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Review,-Clouds and Sunshine.
original constitution of the church. He ! follows Hooker as his elder brother in the
Review.-Clouds and Sunshine. 8vo. business, and shews that there ought to be
pp. 334. Maunder. London. a reform in the admission of candidates for In too many instances, the manner in holy orders. Yet in the present advanced which literatúre accommodates itself to state of society, we think that some im- public taste, is to be lamented as a serious provement ought to be made in the origi- misfortune. A depraved appetite is frenal. Elocution ought to be more attended quently craving for unwholesome food, to, as a requisite in candidates. And the and those who are governed by pecuniary right reverend bench may take a hint from interest rather than moral principle, are the mode of admission among their dis always ready to administer to its wants. senting and Wesleyan brethren, as they Hence, the evil gathers strength from the admit none to the work of the ministry till indulgence which it receives, time cona satisfactory specimen of their capacity firms the disease, and at length the malady. for public speaking shall have been exhi- becomes incurable. There can be little bited.
doubt, that, while literature has thus been Fas est ab hoste doceri.
prostituted to meet the demands of a corTo those who are employed in the admis- rupted age, the claims made upon its prosion of candidates for ordination, we beg ductions have greatly tended to pollute its leave to recommend a perusal of the mode character. The influence has perhaps been and manner in which bishops Bull and mutual ; both verging to deterioration ; Wilson treated their candidates.
each lamenting the mischief produced by With regard to the reform proposed in the other; yet reciprocally co-operating to archdeaconal visitations, and the duties of increase and perpetuate the evils deplored. churchwardens, we give our hearty amen. It is, however, with much pleasure we The former has certainly dwindled into an can state, that the remarks contained in unmeaning meeting, except that of a good the preceding paragraph, are by no means dinner ; and the latter serve their office applicable to the volume before us. The with so much laxity, that the majority of author aims to furnish amusement to his them are guilty of a species of perjury. readers, but in quest of subjects, he never
The subject of pluralities has been a extends his excursions beyond the pale of source of complaint for ages, without any virtue, nor contaminates her sacred atmosdecisive remedy having been applied. phere by an illicit introduction of unhalAnd if the report which we have heard be lowed articles. Disdaining to carry on a correct, that some of our prelates are trying contraband traffic under her colours, bis a corrective, by commencing with curates, pages will bear the most rigid scrutiny, and the incumbents of small livings, they and in what respect soever they may be have begun at the wrong end. They are otherwise found defective, no one will be skimming over, instead of probing. able justly to charge them with a want of
There is also a complaint of want of moral purity. union in the church. There never was a The Gipsy Girl, Religious Ofhces, Enperiod in which union was so necessary as thusiasm, Romanism, Rashness, De Lauthe present. Radicals and ultra-dissenters, rence, and an Appendix, are the titles of Socinians and Papists, infidels and fana- the articles which fill this volume. Each tics, are leagued against her. Her safety of these has a distinct character of its own, consists in a union of scriptural doctrines, independently of the general bearing of the accompanied with a holy emulation to whole; but our remarks, when separately promote the eternal interests of those within applied, must be confined within narrow her pale; a union of zeal, in training up limits. her youth in the ways of the Lord, and in Maria Pedley, the gipsy girl, had been circulating the holy Scriptures among the removed when young to the house of a unenlightened; a union of effort, in send friend residing near London. During her ing her heralds among the heathen; and abode here, her mind received much cula union in prayer for the divine influence tivation; but her friend dying, at the age on all her counsels, and that the Almighty of eighteen she was removed back to her would “send down upon her bishops and original cottage, where her time was passed curates, and all congregations committed away in innocent simplicity. A neighto their charge, the healthful Spirit of his bouring gentleman named Fairfax, hearing grace," then we venture to predict, that her sing, found means to have an inter. no weapon formed against her shall pros- view, when, being captivated with her per, and that all our author's prognostics charms, he offered her his hand in mar will be vor et præterea nihil.
