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of the Spaniards. All the accounts which I the rate of a quarter of a mile an hour. For have seen of this inglorious invasion dwell three horrible hours this infernal and unupon one particular fact, to which there is no resisted slaughter continued ; and when we doubt that the failure of the attack is to be arrived, at last, in the great open square near attributed, but which the narrators, from the water, we had left above five hundred of Alison downwards, have all contrived to mis- our brave fellows dead in the street; had four represent. The soldiers, say the historians, times that number wounded upon our hands, were forbidden to load their pieces. So far and had lost between two and three thousand as my experience goes, this was not the case : prisoners, who, for want of the means of resistthe pieces of the regiment into which I had ance, had surrendered to the enemy. You the misfortune to be thrust, at least, were all may imagine what a night I passed without loaded, as I believe were those of the other foud, without the shelter of a roof, and sufferregiments; but just as we were ready to start, ing from a deep abrasion caused by an enorthe corporals were ordered round to collect mous stone which smote me on the hip. the flints from each man's gun; this was This was the beginning and the ending of done, and we were thus without the means of my actual warfare. After all, I was not fated returning the enemy's fire. Had our pieces to commit murder, having never fired a single been merely unloaded, the fact would have shot against the enemy. The next day I was signified comparatively little. We were all unable to walk without asistance. Osborn, well supplied with ammunition, and could who had stuck close to me during the whole have charged our pieces in a few seconds. As campaign, got a surgeon to look at my wound it was, no sooner had we entered the main and to dress it; and in the evening brought street than we beheld the fat roofs and the me news that the war was terminated - that open windows of the houses bristling with General Whiteliver had swapped Monte Video, fire-arms by the thousand ; the roofs were not Maldonado, and everything else we had on high, and the fellows presented a fair mark, the coast, for the prisoners he had lost the but while they poured out a continued stream day before, and was under an obligation to of fire and shot upon us, we were prevented get back to England as fast as possible, to enfrom returning a single bullet. They were joy the laurels he had won. The same night not slow in perceiving that it was out of our the volunteers were informed that his majesty power to reciprocate their compliments, had no further claim upon their services, and which made them all the more liberal of their that those who chose might embark in a shot, and less cautious in the bestowal of it. schooner bound for Monte Video, from whence Besides the bullets, which fell like rain, every they might repair at once to their own vesnow and then came a hand-grenade, from an sels. Our party, now reduced to four, lost open window, which, in bursting, killed or no time in getting on board, and after a voycrippled a dozen of us ; while over the heads age of three days, during which I gradually of the inusketeers on the roofs came flying a got the better of my ugly bruise, I was again on shower of heavy stones, from which, though board the Lance, not enriched with the spoils we saw them coming, there was not room to of war, but something comforted with the escape. A more horrible scene it is impossi- conviction that the bloody game was finally ble for the imagination to conceive. Pushed played out in that quarter. The excitement I forward by the masses from behind, on we had undergone, however, bad an unfavorable staggered, stumbling over corpses, or flounder- effect upon my constitution, and threw me ing among the wrecks of barricades, which into a low fever, in which I lay for several thuse in advance had been compelled to over- days, suffering no pain, but such an excessive throw, I saw my companions dropping | degree of languor and feebleness as made me around me as the bullets whistled constantly at times doubtful of the result. When I repast my face, and expected every moment to covered, the British had withdrawn from the find myself mortally wounded and trodden coast. The Spaniards, pleased with their under foot by my surviving comrades. If I

prowess and its result, were in excellent could have been allowed but one fair shot, and humor, and as much disposed to trade as I could have put it into the heart of the cow-could have wished them be. I found no ardly villain who had sent us there to be mur- difficulty in disposing of my cargo as soon as dered like sheep for the sake of Spanish gold, I was able to attend to business; and having I felt then that I could have died satistied. sold the whole at a profit of nearly ninety per Of my fellow-passengers in the Lance, two cent., sailed for the West Indies on the first perished before my eyes. Poor Malone, who of August. was boiling with rage at being converted into After our long stay at the mouth of the a inere target, got a shot in the temples as he Plate we were all glad to get away, and enwas imprecating curses on the scoundrel joyed our run northward. We were bound Whitelock, and fell dead in my arms. So for Trinidad, but touching at Guiana for fruit fearful was the confusion resulting from the and water, I happened to hear of a small. terrible havoc, that we scarcely advanced at island estate which was in the market, and,

