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ration and poverty ; but William was not would have cared little had his difficulties as his story thus far has shown – gifted with affected his own comfort only; but they fell any great store of worldly prudence. There likewise on thoso dearest to him, and anxiety
, were numerous bubbles afloat in that day, for their sakes preying on his affectionate and marvellous contrivances for making — or, rather timid spirit; the probable shame of an more certainly, marring - fortunes in an in- execution in his house, and the nervous horror credibly short space of time, and he was he felt at the idea of being consigned to a Beized with the prevailing mania, entered prison, had brought on his present illness, into a wild speculation, and lost nearly all and haunted his thoughts as he lay there in the wealth that had been so opportunely sent. solitude after many restless nights of agonized
Once more the gaunt spectre, poverty, stood and perplexed reflection, listening to the in the path of the sleeper, at a time, too, church-bells ringing for Sunday service, at when the energy and spirit of youth had fled; which a stranger was to fill his place. From and this time it forced the separation which the days of Whittington to the present, the nothing had been able to effect before. Wil- imagination has frequently given a language liam P resolved to return to Prussia, and to those airy voices; and the poor pastor, as reënter the service of Frederick ; whilst his he lay overpowered and exhausted by long wife and their only daughter established a hours of painful and fruitless meditation, felt school for young ladies, with the money still the nightmare, like a load of care which op remaining from their recent wealth. And pressed hiin, pass off as he listened, and a thus years rolled by: The patient, industri- childlike faith in the goodness of Providence ous mother succeeded in retrieving some por- once more dawning on his mind. We do not tion of their losses ; the rash, eager, but pretend to interpret what they whispered, gonerous husband, won laurels and wounds but it is certain that, soothed by the chimes, in still quicker succession. The daughter he yielded to a gentle and profound slumber, married, and became ultimately the grand- in which his wife found him shortly after mother of the narrator of the story; and, wards. finally, General William P returned, a Care was at first taken not to break this few limbs minus, and very gray, but still desired repose ; but as nbon, evening, night, fondly beloved, to his home, and died, full nay, a second day passed, and still it conof years and 'honors, in the arms of his tinued, his family became alarmed, and tried awakened sleeper.
to rouse him. In vain! The awful slumber Let us next introduce our reader to a small was as inexorable as that of death itself. It chamber in a country parsonage, a little later bound his senses in an iron forgetfulness. in the same century. The room presented a He could not be awakened by sound or touch. perfect picture of neatness, quiet, and repose. Sun after sun rose and set, and still the deep It was very plainly furnished, but manifested sleep continued. Meantime the evils he had 8. certain elegance and refinement in the ar- dreaded gathered round his family. His rangement of the few simple ornaments on physical condition preserved his personal freethe chimney-piece, the flowers and books, and doin; but an execution was put in his house, the old china cup of cooling drink that stood and his wife and daughters were exposed to on a small round table by the open window, the direst evils of porerty. The rumor, howthrough which the warm air of summer stole ever, of his trance-like 'slumber was noised softly, laden with perfume from the mignon- abroad, and reached the lordly dwelling of a ette and stocks that flourished in the little noblenian who resided near the spot, though garden beneath it. The sun's rays, broken he wils not one of the clergyman's parishioners. by the fresh green leaves of a large walnut- Being muclı given to the study of plıysical tree, cast a clear, pleasant light through the scienco, he visited the parsonage to request snowy dimity-curtains of the bed on the face permission to see the sleeper, and thus learned of an invalid who lay there, gazing with the the varied sorrow that had fallen on its gentle listlessness of weakness, on the glimpse of blue inmates. With equal delicacy and generosity sky visible from the open casement. It was ho proffered as a loan the means of paying a countenance that sunlight might be imag- the harsh creditors, assuring the poor wife ined to love, so good and gentle was it. Nor that if her husband should ever wakc, he did its expression belie the heart within. A would give him the means of repaying the holy, charitable, unselfish man was that vil- pecuniary obligation. The offer was thanklage pastor ; but with the resemblance he lully accepted, and the debt discharged. For bore — and it was a strong one — to Gold- the following two days, Lord Esmith's portrait of his brother, there mingled regular visitor at the parsonage. much of the thoughtlessness and improvidence Sunday morning again dawned of the poet himself; and the consequence of the sun-light fell on the sleeper's pillow, and bis boundless charities, and of his ignorance the bells called men to pray. Beside the of money-inatters, had led him into embarrass-couch were seated the miserable wife and her ments, from which he saw no escape. llel poble friend. The faint, regular breathings
