Obrazy na stronie

I heard great regret expressed at the leav- the Parisians. It is the fashion to call it ing of so many able-bodied men for this by its English name, and not by its French country, which a sparsely peopled country, title. No one speaks of it as La Case de like that of Norway, of one million and a l'Oncle Tom. Everybody seeks to give it its half of inhabitants, could illy afford to lose ; appellation in the vernacular. The favorite whom she has nursed and educated in their method of pronunciation seems to be this : younger days, and now, when they have “ Onkle’s Tom's Cabin's” — with a plural arrived at manhood and should reward her or a possessive case at the end of each word. with usefulness, they dispose of their farms In this way, the speaker passes for an accomand property, and with the precious metal in plished linguist. their pockets, leave their native land, where The Palais Royal produces a parody of the honest industry is rewarded, religion is re- novel almost immediately. Uncle Tom is to spected, schools are established everywhere, be a white man, wrecked on the coast of knowledge is extended, and the benefits of Africa, and reduced to slavery by the natives. their good constitution are daily developing Newly arrived Americans always express themselves, and go to a distant land to meet an unmingled surprise at contrasting a balluncertainties, and from where conflicting room here with the ball-rooms they have left reports are received as to their improved con- behind. The distinguishing features of differdition. Such are the common expressions ence are the form and manners of the young heard there. In order to ascertain from a unmarried ladies at home, and their retiring reliable source their true condition here, the demeanor here. This difference is worth government instituted, a few years ago, making a note of. Married ladies upon the thorough inquiries through her diplomatic Continent sway and give a tone to society, agent here, with the view of spreading cor- while in America, it is to those ladies whose rect information among the people, in case youth and extent of experience render their erroneous ideas existed there of their being conversation and manners anything but inable to better their condition here.

structive or interesting, that the task of susFrom the long connection with Denmark - taining social intercourse is committed. True, from which country Norway was separated in you all know what a young lady in a ball1814 - she has been governed by Danish room is at home. Let me say in a few words laws, many of which are antiquated, but what she is in a ball-room here. essentially altered in the latter years; still, In the first place, a young unmarried lady when a person will leave the country perma- is expected to dress modestly and simply. nently for a foreign land, the laws 'require She cannot wear velvet or lace; she cannot certain forms to be gone through, which are dress in Fellow; she cannor wear jewelry, tedious, and thus far act as an impediment to except perhaps ear-rings, containing each a his leaving.

single diamond, with as little setting as posFrom the foregoing the reader may form sible. It is only of late that she has been some idea of the disease, and how far the allowed to have founces to her gowns, and to government interferes with emigration. arrange her hair with artificial flowers. She Lowell, February 12th, 1853.

may wear false pearls, but not real ones —

may wear necklaces and bracelets of coral, From a Paris Correspondent of the N. Y. Times. ivory, Venice, small agates, &c., but not of AMERICAN AND FRENCH MANNERS, &c. without her mother or an elderly lady to

precious stones. She cannot go to a ball A LETTER from Moscow speaks of the appa- chaperon her; she cannot go alone with her rition of a French translation of Uncle Tom father. She stays with her mother or chapethere. The book has not been authorized by ron throughout the evening, except when she the police, but its circulation is, nevertheless, dances; and then does not leave her place not prohibited. It seems that the word till the music gives the signal, and returns Uncle, used in America as a term of attach- to it the moment the dance is over. She canment towards a faithful slave, exists also in not promenade with her partner -- a tête-àthe Russian language, and is employed by a tête is hopeless ; a private interview in a master when speaking of, or to, a favorite corner, or behind a curtain, would comproserf. Copies of the book are rare there, and mise her forever. The free and easy manners they pass from hand to hand, to be returned of an American parlor transported into the again in two hours. They are carried, says Faubourg St. Germain, would make a Frenchthe letter in question, by confidential ser- man imagine he was in a bedlam broke loose. vants, wrapped up in silk or muslin, like a This restraint is necessary for many reasons. newly born baby. A Russian translation is A gentleman, invited by the lady of a house, spoken of, the sale of which would be author- is considered authorized to ask any lady ised by the Czar.

present to dance, without introduction. It is In connection with the great negro romance, evident, however, that he cannot expect to I notice a singular piece of affectation among become an acquaintance, or to claim anything