together with its standing crop and working | all sail for the north, with the view of getting gangs of slaves, was to be sold for a consider- clear of the hurricane latitudes as speedily as ation which appeared to me to be astonish- possible. The Lance was heavily laden, but ingly low. I showed the printed announce- being a stout vessel and a fast sailer, and ment to Osborn, who recommended me to having, moreover, a crew by this time well inspect it, at least, before leaving the neigh- accustomed to handle her, I had little appreborhood. The island, which, though it is not hension on account of storms. Still it was to be found in the map, is not a hundred miles with very different feelings from those with from Paramaribo, not being far from our lo- which I had embarked at Liverpool, that I cality, I resolved upon paying it a visit. The now turned my face towards England. The upshot was that, following Osborn's advice, I events of the last twelve months had compurchased it, stock and crop, and slaves and pletely altered my position and social standall, as it stood. Finer specimens of the human ing. I had left home a dependant upon the being than the slaves I thus purchased I never good opinion of others : I was returning to it bebeld. It was impossible to see them at as the possessor of a substantial fortune, and their work, neither sex having more than a could look forward to a life of ease and enjoysquare foot of clothing about their persons, ment upon regaining my native country. without being struck with admiration. The While busy in the speculations which had forms of some of them, the females especially, led to this fortunate result, I had not had were perfect, and would have furnished ad- time to indulge in the reveries to which sucmirable models for the sculptor. The estate, cess gives birth; and even after all was prosthough not large, was in tolerable condition, perously concluded, and I was bounding homeand the canes ready to cut, which latter cir- wards with my wealth, it was some time becumstance was my chief inducement to pur- fore I awoke to the full consciousness of my chase. Osborn, whose experience as a planter good fortune. A storm which we encounqualified him for the task, undertook to real. tered suddenly off Guadaloupe, and which ize the sugar with the utmost possible celerity, split the mainsail and sent some of our spars and no sooner was the bargain concluded than rattling about our ears, first brought me to he set about the work. Perhaps you are the true sense of the increased value of my blaming me in your heart for becoming a life. I began to grow daily and hourly more slaveholder; but if so, it is because you are anxious about the issue of our voyage, with reasoning from present data to past events. respect to which I could but imagine that I This, you must recollect, was more than forty was far more interested than any other peryears ago, when the iniquity of slaveholding son on board. We carried seven passengers, had hardly entered the imagination of the three of them military men returning incommercial man,

and when the slave-trade valided to Europe, and the others men of busiitself had not yet been abolished by our gov- ness who had been dabbling with more or less ernment.

success in the late speculations. My ansiety I treated my slaves well while I had them; and restlessness induced me, when in the at any rate, I'made them merry enough. By latitude of Antigua, to keep a reckoning of the allowance of some liberal indulgences, and my own, with the assistance of one of the not by the whip, they wero urged to an ex. passengers, a man of some nautical experitraordinary activity. We kept going night ence. To this I was the more impelled by and day. The canes were cut, and the sugar the unaccountable conduct of the captain, and molasses manufactured from them with a who, for some cause or other, rarely showed rapidity which has been rarely equalled. As himself on deck after we had been a few days fast as the harvest was realized it was packed at sea, leaving the vessel almost entirely in ip casks and stowed on board, and the whole charge of the mate. It was not until a fortcrop, which completed the lading of the ves- night had elapsed that I made the awkward sel, being safo under hatches by the third discovery that the blockhead had been smitten week of November, we made all haste to get with the charms of one of the sable Dulcineas away before the stormy weather should catch belonging to my estate, and having fitted up us lingering on the coast. I made an ar a small store-room for her accominodation, rangement with Osborn to remain and man- had contrived to smuggle her on board, where age the estate for me, giving him an interest she formed an object of sufficient attraction to in the annual profits. He desired nothing wean him altogether from his duty. As you better, and conducted the business so well, may imagine, this unwelcome discovery by 10 that at the end of five years, during which he neans abated my anxiety. I communicated transmitted me twelve per cent. upon

the

cap the affair in confidence to my nautical friend ; ital I had invested, he was in a condition to but he advised me to take no notice of it at purchase it himself, according to the terms present- but I observed that he revised the of our contract, at the price which I had paid reckoning we had kept, paid more attention for it.