- once more
of the trance-chained man deepened, and to “She was perfectly conscious of all that her anxious ear the difference was perceptible, passed around her; she distinctly heard her though Lord E-shook his head, as she friends speaking and lamenting her death ; told him of it. She bent eagerly over the she felt them clothe her in the garments of pillow : there was a slight flutter of the eye- the grave, and place her in the coffin. This lids ; she held her breath, and clasped her knowledge produced a mental anxiety, she hands in an agony of expectation and dawning could not describe. She tried to speak or hope. The band, so long motionless, stirred; cry, but vainly; she had no power of utterthe eyes opened : she could not speak for over- ance; it was equally impossible for her to powering joy. The sleeper raised his head, raise her hand or open her eyes, as she vainly slightly smiled on her, and observed; “I endeavored to do. She felt as if she were thought I had slept longer — the bell has not imprisoned in a dead body. But when she yet ceased ringing!
heard them talk of nailing the lid on her, and He was unconscious that a whole week bad the mournful music of the funeral-hymns clapsed since its tones had soothed bim to rest. reached her ear, the anguish of her 'mind The wife fainted, and was conveyed from the attained its height, and agony mastering that chamber. The doctor was summoned; he awful spell of unnatural slumber, produced found his patient weak, but not otherwise ill. the moisture on her brow, which saved her A still more extraordinary mental cure had from being entombed alive.” been effected by the genius of Sleep : he had One more little anecdote of a somewhat totally forgotten his threatened difficulties, similar kind, which was related to us on the and from that hour recovered rapidly. Lord authority of a Hastings fisherman, and we E- conferred a living of some value on will close our paper. It occurred during the him; and when he was strong enough to bear cholera. The people of England have an the disclosure, his wife informed him of the especial horror of this terrible scourge, and loan so nobly bestowed on them, and the suf- nothing will induce them to believe that the fering from which he had been so marvellously infection is in the air, and not in the person preserved. The lesson was not lost. The affected by the complaint; consequently it new rector henceforward strove to unite pru- was difficult, in some places, to persuade dence and generosity; and a career of worldly them to perform the last offices for the dead, prosperity, as well as the far greater blessing and they hurried the interment of the victims of an implicit and cheerful faith in Providence, of the pestilence with unseemly precipitation. attended the renewed life of the sleeper A poor seafaring-man, who had been long awakened.
absent from his native land, returning home In both these instances, the sleep or trance at the time it was raging, found that his wife was dreamless and unconscious. But there is had been dead about three days, and that her one remarkable case on record,* in which the coffin had been placed in a room with those body only of the sleeper was subject to this of others, who, lodging in the same dwelling, death-like thraldom of slumber, the mind had also perished of the disease. Greatly remaining awake; and the account given by afflicted, tho sailor insisted on sceing his dead the individual who endured this interval of wife. The neighbors would have dissuaded life in death, is very singular and interesting. him, but his affection and grief disdained all She was an attendant on a German princess ; fear, and he rushed into the chamber of death. and, after being confined to her bed for a great There, forcing open the lid of the coffin, and length of time, with a nervous disorder, to all bending over the beloved corpse, the rude appearance died. She was laid in a coffin, mariner shed tears, which fell fast upon the and the day fixed for her interment arrived. pallid face, when suddenly a sound, something In accordance with the custom of the place, like a sigh, was emitted from the white lips, funeral songs and hymns were sung outside and the next instant the exhausted and death the door of the chamber in which the fair like sleeper opened her eyes, and gazed up in corpse lay. Within they were preparing to his face The joy of the poor fellow may be nail on the lid of the coffin, when a slight imagined. moisture was observed on the brow of the We might multiply instances of this phedead. The supposed corpse was of course nomenon, but as they would probably be immediately removed to a diferent couch, and familiar to the reader, or have at least been every means used to restore suspended vitality. told before, we shall but add a wish that the She recovered, and gave the following singular old adage, " Too much of a good thing," may account of her sensations :
not be found a practical truth with regard to
his sleep; and wish • In an old magazine, dating 1798 ; and also in To all and each a fair good-night, Dr. Crichton's Essays.