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further than the honor of the dance. Again, self by his intelligence and the energy he dis-
if the same facilities were allowed in France played. He stands especially preëminent
for the intimacy of young women and young in one essential qualification --- confidence.
men that are permitted in America, the most That Sir John Franklin still exists, and can
disorganizing consequences would ensue. At be rescued by human means, is Dr. Kane's.
home I believe that the freedom of intercourse firm belief. His heart is thoroughly in the
between the sexes leads to but little disorder enterprise, and as long as a vestige of hope
and laxity of morals. I have heard that our remains his hand will not fail to adopt those
young ladies go alone to the theatre with measures most necessary to discover the miss-
young men, go to walk with them, to ride ing navigator and his party.
with them (sleigh-riding even), and come Although success has not attended previous
home no wiser than they went, or perhaps expeditions, there are yet many grounds for
only a kiss or two the worse. This would be further and continued efforts being made.
utterly out of the question here. A young The discoveries up to the present time afford
lady, seen walking or riding with a gentleman conclusive proofs that Sir John Franklin
in Paris, would be at once supposed to have passed the winter of 1845–6 on Beechy
lost all she had worth keeping; and probably Island, at the mouth of Wellington Channel.
the supposition would be correct. If insur- Whether in the spring he proceeded up this
mountable obstacles are thrown in the way of channel westward or northward is doubtful.
a greater familiarity between masters and The former course was enjoined by his in-
misses, it is because they have been found structions, but a search by means of sledges

in that direction, extending along the south American families that live here as resi- shore to long. 103° 25', and along the north dents, are of course obliged to bring up their shore to long. 114° 20', has afforded no indidaughters in the French fashion. They never cation that such was the course actually purleave their mother's side, and walking, driv- sued. That the two missing ships may be ing and theatre-going with them is as much blocked up in some of the passages or inlets out of the question as keeping company with not yet explored is still very possible. Both the stars.

the English and the American officers enterBut families not familiar with Paris, some- tain the opinion that Sir John Franklin times make a very strange appearance without proceeded by the open sea north-west of Welknowing it. I remember to have seen, some lington and Victoria Channels, and is closed time since, a very beautiful young lady walk-in by the almost unlimited region of water, ing arm-in-arm with a daring-looking New ice, and land, extending between Victoria Yorker, on the Champs Elysées ! They had Channel and the lofty and immense tracts of been accustomed to do so, I believe, on Fifth- land north of West Georgia, considered by avenue. I thought it my duty to go straight to some as a continuation of a range of mounthe fair offender's mother, and remonstrate tains seen off Cape Jakan, on the coast of against a proceeding so inadmissible. The Asia. Two years ago Captain Penny stated young lady hates me to this day, though she it to be his decided conviction that there is a now knows enough of French manners to blush great polar basin with a higher temperature scarlet whenever she thinks of the appear-than that of the Arctic zone, abounding with ance she must have made, on her first and animal life and ample means for human sublast promenade. In an American parlor, too, sistence. Captain Englefield, who lately one night, I saw a Boston girl, who supposed returned from a short cruise in the Arctic herself still in Summer-street, get behind a Ocean, substantiates this opinion of Penny's. door and talk through the crack with a Bal- He attained the latitude of 78° 35', or one timore boy! Two French ladies who were in hundred and twenty miles further to the the room, seriously contemplated rushing out northward than the highest point ever before of the house, as they were hardly sure that reached. Having passed through a channel, the place was respectable. Not wishing to the width of thirty-five miles, he found before earn this girl's hatred, too, I got somebody him a vast expanse of open water. He enelse to immolate himself, and to restore the deavored to proceed further, but was obliged two French ladies' composure.

to desist in consequence of a terrific gale of

wind, which his steamer was inadequately SECOND AMERICAN EXPEDITION IN adapted to encounter. Captain Englefield is

of opinion that Baffin's Bay is a wrong term SEARCH OF SIR JOHN FRANKLIN.

