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LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.- No. 475.—25 JUNE, 1853.
CONTENTS. 1. Henry Arnaud and the Waldenses, .
Chambers' Repository, - 771 2. Cruise among the Islands of the Western Pacific, Spectator,
789 3. Lady Lee's Widowhood - Part IV.,
Blackwood's Magazine, . 793 4. Spiritual Manifestations,
807 5. The Beecher Stowe Demonstration,
821 6. An Old Gentleman's Second Marriage,
The Wetherbys, .
823 POETRY: The Planting — The Thought, 769; 1815 and 1853 — Hush, 770; Charissa
Stanzas, 803; To Michael Angelo Titmarsh, Esq., 822. SHORT AKTICLES : Europe, Popery, America - Dance of Death, 788; Domestic Habits of
our Ancestors, 820 ; Scottish Drunkenness, 824. New Books : 824.
From Chambers' Journal. “ Canst thou bid the heavens restrain
Natural tempests for thy praying ?
Canst thou bend one tender shoot?
Stay the growth of one frail root ?
“ If it live and bloom all fair,
Will it praise thee for its blooming? “Paxt it safe, thou little child ;
If it die, will any plaints
Reach thee, as with kings and saints
Drops it to an equal tombing?
It is safe 'neath His sky's folding “ But, 0 father !" says the child,
Who the whole earth compasses,
Whether we watch more or less -
His large eye all things beholding.
For the shelter of the nations, “I have loved my linden so!
He will make it grow ; if not,
Never yet His love forgot
Human tears, and faith, and patience.
“ Leave thy treasure in His hand
Cease all watching and all weeping. “0, good father !” says the child,
Years hence, men its shade may crave, “If I come in summer's shining,
When its mighty branches wave
Beautiful — above thy sleeping !"
If his hope, tear-sown, that child
Garnered safe with joyful reaping, “ Rather let me evermore,
Know I not : yet, unawares,
" It will grow while thou art sleeping!" That my treasure be not lost Ay, bear aught ! — but idle sleeping.”
From Ilogg's Instructor. Sternly said the father then :
THE THOUGHT.. “Who art thou, child, vainly grieving? | ’T was not that sordid cares perplexed him, Canst thou send the balmy dews,
'T was not satiety or spleen : Or the rich sap interfuse,
'Twas one eternal thought that fixed him That one leaf shall burst to living? The thought of what he might bave been : CCCCLXXV. LIVING AGE. VOL. I.
The thought that virtue might have led him On all the Sun of Freedom shone,
Kindling the hearts of labor's throng ; And love's early vows have made him
Advancing Art was 'companied Pure as music's trancing sound :
By Genius, Poetry, and Song. The thought that knowledge might have placed But now the comet's meteor glare him
Returns from journeyings afar, On the height of truth sublime,
Sweeps on the sight, and shows again Where low vice had ne'er debased him,
The long-forgotten form of war. Outcast in a sensual clime :
Well, be it so, what we have gained The thought that tuneful inspiration
We shall not tamely, calmly lose, Might have lived in lofty lays,
If fight we must, then - to the death, And a poet's aspiration
Though war we may not freely choose. Won the wreath of laurelled praise.
Whate'er betide, the end is sure, Like a distant, trembling river
There lives on earth that cannot die, To the ear at midnight brought,
Great Heaven will give, as in old times,
To Truth and Freedom - Victory.
From Household Words. Scenes of youth to wander o'er,
“I Can scarcely hear,” she murmured,
“ For my heart beats loud and fast,
I can hear a sound at last."
“It is only the reapers singing,
As they carry home their shea ves; 1815 AND 1853.
And the evening breeze has risen,
And rustles the dying leaves."
“Listen ! there are voices talking." Our rulers, glad to quit the strife,
Calmly still she strove to speak, Returned, in hope, to peace again.
Yet, her voice grew faint and trembling,
And the red flushed in her cheek. Then the nation hailed with rapture
“It is only the children playing The dawning of a brighter day.
Below, now their work is done,
And they laugh that their eyes are dazzled
By the rays of the setting sun." Again improvement, long delayed,
Fainter grew her voice, and weaker, Swiftly progressed through Mind's domain,
As with anxious eyes she cried, Neath calmer skies, with broad sails spread,
“ Down the avenue of chestnuts Our ships of commerce ploughed the main.
I can hear a horseman ride." The giant heart of England poured
“ It is only the deer that were feeding
In a herd on the clover grass ;
They were startled, and fled to the thicket
As they saw the reapers pass.
Now the night arose in silence,
Birds lay in their leafy nest,
And the deer couched in the forest, Broad branches bore among the stars,
And the children were at rest ; And strong roots sank in earth below.
There was only a sound of weeping Then days of science were like years
From watchers around a bed, In the old chronicles of time,
But Rest to the weary spirit,
Peace to the quiet Dead !
