« PoprzedniaDalej »
with the strangers, and went down again. , in the treatise above referred to, has a That they did this two or three times, when remarkable story of a magpie, that imitated at last they brought up a maggot, which all kinds of sounds, articulate or otherwise. they gave to the others as the price of And that the power of imitation in animals redemption for the dead ant; that the is sometimes very great, he shews by die strangers, upon receiving the maggot, went curious example in a dog, that fell under away with it, and surrendered up the dead his own observation. ant to his friends." . .
But of all instances of sagacity and 19This story Plutarch believed, and it reason in animals, none seems more strik. must be owned that these little creatures ing than the famous one of the parrot, told have something very wonderful in them by sir William Temple, on the authority When I was at college, sitting after dinner of prince Maurice of Nassau. However in the garden, one hot summer's day, I hard of digestion this story hath seemed accidentally fixed my eye upon a single to some, yet I am convinced it is not sina ant. I soon perceived that he was em- gular it its kind. ployed about something, and that all his A few years ago, Mr. B , who lived journeys were made to one certain place. at Oxford, had a parrot that would disThe result was a discovery that he was to course and reason equally with that of Mr: his tribe, one of the people that the Ro- William Temple. There are many instances mans called bespillones. That the place of this, well known to persons conversant he so constantly went to was the entrance, in the family; but the few that follow, or perhaps rather the postern, to their habi- will be sufficient to ascertain the truth of tation, where they brought out, and laid what I have here said. their dead: for I saw him take up in his As the woman that served the family mouth the dead carcase; and run away with butter, rode up to the door one morn-with it to a certain distance, where he laid ing, the bird asked her how she sold her it down, and then went back again for butter? She told him. “That's a lie," another, which by that time was brought said the bird. And indeed it was so. up for him. :
Another time when the same woman The cleanliness of these animals, in thus brought Mrs. B , a present of a bottle ridding their dwellings of every thing that of cream, the servant upon pouring it out, might be offensive to them, was equally put some of it into a tea-eup for her own surprising and instructive. But what breakfast; and the better to conceal it increased my wonder was, that the little from her mistress, covered it with a pint bespillo I observed, never laid two toge basin. . The mistress coming to see the ther in the same place, but arranged them present that was brought her, was going in a circle, nearly at an equal distance away satisfied enough with what she had from the hole where he took them up. seen, when the bird called out to her, This scene engaged my attention for the “Madam, there's more 'under the cup best part of an bour, when business of my there's more under the cup!" own called me away..
As the bird told in this manner every I question not that there are many other thing that he saw, we need not wonder things in the animal kingdom, and amongst that there was no very good understanding the minutiæ of nature, equally as amusing between him and the servants, or their and as hard to believe, as any thing here acquaintance. Among these was the said.. They are overlooked for want of butter-woman herself, who, having an op leisure opportunities and attention, and portunity one morning, gave the bird a yet open a very ample field for the philo. stroke with her whip. The bird felt the sopher's disquisition, as they are certainly smart, and ran to the other end of his not beneath his notice. Time hath dis- cage, (which was a pretty long one, covered the truth of many things unknown crying, “The butter-woman has beat to the ancients, or disbelieved by them, me!”: ,
a to and no doubt that time will do the same Another time Mrs. But, desired the by us. . liii . in same butter-woman, as she was going up i
Ctesias mentions, as something very ex- into the market, to buy her a roasting-pig traordinary, the Indian bird psittacus, that for dinner, and to send it down. Buto spoke with a human voice the Indian she brought it down herself, when the bird, language, and Greek if it was taught. as soon as he saw her, immediately asked This might be new to the Greeks at that heri « What? Pig and butter too ?"}},,?? ', time, though, perhaps, afterwards the bird These are but a few instances of many : was familiar enough to them, as we know that might be given, of this bird's reason it was to the Romans after that. Plutarch, and sagacity, which I had not at seconduxe
hand, but from the woman herself. They | the lady during the absence of the prinde appear indeed low and trifling, upon on a hunting party. Donna Ignes, with paper, but it must be remembered, that her children, threw herself at his feet, and nothing can be expected from a bird but his heart relented when he beheld the what relates to familiar and domestic oc distress of the beauteous suppliant ; but currences. This is surprising enough; his three counsellors, Pedro Coellio, what is more, would exceed all the bounds Alvaro Gongalez, and Diego Pacheco) of probability.
reproaching him for his disregard of the Quacunque, ostendis mihi sio, incredulas odi.
interests of his kingdom, he relapsed into From hence, however, I think we may his former resolution. She was dragged collect, that reason is not confined to the
from his presence, and brutally murdered human shape alone; that other creatures by Coelho and his two associates, who besides ourselves have it in such propor
immediately presented their daggers to the tions as is suited to their circumstances- king, reeking with the innocent blood of in such a manner as not to be a burden | the princess. Alphonso openly disavowed to them that they make proper obser
this horrid assassination, as if he had not vations for themselves--and would express
made himself a party to a deed which them to us, were they all of them furnished would heap eternal disgrace on his with organs of speech adapted to the purpose.