riage. This was accepted, on condition
842 that he retained his affection after an ab- a libertine, the votary of every vicious prosence of one year. On their separation, pensity, the seducer of innocence, and the Maria is taken ill, and, at the moment of slave of every unholy passion. Justice at his return, languishes on the verge of last overtakes the culprit, and he expiates death, and dies almost in his arms. The his crimes on the gallows. His wife, tale is barren of incident, and might have whora perfidy had drawn into the matribeen comprised within a much narrower monial snare, exhibits a contrast to the compass. Its more prominent features abandoned busband. On the repentance are, the honourable fidelity of Fairfax, and of a condemned cell, the author has many the retiring modesty of the gipsy girl. striking observations, and although we
Religious Offices, is a dialogue on the cannot follow him in all his censures, we articles, ritual, and services of the church suspect that truth will sanction many of of England, in which, while the aggregate his animadversions. In cases such as excellence of the establishment is fully these, Christian charity is, perhaps, carried admitted by the parties, many defects are to an unjustifiable extreme. The triumpointed out, which it is contended may be phant exit of a culprit is at least an awful, removed without endangering the stability if not a suspicious sight. of the fabric. It furnishes on the whole a The Appendix, contains notes on several tolerable specimen of what may be ad. Roman Catholic tenets, and exclusively vanced on each side of the question, be applies to the article Romanism. The tween two friends, without the acrimony of quotations, which the author has adduced, controversy, or the partiality of special from the councils and acknowledged writpleading
ings of the infallible church, preclude the Enthusiasm, though somewhat carica possibility of mistake or misrepresentation; tured, is ably drawn up, and no doubt but they contain nothing which has not many such characters may be found as been brought before the public eye by those which are personated in this article. Protestant writers, times innumerable. It may, however, be feared, that, while the On combining these diversified parts author endeavours to guard his readers together, we discover much to instruct, and against the wild rhapsodies of fanaticism, much to entertain. It is not a work of he throws on the empire of genuine reli- profound research, nor are the conclusionsgion, a shadow, to which he should have wrought out with logical precision; but the given a different direction.
premises and their results are so obvious, Romanism. This article discusses with that no one can doubt the justness of the no contemptible dexterity the question of former, or the legitimacy of the latter. It Catholic emancipation, and exposes to the is a book which concentrates much useful contempt it deserves, the absurd preten- information on several interesting topics, sions of the Papal hierarchy. It proves and one that may be perused with pleasure from unquestionable authority, that Popery and profit by a numerous class of readers. is every where the same, and wants nothing but power and opportunity to repeat its former atrocities. It does not enter into the REVIEW.- Vallery; or, the Citadel of the depth of the questions agitated on the occa.
Lake. A. Poem. By Charles Doyne sion; but it develops a sufficiency to carry
Sillery. 2 vols. 8vo. pp. 284-303. conviction to every unprejudiced mind, that
Simpkin. London, 1829. Popery cannot claim the Almighty for its The scenery and details exhibited in these author, nor derive from the gospel the volumes being all foreign, many portions sanction which it both wants and claims. appear visionary, and assume the air of Rashness. This subject is finely illus
“The murdered maiden's cave, trated in the characters introduced. It is the haunted dungeon, the mysterious vault, a picture but too frequently realized in and gloomy cloister of the bleeding Moor, actual life, though in some instances the transport us to other periods of time, and shades may be a little too dark, and the other regions of territory, than those to colouring somewhat too brilliant. It con- which we have been accustomed. In tains rather more incidents than several of many respects these circumstances will
: the other pieces; but the whole might have augment the interest which the reader feels been compressed within more contracted in its episodes, catastrophes, and issues; limits. The author seems to have been but this will in no small degree be counmore intent on displaying his descriptive terbalanced by the veil of obscurity in powers, than in giving prominence to the which several occurrences are involved. heroes and heroine of his tale.
In this empire of superstition and ignoDe Laurence, is a sketch of the life of rance, we might naturally expect to find
Review.- Vallery; or, the Citadel of the Lake.
omens, presages, and prognostics plentifully | ceive, into which we may emerge from scattered, and in these articles no one who “the palpable obscure," and one of these, peruses this work will have any reason to the death of the piratical chief by the hand complain of scarcity. The author goes of Alonzo, we hasten to lay before the beyond the boundaries of these common reader. topics, he has recourse to fiends and de
“What seek you here ?-my bride-my bride, mons to visit his infernal palaces, where, Where is she?" the chief pirate cried. as in duty bound, they frighten the timid, “ Vile coward-outcast of the tide.defeat the best-concerted purposes, and
Villain !"-Alonzo quick replied,-.
