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immortality, and that “eternal life is the gift of God in Christ,” can plead for the Protestant purgatory, this “evangelisation in Hades," is to me altogether inexplicable. What does it, what can it mean? There is no mystery about a “never dying” or “immortal soul” existing after “the death of the body ;" in other words, if this imaginary entity be deathless, it can and must exist, although we are altogether ignorant of the mode or conditions of its existence; but the survival of a mortal soul after “ the death of the body" is a thought for which we have no mental lodging, It may be possible, it may be true, but to us it is neither. So far as we are concerned, it is simply an intellectual blank. We affirin fearlessly, and logically, that if " disembodied souls” can live any where for even the short period that we, dwellers on the world's surface, call a day, they can live for ever. Men who teach that all souls are by nature immortal, and that therefore God, who is Love, will redeem them all through the fires of purgatory or of hell, are consistent with themselves, though in error on both sides of their doctrine ; and men who teach that all souls are by nature mortal, and that salvation in the intermediate state will reach those of them who were not saved whilst in the body, are inconsistent with themselves as well as in error regarding “the intermediate state.”

But what a cloud of thick darkness all this time hangs over the work of our blessed Redeemer! LIFE ETERNAL ONLY IN HIM! Understand these words, and the fog vanishes from the theological region as it does from hill and dale when the sun ascends the heavens. But it is here that our grand difficulty confronts us, the very citadel of orthodoxy with its troops and cannon. In Luther's day the nations were sick at heart from the immorality and tyranny of holy church, and myriads who durst not whisper their convictions prayed in their hearts for victory to the reformer. The Church was so shamefully and notoriously corrupt that the world was ashamed of it. All this silent influence helped the reformation. • But we are Protestant and reformed. We are clean escaped from the errors and corruptions of the days of Tetzel. You cannot bring any charge against us of concealing truth or teaching unscriptural doctrine. The Bible, open to every man, is our text-book and standard, and our honesty and morality are unimpeachable, the world being witness.'

It is the old cry, “ The temple of the Lord are these,” that makes it so extremely difficult to awaken the Church at large to the fact, that she may be wrong on one or two matters of extreme importance, casting suspicion upon the rectitude of the Divine Ruler, both in relation to justice and mercy, and obscuring the good news with a cloud which makes the multitude shrink from it as any thing but a message of unmixed mercy. It is this assumed doctrinal perfection of the orthodox churches that makes so painfully difficult the task of convincing them that natural immortality and endless suffering are twin falsehoods grievously dishonouring to God, and a stumbling block to men. But, the Lord graciously upholding, we do not mean to shrink from duty notwithstanding the obloquy and ostracism which it involves, for this work has been assigned to us by the beloved Master, in whom alone is eternal life, whose approbation is splendid wages, and, in the words of our correspondent, it is indeed “A GLORIOUS WORK."

Ep.

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THE RAINBOW AND 1879.
We welcome with gladness the new coming year,
And rejoice that the Rainbow is still to appear
To scatter yet further the doctrine of heaven,
That only in Christ is a future life given.
Precious truths as of yore will its pages adorn,
Directing our hearts to the long-promised morn,
When the truc Sun of Righteousness, now hid to view,
Will arise with bright beams this earth to renew,
And the “ King in his beauty " be welcomed by all
Who are watching and waiting for His loving call.
No false figment of Plato will find entrance there,
And of Origen's doctrine we need not beware;
The accepted in Christ life eternal enjoy,
And rejectors of Him He will surely destroy.
One new feature will heighten its value still more,
It is Israel's God that we seek to adore ;
For the promise to Ephraim, descended to us,
As a nation we claim, and the charter runs thus:-
Not a nation alone, but a multitude thou*
Shalt hereafter become, as a choice “ fruitful bough,"
Which will “ blossom and bud, fill the world with its fruit," +
And thus prove that it springs forth from Jacob its root.
As a host of rich talent the work will engage
From the Editor's pen to the hoariest sage,
So to writers and readers to whom it is dear,
I do heartily wish them a happy New Year.

L. L. WADESON. Dalston, 10th Dec., '78.

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CORRESPONDENCE.

some sense or sort ; and that our A WORD ON TWO POINTS.