When Don Pedro was informed of the Many more corollaries might be deduced death of his beloved Ignes, he was trans. from hence, but it is not the design of this ported into the most violent fury. He paper.
took up arms against his father, and soon laid waste the country between the Minho
and the Douro; but, through the interMELANCHOLY FATE OF DONNA IGNES
position of the queen and the archbishop DE CASTRO.
of Braga, the prince was at length soft(From " Portugal Illastrated.")
ened, and the further horrors of civil war Donna IGNES DE Castro, as Mickle re | suspended. The injury which the prince lates in the historical introduction to his had received, was not, however, to be beautiful translation of the Lusitanian poet, effaced from his memory by the cold was the daughter of a Spanish nobleman reconciliation effected between himself and who took refuge from the tyrannical rule his father, and he still continued to disof his own sovereign at the court of Por: cover the strongest marks of affection and tugal, in the reign of Alphonso IV. Dongrief. Upon his succession to the crown, Pedro, this monarch's eldest son, ena his first act was a treaty with the king of moured of the beauty and accomplishments Castile for the mutual surrender of refugee of the fair Castilian, contracted a secret malefactors. Two of the murderers of marriage with her. His conjugal fidelity Ignes were sent: prisoners accordingly to was not less remarkable than the ardour Pedro, and were put to death under the of his passion. “Afraid, however, of his most exquisite tortures, having been perfather's resentment, the severity of whose sonally reviled and struck by the injured temper he well knew, his intercourse with lover. Pacheco escaped. An assembly of his bride was private, and passed for some | the states was then summoned at Cartatime unnoticed, as merely an affair of nedes, where Pedro solemnly swore upon gallantry. Several of the Castilian nobi. the gospels to the truth of his secret lity at this period followed the example of espousals with Donna Ignes, by a disthe father of Ignes, by seeking protection pensation from Rome, at Braganza; and from the ruffian hands of Philip, within the Pope's bull was published with due the territory of Portugal, and were hospi- formality. Her body was raised from the tably received by Pedro through the influ grave, attired in splendid regalia, placed ence of Ignes. A thousand evils were on a magnificent throne, and crowned foreseen by Alphonso's courtiers in this queen of Portugal
(*.*** attachment of Pedro to the Castilian “For such the zeal her princely lover bore, refugees, and no opportunity was lost by Her breathless corpse the crown of Lisbon wore ;' them of exciting the king's suspicions of The nobility did homage before her skelehis son's political motives, and his resent ton, and kissed the bones of her hands. ment against his unfortunate wife. . The royal corpse was then interred in the
Persuaded by her enemies that the monastery of Alcobaza with a pomp before death of Ignes de Castro was necessary to unknown in Portugal, and with all the the welfare of the state, Alphonso took a honours which became her rank as queen. journey to Coimbra, that he might see Her monument is still extant there in a
chapel of royal sepultures and her recum . I glance my thoughts from that to this, brest bent statue bears the diadem land royal
No other pastime needing :
1699gs robe. 1951 in 18 Howed wa l 39
When truth is sought in reading od 18 gg The English tragedy of «Elvira," tik The soul by reading grows refin'59 yaidon founded upon the narrative of the hapless
00 Though tinge of melancholysisk Isdw
May cast a shadow o'er the mind, attachnient of Ignes de Castro and Don Edwi'is not the shade of folly. -29ASTIUS Pedro,e and closely copied from the de ab Faith glances at the future crown, si sa elamatory, and
For which my Lord is pleading indadora to bombastic French of
And when I lay the volume down, Della Motte, was written by Mr. Mallet, . Prayer sanctifies my reading. AUPRAVO and dedicated, with a most fulsome poli To Let fashion boast its magic ring, odmor tical address, in 1762, to lord Bute. It And wealth its mansion splendid a tion
Soft music melt and syrens sing, drags its drowsy length along, through