to it afterwards, and by acts of courtesy On leaving the coast of Guiana we crowded | towards the mate, who was a pains-taking fel

low and a capital seaman, secured his favor. required first a requisition from them to that The absence of the captain, however, operated effect, signed by them all. It was prepared unfavorably upon the crew. We had a great and completed in a few minutes ; then arming deal of new rum on board, and it was soon ourselves with pistols and cutlasses, we dragbut too evident that the men had found some ged the drunken captain forth from his den, method of helping themselves to it.

bound him hand and foot, locked him up in One day when half the crew were more spite of his oaths and resistance, and putting than half drunk, and quarrelsomely frolicsome, the ship about, steered for home with a and brawling and fooling instead of attending tolerably fair wind. The men at first made a to their duty — a stiff breeze blowing, and the demonstration in favor of the captain, but prospect of a gale - I called a council of the the resolute front we showed them, and the passengers, and having stated the case as it fact, which they knew well enough, that I stood, requested their advice. All that could was owner of the cargo, prevented their having be done was to send for the captain, and recourse to violence. I promised the mate represent the matter to him. He carne, half- my interest with the firin to secure him in intoxicated, and to our reinonstrances returned the command he thus assumed, if he brought no other reply than that we were a set of the vessel safely into post. lle played the fools for meddling with other people's business captain admirably, and soon by a little whole

that he knew his duty, and should navigate some severity restored the discipline we had his vessel in his own way. When he was lost. The Lance behaved famously in the gone we determined at any rate upon stopping wintry gales of the Atlantic. We made the the supply of rum, and this, aided by a hint Channel the second week in January, worked from the mate, we succeeded in doing, having, up to the Downs, where we lay for ten days, after a diligent search, discovered the source and where, at his own request, I put the capfrom which the men supplied themselves. tain ashore -- and arrived at the West India Things went on a little better after this for Docks before the end of the month. some time, though the captain having shut My employers, though they had no great himself up with his inamorata, hardly showed reason to be satisfied with the expedition, his face for days together. We were still which had proved a sorry speculation for them, sailing nearly north, after a voyage of a month ; congratulated me upon my good fortune, exbut the captain, when applied to, would not pressing unfeigned pleasure at my return. alter the ship’s course, and stormed and raved They confirmed my appointment of the mate, like a madman when either the mate or the who subsequently made many prosperous voypassengers interfered. On we went day after ages in the Lance. As for the captain, he day further north, with a drunken captain brought an action against me, which, so far and an undisciplined crew. I had the horrors. from doing him any good, only ruined his It was plain that unless we resorted to some character by publishing the circumstances of desperate measure, we should be carried bump his disgrace. I gave

the

negro wench a trifle ashore, or wrecked on some sand or reef in to clothe her decently, and procured her a one of the dark nights which were now near place in a gentleman's family in London, sixteen hours long. I never slept for an hour where she turned out a capital cook, and lived together day or night. The weather was comfortably. Now you have the history of my disinal with frost and fog, and the most horri- South Sea speculation, which, though it led ine ble prospect was before us. At length the through the horrors of war and tempest, made mate came to me with a long face, and ex- me independent of the world. All the reward pressed his conviction that unless we altered I ever got for my valor under Whitelock, was our course we should be on the bank of New- that dusty old uniform which has so often exfoundland in twenty-four hours at the latest. cited your curiosity — and that musket which I immediately broke this news to the passen- has never been fired since the inglorious 5th gers, who were but too well prepared for it. of July, 1807, to this hour. You see there is There was no time to be lost. They requested no fint in the lock - but if you thrust in the me as agent for the owners, to arrest the cap- ramrod you will find the charge is still in the tuin, and give the command to the mate. "I | barrel.

HOW TO WRITE A SWEET POEM.

Buy such sweet bonnets for your sisters, and

The sweetest trinkets you can find at hand; BY LUCY SOPHTHART.

Say sweet things to the ladies – sweetly smile, Read all sweet novels — o'er them shed sweet And like a sweet brigand look all the while ; tears

In sweet walks by sweet moonlight take de Make love to a sweet maid of tender years ;

light, Pronounce all babies sweet, and like papa ; And such sweet poems as you 'll sweetly write, When a lamb bleats, say 't is the sweetest baa ; Whose sweet expressions making sweet one sigh, Admire all patch-work quilts with patterns sweet, Will bring from sweet young girls the sweet "Oh, Add never smoke, nor cheese nor onions eat;

Nat. Æra

my!