Lord's words " Ye must be born Dear Sir,—Two articles in the again ” were spoken of new birth present month's issue of the Rain into the world of grace, if Paul to BOW appear to invite comment. the saints at Ephesus said rightly,

First, I would like to suggest to “ You hath He quickened who were our esteemed contributor of “ The dead;" and Peter wrote truly “to Scripture Doctrine of Regeneration" the strangers scattered " as " being that there are three worlds; the born again.” Here they spoke of world of nature, the world of grace, something past and present, but not and the world of glory; that en prospective. Regeneration as trance into each is a new birth in Scripture doctrine must not be con

* Gen. xl. viii. 19.

| Isa, xxvii, 6.

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founded with resurrection. Herein

THE PENALTY OF SIN. Hymeneus and Philetus went wrong, with this difference, that they made Dear Sir, - In “ Notes and regeneration resurrection, while our Comments ” of December number friend wants to make resurrection of the RAINBOW, Mr. William Maude regeneration ; but neither will do. has criticised a paper of mine which

Next, I wonld like to say to Mr. appeared in your October issue, Carter, at whatever period or periods page 475, in which he thinks he Zechariah and Jude were translated detects a difficulty that he would into Greek, his thought about an like to see explained ; a second reerratic copyist confusing Moses ference to this paper will, I think, with Joshua is more than doubtful. correct this impression. The senThe ninth verse of Jude is the one tence reads thus: “ Well, we are link in the chain of revealed truth assured by divines that the penalty needful to account for Moses being incurred by Adam through his disfound upon

the Mount of Transfigu- obedience was death temporal, death ration, in a body like Elijah. Had spiritual, death eternal, and by death not Michael been sent for it, 'tis eternal we are told we must undercertain he never would have gone

stand eternal torment.” My arguupon such an errand, and that it ment is this : assuming the truth of was something unprecedented is the general theory that the penalty evident by Satan standing upon his is eternal death and eternal death right to detain it and disputing an equivalent for eternal torment, Michael's mission to fetch it. My

then it follows that there is no proreverent thought is, and I only vision made to meet the penalty in suggest it for devout consideration, the atonement of Christ, inasmuch that our indulgent God, who never as our blessed Lord did not endure withholds what his people ask with- that penalty, and consequently this out giving them something better, general assumption must be false. was so moved hy Moses' plea, “I Of conrse the converse of the propray Thee let me go over and see position is what I maintain, viz., the good land that is beyond Jor- that the penalty is simply death, dan," that, having bound himself and death accompanied with the by His word, “ Thou shalt not go Divine displeasure, and ibat this over thither,” God could not deny penalty was literally and fully en. himself, but as soon as Moses died dured by Christ, and that from this and was buried-and ere his Aesh penalty the believer in Christ obsaw corruption, as ours will not who tains complete deliverance, inasare alive and remain at the coming much as he is raised from the - God sent Michael for the body, dead : “ Christ has abolished death, that Moses, forbidden the earthly and brought life and immortality to Canaan, might see the heavenly. light." Eternal death, or (to use This, God-with whom all things Scriptural language) the destrucare possible—could do without af- tion of soul and body in Gehenna, is fecting the decree that the Son the punishment of rejecting the should be the first begotten from Gospel, and for this penalty no the dead, since the quickening of atonement is provided. “For if Moses' body would be the necessary we sin wilfully after that we have result of coming into a presence received the knowledge of the truth, from which death would flee.--I am there remaineth no more (no other) yours faithfully, N. STARKEY. sacrifice for sins, but a certain fear

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Eternal Life By Death: A Testi- These headings are, of course, suffi

mony on Ritualism, Vicarious cient to attract the attention of Substitution, and Immortalism. thoughtful men who wish to see By W. Griffith, Author of “ The what can be said for the great theAtoving Lamb,” “The Entire ological reformation for which we Evidence of Evangelists and labour. Mr. Griffith is a ProtesApostles on Future Panish- tant, and assuredly he tells you ment," “Man's State in Na- why! Any thing more conclusive ture," etc. London : John Snow on this old controversy it is imposand Co.

sible to conceive. The second divi. MR. Griffith, in this valuable sion of the book is profoundly interwork," puts some of the Scripture esting. The holy reason of Christ's facts and truths into unwonted

death is treated with holy reverence; prominence, and adjusts them in and the bearing of the whole on the natural relations which lend new gift of immortality to believers support and certainty to the whole through His death and resurrection of revelation." This is his own is clearly and eloquently described. account of the book, modestly ex- The Biblical Museum. By James pressed, as becomes a man of genius Comper Gray. Old Testament, and a Christian philosopher. The