2913Till life's gay dream is ended us five tedious acts.ie The Spanish drama on To Give me a book with seal of mind nuo kobiegd this bsubject is entitled “Reynar despues
Impress'd on every section;
I'll pass the vale of life resign'd, de morir," and is considered to be more ssly in reading and reflection. Y s dotie si faithful to nature and Camoens, than the Worcester, April 5th JOSHUA MARSDEN. 01 English, French, German, or even Por Erratum. --First article in Poetry, line 11. col, tuguese tragedies, representing the same 551, for 11 MONEY" read" MERCY. W omads circumstances. The four following lines od o bitaba desde o 2007ro d'iw from Camoen's Lusiad, describing the fond
3eoqzug attachment of Pedro to Ignes, are con- | or sucH IS THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN sidered by the Portuguese to be untrans- lar (To a Mother, on the Loss of Her Child)cort latably beautiful, which, however, Mickle WEEP not, since to thy tender arms thus successfully attempts in English. Bil A transient boon was given,
Thine Infant, innocent in charms, « By night his slumbers bring thee to his arms, Is taken up to heaven. YIODOMAJSM By day his thoughts still wander o'er thy charms;
Where merit can't the least prevail, By night, by day, each thought thy loves employ,
Nor wisdom plead pretence, Each thought the memory or the hope of joy."
Our Saviour saith, shall never fa Bonita ada dalam wa Al bacete
The claim of innocenees vol arnoc ad of vowed en uw bavln a The pure His purity sball share,
si asis blos
The meek His grace obtain." ex vd POETRY. 20 ba
And Infancy prove glory's heir intitused! bas Usein
Eternally to reign. 30 yodlaseb od 889 waib THE PLEASURES OF READING.. et ait The wise, the mighty, and the brave loo odw bas“Reading makes a wise man."-BACON.
Their merit must forego,
Himself the worthiest cannot save won 10 Some follow pleasure in the chase, as
From everlasting wo; gigy adta lagi Others in building towers : to 10 These in the smile of beauty's face.
** But with the Saviour's righteousness 07689 And those in tinted flowers: 10
11 His merits must invest, s ed zo veroord But give to me a pleasant book,
And meekly, as a babe, possess
A seat among thie blest. rit sed lo Lost earthly joys I'll calmly brook, e agull
Then, Mother, be thou reconcil'd
Th od For undisturbed reading law boa exball Wet Thongh short thy boon was given, Jod 25W ad envy not the man of wealth, alleiapxa enll Our Saviour saith,-Of like thy child The titled, or the rover;
His kingdom is in heaven, bowho waste the vital lamp of health,
New England Coffee House. pol 1o W And think they live in clover
one w How ad Scene Let me in some sequester d grove, glas o lame to be an
e sw abind eist From vanity receding, no With one heart touching volume rove, sabent ON THE DECEASE OF A LOVELY YOUNG Home I'll solace find in reading. 9) alagson des a FRIEND, AUGUST 1828. alleg
The classic page of those alive Beslagao Sue hath flung aside the rose-bud's bloom is yti! Or wits of ancient story; mana ger
That her young cheek once was went to wear; With purest honey fill my hive r
It was much too gay a hue for the tomb, 035 Änd raise my heart to glory do
Inhabited only by silence and gloom, sd 2009 I call the flowers of Rome and Greece, mo And she was going there, inolto sodirio 94
And every age succeeding;
She hath ceased the tuneful chords to play wide
For cold and powerless is her hand, banw The sweet reward of reading.ag.
And she sings no more that lovels lavabo S09 Like bees I range the gay parterre, o S P For the sound of her voice hath pass'd away esso Its nectar'd sweetness borrow;
To music's own bright land.
8.16 And find a balm for all my care,
30 Sheriants VOTE A recipe for sorrow, Muros'esel
An unearthly tinge-the shade of the dead goulent The wortbies of the olden time,
Covers the forehead so lately fair,
And her eye forgetteth its light to shedilo 1903 Embalmed in the page sublime, bas 20
For the soul that illumind it once hath fledge it! Encircle me while reading.ro lavoro
And vacancy is there.essodas stage
Like the transient light of a meteor rays
To the darkness of midnight given,
Or moon-beams that over the Diboies stray diab
She hath wander'd thro' earth a nearer wayne sa
To her resting place in heaven!
