, as the child oft times reç sembles the father, this quality the light hath from God, that it is wondrously diffusive of itself; reaching forth itself largely, in very quick and instantany motions, to all those things, which are capable of it. Other creatures, though beneficial, yet impart themselves more sparingly unto us. The Earth yields us fruit; but it is only perhaps once a year, and that not without much coșt and angaria, tion, requiring both our labour and patience : the Clouds do some, times drop fatness; but at great uncertainties; other while they pour down famine upon our heads : the Sea yields us commodities both of passage and sustenance; but not without inconştancy and delays, and oft-times takes more in an hour than it gives in an age; his fayours are local, his threats universal : but the Light is boun tiful, in bestowing itself freely with a clear, safe, unlimited largess upon all creatures at once, indifferently, incessantly, beneficially. · The REFLECTION of this quality upon us should be QUR DIFFU, ŞIVENESS : that we should so be lights, as that we should give light; so haye light in ourselves, that we should give it unto others. The prophet Daniel, who was a great philosopher and astronomer in his time, tells us of a double shining or light: the one, as of the firmament; the other, as of the stars: the one, a general light, dispersed through the whole or body of the sky; the other, a particular one, compacted into the bodies of those starry globes, which are wont to be called the more solid piece of their orb. Thus it is in the analogy of the spiritual light. There is a general light, common to all God's children: whereof our Saviour; Let your light shine so before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father, which is in heaven : Thus the great Doctor of the Gentiles exhorts his Philippians, that they be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom, saith he, ye shine as lights in the world ; Phil. ii. 15. There is a particular light, proper to se. veral yocations; especially those, that are public and encharged with the care of others, whether spiritual or civil. Of the one, you know what our Saviour said in the Mount, Vos estis lux mundi : of the other, you know what God said in David's case, Psalm cxxxii. 17. I have ordained a lamp for mine anointed ; that is, a glo. rious successor.
To begin with the latter. Princes and governors are and must be lights, by an eminence: for God is Light, and he hath called them Elohim ; Gods; Exod. xxii. 28: so as they must imitate God in shining to the world; sending forth the rays, both of good example and of justice and judgment, into the eyes of their peor ple. An ordinary star-light is not enough for them : they are the vicegerents of him, who is Sol Justitie ; the Sun of Righteousness ; Mal. iy. 2: they must fill the world, therefore, with their glorious beams; and give so much more light, as their orb is higher, and their globe more capacious. And, blessed be God, what beams of light our sun sends forth of temperance, chastity, piety, mercy,
lice itself say ; lees are our stansour and goo
SERMON XXXII. and justice; let Malice itself say ; let even Rebellion itself witness. Now, if he be the sun, you Great Ones are our stars. As you receive your light from him, the light of your honour and good example; so, whilst you keep the one of them to yourselves, so you must communicate the other to your inferiors. And if, in presence, his light dim or extinguish yours; yet the world affords you darkness enough abroad, to shine in. Oh shine you clearly in the dark night of this evil world, that the beholders may see and magnify your brightness : and may say of one; “ There is a Mars of truly heroical courage:” “ There is the Mercury of sound wisdom and learning :" « There, the Jupiter of exemplary honour and magnificence:" “ There, the Phosphorus of piety, and antelucan devotion :” and may be accordingly sensible of beneficial influences to your country. Far be it from any of you, to be a fatal Syrius or Dog-star; which, when he rises, yields perhaps a little needless light, but withal burns up the earth, and infames the air, and puts the world in a miserable combustion. Far be it from you, to be dismal and direful comets, that portend nothing but horror and death to the earth : or, if your light be of a lower accension, far, far be it from you, to be any of those ignes fatui, that do at once affright and seduce the poor traveller, and carry him by lewd guidance into a ditch. Such, such, alas there are ! Give me leave to complain (where can I do it better than at a Court, the professed Academy of Honour ?) that a strange kind of loose debauchedness hath possessed too many of the young gallants of our time; (I fear I may take in both sexes ;) with whom modesty, civility, temperance, sobriety are quite out of fashion, as if they had been suits of their grandsires' wardrobe. As for piety and godliness, they are so laid by, as if they were the cast rags of a despised frippery. He is no brave spirit with too many, that bids not defiance to good orders; that revels not without care, spends not without measure, talks not without grace, lives not without God. Woe is me! is this the fruit of so long and clear a light of the Gospel ? Is this to have fellowship with the divine light ? Now the God of Heaven be merciful to that wild and atheous licentiousness, wherewith the world is so miserably over-run; and strike our hearts with a true sense of our grievous provocations of his name; that our serious humiliations may fore-lay his too-well-deserved judgments! In the mean time, if there should be any one such amongst you, that hear me this day, as commonly they will be sure to be farthest off from good counsel, let wise Solomon school him for me: Rejoice, O young man, in thy youth ; and let thy heart cheer thee up in the days of thy youth ; and walk in the ways of thine heart, and in the sight of thine eyes : but know thou, that for all these things God will bring thee to judgment. And, let me add this, if he be not for the light, he shall be for the fire: for the same Spirit of God, which : tells him here that God is Light, tells him elsewhere, which he shall once feel though he will not believe, that our God is a consuming fire.