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Brief Survey of Bouks.

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from Seventy-nine Couch Stands to most On the whole, it is a respectable portrait of parts of the Metropolis, with the new Fares Christmas. for Watermen, &c. (Simpkin and Marshall, 6. Glastonbury Abbey, a Poem, (LongLondon, 1829,) is certainly a very useful man, London,) we are informed by the book for all who traverse the streets of author, is rather a delineation of the period London in vehicles, or hire boats on the in which it flourished, than a narrative of Thames. In most cases it will enable the its individual history. This, every one traveller to ascertain the legal fares which knows, was a period of legend, of supercoachmen and boatmen have a right to stition, of miracle, and wonder, in which demand, and to resist, as well as detect, the imagination may still wander without the shameful impositions that are daily obstruction through the fields of romance. practised. This is a new edition of a work of this privilege the author has availed which we reviewed several months since, himself, and we follow him into the land into which the author has introduced se. of fairies, until truth and fiction become so veral very useful maps; and to which he blended, that they half lose their discrihas made some valuable additions.

minating characters. To the lovers of the 2. The Teacher's Offering, or Sunday marvellous this poem will be found both School Monthly Visitor, edited by the amusing and interesting. The language is Rev. John Campbell, (Westley and Davis, flowing and easy, but few passages are London,) we had occasion to notice rendered remarkably striking, either by any while it was publishing in parts. These brilliancy of thought, or pathos of exparts are now collected together, and made pression. up into a very neat little volume. The 7. Hildebrand, the Priest of Rome ; matter is both instructive and amusing to a Satireon Popery, by John Waudby, children, aud several wood cuts ornament (Booth, Wednesbury,) contains many keen the narratives, tales, anecdotes, and his- and scarcastic strokes, but to these the torical fragments of which it is composed. papists have been so long accustomed, We have perused its contents with much that it produces no more effect than the pleasure, and recommend it as a valuable beating of a tempest does on the pyramids little book. ;

of Egypt. They have been taught that 3. A Catechism in Rhyme ; and a Tahi- the greater the absurdity they are called to tian Youth searching after Evidence for embrace, the stronger is their faith in the Truth of his Bible, by Thos. Keyworth, believing it. Men thus entrenched, are (Teape, London,) are two little articles for beyond the reach both of ridicule and young children, by whom they may be reason. In this poem, Mr. Waudby has deemed important, and into whose hands advanced many objections which they may be safely put.

jesuitical ingenuity will find it difficult to 4. Cottage Prayers, or Forms of Prayer repel, and many truths that must flash for one Month, by the Rev. C. Davy, conviction on every unprejudiced mind. (Seeley, London,) are recommended to 8. An Address to Christians on the our notice by the devotional spirit which Propriety of Religious Fasts, by James they breathe. They contain a good variety Hargreaves, (Wightman and Cramp, of useful matter, and keep in view the fun- London,) will lose a considerable portion damental doctrines of the gospel. Should of its import, by being interlarded with they be used with the same sincerity that terms and phrases that are characteristic of seems to have dictated them to the author, sect and party. To those who have their adoption in families will be found embraced the author's creed, this will be a highly beneficial to their spiritual interests. recommendation, but beyor:d these narrow

5. Christmas, a Poem, by Edw. Moron, confines, it will put on a repulsive aspect. (Hurst & Co. London,) ranges through the From the Jewish economy the author has varied scenes which present themselves to brought his chief arguments in the support our notice on the occasion of this festival, of this rite, and the greater portion of his and at this season of the year. These scriptural quotations are from the Old scenes the author has delineated with much Testament. On its observance he seems fidelity, and in some places with a toler- to have laid an undue stress, without being able share of innocent humour. His muse able to furnish his readers with any thing is not eagle-pinioned, but she soars in a authoritatively decisive as to the length of decent altitude, and with evenness of wing time, or the frequency in which abstinence preserves her elevation. His numbers are should be observed. These, indeed, are smooth, and frequently harmonious, ac- points which he may determine to his own companied with perspicuity, though some- satisfaction; but another, with equal plau· mes descending to minute delineations. sibility, and equally destitute of divine

even GEOLOGICAL DISCOVERY.

now.

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Geological Discovery.