And pleasing dreams and slumbers light
From Sharpe's Magazine. cordial exchange of greetings, and thanks on THE GARDEN OF EDEN.
our part, they galloped off to a ravine in search
of Koords. The bridle-rein seeined quite as FROM A TRAVELLER'S NOTE BOOK.
familiar to them as the crosier, the high-peaked
saddle as the pulpit cushion; they seemed to I HAD been travelling all the weary night, enjoy the sport of Koord-hunting, and, like old aching on my saddle, and longing for repose. accustomed sportsmen, could almost scent It was an October morning, crisped with frost, their tracks. when I had to ford the Euphrates river, at Of all my Asiatic travel, which has occupied that time about girth deep. I was strongly me so many thousands of hours, I scarcely recimbued with the impression that I was now ollect any place so utterly desolate and wasted entering upon the site of the reputed Garden as I was now going over, though great interest of Eden ; the traditionary lore of the Arme- was attached to it as being reputed Bible nians now occupying the district was to this ground. Mount Ararat was visible in the effect; they will have it that Adam was an distance, towering in the sky with majestio Armenian, and that he was of their own grandeur, and a brilliant sun lit up the mass color, though from whence the black race of snow on its summit, the clouds rolling proceeded they never could make out. The visibly at the base. It was a glorious sight, stream was diverted into different channels, and Little Ararat at the side, in mimic pomp, from one of which I drank, and would served as a sort of foil to the huge dimensions imagine it to be the spot where Father Adam of one of nature's loftiest summits. An imhad similarly refreshed himself, nearly six mense plain intervened, on which Noah's thousand years ago, though he had not the descendants might have located, and I could advantage of my drinking-cup.
imagine creation, preservation, and all those What a wild and desolate aspect did this glorious events to which Scripture testifies to reputed Eden present to me! 'the low and have taken place there. There is a holy awe swampy soil teeming with rushes. Desolation inspired on going over the soil which we imhad swept it with her blasts; the cormorant agine God to have personally visited; to see and the bittern had here their hiding-place, the mountain where he had evidently sheltered but that sterner savage, man, was the most his chosen Noah from the raging of the feared of any animal. Our little caravan was mighty floods, and to be on the spot where halted, the fire-arms were looked to, our chief, was first seen his promised token, that he marshalling us in battle array, expecting every would no more drown the earth in her own moment a surprise.
waters, and where he had provided a spacious Some horsemen were seen in the distance. plain for his people to multiply, and from At rapid rate they came down upon us; but, thence accomplish"his great purposes of creainstead of Koords, they were three Armenian tion. bishops, with their attendants, from the little. We are obliged to draw largely upon the monastery of “Uch Kilesea," which was imagination to * feather the wings of time" perched on a rock at the margin of the stream. in Asiatic travel, and I was full of dreamy The church is said to be the most ancient in speculations respecting the earthly abode of Christendom, being built more than twelve our
first parents until we arrived at the village hundred years ago. The whole is a remarkable- of Diaden, which was occupied with Russian looking fabric, having the appearance of three troops, the invasion of Turkey by the latter churches, which its name implies. These power being then in full force. I went to the worthies of the Armenian Church, instead of citadel to pay my respects to the commandant sporting cowl and cossack, sported sword and (Prince 'Tehtchiwisouff), who was very grapistol. Seeing travellers in the distance, their cious to the weary traveller. He commented hospitality led them to come out to escort us immediately on the interest of my morning's to the refectory, and to warn us of those ride, by saying, “Vous avez passé par le bidden dangers with which the country teemed. véritable Paradis." I bowed my assent to his The monastery itself had been formerly con- excellency, hoped it was so, felt rather incredverted into a fortress to protect them against ulous, and having obtained permission to conthe Koords ; such was the excess of brigandage tinue my journey (the country being then even in Eden! The worthy fathers had been subject to Russian rule), I proceeded to a often bearded by these Koords in their own wretched mud-hovel, the best accommodation entrenchments, and had withstood many a which we could procure, to cater amongst the siege of chapel and battery.