REASONS FOR A SINGER'S COLD. — “What is Swift through the loom the shuttle plied,
the reason that fellow is always indisposed at the O'er iron roads our steam steeds ran,
moment he is wanted to sing ?” inquired an Like thought th' electric courier hied. Exeter Hallite, just as a sort of Sims REEVIAN
apology had been made for a popular singer. Then fair Religion, calm and mild,
“Oh! it's easily accounted for," answered his The true conserver of the world,
stall neighbor ; “when you think of the great Glowed with immortal youth, and smiled airs he is continually giving himself, it's no
O'er War's dread standard, once more furled. I wouder he so often catches cold." Punch.
From Chambers' Repository. The inhabitants of a land producing nothing HENRY ARNAUD AND THE WALDENSES. else, could only subsist by robbery. In fact,
The return of the Waldensian exiles to however, the lowest ranges of these valleys their native valleys, to which they fought almost unmatched in richness. Their owners
are generally stripes of flat, soft, alluvial soil, their way under the guidance of their pastor consider every yard of the earth's surface so and general, Henry Arnaud, in 1689, is one valuable here, that they grudge even what is of the most remarkable and romantic events in modern history. It will be found fully to necessary for the narrowest pathways; and deserve the few pages here devoted to an
the stranger feels that he must pick his way account of it;' but before beginning with the carefully, to avoid injury to the rich crop. It actual incidents of their fighting-journey,
will be clear, that, from the nature of the which were minutely recorded day by day, it country, no class of inen could well be more may be as well to give a sketch of the circum- isolated from their neighbors than the cultistances which opened this curious chapter in vators of these pastures. The richness and the romance of history. The Waldenses, narrowness of the alluvial stripes kept thein or Vaudois, are supposed to have received in the pursuit of their living within a narrow their name from valis, or valley, owing to the compass; and the great mountain barriers, by extremely secluded and peculiar character of which they were nearly surrounded, prevented the three valleys in which they lived as a
them from paying unnecessary visits to their community, separated by immense mountains neighbors.' Dr. Johnson almost describes from the rest of the world. In the general such a place as the valleys of the Waldenses map of Europe, the position of these valleys his hero from the world. It was not unnatu
in his romance of Rasselas, where he isolates will be best described by saying, that they ral, then, that in such places old opinions lie in the slopes of the great range called the Pennine Alps, on the side which stretches and traditions would remain longer untowards Italy. This great barrier separates changed than in the more open parts of Euthem from Western and Northern Europe ; but rope: they are also secluded even from the rest of
It is well known to all readers of history Italy, as their districts are only approachable professed a religious creed and observances
that, from an early period, these Waldenses subsidiary ranges of bills. These, in other differing from those of the surrounding naparts of the world, would be called great Italians. Since they thus differed from the
tions, and especially of their neighbors, the inountain-ranges ; but here they are only the lateral spurs or offshoots of the vast central practice of the Pope's immediate dominions, Alpine chain. The district, generally speak- of course their religion was distinguished from ing, is bounded on the sides by Mount Viso that of the Church of Rome. °It has been and the Col de Sestrieres ; and the three main identified... even as it existed at a very early valleys of which it consists are Lucerna or
time — with the Protestant opinions of later Luzern, Perosa or Perouse, and San Martino days. It was thus very natural to suppose, or St. Martin. Considerable confusion is
as the religious rites of the Waldenses were Bometimes created in the reader's mind by simple, and they had from time immemorial the names in this district, as elsewhere differed from those of Rome, that they were throughout the Piedinontese part of Italy, it were, within the wall of mountains, and
a relic of the primitive church, preserved, as being sometimes given in Italian, and sometimes in French. Though situated within showing to after-ages what that church bad the sunny territory of Italy, these valleys really been before the ecclesiastics acquired have the characteristics rather of a northern their pomp and power. This is not a place than a southern clime, and nourished a hardy for the investigation of the question as to race, such as Goldsmith describes on the will readily be understood, however, that this
whether such views are well founded. It other side of the Alps :
simple people, differing in religious tenets Thus every good his native wilds impart from powerful nations and ambitious monImprints the patriot passion on his heart ;
archs, were not allowed to entertain their And e'en those ills that round his mansion riso Enhance the bliss his scanty fund supplies.
peculiar views in tranquillity. In fact, it is Dear is that shed to which his soul conforms,
too well known in history, that from generar And dear that hill which lifts him to the storms; tion to generation they were oppressed and And, as a child, when scaring sounds molest, persecuted. One of the latest and most signal Clings close and closer to the mother's breast ; attacks made on them was the cause of the So the loud torrent and the whirlwind's roar But bind him to his native mountains more.
adventurous history we have now to relate.
After the powerful intervention of Oliver The poet's description does not, however, Cromwell on the behalf of the Waldenses, apply very accurately where he says — seconded by the good-wishes of other EuroNo product here the barren hills afford,
pean potentates, they appeared to be entering But maa aad steel -- the soldier and his sword. upon a career of peace and independence.