88 authority, will lay down other rules, and the subject will be finally left in a state of Mr. Editor. indecision.

Sır, -The science of geology has received 9. A Catechism intended to explain a splendid accession, by a discovery made, and enforce the leading Doctrines and during the last month, of organic remains Duties of the Word of God, &c. by the Rev. on the grounds of Gladish, Esq., at Robert Simson, Master of Colebrooke- Northfleet near Gravesend. His attention house Academy, Islington, (Duncan, Lon- was directed to the spot by an inquiry don,) contains a series of questions and addressed to one of his workmen employed answers on the most important topics that in digging gravel, whether he ever found can relate to man, favoured with a divine any bones ? “Yes, master,” he replied, revelation, and as a candidate for eternity. very often, plenty of them, here is one These questions and replies do not flow

Upon further examination, he from the monotonous process of cateche- found it belonged to a series, lying in a tical routine, but from the subjects that stratified direction, embedded in a loose may naturally be supposed to suggest them- plastic clay nearly approaching to sand. selves to a thinking mind anxiously inquir- All further examination in the bed was ing after truth. The address to the pupils immediately suspended, and Mr. Gladish at the conclusion, contains many judicious sent to some scientific friends at Gravesobservations relative to domestic economy end, at whose suggestion letters were adand conduct, which we should rejoice to dressed to the Geological and Zoological see uniformly adopted.

Societies, who in reply intimated their 10. The Cultivation of the Mind; an intention of visiting the spot, which they introductory Lecture at the Opening of accordingly did on the 3rd of December. the Southampton Literary and Philosophi- Among those present were Dr. Buckcal Institution, Nov. 12, 1828, by the land and several members of the GeoloRev. J. Davies, (Hatchard, London,) is gical Society. a pamphlet entitled to much respect, both The principal remains discovered and from the nature of the subject of which it removed on that day were, a pair of anttreats, and the manner in which the author lers belonging to an unknown species of has proceeded to set it before his auditors. deer, which were found tolerably perfect, From a large and very elaborate work on one below the other, at the distance of the mental powers, which we reviewed in about five inches. They were quite firm our number for August last, we derive sa- when first discovered, but, by exposure to tisfactory proof that Mr. Davies is every the air, they split and crumbled into small way qualified for the task which he has fragments under the touch. In this state here undertaken. To those by whom this drawings were made of them, after which lecture was heard, it must have afforded an they were removed in pieces, which will exalted intellectual repast; and those who be again reunited by the finished drawings, read it with similar expectations, will not which will give the shape and dimensions. be disappointed.

The head was not then discovered, but 11. Anti-Slavery Reporter, No. 42, for was supposed to lie below them. December, 1828, is much larger than usual, Nearly on a level with them, but at and more than proportionately interesting: some distance, was found the complete It"fairly exposes the system of injustice and head of an ox. intolerance by which slavery is upheld, both About three feet below, lay a long straas to the laws themselves, and the administra- tum of bones of various kinds, not yet tion of them. In the charges of injustice removed, consisting of antlers, jaws, shouland inhumanity, several islands are involved, der-blades, legs, &c.; and in other parts but Jamaica, Barbadoes, and Berbice ap- of the clay bed, at various depths, slight pear with superior prominence on the list excavations have disclosed several minor of iniquity. These charges are supported depositories; and it is supposed that by specific instances of oppression and there is sufficient labour for some months cruelty, some of which are almost too of further research into these curious anteshameful for detail. The planter, and his diluvian remains, which from former disagents in the islands, still shut their eyes coveries promise to establish a most sinand ears against the claims of justice and gular and interesting fact in geology. humanity; but the Anti-Slavery Reporter is It has been recorded, that in various heard in England, and the cause which it parts of the opposite side of the river in espouses, we hope, will soon be avowed Essex, bones of the elephant and rhinoceros by the powerful voice of the British legisla- have been discovered, and at the Nore ture.

bones of small animals, as also on the

OBSERVATIONS ON THE TALLOW TREE OF

CHINA.

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Observations on the Tallow Tree of China.