From the N. Y. Observer.

and Texas. They inherit the religious princiMISS M'INTOSI'S LETTER.

ples of their fathers. They have the Bible

and love to read it. They go to that blessed We have devoted several columns of our book, and not to Northern men or Englishpaper this week to a letter by Miss M'Intosh men, to Northern ladies or English ladies, to on the Address of the Women of England to learn their duties to their slaves. They do their Sisters of America in relation to Sla- not find in any part of that book the doctrine very. Miss M. is the well-known author of of the immediate abolitionists. They find nuinerous literary works, which have been there that the slave is a man and a brother; extensively read with high approbation both that God made him; that God loves him; in England and America. She is a native of that Christ died for him; and that God will Georgia, and although her hoine is now in New not bless, and Christ will not love, the masYork, she resided for more than thirty years ter who does not love his slave, or the slave at the South, and is intimately acquainted in who does not love and obey his master. With the families of many of the most wealthy and this simple teaching, and withdrawing themrespectable slaveholders in that section of the selves, as the Apostle directs, from those who Union.

teach otherwise, they have been laboring quiMiss M'Intosh is a descendant of the Scot- etly and unostentatiously, amidst all the distish Highlanders, who came over from Great couragements caused by the curse of slavery Britain, with General Oglethorpe, more than on one side, and the agitations of abolition120 years ago, to found the colony of Georgia. ists on the other, to establish schools and They founded it, as our readers well know, churches, and to fit the negro for the enon the anti-slavery principle. General Ogle-joyment of all the happiness of which he is thorpe, with the flighlanders and German capable here and hereafter; and with such Protestants, who constituted the majority of success, that they and their co-laborers count, the first settlers, were firmly and unanimously as one of the fruits of their toil, more than opposed, both on political and religious 300,000 negro members of evangelical churches grounds, to the introduction of slaves into the —a greater number, as has been frequently colony. If their plan had been accomplished, stated, than the aggregate number in all the slavery in this country would have been lim- churches under Protestant missionaries in all ited by Mason and Dixon's line on the north, the countries of the heathen world. and the Savannah river on the south ; and Miss M'Intosh is the fit representative of more than half the territory now cultivated that numerous band of self-appointed missionby slaves in the United States would have been aries under whose labors so many of these from the beginning “ free soil." Indeed, poor negroes have become joyful disciples of the whole would now be “free soil ;' for, Jesus Christ. She is the great-grand-daughwithout cotton-growing and sugar-growing ter of John Moore M'Intosh, who was the States as markets for their slaves, slavery leader of the Highlanders when they protested would long ere this have died a natural death in 1738 against the introduction of slavery in Maryland, Virginia and Kentucky. into Georgia ; and she is a cousin of Mrs.

What prevented the accounplishment of this Wilson, the wife of the Rev. John L. Wilson, poble Anti-Slavery project of the first settlers to whom we referred in our paper of the 31st of Georgia? English slave-traders, who ult., as having emancipated her slaves, and cared only for their own pecuniary gain, op- accompanied them with her husband from erating partly by direct influence on the gov- South Carolina to Africa, to preach the Gosernment at home, and partly through their pel to the natives of that dark land. Did the indolent countrymen in the colony, the Lon- ladies at Stafford House know that such don paupers settled near Savannah, succeeded women are produced in the midst of American in procuring the abolition of all anti-slavery slavery? Did they know that there is not in restrictions, and these merchants then filled any country on the earth, among the higher the markets of Georgia with miserable heathen classes, a body of Christians more distinfrom Africa, the victims of their avarice and guished for generous self-sacrifice, and for all cruelty. The Highlanders and Germans per- the noble graces of the Christian character, sisted to the last in their opposition to this than the truly Christian slave-holders, of the great wickedness, but in vain. The negroes Southern States in America ? When they learn were admitted, and, when once admitted, the this, those ladies will surely feel how unbeplanters were compelled to employ them, for coming it was in them to issue with so much they could get no other laborers.

parade, an address, which assumes that it is The descendants of these Highlanders and necessary for English women to teach the Germans are now wealthy slaveholders, scat- American people, and especially our Southern tered over all the country between the Savan- people, the first principles of their duty to nah river and the farthest limits of Arkansas God and man.

