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849 Review.--Particular Providence - Panorama of London. 850

“The Widow's Son, a fragment,” is , and many of them appear so extraordinary, replete with animated strokes of vigorous that they furnish less data of being the description and pathetic simplicity, which production of natural causes, than of resultimperceptibly unite with the mournful ing from the interposition of an agency incident, to rivet our attention, and render which is always active, which pervades the catastrophe increasingly interesting. | infinite space, and from which even natuTo several other pieces, in perfect accord- ral causes derive all their delegated energy. ance with their respective characters, simi- In these instances, when the probabilities lar observations might be extended. Of are stronger in favour of such an interpothese, the number could easily be so aug- sition, than in behalf of any subordinate mented, as in no small degree to com- physical cause, reason can be at no loss pensate for obvious deficiencies, and to

which to adopt. place this volume in an unquestionably

It will be in vain to argue, that we canrespectable light

not comprehend the mode of the divine operation. The same objection will lie, in

numerous instances, against all physical Review.-- Practical Illustrations of a Particular Providence, with Observa.. deny the former, have no legitimate rea

agency; and those who on this ground tions applicable to different Classes of son for adhering to the latter. The facts conSociety, and an Account of some Per- tained in this work are calculated to awaken sonal Deliverances, in two parts. 12mo. the mind to serious reflections; and he pp. 178. Duncan. London. 1829.

who reads its pages with the attention they ALTHOUGH no instances were adduced to deserve, will be fully convinced, that the prove and illustrate a particular provi- government of the moral and physical cence, no reasonable person can doubt world is neither given up to the caprice of the fact, unless a general providence be chance, nor dragged along in the chains of denied. He who superintends the whole, physical necessity. must superintend all the parts of which that whole is composed. A particular providence is included in that which is REVIEW.- The Panorama of London, or general, and no whole can be superin

Visitor's Guide. By T. Allen, with

Tilt. tended while any one part is detached

numerous Engravings. 16mo.

London. from its jurisdiction. On this subject, an admirable essay may be found in the two To an Englishınan, London is the most preceding numbers of the Imperial Maga- interesting portion of the British empire, zine, by the late Dr. John Mason Good. and whatever tends to elucidate its anti

We readily allow, with the author of this quities, to trace its history, or to exhibit work, that many striking instances may be its peculiarities, can hardly fail to ensure found in the histories of families, and the a favourable reception. In this work biography of individuals, tending to illus- these objects are fully embraced, though trate divine interpositions on particular to what extent the whole will be carried, occasions; but we are not aware that the we are not informed. decisive conclusions are numerous, which In the three parts now on our table, we we derive from this source. In these have twenty-seven highly finished engrav. respects the attestations of divine authority ings, accompanied with a due proportion can alone furnish a criterion of indubitable of descriptive letter-press, which either certainty. Taking these, indeed, as the refers immediately to the plates, or to some basis of our reasoning, we may infer, on remarkable events and occurrences which the ground of analogy, strong presumptive lie scattered on the stream of time. In its evidence in favour of various occurrences; local and public accommodations, whether but this, in the aggregate and final result, we turn our eyes to the facilities afforded will only amount to a high degree of pro- to commerce, the promotion of science, or bability. That God takes occasion to the exhibitions of art, the metropolis and work through the instrumentality of pecu- its environs furnish a field that is nearly liar events, and brings from them unex- inexhaustible. This work must, therefore, pected issues, we cannot for a moment be carried to an almost incalculable extent, doubt; and in these issues his particular before its materials will cease to be interprovidence may be displayed, while the esting. peculiar events may be traced to the ope- From the specimens now under inspecration of natural causes.

tion, it is obvious that the author well In this book the author has adduced knows how to avail himself of his renumerous facts to illustrate his positions, sources, and to apply them in a manner

129.--VOL. XI.


Review.-Memoir of Mrs. Ann H. Judson.