villagers for food, as well as for Paradisiacal The griin outline of the country bespoke information. The Turkish villages are bur sterility and waste in its harshest features ; rowed under ground, and small hillocks appear the low boggy soil which we were traversing here and there, with a central hole for the was sandy, sedgy, and well stocked with wild ingress of air and the issue of smoke. To my boar; it did not suit our day's travel to accept great consternation and surprise, I once rode the worthy monks' hospitality, so, with much lover a dwelling in this way, without being
aware of it until my horse's feet became | To show the wide latitude entertained by plunged amongst the rafters (see Three Years some writers, Josephus supposed that the in Persia, vol. I.); and in this instance, we Ganges and the Nile were two of the rivers were sadly inconvenienced by the dust, since mentioned by Moses. Other commentators the roof of the house where we were accommo- have looked for it in Arabia, Syria, Chaldea, dated was the principal thoroughfare of the Palestine, and Armenia, near the cities of village. The rude villagers, ignorant as they Damascus and Tripoli ; and some have been so were, were yet agreed on the point as to the absurd as to suppose that it was on the spot locality of Eden, that the ground which I had now occupied by the Caspian Lake. come over was the site of the garden of our There are many places in the world which first parents ; it was beyond all controversy bear the name of Eden ; there is one near with them, and I query if they had ever heard Damascus, another near Thessaly in Chaldea, of any other. They are a remarkably ignorant and again near Tripoli in Syria ; and Aden, on race, having never learned letters ; but few the coast of Yemen, is construed into Eden ; can read beyond the priests, for whoin they but this is straining a construction too far to have great veneration; their government is meet any reasonable credence. ecclesiastical, the chief patriarch residing at Opposed to all those chimerical absurdities, Etch Meizen on the other side the mountain. I will now state what appears to me the most They spoke of the “Frat," or, as some call it, reasonable conclusion as to the site of the the "Hu Phrah,” that ancient river Euphrates. Garden of Eden, and it agrees with the This and Ararat are two undisputed points locality which I have traversed. A very emiwith all geographers, however much they may nent writer says: "Eden is as evidently a real otherwise differ.
country as Ararat, where the ark rested, and I had crossed it at different places ; this Shinaar, where the sons of Noah removed river has its principal sources in the moun- after the food. We find it mentioned in tains of Armenia, one of which is about Scripture as often as the other two, and there twelve miles from Erzroume, the other is near is the more reason to believe it, because the Byazid ; these two streams, pursuing a west-scenes of these three remarkable events are erly direction, are near Mount Taurus turned laid in the neighborhood of one another in the into a south-east course by a range of moun- Mosaical history; but the Jews, from their tains in that neighborhood; it is then joined distractions, losing all remembrance of these by the Tigris, and these, when united, form localities, hence the Christian inquirers have one of the noblest rivers in the East, which lost their way for want of guides." Calmet, falls into the gulf of Persia, fifty miles south- and some other ingenious writers, were of the east of Bussorah, the whole course being same opinion, viz., that the terrestrial Park about 1,600 miles. The Araxes, said to be dise was in Armenia, near Mount Ararat, the Gihon of Moses, takes its rise in a moun- where Noah's ark was left. They imagined tain called Abbas ; it runs south-east across that they there discovered the sources of the Armenia and a part of Persia, in a serpentine four rivers which watered the garden of Eden. course of upwards of 500 miles, ultimately I can only say, that, with the exception of the discharging itself into the Caspian Lake. Euphrates, they had dried up, or had disap This is a very rapid stream, and when swollen peared, when I went over the ground, since I with the winter snows, nothing can withstand was many days near and under Ararat; the its violence. The Tigris is said to be the mountain was so huge, that, after travelling a Iliddekel of Moses, and the other branch of whole day from it, it scarcely seemed to lose the Euphrates to be the Pison of Moses; the its dimensions. latter flows into the Persian Gulf.