SLAVERY.

LETTER ON THE ADDRESS OF THE clothing fiction in the garb of truth, and WOMEN OF ENGLAND

teaching her to utter her aspersions in the

accents of this daughter of the skies. Had TO THEIR SISTERS OF AMERICA IN RELATION TO the power which thus maligned us been the

product of a foreign soil, it might have been BY MISS X. J. X'INTOSH.

mistrusted ; but how could honorable women

believe that a woman would, without provoTo the Editor of the New York Observer :

cation, blacken with infamy the land of her Sie :- I read a few weeks since in your birth, unless the dearer interests of truth had valuable paper, with some pain, an article forced her to the painful task? And can we commenting on a letter froin the Earl of wonder that if these aspersions were believed, Shaftesbury to the Editor of the London all prudential considerations should have been Times, in which you seemed to give an un- forgotten? Vught we not rather to admire qualified approval* to the answers addressed the forbearance of these ladies of England, by some of our countrywomen to the Duchess supposing such belief to have been theirs, in of Sutherland, and the other ladies of Eng- that there escaped them not the indignant land, who had appealed to their Christian utterance of horror and disgust, but the gentle sympathies in behalf of the slave. I cannot appeal of Christian charity ? For my own better evince my confidence in your Christian part, I feel and acknowledge iny obligation to magnanimity than in renturing to ask per- them, for the liberality which could still bemission to avail myself of the prestige of your lieve us not wholly dead to human sympaper in presenting views differing somewhat, pathies, which could still hope to rouse us to it may be, from your own. Mistaken and the exercise of humanity. Urged by this injudicious as I consider the action of these obligation, and desiring to relieve them from ladies of England, in urging on the women the pain which every Christian heart must of America responsibilities which it would feel in entertaining condemnatory opinions of have been fatuity in them to overlook, and those holding like precious faith with themduties wbich it would have been heathenism selves, I would say, ** Believe not that the old in them to neglect, no less mistaken and in- English nature has lost any of its noble atjudicious seems to me the manner in which tributes in the air of America. Here, as that appeal has been answered. These an- with you, it still hates oppression and sickens swers have proceeded, I believe, from north- at cruelty. Woman, here, has not forgotten ern women only, who might well have held her office of comforter."

I would say to themselves untouched by this controversy. them, “We accept your sympathy, noble They could have been dictated by no selfish sisters, and offer you our own under those motive, therefore, but solely by generous heavy responsibilities which you too have sympathy for their southern sisters — a mo- to bear. With such responsibilities, well tive which claims more than indulgence may you bless God that you are exeinpted admiration and respect. In their own cause, from that burden which your fathers laid sir, I doubt not these ladies would themselves upon us. And yet," I would add, "count it have thought as I do, that if a reply was made not heavier than it is ; think of it not with at all, it would be more consistent with the the vague terror with which we strive in vain dignity of Christian gentlewomen to make it to grasp the proportions and struggle with in the spirit of that charity which “hopeth the power of an oppressive nightmare ; but all things, believeth all things, endureth all look at it rather with the sharpened faculties, things,' than, in the proud vindictiveness of and the fuller consciousness, and the quieter wounded self-love, to give back railing for self-possession with which danger ever endows railing.

a magnanimous spirit.” Looking at it thus, I have said that the action of the ladies of you will see a race of people brought hither, England was mistaken ; yet it was a mistake not, as romance would teach, from the enjoywhich we can readily forgive, I think, when ment of the dear ties of home, from a life of we recollect the influence under which it was freedom and of simple pleasures ; but from a made. Genius, which might well have been condition the lowest to which humanity could satisfied with the triumphs it was capable of sink — nay, distinguished from that of the achieving in a legitimate field, had stooped to brutes, only as the semblance of the human pander to the passions of the multitude, by form excited a deeper disgust, by its sugges

tion of contrast. This people you would see * If Miss M. will refer again to our article, she now wearing in their features more of the will perceive that we could not have given an aspect of humanity, and exhibiting in their unqualified approval" to those answers, for we habits far more of the decencies of life. You made no allusion to any of the answers except would see them dwelling in homes, poor inone, and with respect to that one, we expressly deed, but not wholly comfortless, surrounded it merits the animadversions bestowed upon it by often by families whom they love, and with his lordship." - Ed. Observer.

whom they live and die. Yet more, you

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