“ Darest thou to stand before me here, prove their dominion over the affairs of When trembling to the soul with fear man. On other occasions, however, the Thou mockery of fortitude ;
There is a demon in thy blood, poem takes a different turn, and introduces
Scourging thee onwards to thy doom, us to scenes that delight the senses, encou- The spot on which you stand 's your tomb." rage the daring, and reward the enterprises “And thine," the furious chieftain cries, of heroic valour.
While fire flashed from his rolling eyes,
And the blood rushed to his face. There can be little doubt that the author
" And thine, thou worse than hell profound :" finds himself quite at home in these regions He whirled his rusty falchion round, of vision and romance, and his poem fur
And on the warrior with one bound,
He started from the place. nishes unquestionable proof that his mind
So will a wild bull, long pursned, is well stored with the machinery necessary Foaming, and spent with loss of blood, to give the creations of his fancy their full Turn suddenly with gasping breath, effect. In this department, the diversity is
And hotly, madly rush on death.
No villain has true fortitude ; great, and the reader, who is pleased with His boldness is but warmth of blood, the curveting of a poetical pegasus, will
Blindness of danger, want of thought,
And rashness hardened to its lot. forget that the real narrative of the poem
As blasting lightnings have been found has been suspended, while he, through five To drive an oak into the ground; cantos, has been making excursions in the As thunderbolts will rend the rock,
And hurl it prostrate with the shock : regions of fictitious episode. It is not “ Die then," the enraged Alonzo said, indeed easy to determine in what the nar- And dealt a blow upon his head,
That cleaved the quoif and skull in twain, rative consists, nor to distinguish on all
Out gushed the mingled blood and brain, occasions, when it is either forsaken or And as an oak felled on the plain, resumed. The reader, who wishes to make
He tumbled, ne'er to rise again!"-Vol. ii. p. 137. himself acquainted with the tale, must per- The following passage will place both use the whole to acquire this information, the author and his work in a favourable and then give it a second reading, to light. comprehend the adjustment of all the parts.
"And what is man? --what am I but a ruin? This we cannot but notice as a serious de- Is not the throbbing fabric of my heart
A frail, weak, wasting tenement of clay ? fect. Few persons will range through its
Sball it not cease to beat, and be forgot ? cantos more than once, and he who pauses Sink down-decay—and mingle with the dust? here will be but partially qualified to judge
Ah yes!-no power on earth,-no prayer to Heaven
Can save the wondrous fabric from the grave; of its merits or defects.
Nor would it be desired ;-90 ;-I must die, The poetry, which is much diversified And rot amid the dust on which I've trodden,
The dust of other beings like myself : in metre, is highly respectable in its cha
But, though this world,--this body,--sun,-moon,racter, bringing before us at times corus- stars, cations of thought which border on the
Are withering from Creation,-0, my soul,
Thou art immortal! immaterial thou ! sublime. We cannot, however, avoid
And must exist for ever and for ever, thinking, that many excellencies will be The same-the same through all eternity. buried in the chaos in which the primary
O then, my soul, turn-ponder on thyself!
Hear thine own counsels know that all thy powers, subject is involved, while the allusions Thy faculties, thoughts, feelings, memory, which are made to persons, manners, cha
Shall follow thee where'er thou wing'st thy ilight,
And be thy gladness-bliss unspeakable, racters, customs, places, and events, that Or torment keen, for everlasting years. are unexplained, will render to many no Act well thy part, then, (worthy of thyself,
And of the God who made thee,) in this life, small portion nearly unintelligible, espe
And when ten million centuries are flown, cially as neither introduction nor preface Thou shalt look back with pleasure on this hour. tells us what the poem is about.
