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As ONE who, long in thickets and in brakes Entangled, winds now this way and now that His devious course uncertain, seeking home; Or, having long in miry ways been foil'd, And sore discomfited, from slough to slough Plunging, and half-despairing of escape; If chance at length he finds a greensward smooth
And faithful to the foot, his spirits rise, He chirrups brisk his ear-erecting steed, And winds his way with pleasure and with ease; So I, designing other themes, and call'd To adorn the sofa with eulogium due, To tell its slumbers, and to paint its dreams, Have rambled wide. In country, city, seat Of academic fame, (howe'er deserved,) Long held, and scarcely disengaged at last. But now with pleasant pace a cleanlier road I mean to tread. I feel myself at large, Courageous, and refresh'd for future toil, If toil awaits me, or dangers new.
Since pulpits fail, and sounding-boards reflect Most part an empty, ineffectual sound, What chance that I, to fame so little known, Nor conversant with men or manners much, Should speak to purpose, or with better hope Crack the satiric thong? "Twere wiser far For me, enamor'd of sequester'd scenes, And charm'd with rural beauty, to repose, Where chance may throw me, beneath elm or vine,
My languid limbs, when summer sears the plains; VOL. VIII.-39
Or, when rough winter rages on the soft
There, undisturb'd by folly, and apprised To muse in silence, or at least confine How great the danger of disturbing her, Remarks that gall so many to the few, My partners in retreat. Disgust conceal'd Is obstinate, and cure beyond our reach. Is ofttimes proof of wisdom, when the fault Domestic happiness, thou only bliss Of Paradise that hast survived the fall! Though few now taste thee unimpair'd and pure, Or tasting, long enjoy thee! too infirm, Or too incautious, to preserve thy sweets Unmix'd with drops of bitter, which neglect Or temper sheds into thy crystal cup; Thou art the nurse of Virtue, in thine arms She smiles, appearing, as in truth she is, Heaven-born, and destined to the skies again.
Susceptible of pity, or a mind
That feeds thee; thou mayst frolic on the
At evening, at night retire secure
To thy straw couch, and slumber unalarm'd;
The most important and effectual guard,
The legate of the skies! His theme divine,
Its thunders; and by him, in strains as
As angels use, the Gospel whispers peace.
And, arm'd himself in panoply complete
The sacramental host of God's elect!
But hark-the doctor's voice! fast wedged
Two empirics he stands, and with swoln cheeks
Inspires the news, his trumpet. Keener far
And colleges, untaught; sells accent, tone,
Are there who purchase of the doctor's
THE pulpit, therefore, (and I name it fill'd
He doubtless is in sport, and does but droll, Must stand acknowledged, while the world shall Assuming thus a rank unknown beforeGrand caterer and dry-nurse of the church!
O, name it not in Gath! it cannot be,
ugees. His family seems to have long been distinguished for mental talent and independence some branches of it were among the earliest supporters of the persecuted Albigenses; but, notwithstanding their known leaning toward unorthodox religious opinions, they appear to have received both honors and profitable grants from the kings of France. But when the day of trial arrived, they had their share of miseries. In the slaughter of the Huguenots, two members of the family perished; but a third, more fortunate, succeeded in escaping to Holland, where the Layards commenced a new career.
Their first appearance in England was under William of Orange; and in the list of those who held command under that Protestant prince, when he fought the battle of the Boyne, will be found the name of the father of the English branch of the family.
Previous to the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, the name had been Raymond; but Layard was taken as a sobriquet, when its owner fled from France, and has
teristics that secured them distinction in Holland, prepare us to find that the family throve in their adopted country; and the grandfather of the discoverer of Nineveh, the Rev. Dr. Layard, became Dean of Bristol. The dean had two sons; the second, Henry Peter John Layard, held an important civil post in Ceylon, where, between the years 1820 and 1830, he distinguished himself by his great activity in the dissemination of the Scriptures among the savage tribes of that part of the world. He is described as a man of much classical learning and of cultivated taste. Like all persons engaged in official occupations in the East, Mr. Layard required an occasional recourse to the more genial climate of Europe. During a visit to Paris in 1817, his wife gave birth, on the 5th of March, to Austen Henry Layard, the man whose name will henceforth be identified with Nineveh.