90 coast of France. Between these, the dis- | however imperfect and superficial, serve coveries at Northfleet form a connecting to demonstrate the truth of those invalulink, and render it probable that at the able and sacred records, in which alone time these depositions took place, the are contained the laws of God to man, whole site now occupied by the river while his wisdom draws a veil of secrecy Thames and the English channel, was over those peculiar dispensations of his one continued tract of land, over which over-ruling providence, and teaches us the waters of the deluge swept, carrying "Where ignorance is bliss, 'tis folly to be wise." these organic remains with them, and

E. G. B. depositing them in such fissures and vacuities as they met with in their course.

Upon a geological investigation of the spot, it was discovered that the beds of plastic clay and superstratum of sand were

The tree producing tallow is the croton diluvial depositions, in a hollow bason in

sebi ferum of Linnæus, and not, as bas the solid chalk. The prodigious force

been sometimes incorrectly stated, the with which the water washed down this

sedum fecoides of that great naturalist. cavity carried with it the disjointed bodies

“This tree,” says Dr. Abel, (who has given of these various animals, which subsiding

a very interesting account of the transacby their own gravity, sunk into the clay, tions of lord Amherst's embassy to the and were covered with a deep superstratum

court of Pekin,) “was one of the largest, of sand. On the other side of this wall,

the most beautiful, and the most widely as it may be termed, which has been left diffused, of the plants found by us in standing, the stratum of sand is diversified

China. We first met it a few miles south by thin strata of gravel and black earth, of Nankin, and continued to remark it, in considered to be strongly impregnated greater or less abundance, till our arrival with magnesia. This is an arrangement

at Canton. We often saw it imitating the of a novel character, and affords an inte

oak in the height of its stem, and the resting feature in geology. The whole spread of its branches. Its foliage has the scene gave the highest gratification to Dr.

green and lustre of the laurel. Its small Buckland and his scientific friends. The flowers, of a yellow colour, are borne at excavations are still proceeding, and some

the ends of its terminal branches. Clusters of valuable discoveries are expected to be dark-coloured seed-vessels succeed them in made during their progress.

autumn; and when matured, burst asunder, In conclusion I would observe, that it and disclose seeds of a delicate whiteness. is a remarkable fact, noticed by geological

The fruit of the tallow tree (called among writers, that among the numerous organic

other names in China, Yarièou*) goes remains which have been discovered at

through nearly the same process in yieldvarious times and in various places, none

ing its extract, as the seed of the Camellia of those of the human species have yet Oleifera, or oil plant. The machine in been detected, with the exception of that which it was seen to be bruised, differed found at Guadaloupe, now in the British

indeed from those employed for pounding Museum ; and this specimen, from the

the seed of the Camellia, but was, no circumstance of wanting the head, has been doubt, often used for both purposes. It disputed.

was ground by a wheel moved backwards There can be no doubt that the migra- and forwards in a trunk of a tree, shaped tions of the human species at the time of like a canoe, lined with iron, and fixed in the deluge were very confined,

and

the ground. To the axis of the wheel was

perhaps their numbers few in comparison

fixed a long pole, laden with a heavy with those of beasts. It may be thought, weight, and suspended from a beam. that could the situation of the habitable “The seed, after being pounded, was part of the globe at that period be ascer

formed into a thick mass, by heating it tained, and its geology investigated, some

with a small quantity of water in a large discoveries might be made. But it must

iron vessel. It was then put hot into a also be considered, that this does not solve

case formed to receive it. This consisted the problem, for if, as is supposed, the

of four or five broad iron hoops, piled one bones of tropical animals have been driven * Ya being the character which signifies a crow by the waters into the temperate zone,

(that bird being fond of its fruit,) the other chawhy should not those of man also be dis

racter, Rieou, signifies a mortar for separating

the husk of rice, and enters into its name, “becovered ?

says Du Halde, “when the tree grows The subject is altogether fraught with

old, its root decays within, and becomes hollowed

in the form of a mortar."-Du Halde, tom. iii. mysterious interest, and our discoveries,

cause,

p. 504.

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Gleanings.

