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of their hiding place, and push the people to the ends of the earth ? If some portion of Israel remain in their hiding place till the second advent, Ephraim and Manasseh must come to the front, make themselves known, and that all over the world, or the predicted pushing can never take place. Information on such questions would help us to just conclusions. But answers to them are not forthcoming. If Joseph is indeed there, it does not appear that the branches of that fruitful bough, have begun to run that wall of "desert, mountain, frosts excessive, and exclusive policy.”

That there are some Israelites in various parts of the world we all admit, and likely enough there may be some in the centre of Asia. But the great mass of them, including the sons of Joseph, are certainly not there. Probabilities, possibilities, and guesses, feebly sustained by uncertain evidence, are worthless in the presence of a divine intimation in Jer. iii. in the command of God to the prophet, to “Go and proclaim these words toward the north, and say, Return thou backsliding Israel, saith the Lord."

Suppose a stranger from some distant land, who had never seen a portrait of the queen, to enter her palace at a levee. His eye glances over the courtly throng, and instantly he recognises Her Majesty. She only is crowned. This is how Joseph is to be recognised. There is a crown on the head of him that was separated from his brethren, according to both Jacob and Moses-such a crown as never monarch wore before—a crown composed of all manner of blessings, material wealth, help from the Almighty, divine good will, numerous posterity, extensive dominion, and, as a consequence, filling the face of the world with the best kind of fruit, and the peoples that dwell under his shadow revive as the corn, and blossom (margin) as the vine, and the scent thereof is as the wine of Lebanon. (Hosea xiv. 7.)

Most people know full well what race enjoys these blessings in the highest degree ; but they err on one point-as to the former name of that race--from imperfect knowledge of the Scriptures. The ancient names of some countries, cities, islands, and rivers, differ from their modern names. Melita is now Malta, Meshech is now Moscow, and so it is with the Anglo-Saxons, whose ancient names were Jacob, Israel, Joseph, Ephraim, &c., and a better knowledge of Scripture will make this manifest.

In the last verse of Hosea, the prophet says—“Who is wise and he shall understand these things ? prudent, and he shall know them ? " Which things ? Israel's backsliding and the healing of it-his idolatry and his renunciation of it-his being allured into the wilderness, and being spoken comfortably to-the different phases of his character and condition, as being the people of God, and then not the people of God, and afterwards being the sons of God, and so forth.

Let not the so-called misjudging writers on our Israelitish origin


be moved by the disapproval of others. Let them continue reading, thinking, speaking, writing, and publishing, satisfied that if Hosea were among us at the present time he would not retract the oracle, that they are wise and prudent men who understood these things.

Of course, we are thankful to friends who differ from us, as the evidence they bring, when tested and found insufficient, strengthens our own witnesses and confirms our faith. Our ground is safe enough. We know something of the facts of modern history, and we know something of the authenticity of the ancient Scriptures; and these are enough for our purpose. All the evidence wanted is found here. I enter a house with a bunch of keys in my hand. The rooms are all locked. I wish to go into the parlour. I try & key, but it does not fit the lock. I try a second and a third, with a like result. The last I try fits; and I enter the room. I want no further evidence that I have found the right key. I take the ancient predictions, which, from their nature cannot be fulfilled in some obscure people, and look for their fulfilment by some of the great nations of the world. I find they are not fulfilled by France, Switzerland, Italy, Greece, Austria, Russia, Belgium, or Holland. But in Britain and greater Britain, they are fulfilled. In John Bull and his fifty-six colonies, we have something very like the “nation and a company of nations” promised to Jacob. Thus, we have at hand the means of arriving at a settled conviction, without running the risk of being deceived by the tales of travellers, and the fables of ancient historians.