852 that shall prove both instructive and amus- In the first part nothing remarkable ing to his readers. Without either puffs, occurs, beyond what the biography of or any parade of pretensions, on which the thousands can furnish. Sincere and unwary always look with a suspicious eye, affected piety appears in every page, the promises of this panorama find a accompanied with an ardent desire to substantial basis in the merits of the parts spread among the heathen, the unsearchable already published; and if no degeneration riches of Christ. This desire was foltake place, it will be both a cheap and lowed by correspondent action. To this valuable publication.

cause her life was devoted, and in this glorious cause she fell in a foreign land.

Voyaging to India, this lady's thoughts Review.-Memoir of Mrs. Ann H.

were principally occupied with the imporJudson, wife of the Rev. Adoniram

tant object of the mission; but this did not Judson, Missionary to Burmah, &c. prevent her from making observations on By James D. Knowles. 12mo. pp. 324. the incidents which occurred, the varied Wightman. London. 1829.

scenes to which she was introduced, and Whoever has perused with attention an the effects produced by a succession of article entitled, “American Baptist Mis. novel objects that presented themselves to sion at Ava," inserted in col. 497 of the her contemplation. On these occasions Imperial Magazine for June last, cannot her letters are rendered peculiarly intefail to feel an interest in this memoir of resting by the anecdotes with which they the heroic and intelligent writer. The are enlivened, the piety which they breathe, article to which we allude, displays intel- and the appropriate reflections with which lectual energies of the most exalted order, they abound. employed in gathering useful information The diary of Mrs. Judson, while in from a foreign soil, and transmitting it to India, contains a vast fund of valuable Europe and America in a vehicle of lan- information respecting a people hitherto guage, which will never be much indebted but partially known, and relative to custo emendation.

toms both in peace and war, to which the The first thirty pages of this volume great mass both of Europeans and Amecontain the personal history of this young ricans are total strangers.

Viewed only lady in early life, the means through which as a narrative of facts, and a delineation of she was rescued from constitutional and manners, these portions of this' volume companionable gaiety, brought under seri- are rendered so peculiarly affecting, that ous impressions, and led to a saving know- they operate upon the feelings of the ledge of her interest in Jesus Christ. In reader like a talisman, and he remains this department her biographer has care- spell-bound, without being conscious of fully avoided an error into which many the fetters which he wears. The following authors, under similar circumstances, fall; incident, among many others, will be read viz. that of extending the narrative with with undissembled commiseration, tedious repetitions of daily occurrences, "Last night I heard a considerable noise in the varying from each other in scarcely any fainily. We went to the door, and saw a female

yard in which we live, connected with another thing besides the dates under which they slave with her hands tied behind her, and her appear. No art can render monotony inte mistress beating her with a club, in a most dread

ful manner. My blood ran cold within me, and I resting, and in religious biography it always could quietly see it no longer. I went up to the appears to the greatest disadvantage. mistress, and, in broken French, asked her to stop, Her acquaintance with Mr. Judson, stopped, and told me that her servant was very

and what her servant had done. She immediately marriage, embarkation for India, voyage, bad, and bad lately run away. I talked with her and safe arrival, furnish the next portion.

till her anger appeared to be abated, and she conThe body of the volume is chiefly appro

cluded her punishment with Ainging the club she

had in her hands at the poor creature's head, priated to the manners, customs, and pecu

which made the blood run down on her 'garment. liarities of the natives in India among her all night. They were untied this morning, whom she sojourned and travelled, parti- and she spent the day in labour, which made me cularly those of the Burman empire; the

conclude she would be punished no more.

this evening I saw a large chain brought into the vicissitudes of the war, which she was yard, with a ring at one end, just large enough to called to witness; and the varied sufferings go round her neck. On this ring were fixed two which both she and her husband under

pieces of iron about an inch wide and four incles

long, which would come on each side of her face, went while in the kingdom of Ava. These to prevent her eating. The chain was as large incidents lead us to the last awful scene, in

and heavy as an ox chain, and reached from her

neck to the ground. The ring was fastened with which this pious lady breathed her last, and a lock and key. The poor creature stood trem. the volume concludes with an address written bling while they were preparing to put the chain by herself to the females of the United States.

