Gestalt Psychology in German Culture, 1890-1967: Holism and the Quest for Objectivity

Przednia okładka
Cambridge University Press, 13 paź 1998 - 528
This is the first full-length historical study of Gestalt psychology--an attempt to advance holistic thought within natural science. Holistic thought is often portrayed as a wooly-minded revolt against reason and modern science, but this is not so. On the basis of rigorous experimental research and scientific argument as well as on philosophical grounds, the Gestalt theorists Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler and Kurt Koffka opposed conceptions of science and mind that equated knowledge of nature with its effective manipulation and control. Instead, they attempted to establish dynamic principles of inherent, objective order and meaning in current language, principles of self-organization in human perception and thinking, in human and animal behavior, and in the physical world. The impact of their work ranged from cognitive science to theoretical biology and film theory. Based on exhaustive research in primary sources, including archival material cited here for the first time, this study illuminates the multiple social and intellectual contexts of Gestalt theory and analyzes the emergence, development and reception of its conceptual foundations and research programs from 1890 to 1967.
 

Co mówią ludzie - Napisz recenzję

Nie znaleziono żadnych recenzji w standardowych lokalizacjach.

Spis treści

The academic environment and the establishment of experimental psychology
17
Carl Stumpf and the training of scientists in Berlin
28
The philosophers protest
42
Making a science of mind Styles of reasoning in sensory physiology and experimental psychology
51
Challenging positivism Revised philosophies of mind and science
68
The Gestalt debate From Goethe to Ehrenfels and beyond
84
The emergence of Gestalt theory 19101920
101
Max Wertheimer Kurt Koffka and Wolfgang Kohler
103
Theorys growth and limits Development open systems self and society
247
Variations in theory and practice Kurt Lewin Adhemar Gelb and Kurt Goldstein
263
The encounter with Weimar culture
284
The reception among Germanspeaking psychologists
307
Under Nazism and after Survival and adaptation
323
Persecution emigration and Kohlers resistance in Berlin
325
Two students adapt Wolfgang Metzger and Kurt Gottschaldt
342
Research theory and system Continuity and change
362

Laying the conceptual and research foundations
118
Reconstructing perception and behavior
135
Insights and confirmations in animals Kohler on Tenerife
148
The step to natural philosophy Die Physischen Gestalten
168
Wertheimer in times of war and revolution Science for the military and toward a new logic
187
The Berlin school in Weimar Germany
201
Establishing the Berlin school
203
Research styles and results
219
The postwar years
382
Conclusion
405
Tables
413
Dissertations
419
List of unpublished sources
427
Notes
431
Index
501
Prawa autorskie

Inne wydania - Wyświetl wszystko

Kluczowe wyrazy i wyrażenia

Informacje bibliograficzne