This lasted for some years ; but in 1685 they protection, which was basely broken; and were, with too much justice, alarmed when the solution seems to be a probable one, Louis XIV. revoked the 'Edict of Nantes, although it is proper to say, that no sufficient which had been passed for the toleration of evidence of the fact has been adduced. They the French Protestants. The many fugitives were committed to prison in great multiwho on that occasion were dispersed through- tudes ; but it is impossible to believe, what out Europe, carried the melancholy news of their own authorities relate, that more than the growing despotism of the great French two thirds of their grown men perished in monarch. It soon became clear, that he dungeons. Many certainly did so; and the would exert his power against a small body number of the captives was much thinned, like the Waldenses, who assailed his pride ere a resolution was taken to release them and by giving sympathy and protection to his send them out of the country: fugitive subjects so close to his own domin This . resolution was adopted in consequence ions. Many threatening hints were made to of the reinonstrances of the Protestant cantons, the Duke of Savoy on the subject. He was and their offer to provide for the unfortunate told that he must either compel his subjects Waldenses. In 1687, these set out to join to conform to the Church of Rome, or drive their kind neighbors, to the number, it is them out of their valleys. At last he was said, of 3000. To reach their destination, it informed, that if he would not set himself was necessary to cross the great chain of the heartily to this task, the King of France Alps, where a few. passes only, and these would do it himself with 14,000 men, and proverbially formidable, occur at distances of would then consider the territory a conquest, many miles. The fugitives, unacquainted and take possession of it.
with the route, should have had guides and a Urged by this threat, which imported no plentiful supply of provisions — but they had less than a partition of bis territory, the neither ; and the hardships they suffered duke gave the Waldenses the alternative of would have exterminated them, if they had submitting, or being driven forth by an armed pot possessed mountain constitutions. Learforce. This was not, however, destined to be ing behind them the great mass of glaciers easily accomplished. The men of the valleys and precipices, over which Mont Blanc reigns gave an uncompromising refusal to the pro- supreme," they descended along the lovely posal, and prepared for resistance. In their valleys, reminding, them of their homes, many series of persecutions, they had ac- which slope towards the blue waters of the quired a capacity for warfare, which descended Lake of Geneva. Here, exhausted, attenfrom generation to generation ; and their uated, and ragged — like spectres rather than swords were the terror of the enemy wherever living beings — they inet a warm reception they appeared. They set at effectual defiance from their sympathizing friends. They were the feeble efforts of the ducal monarch of now dispersed chiefly among the towns and Savoy ; and he required to call in the assist- villages of the canton of Bern, and were ance of the French troops. At that period, gradually introduced to the means of gaining owing to the stiff and uniform system of a livelihood. campaigning which had been adopted, regu But mountaineers seem to have ever & lar troops never met the warlike mountaineers, strong yearning after their native valleys, especially on their own rough and dangerous which, in peculiar circumstances, becomes ground, without suffering severely: The an ungovernable passion. The feeling might Waldenses, acting on the defensive, beat off
' have been less ardent had they been removed their foes on both sides - the French on the to some great distance from their early homes, one, and their Savoyard neighbors on the and seen nothing to recall them. But every other : their successes were remarkable ; and, bright day, as they looked southwards, they carried away by the preternatural fervor saw, clear against the sky, as if they were in which seems ever to have possessed them, reality close at band, the range of snowy they followed up their victories with ruthless summits among which their beloved valleys determination, instead of seeking, by moder- nestled ; they could see even the commenceation, to secure for themselves terms of ac- ment of that slope downwards from the commodation.
smooth white summit, the end of which A very strange and unaccountable result, rested on their own green pastures. The however, followed these victories, and the use sight seems to have excited them beyond enso made of them. All at once, as if driven durance, and they resolved, at all hazards, to by some fatality, the Waldenses, in the mo- return. Their first attempt was discovered ment of victory, and when they had by no and defeated. Their second was not more means shown themselves to be clement con- successful as to immediate results, but the querors, threw down their arms, and made preparations made for it were of service an entire submission, To account for this afterwards. Three of their number had been singular incident, it has been said that they sent to examine the passes among the mounacted under a secret promise of pardon and I tains, to ascertain which could be crossed
with least risk of detection, and to lay down denses, who had taken service in the garrison
greatly increased the frontier forces, to interThe route they proposed to take was a very cept them in any future adventure. But, formidable one. They were to creep by night- what promised to be more calamitous, their journeys from their several places of abode, friends of the Protestant cantons were strongly dispersed among different cantons, to Bex, as a urged to abandon their cause, and were even general place of rendezvous; and thence pass- told that unless they did so they must stand ing the Rhône at the neighboring bridge of under an accusation of having connived at St. Maurice, they were to cross the great St. their late atteinpt. The authorities of the Bernard-a
- a perilous route, even to those who cantons felt that, in the conduct of the Walhave every appliance of the traveller, and are denses, they had a sufficiently good excuse for not afraid of pursuit. The plan, however, compliance with these demands. They aswas nipped in the bud. Some of the Wal- sumed the tone of persons who had been