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whose prelates, namely, one patriarch and four metropolitans, have written to our primate and metropolitan, requesting the aid of the Church of England ; that another is intended soon to be sent out to Malta, and others elsewhere in succession ; and that God has graciously inclined the members of our Church liberally to co-operate in this important service? And, as union is strength, we ask, Is it nothing that it has pleased Him who has the hearts of kings at his disposal, to cause a Lutheran monarch to contribute munificently to the good work of sending out a bishop of the Church of England and Ireland to the Eastern regions, and that our spiritual rulers have recommended to their new brother to admit suitable candidates of the Augsburgh Confession to holy orders? This peaceful triumph of faith, hope, and charity, will, we both trust and believe, be overruled to the furtherance of the Gospel. Nor are we insensible to the great blessing of increasing union in our religious episcopal institutions; we refer especially to the recent important addition of the highest Ecclesiastical sanction to the Church Missionary Society, and the Society for the Conversion of the Jews; a sanction as honourably earned as it was cheerfully bestowed, without the slightest necessity for sacrifice, and with no object but the increase of spiritual utility.

We might proceed in this manner for many a paragraph ; nor even in pointing to the distressing memorials which have occupied many of our pages during last year, in regard to the doctrines advocated in the so-called “ Tracts for the Times," are we without highly cheering 'facts and anticipations. During the present year the system has become better understood, and its anti-scriptural character more generally discerned. The publication of Tract No. 90, and the pamphlets of several of its defenders, with the decision of the Weekly Board of the University of Oxford ; the warnings of several prelates ; and last, not least, the mellowing of Tractarianism into Popery in the case of Mr. Sibthorp, have opened the eyes of many, and we believe materially checked the progress of the delusion. And if, from the professed members of our Church, we advert to its avowed enemies, it is impossible not to perceive that political dissent has overshot its mark, and also crippled itself by its ungoverned efforts. The late political struggle called forth all its powers ; but in vain, even upon the hustings, were blows levelled at the Established Church, for they only recoiled upon the assailant. If the Church has to dread dissent, it must be when dissenters have learned the wisdom to attack only what is evil, and the Church, instead of amending it, sees fit suicidally to cleave to it. We fully believe also that various measures carried into effect during the last ten years, with a view to correct abuses, and work out the Church system, though we do not see our way to the approval of them all, while most cordially rejoicing in most of them—especially the stringent restraints upon pluralities and episcopal translations; the enforcement of clerical residence, the increased demand, on the part both of our bishops and the people, for a high standard of piety, ability, and ministerial qualification, in candidates for holy orders—have already done much to check dissent; and if church building advances in the increased ratio of the last decade, and the clergy appointed to minister in the new districts are faithful, zealous, affectionate pastors, we see little reason to doubt that a great majority of the best portion of the children of Dissenters, will return to the bosom of the Church in the next generation; as great numbers of them are doing already.

Thus we might go on to note favourable indications; but let us not forget the disclosures of the census. Two millions of human beings added to the population in ten years! How are these to be adequately provided for either with the meat which perisheth, or that which endureth to everlasting life? It is an appalling fact, that all the efforts hitherto in progress for promoting the eternal salvation or the temporal benefits of the nation, not only do not cover the hitherto neglected spots, but do not prevent enormous yearly additions to them. Much, very much—incomparably more than many pious and charitable persons have even suspected-must, by God's blessing, be attempted and achieved, before the moral and spiritual wilds of our beloved country shall begin to blossom as the rose. It is with the special view of impressing this solemn truth upon our own minds, and those of our readers, that we have made the population returns the subject of these extended remarks.

For ourselves, should our labours continue, we see no reason to deviate from the principles which have been advocated in these pages during forty years, believing them to be Scriptural and Anglican; but we would pray and strive for more ability, zeal, affection, and spiritual light, in upholding them. In some former years we had occasion to appear very much in the character of REFORMERS, for there was much to do in the way of depuration. Latterly our course has been chiefly that of DEFENDERS; great abuses having been corrected, and improvements introduced ; so that to conserve what we enjoy against external foes or rash friends, has been as obvious a duty as to suggest amendments. In future, so far as the signs of the times afford scope for prognostication, EXTENSION must be our motto; for the Church of England has a great work before it! Think of the colonies! Think of the heathen! Above all, think of the increasing millions of our beloved Queen's home subjects ! Think of the census of 1841, and the resulting duties of 1842.



ReL. AND M18. Com.-Reciprocal:! In-

fluence of Infidelity and Vice.. Aposto.
lical Constitutions concluded).. Hales
of Etop (continued) Survey of Missio-
pary Labours (continued).. Rev. H.
Budd on the Reformation.. Puseyism,
Buddism, and Anglicanism.. Letter from
Knox to Kelly.. The Lord's Supper to
Criminals..On Ezek. XX. 25, and Micah

vi. 1-9..On the Virgin Mary...... 257--290
REV. Op-Sewell's Christian Morals .... 202
OBIT.-Dr. O. Gregory .................. 317
PUB. AF9.-China., Egypt and Turkey..

United States.. Colonial Bishopric..Ox-

ford Tract, No. 90: the Burial Question 320
ANSWERS.- Papers received



REL. AND Mis. Com. – Reciprocal In-

fluence of Infidelity and Vice.. Cranmer

on the Presence of Christ in the Lord's

Supper .. Death of the Righteous..