92

over the other, and lined with straw. The God, in company with George Bennet, Esq., who seed was pressed down with the feet, as

is speedily expected to return, left this country, to

examine the Mission stations on the remote por. close as possible, till it filled the case, tions of the globe. During their journeys and which was then transferred to the press.

voyages they have visited the South Sea islands,

the Missionary establishments beyond the Ganges Pressure, however, is not the only, or per- in the East Indies, the Mauritius, and several haps the most common method of obtain- others. The same errand of; benevolence had ing the tallow; for it is sometimes pro- man has finished his labours, and found a grave,

brought them to Madagascar, where Mr. Tyercured by boiling the bruised seeds in To harden Plaster Casts and Alabaster.-The water, and collecting the oily matter which following process has obtained a patent in France. floats on its surface. This tallow, which shaped, is put' for twenty-four hours into a furhas all the sensible properties of that from nace. If the piece is only eighteen lines thick, the animal kingdom, is used in the manu

three hours in the furnace, heated up to the tem

perature required for baking bread, is sufficient : facture of candles. Du Halde informs us, if thicker, it is left in for a proportionably longer that every ten pounds is mixed with three time, at the end of which it is withdrawn with

caution, and cooled ; after which it is put for of some vegetable oil, and a sufficient thirty seconds into river water, withdrawn for a quantity of wax to give it consistence. few seconds, and then again immersed for a minute The candles also receive additional sup:

or two, according to its thickness, The piece is

then exposed to the air, and, at the end of three or port from a coating of wax. They burn four days, it has acquired the hardness and density with great flame, emit much smoke, and

of marble. It may then be polished.

To Destroy Flies.-During the course of the last quickly consume.

summer, numerous accidents to children were By reference to a volume of the Transac- recorded, in consequence of a deleterious compo: tions of the Philosophical Society of Lon- arsenic,) being employed for the destruction of don, we find that this tree, which affords fies: this object may be accomplished very safely, an oil or tallow to diffuse light through wood sweetened with sugar.

and completely,! by a strong infusion of quassia. the Celestial Empire, was cultivated in Fall of an Aerolite. The following account of England so far back as the year 1703, by an aerolite, weighing thirty-six ponnds, which fell

at eleven, A.m. September 14, 1825, at Vaigou, one a Mr. Coal.- Vide Philosoph. Transact. of the Sandwich Islands, is given by a lieutenant n. 286, p. 1427, n. go.

of Captain Kotzebue, in his voyage round the world. A short time previously to its fall, the sky became charged with clouds, until the whole

island was covered with a dense black veil. The GLEANINGS.

fall of the stone was immediately preceded by a

violent gust of wind from the N.W., and, even at Earth from the Banks of the Nile.-Lord sea, sounds like those of thunder were heard. Bacon has observed, that if earth be taken from Immediately after these detonations, the aerolite land adjoining the Nile, and preserved so as not to fell in the middle of the village of Ganagauros, be wet or wasted, and weighed daily, it will not and broke into pieces on touching the ground. undergo any alteration, until the seventeenth of The Russian travellers gathered many of these June, when the river beginneth to rise, and then pieces, one weighing fifteen pounds. They reit will grow more and more ponderous, till the semble the aerolites generally known. river cometh to its height.

Useful Cement.-A useful cement, for general Paddington Stages. There are_forty-eight purposes, is composed of two parts of rosin, Paddington stages to and from the Bank' daily, melied over a slow tire, into which one part of the each performing four times. The distance thither quantity of plaster-of-paris is to be introduced, and and back is nearly ten that Paddington stages, shell-lac, and the whole, being in a fluid state, con

duty is well mixed by stirring them ; add two parts of three-pence a ' ; passing and repassing, perform 384 times on the

a firm and . road, making 1920 miles per day, and which, for Common Salt in Chili. -An incrustation of salt, mile-duty only, yields the sum of £8.760. annually. 30 miles in length, and several miles in width, is The.horses perform the journey thither and back found on the coast of Chili, to the south of Cobut once each day, so impetuous is the speed ; so quimbo. It has the appearance of that compact that it requires i92 daily at work upon the road, ice which forms on the surface of lakes and rivers for this single branch of prblic accommodation. in America towards the middle of winter. The If the coaches are fullan the money exchanging thickness is about two feet. When a block of it is hands amounts to nearly 300 guineas daily, and removed, the space is soon tilled up by new salt. the persons conveyed amount to 5576.

