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creature ; regenerated ; and a fully into an argument. On page 25 we developed child of God. Man's have “ 1881-2, that memorable date Adamic nature undergoes no radi- which is written on every numerical cal change at conversion ; his facul- prophecy.” As the Bible nowhere ties and propensities are the same. mentions 1881-2, and everywhere At the coming of Christ there is a condemns interpretation of “times fundamental, a radical change; the and seasons,” I beg C. M. to abanbeliever becomes then literally a new don his (apparent) idea of “ numecreature; and I believe that the rical prophecy," as “somebody's " words of Christ in the 3rd John fancy. refer to this change, equally with But on page 32 occurs the most the 15th of the 1st Corinthians. dissonant note. ". The Stone of I remain, my dear Mr. Editor, Destiny, the stone that the Lord

, yours truly in Christ,

has laid before Joshua, (Zech. iii. Chas. UNDERHILL. 9," is a daring statement, because Woodbridge Lodge, Oxford. there is nothing in the prophecy to

identify the one stone with the

other. A careful examination of ISRAEL IN BRITAIN.

the story about Jeremiah bringing DEAR SIR,– Will C. M. excuse Jacob's pillow and a Jewish princess my pointing out one or two flaws to Ireland makes it seem to some in his excellent lecture in January of our minds anything but credible RAINBOW. I have read it with de- history. Too many links are wantlight; but these two or three defects ing, and too much assumed, to act like a broken string in a fine make it worthy a place in so mopiano-piece. It is in no spirit of mentous an argument as C. M.'s. opposition to the truth he advocates Therefore I would ask him to leave that I notice these things. I have it, and such like unestablished been a believer in our Israelitish ideas, to Mr. Hine; and having origin for above thirty years, there- set out with the lofty standard of fore I am jealous of anything tend- " the Book says what it means," ing to mar a good argument in its carefully to try every statement by favour.

this crucial test before he gives utThe flaws I point out, as well as terance to it. Or at least let him others of their kind I pass by, arise oblige his readers in the RAINBOW from inattention to " the Canon of by letting us plainly see the differInterpretation " laid down on page ence betwixt C. M.'s idea and an 21. The book " means what it absolute “ thus saith the Lord." says; not what somebody.

J. WILSON. fancies it may.

mean; not

101, Northgate, Halifax. what it may be twisted to mean, to dovetail with preconceptions that are imported into the book."

A CRY FROM THE OUTCASTS. On page 28, C. M. interprets two parables. As Jesus does not " say"

DEAR SIR,— Where are the adhe referred to Israel as the Prodi- vocates of Life in Christ only ? gal Son and Lazarus, we cannot be Why is it I and others are denied sure he “ meant”

this people.

Christian fellowship, cast out beWhilst hoping such interpretation cause we cannot hold our peace, might be true, yet till the Christ and have to wander here and there, Bays so it is unwise to introduce it and then to hear constantly the

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disgraceful lie of endless sin and more than half made up, decisive agony?_Is there no room for us as to these points:in our Father's house, unless we 1. That the Ghost, Spirit, or travel a few miles to worship, with. Life in man returns at death to out having our hearts pained by God, or, in other words, His enerbearing this terrible dogma preached gising influence is recalled, and with more than usual warmth ? leaves “ the man " a mass of festerCannot we as young men find some ing clay and phosphates. place of welcome, or if not, start 2. That Sheôl, Hades, or the some mission, when we

Grave is but a synonym for the men more of the love of our loving regions of nonentity. Father, and warn them of the pun- He has brought many weighty ishment of unrepented sin, without texts of Scripture in support of man-made theoriea or dogmas ? It these views, and I cannot deny seems to me something might be them (nor wish I to do so); but I done, and especially in this neigh- should like to hear how he will exbourhood, and then when incorpo- plain St. Peter's assertion, that rated as a body, take in such works Christ “ being put to death in the as the Rainbow, either to sell or flesh, was made alive in the spirit, lend, so as to enlighten men's minds, in which (spirit] also he went and and bring them to a knowledge of preached to the spirits in ward ;" the truth as it is in Jesus? Can and again, that “even to dead perit be done, Sir ?

sons was the gospel preached." Will any one answer ?