Shakspeare on Extreme Upction in Ham-

let.. Philpot on the Church.. Address not

Invocation..On 1 Kings vi. 1...Text and

Tradition..Rubrical Directions respect-

ing the Gospel.. Claims of Raikes and

Stöck to the Origination of Sunday

Schools ...........


REV. OP.--Tract Society's Egypt ........ 355

PUB. AFF.-Sir. R. Peel's motion upon

the Cabinet.. Sugar, Timber, and Corn
Duties.. Meetings of Societies.. Colonial
Bishoprics .. Christian Knowledge Soci-
ety.. Church Missionary Society.. Bible
Society.. Lord's-day Society..Jews' Soci-
ety.. Pastoral Aid Society..Sir H. Jen-

ner's Judgment on Lay-Baptismn ...... 3

ANSWERS.- Papers received. Traçt enti.

tled “ The Sinner's Friend ”.. Keble's

Defence of Newman's Tract, No 90.... 382



REL. AND Mis. Com.-Divine Decrees

and Human Agency..Crotchety Men..

· Allegation of Jesuits ordained as Angli-

can Clergymen.. Simpsop's Claim to the

Origination of Sunday Schools .. Table

Talk of Bengelius.. Justice of the Bible
.. Shilling Collection Scheme.. American
Spelling of Oriental Words .. Conse.
quences of throwing open the Printing of
the Bible.. Irish Emigrants in America 641-

Rev, or.-Church Principles. By Glad

stone.. Ashantee. By Beecham ...... 677
PUB. AFF.-Parliament ..Oxford Tracta.

rians.. Episcopal Church at Jerusalem..

Trial of M'Leod.. China ............ 702
ANSWERS.-Papers received.." Evangeli.

cal Dissenters ”.. Donation to the Irish
Society .. Sunday Newspaper .. Para-
phrases of Erasmus..Surrey Church
Fund.. Shilling Subscription Scheme..
Oxford Poetry Professor .............. 704


REL. AND Mis. Com. - Doctrinal Views

and Moral Condition .. Bartimeus..
Composition of Royal Speeches..Scrip-
ture Conventiopal, not Scientific .. Cor-
respondence of Simpson, Hill, Romaine,
Fletcher, Berridge.. Church in tbe Com.
munion Service.. Memoir of Bengelius..
Church in the House.. Rubrics in the
Burial Service.. Limbus Patrum.. Ido.

latry in Malta................... 705–738
Rev. 08.-Reminiscences of Bishop Chase

(Chap. II. to XX.).. Publications on the
Oxford Tracts:-BishopChester's Charge
... Resignation and Lay Communion, by
Rev. W. S. Bricknell.. Dean Hoare on
Tracts for the Times.. Rev. C. P. Go-
lightly on No. 90.. A Short Letter to the
Bishop of Oxford, by "A Catholic of the
Anglican Church.. Tract 90 and the Ox-
ford Tutors.. Rev. R. C. Coxe's Visitation
Sermon.. Rev. J. Davies' Visitation Ser-
mon .. Bishop Meade's Consecration
Sermon .. Correspondence between
Bishop Doane and the Rev. H. Board-
mpan, on the Oxford Tracts ............ 738

Tracts and Lay Dean


REL. AND Mıs. Com.-Source and Sub-

jects of Divine Knowledge.. Bartimeus
..Memoir of Bengelius.. Southey's Eu-
logy on Fox.. Shilling Collections.. Pas-

sage froni Mr. Gladstone .. ......770-792

Rev. OP.-Reminiscences of Bp. Chase

.. Publications on the Oxford Tracts

(concluded) ........................ 793

PUB. AFF.-Birth of a Prince, &c. ...... 811


... 813

INDEX ..........

... 814

TITLB AND CONTENTS..................
PREFACE ......

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For the Christian Observer. W E have thought that we cannot better open the first Number of the

new year, than by a few observations upon the dangers, duties, and encouragements of the church of Christ at the present eventful era ; for such it assuredly is, and one which no servant of our divine Lord can contemplate without very serious and chequered emotions. Our remarks can be but cursory; for the field is the whole world; and to survey it fully were impracticable, nor would volumes suffice for a description of the innumerable details. But a rapid glance will suffice to discover many important features of the landscape ; and the intelligent reader will be able to fill up various parts of the outline with minuter facts, and statistical particulars.

It was predicted of the Messiah, the Lord of Life and Glory, before his advent, “He shall be great." Great he was in the inspired declarations of Old Testament prophecy; he was infinitely great in that divine existence which he enjoyed from eternity in the bosom of the Almighty Father; and great beyond all created beings when he appeared in our world as “the Son of man,” for he was not only " the Son of David," but • David's Lord," and “the Son of the Highest." Great also he was in his holy doctrines; his gracious words, such as man never spake; in his all-perfect character; his miracles; his sufferings, his death, his resurrection, and his ascension ; in the atonement which he made for sin ; in the righteousness which he wrought out; in the glories of the day of Pentecost; and in the victories of his cross: whereby he has planted a church in the world; militant indeed, but from the ranks of which have been gathered, from age to age, a goodly number of those who are already swelling the blissful company of the church triumphant above.

But this greatness, as regards his mediatorial kingdom, is not complete. The whole world, which is his right by conquest, is not yet in his actual possession ; the heathen given to him as his heritage, CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 37.

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