Suppose, for argument's sake, that Ephraim and Manasseh and the other tribes are in the centre of Asia. As the Scriptures cannot be broken, as the promises to the fathers must be fulfilled - the humiliation of England is certain. Britain will be no exception to the rule of the rise and fall of nations. She must come down from her lofty position, and make way for a worthier people. Israel must increase: she must decrease. As England is in possession of nearly all the gates of seas and countries worth having, she must give them up, or have them taken from her. This dispensation will therefore have to be greatly prolonged to give time for Israel to increase in numbers, wealth, and power, to such a degree as to eclipse the glory of Britain,-leave her far behind as to benevolent enterprise and missionary zeal,-and be far more honoured and distinguished by the divine goodwill. And Britain may fall so low, that the fancied New Zealander, standing on one of the broken arches of London Bridge, moralising over the ruins of St. Paul's Cathedral, and the once-famous city of London, may not be such an incredible thing as we have thought. But in all seriousness, the more I think of what is comprised in the fulfilment of that part of the promises made to the fathers, which, from its nature, can only be fulfilled in an age like the present, the more firmly I am convinced of the impossibility of there being any other fulfilment than that

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Porter says:


now taking place in the Anglo-Saxon race. The following remarks, taken with scarcely any alteration from “Tracts on Israel,” by Porter, published thirty-three years ago, but now out of print, are well worthy of the reader's attention. I have often wished some one would republish these tracts with a few omissions. They would contrast favourably with a good deal that is issued from the press in our day, in favour of our view. A few extracts in the Rainbow would save some valuable matter from oblivion. Mr.

“ Where shall we look for a people so numerous as the stars of the heavens, the dust of the earth, or the sand upon the sea-sbore? Can we suppose that the God of Israel has showered down the blessings of heaven, caused the deep to give up her treasures, and transmit upon its waters the riches of many countries, and the exhaustless produce of all climes, and made the earth to yield her resources, to another people than He had promised ? Has God passed over the promised people whom he chose of his own free will, and bestowed blessing upon another people, to whom His preceding revelation and providence had no regard ? Has He indeed called into His vineyard others, to the utter exclusion of the seed of Abraham, to distribute blessing to all the families of mankind ? Have shame and weakness been the portion of Ephraim, so that in place of pushing others, he himself has been pushed out of existence ? Have the seed of Joseph, who were to become a fulness of nations, had so low a standing, as to have no rank among the nations of the earth? Is the glory and power of Ephraim to be discovered in the heart of some hitherto unexplored regions of the world ? To every one of these inquiries, some of which have been suggested by the various conjectures from time to time put forth, we ought certainly to reply in the negative. A contrary answer, however persons may seek to avoid the conclusion, reflects on the wisdom, forethought, design, and power of the God of Israel, unto whom there is none like.

“ Can we contemplate Britain and her offshoots, with their dependencies, territories, advantages, and power, and remain unable to identify the race which has become a fulness of nations, and has gone forth to encircle the earth? Who have colonised the chief places of the earth, supplanting its previons possessors ? At whose command are the chief and precious things of the earth? Who sway the deep? Who possess the Scriptures of truth? Who are the messengers of the gospel to almost every land, and are so far made a blessing to many ? Examine the records of history up to the present time, and there can be found only one people upon whom have been bestowed in fulness the blessings promised to Ephraim and Manasseh, in the prophetic annunciations of the covenant-keeping God.

“To this conclusion it may be said in objection :-It is true that this race has been and remains in the very position in which it was foretold that Ephraim should be, but may not God have bestowed similar blessing on another people, and hereafter fulfil the promises to the seed of Ephraim ?