The mistress's rage again rekindled at seeing her, and she began beating her again, as

The slave continued with her hands tied behind


on her.

Review.-History of the Christian Church.

854 she would stop. She did, but so full of anger William Cobbett, of political notoriety, perthe night before. I went to her again, and begged production of Bishop Burnet; and with that she could hardly speak. When she had become a little

calm, I asked her if she could not haps he would hardly wish to be identified. forgive her servant. I told her that her servant within a given circle, the present appelwas very bad, but that she would be very good to forgive her. She made me to understand that lation may be sufficiently specific, but she would forgive her, because I had asked her: beyond this it is a phrase of dubious, bebut she would not have her servant to think it

cause of uncertain import. was out of any favour to her. She told her slave that she forgave her because I requested it. The

It has sometimes been said, but we slave came, knelt, and kissed my feet, and said, hope with more severity than truth, that you, madam. I could scarcely forbear weeping at "church history is a long lie;" though it her gratitude. The mistress promised me the cannot be denied, that the false colouring chain should not be put on her, and ordered it to be carried away, I have felt very happy this

which facts and incidents derive from evening, that this poor slave can lie down and those who record them, is strongly calcu. sleep without that heavy,chain.”-pp. 81.

lated to awaken suspicion. In the repreBut how harassing soever such instances sentation of the same occurrences and facts of inhuman cruelty are, to the sensibilities by writers within the range of our own of our common nature, not blunted by a observations, we perceive a strange inconfamiliarity with enormities, it is in the gruity; and in many periods of time, it is personal suffering of Mr. and Mrs. Jud- scarcely possible to find genuine historical son, that our sympathies feel their strongest truth, wholly detached from distortion. emotion. Robbed, imprisoned, ill treated, It would, therefore, be unreasonable to and driven from place to place, the ener- expect that impartiality should have pregies of human nature sunk under the sided over the writers of the dark ages, to severity of Asiatic cruelty. The hardships whose industry we are indebted for all our which Mrs. Judson was compelled to knowledge of the early history of the endure, imperceptibly preyed upon her church. Torn by factions, harassed by constitution, and brought her life to a persecution, and perplexed with heresy, speedy termination. Early in July, 1826, the common infirmities of human nature Mr. Judson left her at Amherst, while he demand from us much allowance in their joined an embassy going to Ava. During behalf. They have transmitted to us an his absence, she was taken ill of a fever, invaluable treasure, and if, during its jourand, on the 24th of October following, ney along the stream of time, it has been surrounded by none but strangers, breathed polluted with some alloy, it is our duty, her soul into the hands of her Redeemer, after duly weighing all circumstances, to after an illness of eighteen days. Of her it separate the ore from the dross, and hand might be truly said

onward to future generations the sacred By foreign lands thy dying eyes were closed, deposit pure and undisguised. By foreign hands thy decent limbs composed, This arduous, this very important task, By foreign lands thy humble grave adorned, By strangers honoured, and by strangers mourned. the author has undertaken in the volume

Independently of the account which now before us; and, having prosecuted his professedly delineates her religious feelings design with commendable industry, he and experience, all her letters and expres- now sets before us the result of his labosions {furnish features which give comple- rious researches. On reviewing his long, tion as well as variety to her pious and and sometimes difficult journey, we permissionary character. It is a work replete ceive him penetrating gloomy forests, trawith valuable materials, and one which versing barren deserts, and walking over will furnish an important addition to our uncultivated wastes, but gathering from the stock of Christian biography.

whole a valuable harvest to recompense him for his toils.

In the earlier stages of this work, nothing REVIEW.- History of the


new can reasonably be expected. It is an Church, from the First to the Nine- abridgment of what has repeatedly been teenth Century. By the Author of the published in a voluminous manner, and in

Reformation,8c. in three Vols. giving it condensation, the author has exer12mo. pp. 360–363–352. Duncan. cised much judgment in his selections and London. 1829.

discriminations. From the unwieldy mass To the mode of designation adopted by of materials, he has contrived to extraet the writer in his title-page, viz. “By the the essence, without disfiguring it with Author of the History of the Reformation,” unnecessary encumbrances. . Within ), a we feel no small dislike. It is vague, narrow compass she has embodied most of indefinite, and equivocal. He can scarcely, the leading facts whịch l constitute v the suppose that his readers will think it the great links in the chain of history,

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Review.-Polynesian Researches.