Mr. Layard's family having fixed their abode in Italy, the future traveler became acquainted, at a very early period of his life, both with the finest specimens of art,
and also with those facts and data which❘ These were the localities where Babylon belong more particularly to the province of the antiquary. It would have been impossible to select a spot better calculated in every respect to train the young man for the work which he was, in the course of time, to accomplish with such signal
and Nineveh were supposed to lie. Within a short distance Xenophon had, twenty centuries before, led the ten thousand Greeks through all the perils of an enemy's country, back to their native land. Mr. Layard had seen the monuments which are scattered over the Romana campagna; he had admired the noble debris of ancient Athens; but never had he felt coming upon him "the serious thought and earnest reflections," which seem to arise from the ruins of Assyrian grandeur.
When of sufficient age to start upon the business of life, Austen Layard was intended for the law, and he began its study under the most favorable circumstances. But he had, as it seems, already contracted a passion for travels, which could not very well be satisfied by excursions from Lincoln's Inn to Westminster Hall. Blackstone was soon relinquished, briefs soon left to be filed by more ambitious legists, and in 1839, the votary of Themis set out with a friend on a course of travel, which led him to various points in the North of Europe. He wandered about Germany, marking the languages of the different states through which he passed; he spent some time in Dalmatia, and at last, directing his course to Montenegro, he came to Constantinople by way of Roumelia and Albania. It was quite natural that he should feel anxious to cross the Bosphorus, and to explore the vast field which unfolds itself before the steps of Oriental travelers. He accordingly set to work; learned the languages of Turkey and Arabia, familiarized himself with the manners and habits of the Eastern world, and started upon a new expedition. He is said to have been often mistaken for an Arab of the desert, such was the ease with which he had overcome every difficulty that stood in his way. He visited Persia, Mesopotamia, Khuzistan, and other districts, chiefly directing his attention to those spots which were of historic interest. He published, from time to time, some records of his wanderings, and the journals of the London Geographical Society contain particulars on that subject, full of useful information in more than one respect. In all his journeys, Mr. Layard contrived to live with the strictest economy, eating and drinking cheerfully what the country afforded, however rough it might be. When he first found himself at Mosul, near the mound of Nimroud, he felt an irresistible desire to make researches of some kind on the spot to which history and tradition point as "the birthplace of the wisdom of the West." VOL. VIII.-40
In the summer of 1842 he made the acquaintance of M. Botta, who, located at Mosul as French consul, had commenced excavations in the great mound of Kouyunjik. This occurrence, and the success M. Botta met with, roused to its highest pitch the energy of the EnglishHe set out for Constantinople in order to secure, if possible, the means of carrying on a system of investigation which might produce results similar to those obtained by M. Botta. For a long time Mr. Layard's application received no encouragement. At last, in the autumn of 1845, through the munificence of Sir Stratford Canning, he was enabled to commence his long-desired labors. He accomplished in twelve days the voyage from Constantinople to Mosul.
The difficulties which Mr. Layard had to cope with at the outset of his endeavors were of a nature to have discouraged any one but the real enthusiast in the cause of science. Accompanied by Mr. Ross, a British merchant in Mosul, his own cawass, and a servant, he descended the Tigris to Nimroud in five hours, and at sunset reached the Arab village of Naifa-Awad. A sheikh of the Jehesh, in whose house he lodged, entered his service, and speedily engaged six Arabs to assist in the excavations. In the principal mound, only twenty minutes' walk from the village, about eighteen hundred feet long, nine hundred broad, and sixty-five high, supposed to be the pyramid of Xenophon, they found fragments with cuneiform inscriptions; and in the course of the morning ten large slabs, forming a square, were uncovered, being the top of a chamber, with an entrance at the northwest corner, where a slab was wanting. Cuneiform inscriptions filled the center of all the slabs, which were in the highest preservation. The amount of the discoveries thus