To me it seems to show that Yours in truth,

these ghosts were alive and conHERLERT

scious during our Lord's preachNotting Hill.

ing; whether merely roused into life and consciousness in order to

hear His preaching, or otherwise, I “ DEPARTED SPIRITS.”

am puzzled to know what to think;

but hope some one will cast light Dear Sir,—Mr. Laing's article upon this dark passage of Scripture. in this month's Rainbow, on “ What -Yours very truly, becomes of Departed Spirits," is Cyril A. GREAVES, D.C.L. clear and sharp, and, to minds Bedford.


" James Y."— Your remarks suggest the question which Deacon Philip put to Queen Candace's treasurer :-“Understandest thou what thou readest ?” The reading of a certain number of chapters as a religious task, is sorry work. To think over what a few divine sentences teach, and to assimilate it with your heart and understanding is the way to grow wise. M. Huc, in his “ Chinese Empire," speaking of a library in a certain Buddhist monastery, says,

“ Some of the books are simple Chinese transcriptions of Indian books, which the Chinese can read fluently, without understanding a word of their contents." No wonder that the traveller hinted to the librarian that such reading could not be “particularly instructive !"

“W. B.” (Ontario).-You are quite right. tuxn (psyche) should have been uniformly translated “life.” It has been so rendered in several instances, and the sense is clear ; but when our translators use the word “soul,” the meaning is shrouded in mystery to most readers.

TRUTH SEEKER.”—If your friend were better read he would not raise such frivolous objections. See the words Scripture, Bible, Canon, in Smith’s—or the Imperial-Bible Dictionary.

J. J.”—Indecision even in relation to ordinary matters is bad ; but in reference to those of the highest interest it is unspeakably worse. If you

trifle you may lose the prize —"a crown of life.” “T. T. P."—What do we think of bazaars for religious purposes ? That is soon answered. They are a device of the enemy to corrupt the channel through which the Lord's treasury is supplied. If a man cannot help Christ except through the inspiration of Vanity Fair, Christ can do without him. It is the greatest honour to lay gold at the King's feet, but then it must be “

pure gold.” “M. Y.”—It is “natural,” but not Christian, to complain of life's trials. They are necessary for discipline. And it is by no means wise to wish that we could change places with some one else. Alford's reading of Luke xiv. 27 is suggestive : “And whosoever doth not bear his own cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.” Mark the “ own !" Every true servant shall also receive his “ own " reward.

MR. GEORGE STORRS, Brooklyn, is thanked for his letter and AngloIsrael paper, and also for the way in which he is pleased to speak of us in his interesting journal, the Bible Examiner. Mr. Storrs is in his eighty-third year, and has to toil still at the most unproductive of all labour-a religious magazine! Silly tales "pay;" Divine truth-well,

; will some day!

James Dobson.—Endless and profitless discussion would ensue if your letter were published. Besides, the matter has been settled for us : “ The wages of sin is death.You, and others who have written on " the penalty of sin," will kindly interpret our decision to exclude metaphysical subtleties and theological hair-splitting, and to abide by the authority of Scripture. That will best bear the coming inquisition.

JAMES Leslie, Esq., Toronto, deserves hearty thanks for his zealous co-operation in the cause of truth. He has posted about 3000 copies of the Conference Report to ministers of every Protestant denomination from the Atlantic to the Pacific." He has, also, frequently reprinted articles from the RAINBOW, and widely circulated them among members of the Dominion Parliament, and other influential persons. May his disinterested labours be productive of much good! Under the blessing of God a few such men, with open heart and purse, could work wonders.

James Scott.-Letters received. Thanks.

“F. M.” writes : “I am greatly pleased with the RAINBOW. It is refreshing to have the fundamental doctrines of Scripture delivered from the errors of theology and vain philosophy. You have the congratulations and best wishes of friends upon the January issue.”

A GENTLEMAN (a J.P.) writes: “I thank you for your admirable periodical, the RAINBOW. I read it with much pleasure. It treats of grand and momentous subjects, and that with a masterly hand. I admire the work."