The great road runs for a considerable distance Death of the Rev. Daniel Tyerman.-The along the edge of this curious formation. It has religious pnblic will learn with deep regret, that frequently happened, that when mules, horses, and letters have been received by the London Mis. even men, have died in this part of the route, their sionary Society, conveying the painful intelligence bodies have been perfectly preserved for a long of the death of the Rev. D. 'Tyerman, which took

time afterwards. place at the capital of Madagascar, on the 30th of Death of Shungie and George, two New Zealand July, 1828. R. Lyall, Esq. (Dr. Lyall) British Chiefs.---Fron a Sydney Gazette, dated April 18, agent, who arrived 'the day after Mr. Tyerman's 1828, we learn that Shungie, the notorious New decease, at the request of the Missionaries, exa. Zealand warrior, as well as the celebrated George, mined the body, to ascertain the disease, and pro- the chief of Whangooroa, where the Boyd was disnounced it to be apoplexy, and not to have arisen astrously cut off several years ago, and her crew from any cause peculiar to Madagascar. Mr. murdered, are both dead. For a length of time those Lyall had seen Mr. Tyerman frequently at the two chiefs were opposed to each other in the most Mauritius, and considered him a very likely subject sanguinary warfare, but latterly, from motives of for such an attack; and observes, that the same policy, they had united their forces, and, had pot event might, and very probably would, have oc- death opportunely intervened, they threatened to curred at any place: at the same time he admitted, depopulate the island. We understand, in conthat the fatigue of journeying might assist in sequence of these deaths, that the Church and hastening the sad event. More than

Wesleyan Missionaries enjoy a much greater de. years have elapsed since this devoted servaut of gree of quietude, though they are not by any

seven

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Literary Notices.

94

means free from that danger to which they must be exposed, whilst the natives continue in their barbarous condition.

Duelling.--Augustus gave an admirable-example how a person who sends a challenge should be treated. When Marc Antony, after the battle of Actium, defied him to single combat, his answer to the messenger who brought 'it was, “ Tell 'Marc Antony, if he be weary of life, there are other ways to end it; I shall not take the trouble of becoming his executioner.”

Sunday Amusements.-In an old magazine, printed about 1789, the writer, speaking of persons whose habit it was to resort to the various tea. gardens, near London, on a Sunday, calculates them to amount to about 200,000. Of these he considers not one would go away withont having spent 2s2 6d/and cousequently £25,000 would have been spent in the course of the day.£25,000 muliiplied by the number of Sudays in the year, gives, as the annual consumption of that day of rest, the immense sum of £1,300,000. The writer also takes upon himself to calculate the returning situation of these persons as follows:-Sober, 50,000; in high glee, 20,000 ; drunkish, 30,000 ; staggering tipsy, 10,000; muzzy, 15,000; dead drunk, 5.000.-Total, 200,000.

Equestrianism.-In South America, the whole population is equestrian.. No man goes to visit his next door neighbour on foot; and even the beggärs in the streets ask alms on horseback. A French traveller being solicited for charity by one of these monnted petitioners, at Buenos Ayres, made the following observations in his note-book : " 16th November. Saw a beggar this morning, who asked alms of me, mounted on a tall gray horse. · The English have a song that says, Set a beggar on borse back, and see how he'll 'ride!' I had often heard this mentioned, but I never saw one upon his way before."

Literary Notices.

Twenty-One Sermons. By the late Rev. Thos. Spencer:

Memoirs of Mrs. Sarah Savage. By J. B. Williams, Esq. F.S.A. ; with a Preface' by the Rev. Wm. Jay.

Christianity, Protestantism, and Popery, com. pared and contrasted. 8vo.

Objections to the Doctrine of Israel's future Restoration to Palestine, National Pre-emine nce, &c. - Serious Reflections on Time and Eternity, by John Shower ; and on the consideration of our latter end, and other conteniplations, by Sir Mat. thew Hale, Knt. with an introductory Essay, by Thomas Chalmers, D.D."

The Mischiefs of Self-Ignorance, aud the Benefits of Self-Acquaintance. By Richard Baxter. With an Introductory Essay, by the Rev. David Young.

The Life and Adventures of Alexander Selkirk, upon which the romance of Robinson Crusoe is founded. By Job Howell.

My Grandfather's Farm; or, Pictures of Rural Life.

The Child's Commentator on the Holy Scriptures. By Ingram Cobbin, A.M. Vol. 1. 18mo. Neatly half-bound.