“ To such objections we reply,—That the prophecies mention no other people who were to be similarly circumstanced-a chasm too great for us calmly to suppose could occur in the prophetic word. The world's history from the Babylonish kingdom to the establishment of the one kingdom of righteousness, is all comprehended under the four kingdoms symbolised in ‘The great image. Under one or other of these kingdoms must the word concerning Ephraim be fulfilled, and not in the kingdom which shall supersede the last of the four. The fourth kingdom has well nigh run its course. The kingdom of the saints is not of such a character as to admit of the fulfilment of every prediction concerning Ephraim. Then their swords shall be beaten into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; they shall learn war no more, and shall sit every man under his own vine, and his own fig-tree, whereas the bow of Joseph had to abide in strength, and with the horns of unicorns he had to push the people together, a state of things inconsistent therewith. Again, in that kingdom Israel is to be in restoration; and when so, is to be one kingdom, and not any more two nations, much less many nations; but Ephraim’s seed had to be a fulness of nations. The Anglo-Saxon race are already in a more exalted aad prosperous condition than ever Israel was of old; their peoples are much more numerous, their possessions vastly greater, their advantages both as to kind and degree superior, the power and the sphere of their influence are certainly far more extended, and especially is their superiority pre-eminent in their possessing the Holy Scriptures, and being given the means, and to a great degree the desire, of disseminating their life-giving streams to the families of the earth.”

L. F. T.


EXTRA-JUDICIAL THEORIES. L EARNED and zealous men have arisen to advocate the truth

concerning the final end of evil, and some of them-from a metaphysical and conjectural bias—have speculated on a supposed gradual process in the eternal destruction which in Holy Scripture is so clearly and fully declared. And it would seem that those who hold and teach a graduated duration of the sufferings of the condemned, do so in part from a wish to neutralise the objections of those who, from whatever cause, advocate the doctrine of “everlasting life in never-ceasing torture.” But, in so doing, they indulge in extra-judicial speculations, and have not considered that such theoretic opinions are the weak points in their advocacy, and furnish arguments for their antagonists. A few observations on the subject may be seasonably made.


1. The Lord Jesus Christ has made mention of " few stripes," and “many stripes;" but what is there said relates to His “servants" -ministerial servants—and to the abuse of knowledge respecting the time of His absence from the earth, and His coming again; and certainly does not relate to “the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men,” whatever may be the exact intent.

2. The Lord Christ has said of those who shall be “cast into a furnace of fire," there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. But if a literal furnace of fire be meant, the wailing and gnashing of teeth must be at the moment of the plunge into the fire, or on the way thereto; and the sufferings must of necessity be of very short duration. And if the representation be metaphoric, the conclusion to which it leads is precisely the same, for “all true figures are grounded upon real facts.”

3. An Apostle has made mention of "indignation and wrath, tribulation and anguish,” to be rendered to false and factious professors of Christianity; but the same description of final judgment applies to their case also, and the same principles of interpretation must be applied.

4. “ The lake of fire” is the dread symbol of “the second death ;” and the full significance of that symbol cannot be misunderstood when it is considered that personifications and concrete symbols of evil are said to be cast into that lake; as, for example, Death and Hades, etc. And, as it would be impossible that a human being could live in a literal lake of fire, even so the design of that symbol is to teach that the condemned shall die a speedy and an utter death" the second death."

There will certainly be divine degrees of suffering in "the day of judgment and destruction," in accordance with diversities of mental and moral degrees of evil, and the reminiscences of the same. In that day the intelligence will be unobscured by selfdeception; the memory, an accurate recorder; the conscience, a just accuser; the love of life strong and active in the soul; the dread of death and extinction mighty in the heart; and the righteous wrath of God clearly apprehended-all this will doubtless be known and felt by each. But each will suffer in exact proportion to personal capacity and intelligence, and the records of memory, the decisions of conscience, and the corrosive energy of remorse ; some merely tasting of the cup of Divine wrath, while others drink of it to the dregs.

THE JUDGE OF THE QUICK AND THE DEAD. The language of law is plain and literal.” The illustrations of the final consequences of disobedience may be metaphoric; and such is the case in the Scriptures respecting the final results of human sin.

Oriental imagery and dramatic representation was a normal usage of the inspired writers of the Hebrew Scriptures, and also of


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