I Magazine of Christian Literature, with Special Beference to the

Bebealed Future of the Clure and the World.

MARCH, 1879.

Πάντες υμείς υιοί φωτός έστε και υιοί ημέρας" ουκ εσμέν νυκτός

ovde okÓTOUC.-1 Thess. v. 5. THIS is a great saying, a splendid eulogy both for knowledge

and privilege on the part of the Thessalonian brethren. The statement acquires double strength from its twofold aspect, positive and negative : “Ye are all sons of light and sons of day; we are not of night nor of darkness." There is also a sharp double contrast between light and darkness, day and light, metaphors taken from the natural world with which every one is familiar, and which, therefore, no one can misunderstand. Light, as the symbol of knowledge, and darkness as that of ignorance, are so manifestly appropriate that they commend themselves at once without argument—“ Light” as the revealing and “Darkness as the concealing agent. And when the regularly recurring natural phenomena of day and night are imported as symbols into the mental region, we see how God makes use of His works to enforce the lessons of His word. Creation is His picture book by which He illustrates His “ word of salvation ;” and the mind of the student is helped to holy thought by the wonderful works of God.”

Language is founded upon the visible; you cannot move a step without it. The line just written contains no fewer than four metaphors : "founded,” suggesting a building; “visible,” that which is seen by the bodily eye; "move" and "step," physical acts. And if the phrase is varied to “intellectual progress,” nothing is gained in the way of escape from our picture book ; for the very idea of progress is founded on literal motion. Even in what is called abstract thought, if there be any such thing,—which is a legitimate question for a debating society,-however high you may soar in the intellectual heavens, you are still tied to the earth, like the school boy's kite; for the term “abstract " is undoubtedly borrowed from our excellent and useful fellow citizen, the chemist. Nay, more, as the kite could not float in the air at all without its


guiding string, no more can we gaze on heavenly things without the aid of those that are earthly. Our senses are adapted to the material world, which is full of charming lessons to the sons of light. They wish to have, and they have, rich mental luxury in heaven : but the foot of the ladder by which they reach those dainties stands upon the earth. Paul's predicate respecting the Thessalonian believers richly merits, and will surely repay, earnest attention.

1. Those whom the Redeemer is not ashamed to call brethren," (Heb. ii. 11,) are “sons of light," notwithstanding personal infirmities.

If perfection, in any sense of that term, were essential to Christian fellowship, or a condition of adopting the Christian name, it is obvious that Christ could have neither Church nor individual follower upon earth. Let me crave close attention to this, for though the thing is simply a truism, yet it clears the way for some remarks which are greatly needed. There is a spurious spiritualism, the injurious action of which I have witnessed in hundreds of instances. It sometimes manifests its disagreeable presence by lamentations over head-aches and heart-aches, the troubles of the world, and “ this mortal clog " the body, all which things are deliberately set down as direct hindrances to piety, cruel enemies of that hearty consecration to God which is the privilege, and should be the characteristic, of all his children. And then, to show that this is perfectly right, the authority of some verse of pious nonsense is quoted, about liberating the “immortal soul” from its "prison," such as

“Welcome sweet hour of full discharge
That sets our longing souls at large !
Unwinds our chains, breaks up our cell,

And gives us with our God to dwell." We hope none of our readers require to be told that to find fault with our physical constitution as a hindrance to our spiritual life is to charge God foolishly. We are the work of His hands. We are fearfully and wonderfully made. And the grace He has sent us in the heart, and by the hands of His Son, our glorious Elder Brother, was intended to meet our case, here and now, just as we are—was intended for men with head-aches and heart-aches, for men encompassed with infirmity. For perfect beings the gospel of Christ is entirely unsuited. Let us, just because we are earthen vessels, broken pitchers, let the light shine through the cracks, that God may be glorified for kindling the Shekinah in such frail temples !

Frequently, too, this unhealthy spiritualism, this morbid piety, comes out in the prayer meeting. It is really distressing to hear the names by which Christian men call themselves when speaking to God. Miserable offenders, great sinners, utterly worthless,

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