that it is, in reality, an arm of communicaThe new Grinnell Arctic expedition, which tion between the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. is shortly to proceed in search of Sir John The past explorations tend rather to Franklin, is to be commanded by Dr. Kane, strengthen than weaken the chances of the an officer eminently qualified for the task. safety of Sir John Franklin's expedition. If, Though serving previously in only a subordi- at the outset, it was improbable that the two Date capacity, he greatly distinguished him-ships should have simultaneously perished, it


is still more improbable that they should cal; but let them suspend their judgment till have been so utterly lost as not to leave they have heard us out, and then deny the behind some remnant of wreck to tell their truth of our assertion if they can. To begin fate. No such remnant, however, has been with the objects nearest to us. The atmos found, either by the vessels in search, or by phere we breathe is contaminated by the the parties who, on sledges, have explored the smoke of a hundred and fifty thousand chimcoasts for hundreds of miles. There is no neys. We live in the contact and under the satisfactory proof that the disappearance of in/uence of dirt, because it is impossible” the Erebus and Terror is to be attributed to to apply well known scientific principles to the storms, or to the want of sufficient food to purification of our atmosphere. We submit support the existence of their crews. We to boundless imposition and insolence from a rejoice, therefore, to find that this humane legion of privileged ruffians called cabmen, besearch has not been abandoned - that, cause it is “ impossible” to place them under through the liberality of Mr. Henry Grinneli police regulations. Of six bridges over the and Mr. George Peabody, a second expedition Thames three must bear the whole traffic and is fitting out, reflecting honor on the name of be prematurely worn out in the service, America and much credit on the American because it is impossible” to buy up the tolls government for the interest it evinces in, and and throw the others open to the public.the active coöperation it has afforded to, the Hundreds of thousands of the poorer classes enterprise. May the undertaking be as suc- perish annually because it is impossible" to cessful in its result as it has been noble in its enforce the most ordinary cleanliness or carry aim! - Times.

out the most obvious sanitary regulations. The Thames is converted froin a noble river

into a putrid ditch, because it is “ impossiFrom the Times.

ble,” in this poverty-stricken metropolis, to ENGLISH DULNESS AND STUBBORNNESS. money to carry out a complete system of

drainage. The air is poisoned by intramural The proper description of human progress interments, because it is impossible" to may be said to be from the impossible to the deal with the vested interests involved in pilpossible, from the possible to the probable, ing up our pestilential churchyards with fresh and from the probable to the actual. These heaps of festering mortality. We are condifferent stages are, however, by no means of demned to drink water full of filthy elements, the same length. The great difficulty with which filtration may clarify but cannot purify, those who would innovate and improve is to because it is “impossible to fix on one out persuade the English mind that such innova- of half-a-dozen excellent sites from which the tions and improvements are possible. This pure fluid might be brought into the metropopoint once gained we may be sure success is lis. It was long “ impossible” to remove near at hand; for it seems to be a habit of the Smithfield, and that possibility has only been public stubbornly to deny the practicability of recognized on condition of its transference to anything which is not about immediately to a spot which will soon be as objectionable for take place. Napoleon told Bourienne never a cattle market us its present position, and to mention to him " that beast of a word,” from which of course it will be equally " imand we heartily wish that a similar exclusion possible" to remove it. Nineteen-twentieths could be enforced in favor of the English of this city of London are denied the privilege vocabulary. A man's life in these days is of corporate self-government, and a twentieth spent in the realization of impossibilities, in has that privilege in such a way as to make fervently denying one week what he sees put one regret the exception, and wish the depriin practice the next. So wedded are we to vation universal. But this absurdity cannot custom, so hampered by precedent, so enslaved be remedied, because it is “impossible” to by habit, that we cannot bring ourselves to alter the constitution of the Corporation of believe that what is wrong in our proceedings the City of London. Everybody feels that it can possibly be corrected, or what is right in is a disgrace, an anomaly, and an anachronism the practices of our neighbors can possibly be that its resources are wasted and its offices adopted. The Committee of the House of disgraced ; but it is " impossible" to reform Commons which pronounced railways " impos- it. This same corporation, has, by a successible," scoffed at the draining of Chat-moss, sion of clauses fraudulently introduced into and rejected the Liverpool and Manchester private acts of Parliament, and, lastly, by the Railway Bill out of mercy to the demented barefaced trick of smuggling four words into projectors, was too faithful a type of the Eng- an interpretation clause, rendering tributary lish mind. Active and indefatigable within to its revenues the rural population residing its own range it recoils with a pusillanimous within twenty miles of St. Paul's; but the horror before whatever is new and untried. rural population must bear it as they may, for

Few of our readers will probably agree to it is impossible” to undo any iniquity remarks at once so sweeping and so paradoxi-l which the Corporation of London has once

we have

From the Athenæum.