Vol. IV. Containing the Books fact is, the work is one of extraor

of Kings and Chronicles. Londinary value in relation to the great don : Elliot Stock. question which this Magazine had

MR. GRAY continues his indefatithe supreme honour of bringing prominently before the Church.

gable research, like a hungry bookPressure of matter compels us to

worm, among all sorts of volumes

for illustrations of the text of the devote only a few lines to an essay that deserves a long review. The great Book. These “ Notes Explabook consists of three leading parts,

natory, Homiletic, and Illastrative" with their subordinate sections; teachers, as they are full of valuable

must be very useful to students and Damely, “ The Great Memorial," "Meaning of the Death,” “ Final

information ; and even for private Destruction," Under the first we

reading they furnish a rich repast. have the Man, the Lord's Supper, Plain Sermons on a Topic of Present Holy Communion. Under the se

Interest. By William R. Huncond, Substitution, Atonement, Vica- tington, D.D., Rector of All rious Death, Life Feeds on Life, Is

Saints, Worcester, MassachuLife Worth Having? Reconcilia

setts, U.S.A. Reprinted in tion. Under the third, Annihila

England by Elliot Stock. tion, Immortalism, Destruction. The preliminary motto is a preg.

on

nant passage from Isaac Taylor :- on grounds which the Pharisees “When once this weighty question scorned. Formerly he had mainof the after-life has been opened, a tained the doctrine of the Resorcontroversy will ensue, in the pro- rection on abstract grounds of thegress of which it will be discovered ological reasoning. Now he linked that, with unobservant eyes, we it closely to the person of Christ the and our predecessors have been so first begotten of the dead, and walking up and down and running preached not simply the Resurrechither and thither among dim tion, but Jesus and the Resurrecnotices and indications of the future tion. He now preached through destinies of the human family, as to Christ a life which cannot perish; have failed to gather up or to regard apart from Christ no everlasting much that has lain

upon

the
pages

life at all. And then Mr. Hanof the Bible open and free to our tington goes

to argue that use."

“ Paul would scarcely have exStarting from this nebulous point, pressed himself in the way he did Mr. Huntington has reached a stage about the future, had he meant to where he is able to declare that be understood as teaching the ever“ Charles Frederick Hudson's 'Debt lasting survival in conscious wretchand Grace' and Edward White's edness of them that perish.” • Life in Christ' are likely long to Our own minds have long reposed remain, what they are at present, in the fact that there exists neither the classical authorities on the sub- necessity, warrant, nor excuse, why ject of Conditional Immortality." 66 certitude as to Paul's meaning Still, as regards his own mental should any longer stand cap in hand, attitude, he prefers to rest "satis- waiting on likelihood."

We have fied with likelihood where they seem all been waiting on one another too to find certitude," and "hopes that long. his sermons, slight and sketchy as We have lastly to say about Mr. they are, may serve to win a hear. Huntington's book that he has an ing for voices better worth listening essay showiug the happy accordto.” From this unambitious plat- ance of the Book of Common Prayer form Mr. Huntington, we are happy with the doctrine of Life in Christ, to see, is none the less energetic in which would be highly acceptable to exposing the heresy and false doc- Mr. Warleigb, and to many others trine so long triumphant; and likewise. though he traverses ground too

Shams and Realities in Dress, Manfamiliar to our readers to require

ners, and Religion. By Thomas rehearsal, the book is not without

Cheshire. London: Elliot Stock. touches of originality. How indeed can any man of thought and feeling Quaint, sarcastic, amusing, healthy. when embarked on such a voyage, Will Nicholls. A Tale. By Uncle fail to make it a voyage of disco- Infirmity. London : Publishing

There is a note, for in- Company, Friar-street, Broadstance, touching “the bearing of the way. Apostle Paul's polemical training as An unpretending story, full of good a Pharisee upon his use of the ex

The circulation of this pression zoe aionios and kindred modest shilling volume among phrases," which could well afford mechanics, labourers, and farm seramplification. Paul had expanded vants would do much good. The into a Pharisee of the Pharisees, but misery of drink and the blessing of

Very ?

sense.

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