Of this mountain, I learn from the same Having thus ascertained, from the best authority, “ The situation of Ararat is very authorities which I can find, what are the convenient for the journey of the sons of Noah four rivers mentioned by Moses, I will now from thence to Shinaar, the distance not being briefly state what these authorities say as to very great and the descent easy. We discover the locality of the Garden of Eden.
plainly, through the Mosaic history, a neighSeveral of the fathers believed that there borhood between the land of Eden, where man never was a local Paradise, and that all which was created; that of Ararat, where the rethe Scriptures say of it must be taken in an mains of mankind were saved; and that of allegorical sense; and so preposterous have shinaar where they fixed the centre of their been the speculations respecting it, that some habitation.” have planted it in the third heaven, within I ain the more confirmed in my opinion as the orb of the moon, and under the equator. to this locality of the Garden of Eden the I will not recapitulate the absurdities, or further I extend my researches, and, when I rather the ribaldry of the Mahommedan beheld this towering pillar, Ararat, standing superstitions on the subject; they merely on the frontiers of three mighty empires, tostify to the concurrent belief that there was Russia, Turkey, and Persia - this inountain - terrestrial Paradise somewhere on the earth. Jof the deluge," 16,000 feet high -- it was a
most imposing monument of nature. Tradi-| Eden,” that it was designed to inark the par
Mr. Mylne says, that " in all ages learned Paradise was under the North Pole ; others men have labored to find out the situation of contend that it was not limited to any par. Paradise, which seems to be but a vague and ticular place, but that it included the face of uncertain inquiry; for the Mosaic description the whole earth, which was then one conof it will not suit any place on the present tinued scene of pleasure until altered by globe. He mentions two rivers in its vicinity Adam's transgression. Both Origen and Pison and Gihon, of which no present traces Philo treat the Scripture account of Paradiso can be found ; the other two still remain, as an allegory: Huet, Bochart, and others, Hiddekel, supposed to be the Tigris, and the place it beyond the confluence of the Tigris Euphrates, whose streams unite together at a and the Euphrates, with both of which the considerable distance above the Persian Gulf, Garden of Eden was watered. Pison was to in some part of which it is probable the happy branch arising out of one of them, and Gihon garden lay; but since the formation of the was another branch flowing from it on the earth it has undergone great changes from side of Armenia. Huet thinks that it was earthquakes, inundations, and many other situated in a valley between the mountains causes."
of Libanus and Anti-libanus, in that part of Where did Moses write his history, becomes Syria of which Damascus was the capital. A a question. Some say that it was at Nineveh; town called Paradise was in this vicinity, others in the wilderness of Sinai ; and, again, which is mentioned by both Pliny and Ptolethat it was written in Arabia Petrea, in some my. There is a village called Eden in Tripoli, place nearly adjoining the river Pison, which situated on Mount Libanus, near to the river bounds Havilah, and discharges itself in the Adonia and to the cedars of Libanus. MaunPersian Gulf, this river being the nearest to drell mentions this village as being in the hiin of the four which he nained in the book vicinity of the terrestrial Paradise; but this of Genesis. The etymology of the word from seems to bear no analogy whatever to the Poscha,” to spread itself
, corresponds to its description given by Moses. The term Eden is situation, the waters of which are sometimes often used in Scripture (see Amos i. and V., su high and violent that no sufficient defence and other Prophets). can be formed against their irruption. Having wandered about in the mazes of
Havilah was at the eastern extremity of speculation to find the terrestrial Paradise, ! this part of Arabia ; the land abounded with will now cursorily dwell on the etymology of gold, bdellium, the onyx, &c. Writers have the word "Paradise," which was primarily Jiffered respecting the meaning of the term used to indicate the place in which Adam was bdellum or bedolaeh, some supposing it to have seated during his innocence. The Greek word been pearls, and others that it was gum. implies "orchard," or a place stored with Moses' tukes his wife, Zipporah, from this apples and all sorts of fruits. It may be also sountry, and here his first son was born, Ger- called the “ garden of delight,”' from the same shom, and here he takes leave of Jethro, his language," voluptus," or pleasure. It is likefather-in-law, to visit his brethren in Egypt. wise used in the New Testament for the final
It has been argued that Moses, by saying habitation of the blessed, or " Heaven." The that the garden was planted “ eastward in word "Eden,” according to its primary mean,