perpetrated. Travellers by railway never feel Greece. In another column will be found confident when they start whether they shall sample of Indian imposibilities. It is reach their journey's end or be ground to impossible” to spend fifty pounds a-year to powder in the process of locomotion ; but trav- keep a channel open and preserve a revenue of ellers must be content to take their chance, four thousand a-year. There appear to be pubfor it is “impossible” to meddle with the lic works in Madras which would yield from fifty management of railways. Directors advertise to a hundred per cent.; but it is “ impossible" time tables, and give notice, fully carried out to execute them. The extract will show that in fact, that they do not mean to adhere to India is the very paradise of impossibilities. their promise ; but such divinity doth hedge We apprehend that we have made out our a director that it is “impossible” to make case, though we have by no means exhausted him keep his word. Excursion trains have our subject - a feat which we believe to be, been proved to have a decidedly homicidal among all the "impossibilities tendency, and goods' trains, sent to find their mentioned, the only real and insuperable imway as they can, to be the constant cause of possibility. destruction and of death. But it is “ impossible" to prohibit excursion trains and oblige luggage trains, like those which carry passen

ARCHÆOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES. gers, to start and arrive at a particular hour. We have a coinage made as if on purpose to ONE of the most important and interesting render computation difficult and intricate ; but archæological discoveries that has for some it is “impossible” to do violence to the habits time been made has been effected in that part of the people by introducing the simple remedy of the Kingdom of Naples commonly known of a decimal system. A penny cannot be by the name of Puglia (Apulia), which formed Anything except the twelfth part of a shilling, a portion of Magna Græcia. I believe it is or a farthing anything but the fourth part of a known to many that Cavalier Carlo Bonucci, penpy. Our usual heaped measures are pecu- architect and director-general of antiquities siarly liable to fraud ; but it would be “ im- and excavations in this kingdom for twentypossible” to sell by weight. Pint and quart five years, has recently discovered, near Canobottles are rapidly receding into the regions sa, founded by Diomede, a subterranean neof ancient, or even mythical, history; but it cropolis, quite entire. Its principal entrance is “impossible” to enact that all bottled is decorated with four doric columns, two liquors which are sold shall contain an aliquot niches for statues, and a second line of Ionic part of a gallon. There is no stronger wish columns, all of slight and elegant proportions, in the public mind than to be allowed to form and of a workmanship which recalls the best partnerships with limited liability; but this, age of art that between Pericles and Alexthough it can be done everywhere else, is ander. This elegant entrance was painted $ impossible” in England. France and Amer- in various colors, which produced an effect not ica have reduced their laws to a code; but the less pleasing than surprising. This specimen English law cannot be codified. Our statutes of the polychromatic architecture is valuable are a mass of verbiage, contradiction, and for its high state of/ preservation, its freshrepetition ; but, though everybody is bound to ness, and for the classic time to which it beunderstand them, it is “impossible” for any longs. Entering, the city in question, over body to simplify them or reduce them to which time and death have spread an eternal

Ancient Rome and modern silence, we find streets which lead to various America could assess the whole property of groups of dwellings. The gates are decorated the country at its actual value, and levy taxes with elegant ionic columns, whose capitals upon it with ease and simplicity; but, though present the accessory ornament of a festoon. it is quite feasible in England to tax income, Signor Bonucci tells me, that on entering which is one kind of property - land, which is the chambers he found everything arranged another- or legacies, which are a third, it is in its place as it had been left twelve cen“impossible” to assess all property and make turies ago. The walls were covered with the tax just by making it uniform. We are linen embroidered in gold ; - garlands of flowafraid of invasion, but it is “impossible” to ers, withered it is true, but preserving all recall our troops from Canada, where they are their forms, hung in festoons from the ceiling. useless; or from the West Indies, where they All kinds of furniture and precious vases were perish ingloriously of the yellow fever ; or distributed about in the most varied and from the Cape, where they are worse than graceful manner.