856 given to them an arrangement, over which era, when all shall know God from the the eye can glance without difficulty, by least to the greatest, and the days of her the rays of light which he has imparted. mourning shall be ended. He has preserved a consistency throughout In furnishing this intelligent and faithful the whole, and if in any branch his state- compendium, the author has laid the ments have not been strictly impartial, we Christian world under lasting obligations. feel disposed to attribute the deficiency to The subject is deeply interesting, and of any causé rather than to a want of inte- universal application; and the able manner grity.

in which it is brought before the public, In noticing the great events which dis- notwithstanding minor considerations, cantinguished the period of the Reformation, not but elicit from the liberal minded, of both the claims, the arrogance, and the all sects and parties, a tribute of genuine cruelty of papal power, and the formidable approbation. opposition" by which it was effectually resisted, are fairly stated, but not without giving some degree of prominence to local Review:--Polynesian Researches, during

a Residence of nearly Six Years in the appellations, from which this work can

South Sea Islands, including descriptions never derive any advantage. Some few

of the natural history and scenery of expressions, indeed, may be found, which,

the Islands, with remarks on the history, among readers of a certain description,

traditions, government, arts, manners, can hardly fail to awaken suspicions, which, though unfounded, may prove to this work

and customs of the Inhabitants. By

William Ellis, Missionary to the Society injurious in their operations. They may

and Sandwich Islands, and Author of be led to infer, that the elevation given to localities among events with which they

the Tour of Hawaii. In Two Vols


8vo. pp. 552-584. Fisher & Co. are more familiar, may not have been

London. 1829. without its influence in the details of his

Pri uld. tory, with which they have only a partial To the Christian, the moral philosopher, or a remote acquaintance.

and the philanthropist, no other portion of On descending to more modern times, the globe has, perhaps,' of late years apthe author's views have been directed to peared so interesting as the South Sea the spread of the 'gospel throughout the Islands. Whether we view the inhabiworld, and to the various instruments by tants in reference to their advancement in which it has been effected. On all these civilization, their progress in the mechanic his information is extensive, though his arts, or their renunciation of

f idolatry, in remarks ’are brief; but we readily admit, favour of Christianity, they form an imwhile his partialities are not concealed, that portant era in the history of our species

, no improper language is used respecting and stand without any rivals among the those who differ from him in opinion, and nations of the earth. that, although his statements may not Until of late years we merely knew that always be accurate, he cannot be accused these islands existed, and that they were of misrepresenting their tenets because they inhabited by savages; but no attempts do not happen to coincide with his own. were made either to cultivate the intellec

We learn from a catalogue prefixed to tual capabilities of the natives, or to'exthe first volume, that this history of “the plore the soil and varied productions of Christian church” 'belongs to a series of their distant abodes. It was not until the works denominated "the Popular Library," Duff, under the command of Captain of which several are already published. James Wilson, carried some Missionaries Some of these we have seen and noticed. thither in the year 1797, that they excited They rank highly in our estimation, and much attention in England; and even then this history now before us, rather increases a long period elapsed before they became than diminishes our approbation. It is a objects of Christian and philosophical soliwork of great promise, and what is of more citude. In the year 1816, Mr. Ellis, in importance, of correspondent execution. company with others, embarked at PortsWith' simplicity and perspicuity it'narrates mouth, to make known to these umótored the leading events in the history of the children of nature the truths of Christianity; church, from the earliest age of the apos- and, in connexion with his colleagues” to tles to the e present time. In all the vicis- their "unexampled sticcessés, uniremitting of God is conspicuous, situdes which have taken place, the finger observations, and diligent researches, we

guiding her are indebted for nearly all u weteknow breu through the wilderness, and in bringing her specting this interesting' Tportion of the in safety to the margin of that Mustrious human family, and more partiéuldrly to