Do thou, O God of love! I humbly pray,
Conduct me to the knowledge of myself, At the conclusion of each volume, we That I may quaff light from thy golden urn, have several useful notes, many of which
And live an immortality of bliss."-Vol. ii. p. 190. will be perused with interest; but not all We had marked some other stanzas for these together can remove the cloud of quotation; but our limits forbid their inserobscurity which casts its shadow over the tion. To the lovers of chivalry, romance, cantos of the poem. Some few gleams of crusades, and the tumultuous ebullitions of sunshine we can, however, at times per the dark ages, “the citadel of the lake"
845 Review.--Essays and Fragments on various Subjects. 846 will furnish much entertainment, and it is adverted in the preceding paragraphs. only by readers of this description, that This, however, is more in appearance than its beauties can be justly appreciated., in fact. If Christianity be true, then all
its doctrines, precepts, and principles are Review.—Essays
true also, and, with the system itself, are and Fragments on various Subjects. By Jacob Stanley poses a part, indirectly, commences
worthy of all acceptation. Whatever op8vo. pp. 178. Stephens. London, 1829. | attack on the whole, and thus merits the We are informed in the preface, that the reprehension it receives. papers which compose this volume “were In the case of Fauntleroy, the author written at sundry times, and on different exposes the crimes of forgery and adultery occasions, and were published in some of to the just contempt and execration which the respectable periodicals of the day.” they deserve, both being diametrically hosTo the truth of these observations we can tile to the principles and precepts of Chrispartially bear witness, having seen most of tianity. The sympathy excited in behalf them in other forms and connexions, as the of this illustrious culprit be censures, as author here declares. The articles are ten being ill placed, and such as would never in number, sustaining the following titles : have existed in favour of one equal in
Dialogue on the Credulity of Infidels; offence, but less exalted in the ranks of Dialogue between a Believer and an In- civilized society. On this ground he has fidel ; St. Paul and Socrates compared ; made out a strong case, which can only be Strictures on an article in the Quarterly overthrown by arguments which would Review, on Wesleyan Missions ; Stric- adulterate Christianity, and finally destroy tures on an article in the Monthly Review; those barriers which protect the property, Case of Fauntleroy; An Argument in favour and guard the rights, of man. of a Society of Thieves; Essay on Defa- The argument in favour of a society of mation; Stage Coach, an essay on Vanity; Thieves, is a severe satire on the holders of Essay on Fashion,
slaves. These miserable victims of cupiIn these dialogues, essays, and stric- dity and injustice, he contends, are protures, argument and pleasantry are so hap- cured and retained on no better principles, pily blended together, that the severity of than the thief who steals, or the accomthe former is relieved by the sprightliness plice who receives, can plead, when proof the latter, without detracting from its perty unlawfully obtained is found in the force by the playfulness of humour, or possession of either. · The same reasoning substituting ridicule in the room of sound that will exonerate the slave dealer from and legitimate reasoning. The author censure, will demonstrate that a company seems well acquainted, not only with the of thieves have a right to secure whatever evidences of Christianity, which he under they may have acquired by dishonesty and takes to defend, but also with the sophistry depredation. and subterfuges of infidelity, which he suc- The essay on Defamation is characteristic cessfully opposes. On an extended scale, rather than personal; but the delineation he surveys the weight of argument on each is true to nature, and may be exemplified side, and finds, on an aggregate comparison by instances which are but too numerous. of the whole, that it decidedly prepon- It is replete with sound reasoning, which derates in favour of divine revelation. follows the monster through the Proteus
Descending to particulars, he adverts to forms which it assumes while traversing the assailable parts of Christianity, and also the
community in search of prey. to those of its virulent antagonist, and The Stage Coach is a lively exposure of gives in full force a statement of the objec- detected vanity, in which female weakness tions to which each is respectively liable. appears almost too contemptible to excite In favour of the former, he provides an pity, while clerical superciliousness matures ample defence; but leaves the latter to be contempt into indignation. The other chavindicated by its professed advocates. The racters are rather too insignificant for parprincipal arguments urged by infidelity ticular notice. against Christianity, he fairly combats and The essay on Fashion delineates the defeats, and to those whose minds are not modes by which the simple and unsusfortified against the machinations of its pecting are ensnared by the advice and assailants, we would earnestly recommend example of veterans in the cause of folly. the perusal of this little volume.