Here were to be seen statuseless, to defend the citadel and centre of our ues of marble — busts of deities and priestempire. Something might, indeed, be done esses in terra cotta, beautifully painted by our fleet; but it is impossible” to keep vases of “creta" of an extraordinary size, on a fleet in the Channel, or recall from the which are represented the most interesting Mediterranean a squadron alternately engaged scenes of private life, and the most classical in frightening the kings of Naples and of traditions of mythology. Of these I spoke

common sense.

in a recent letter as having just arrived at Bonucci ; — and I am not aware that they the Museo Borbonico. They are not yet came under the notice of the Commissioners arranged, but yesterday I was favored with a from the Crystal Palace Company during nearer and a longer inspection. On the larger their hurried visit to the capital. vase, which is of gigantic size and is still In sending you the above notices, I feel unpacked, though lying exposed, Homer is almost as if they would be received with painted with the lyre in his hands, as if he incredulity ;-indeed, as I write it appears were singing some passage of the Iliad or the that I am wandering again among fairy sceOdyssey. In the midst of all these treasures nery. But I have seen at least a portion of and miracles of art of every form, lay the the objects which have been recovered, - and mistress of the house reposing tranquilly as surely nothing so exquisite or graceful have though she slept. So great was the illusion, I ever beheld. that one might have almost said “She is not dead, but sleepeth.” She rested on a gilt

CLING TO THY MOTHER. bronze bed, supported by friezes, figures, and genii, exquisitely carved in ivory. In the Cling to thy mother, for she was the first adjoining chambers, which were all filled with To know thy being and to feel thy life ; the same wealth, lay her daughters and ser- The hope of thee through many a pang she rants. These young girls were still clothed

pursed, with dresses embroidered with gold. Their heads were surrounded with garlands of gold

And when, ’midst anguish like the parting which represented the sacred flowers of Pros

strife, • erpine, in the midst of which were sporting, The babe was in her arms, the agony

as it were, birds and insects. Other garlands Was all forgot for bliss of loving thee. there were of roses : - - some wore diadems covered with precious stones finished in the Be gentle to thy mother ! long she bore highest style of art. One of these I saw Thine infant fretfulness and silly youth ; yesterday in private hands, and nothing can Nor rudely scorn the faithful voice that o'er exceed its extreme beauty. The ears of these

Thy cradle played, and taught thy lisping. children of death were all ornamented with

truth. pendants of various forms, and their necks with necklaces in which emeralds and hya- Yes, she is old, yet on thy manly brow cinths were interwoven with chains of gold. She looks, and claims thee as her child e'en now. Two of these, which were obtained by contra- Uphold thy mother ! close to her warm heart band means, I have also seen. The arms were ornamented with bracelets of a spiral

She carried, fed thee, lulled thee to thy rest; form, or winding as a serpent. An abundant Then taught thy tottering limbs their untried and sumptuous table was laid by their side. art, The fruits consisted of pomegranates, pines, Exulting in the fledgling from her nest ; the corns of the fir pine, and apples — whilst And now her steps are feeble, be her stay, the flowers were narcissuses, hyacinths and asphodels, apparently fresh. They were made Whose strength was thine in thy most feeble day. either of painted “ creta," of colored glass, or Cherish thy mother ! brief perchance the time of rock crystal. Their styles were made of May be that she will claim the care she gave • metal threads, with green smalt, or simply Passed are her hopes of youth, her harvest prime gilt. The plates, basins, cups and every other article necessary for dinner, and the

Of joy on earth ; her friends are in the grave. lamps which were to shed their light upon But for her children she could lay her head it, were of an extraordinary size, and all of Gladly to rest among the precious dead. glass. This glass was formed of a kind of paste worked in mosaic, with the most beau. Be tender with thy mother! words unkind, tiful designs, in which were interspersed

Or light neglect from thee, would give a pang small bits, or dice, of gold. On some of the To that fond bosom, where thou art enshrined plates were painted landscapes, and others In love unutterable, more than fang were ornamented with lines of gold rep- of venomed serpent. Wound not her strong trust, resenting elegant and sumptuous edifices. These discoveries were terminated only about As thou would'st hope for peace when she is dust. the middle of last year ; and it has occurred | Oh! mother mine ! God grant I ne'er forget, to me that, now while we are seeking for

Whatever be my grief, or what my joy, all the wonders of art with which to adorn the crystal palace at Sydenham, it is right The untreasured, the inextinguishable debt to make known to the British public the

I owe thy love ; but find my sweet employ above extraordinary facts. The plans and the Ever, through thy remaining days, to be designs are all in the hands of Cavalier Carlo To thee as faithful as thou wert to me.

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