The Evangelieal Spectator. By the Author of the Evangelical Rambler. Parts 1 to 5.

In the Press. To be published Feb. 1st. in 8vo. with Plates and Woodcuts, half-bound in cloth, “A Treatise on Printing and Dyeing Silk Shawls, Garments, Bandanas, &c. in Permanent and Fancy Colours." By H. Mc. Kernan, experimental colour-maker and dyer.

Mr. John Hinds, author of the • Veterinary Surgeon,' has a new work in the press, entitled, “ The Groom's Oracle, and Stable Pocket Directory."

A Volume of Sermons. By the Rev. W. F. Vance, assistant minister of St. John's Chapel, Bedford Row.

Dialogues on Prophecy. Part Ten. The Legendary Cabinet ; a Selection of British National Ballads, ancient and modern, from the best anthors. With Notes and Illustrations. By J. D. Parry, M.A. Cambridge.

Natural History of Enthusiasm, Secular and Religions.

The Monthly Bible Class Book ; or, Scriptural Aids to promote a Revival of Religion among the rising generation. By John Morison.

Portraits, entitled “ The Ladies' Library," with portraits. The first part will appear early in January

“ The Royal Book of Fate,” will appear early in January, by Raphael, the London astrologer.

Doctor Epps, author of the Internal Evi. dences of Christianity, deduced from Pbrenology,' and Lecturer on Materia Medica and Chemistry, proposes to publish (by request) three Phrenológical Essays. I. On the Faculty of Veneration, II. On Morality. III. On the best means of attaining Happiness.

The Christian Minister's Pocket Companion; containing Selections of the most striking passages from the works of eminent authors, ancient and modern, One vol. 18mo. By W. Shuttleworth.

In one handsome vol. 12mo. Scripture Balances ; being a Selection of the Promises and Threaten ings of the Holy Scriptures, systematically arranged. By the Rev. J. Young, author of Scripture Lyre,' &c.

The Library of Religious Knowledge ; consisting of a Series Original Treatises on the most important subjects. The whole to be conducted by Clergymen of the Church of England. A number will appear every fortnight, price 6d.

The public cation to commence on the 31st of January.

A Guide to Phrenology; with an Appendix, containing the mode of dissecting the brain, according to the method pursued by Drs. Gall and Spurzheim, &c. with Engravings. 'By Henry Wm. Dewhurst, Esq. Surgeon, Professor of human and comparative Anatoniy, Zoology, &c.

Just Published. Poems ; Lyric, Moral, and Humorous. Ву Thoinas Crossley:

"The Stepmother," a Tragedy in five acts. By the Author of “ Longinus,” a Tragedy, &c.

Biblia Sacra Polyglotta : Bagster's Quarto Edition. The 5th and last part of this work is now ready for delivery. This Part contains the entire New Testament in Fire Languages. The Syriac version is to be sold separately.

The First Six Books of the Miad of Homer, literally translated into English Prose, with copious Explanatory Notes, and 'a preliminary Dissertation on his Life and Writings.

Twelve Moral Maxims of my Uncle Newbury. 18mo.

The Third Volume of the Works of the English and Scottish Reformers, edited by the Rev. Thos. Russell, A.M.

Twelve Lectures on Ecclesiastical History and Nonconformity, exhibiting a view of Church History. By Isaac Mann, A.M. 8vo. bds.

A New and cheap Annual, entitled " Affection's Offering," a book for all seasons, but especially designed as a Christmas and New Year's 'Gift, or Birth Day Present. It will also be a most convenient and appropriate Prize Book for Schools.

A New Translation of the History of Herodo. tus ; intended for the use of general readers. By Isaac Taylor, jun. in one large volume 8vo. with short Notes and Maps.

Proceedings at a Dinner, to commemorate the Abolition of the Sacramental Test.

A Dissertation on the Priesthood of Christ, &c. By John Wilson, minister of the gospel, Montrose.

Treatises and Letters of Dr. Nicholas Ridley, bishop of London, and martyr, 1555.

On Completeness of Ministerial Qualification. By John Hinton, A.M.

An Examination of Scripture Difficulties, elucidating nearly seven hundred passages in the Old and New Testaments. By Wm. Carpenter.

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