Several fictitious personages are introduced, Among these essays, there are a few to illustrate the process of deterioration, which seem to have but a remote bearing and to shew the gradual steps by which on the great question to which we have the fabric of virtue is undermined, and
847 Review.-Field and Flood-Richardson's Poems. 848 victim of seduction transformed from innow of the reader may be diverted by the intrucent simplicity, into a votary of guilt. sion of caricature; yet the representations
We are well assured that these essays will furnish much amusement, and a conwere perused with much interest in the siderable share of instruction, to various various periodicals where they first ap- classes of the community, but by none peared, and no doubt can be entertained, will this work be perused with so much that in their present combined form, their advantage, as by those whose minds can reception with the public will be equally analyze the body, and separate the ore favourable. They exhibit unsophisticated from the dross. truth in a pleasing garb, which, mingled with the dignified austerity of her aspect, will render her countenance attractive to
1:-Poems by Mrs. G. G. Richa persons of every age.
ardson, Dumfries. 8vo. pp. 250, Simp
kin. London. 1829. Review.—Tales of Field and Flood. be estimated by the number of articles
If the value of a poetical volume were to with Sketches of Life at Home. John Malcolm. 12mo. pp. 324. Simp- command a passport to the temple of
By which it contains, this book could easily kin. London. 1829.
fame. It is not number, however, which NINETEEN articles, such as Life in Camp, can constitute force, though it may be susan Orkney Wedding, London, a Trip to pected, that when nearly fourscore are Paris, the Soldier's Grave, Helen Waters, crowded into two hundred and fifty pages, the Bachelor, &c. &c. fill this volume. no great room can be allotted to either, for The materials being thus entirely miscel- the display of much mental energy. To laneous, leave the author quite at liberty this indeed the subjects selected can hardly to indulge his own inclination in the choice be said to lead. They are local, circumof diction, and in the selection of such scribed, and domesticated, in their general views of his subjects as he wished to place character; and many among them are of before the public eye. Of this toleration personal application, on which account he has fully availed himself, and adopted they are not much calculated to excite a style, in which strokes of humour, irony, public interest. sarcasm, and sprightliness of expression, But although the subjects may be local, half eclipse the facts themselves which are and in some respects unimportant, they so fashionably attired.
furnish, in the aggregate, an ample field We do not, however, mean to insinuate for the display of diversified talent. Of that truth has been distorted by any volun- this, Mrs. Richardson has availed herself, tary misrepresentation ; but we cannot and from the nice discriminations which avoid suspecting, that, in many places, it she has both marked and made, the uses has been disguised by the artificial plea- to which her little incidents have been apa santry with which it has been surrounded. plied, and the moral reflections with which When stripped of all unnecessary erube she has brought many to their terminas rance, and gaudy foliage of words, the sim- tion, we can easily perceive that she ple narration may probably, in reference to sesses both the readiness and the ability to facts, bear the test of a most rigid scrutiny, turn them to commendable advantage. * and so far it will communicate useful infor- In a short, but well-written preface, we mation; but strong indications appear, that are informed, that these effusions of the the writer, throughout, has been endeavour- muse were the produce of distant periods ing to make utility subservient to entertain- and that most of them were written in very ment, and in this attempt be has not been early years, when no design of submitting altogether unsuccessful..
them to the public eye was entertained. The tales, descriptions, incidents, and It appears, however, that they have been delineations of manners, which belong to favourably received by the lovers of verse, the respective articles, will, to many readers, for the copy now before us belongs to the be rendered additionally interesting by the third edition, nor shall we be surprised to lively sallies of expression, and unexpected find this work passing through several edjes resemblances, which the author has con- tions more; for although the poetry is not trived to find. He has not, however, for of the highest order, it contains harmony gotten the more important part. Of each which every reader can feet, and expresses scene her has seized the leading charac sentiments which all must approve, as well teristics, while they passed in review before as comprehend. him, and although some may be obscured In some of the articles, excellencies of a by grotesque associations, and the attention more exalted order occasionally burst upon