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Mr. Ellis, for the present Work, which has changes that of late years have taken place a right to claim a prominent station in the in their views, acquirements, and general extensive catalogue of Missionary produc-character. Surveying them through this tions." ;

medium, we behold a savage race emergSome time since, Mr. Ellis published ing from the darkness of barbarism into an interesting volume, entitled, “Narrative the light of knowledge, and displaying of a Tour through Hawaii, or Owhyhee, mental energies which cannot be contemwith observations on the natural history of plated without something more than comthe Sandwich Islands, and remarks on the mon admiration. manners, customs, traditions, history, and Throughout the whole of his details, Mr. language of their inhabitants.” This Work, Ellis invariably interweaves the progress from its first appearance to the present which these interesting natives have made day, has continued to engross a considerable in the acquisition of religious knowledge, share of public attention, and to merit that not merely as a systematic theory, which ample patronage by which it has been can do nothing more than afford amusesupported.

ment to speculation; but as a revelation of The name of Mr. Ellis, thus made divine truth, affecting their hearts, and known, and his abilities as a writer duly reforming their lives, and leading them to appreciated, nothing, it might be sup- rely for salvation on the Lamb of God that posed, would be deemed unimportant, in taketh away the sin of the world. In the reference to these distant regions, that department the power of divine grace is flowed from his pen., The work now strikingly conspicuous, and multitudes before us fully justifies public expectation. among them stand as living monuments of

interesting by the its

of the matter it contains, and will continue to advance in of this people, with their civil, social, and public estimation as an authentic record of political history, Mr. Ellis had an ardufacts, incidents, and historical details, which ous task to perform, and it is not unlikely are already nearly banished from existence, that he will be exposed to censure from We, therefore, entirely concur with the two opposite quarters. The enemies of writer in the following sentiments, which missions will think too much of these we quote from his preface.

volumes has been devoted to this depart11. All their usages of antiquity baving been so

ment; while many among its advocates and entirely superseded by the new order of things friends will hardly believe that the misthat has followed the subversion of their former sionary cause has been rendered sufficiently tained by the majority of the inhabitants, while prominent. The more reasonable part of the rising generation is growing up in total iguo his readers will

, however, conceive, that he from themselves. The present, therefore, seems

has contrived to place both in an interestto be the only time, in which a variety of facts, ing light, and that each contains all the

information which industry could collect, bitants, can be secured; and to furnish, as far as possible, an aatbentic record of these, and thus or sober inquiry hope to obtain. ed. Evenis preserve thein from oblivion, is one design of the

y As the history of several islands is given following work."

in succession, an apparent sameness will - The first volume contains eighteen chap- sometimes be found; but this will only be ters, and the second nineteen, which, within a few particulars. We are soon led out attempting to analyze their contents, into varied regions of observation, and may be) said to embody every species of placed in new attitudes to contemplate the information which either the islands or the human character. Of

every favourable inhabitants can be supposed capable of opportunity, Mr. Ellis has readily availed affording. Beginning with their first dis- himself, and accompanied bis narration of covery, and noticing the subsequent voy. incidents with reflections that are at once agers by whom they have been visited, we honourable to his feelings as a Christian, are led 1 to 1 survey the patives at distant and creditable to his talents as a man, low intervals. Mr. Ellis, then introduces to Ranging thus from island to island, and our observations their ancient manners, mixing with the natives in their diversified çeremonies, and customs, both in peace routine of life, a deficiency of arrangement and war. IsoTheir modes of government, in his valuable materials, may, perhaps, be hereditaryrights, public pastimes, idolan easily discovered. But for this we can trous zestablishments, romantic traditions, easily make ample allowance. It is a and domestie, usages, also in turn engross defect which arises more from the subject his attention. « These, and a great variety than from the writer, and one of kindred particulars, be contrasts with the under, similar circumstances, no


connected with the former state of the inha.

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