S sro 02 M.E.SE 127. VOL. XI.
y And where sweet verdure once was seen, now THE DYING SAINT'S VIEW OF HEAVEN. 1
scarce is left a flower,
To twine its flexile tendrils round the lone and
I came to look upon the spot, where once my
fathers dwelt; Wings of aether help my fight!
To gaze upon the altars where they oftentimes had Who are yonder sons of light ?
knelt, Nearer they approach, and seem
But find its dwellings desolate, and weeds and Heralds of the Lord supreme !
wild flowers trail
Unheeded o'er thy prostrate shrines-alas! for Lo! they beckon me to rise ;
thee, my vale."-
The minstrel ceased ; and his plaintive 1
Faintly declined from bis lips away,
And the recollections of former days;
Before bim passed, as he bent his gaze
On bis native valley-0 then there came,
To his broken spirit green memory's train- ja
Swept o'er his heart-strings that fairy throng, Now, in more resplendent blaze,
And his sad spirit passed with his heart-breathed Other legions throng to praise :
song. This the universal song
Bristol, March, 1829.
Martyrs we, for Him and truth,
THE DAY OF JUDGMENT. . "Here is love ineffable."
WHAT secret's bid within this dreary night,
God only knows : such dark suspicious light
Ne'er gleam'd before : nor did we ever hear
Such strange mysterious sounds to bid us fear. " Sioners to salvation brought!
I think great sights are on my misty eyes,
And deeds immortal I can in the skies
Behold,-troops of curs'd sprites in frantic train,
The city shaking, -and the blazing plain.
M. W. D.
I hear the bidden pillars break away,
A chaos rude within a blackened air.
The lightnings mingle flash, the ocean raves, "In the year 1639, when the Vaudois made
The sailors tremble with a strange surprise, their last and successful effort to regain possession
Through inmost caves the deep-ton'd thunder flies. of their valley; one of them, a young man, on first entering it after a long absence, was so overcome Now the loud trumpet rings its piercing sound, by his feelings, that he lay down by the road-side, Calling the worlds that still roll shaking round: and expired shortly afterwards, whilst lamenting No stygian ghost that glides across the dark, its departed tranquillity."
But waits the summons, and receives the mark. ' Arnand's History of the Vaudois.
And then the Judge on angels' wings descends,
Jesus the man ot grief the saint befriends;
And though he long to honour was unknown,
He sways the sceptre, and assumes the throne.
Ye who have long o'er sin's dark mountains'stray'd. Of happier days that were past it spoke,
Through mazy wilds which deepen'd vices shade, And thus through the stillness of eve it broke. Disdaining oft my covenant of grace, “I see thee once again, my vale, in evening's mel.
Depart, nor taste my love, nor see my face. low light,
To you, my sons on earth despised and poor, With its streamlets flowing peacefully, its waters I offer bliss, and ope the golden door. glancing bright;
Here shall you find the peaceful shade you songhit, Beneath the moon-beams' palys mile they wander A happy family without a fault. sweetly on,
Q. E. D. With the murmuring sound I oft have heard, in moments that are gone.
A HYMN TO THE PRAISE OF DEITY.' Oh I many a day hath died since last I heard that
Rise, rolling Sun, diffuse thy cheering ray,,, ? silver tone, Then pleasure round the beating heart its fairy
Spread thy deep blush, and give luxuriant day;
Sing the great God who guides thy haughty fire, spell had thrown; . And now their joys return to me recalled by that
Thy beacon bright that bids mankind aspire. sweet sound,
"Tis he that rules the synod of the sky, And crowd at this soft stilly hour the swelling | Gilds heaven's high courts, and thunders from on to heart around.
high; Yet where are those, who used to roam through
Sways the new world which frail fruition boasts, thy lov'd paths of yore,
His name is Great,-the Holy Lord of Hosts. I miss their smiling faces now; those voices hear Holy his name, and holy his decree, no more ;
An uncreate, imperviously free ; The voices that like music came, the smiles that He grasp'd the wand, and bade the light appear, I used to play
Sublime He walks the clouds, and guides the year. Around youths' blooming face, are gone, and whi.
Seraph expands with song his native skies, ther now are they?
And cherub hid with wings beneath him lies; O! other voices have been here, strange feet thy Nor brightness vaunts its blaze, nor fragrance paths have trod;
boasts, And persecution's ruthless sword hat
But sing, "O Holy, Holy, Lord of Hosts.” I lovely sod. * .
645 Review. The History of Initiation, in three Lectures. 646 roroccorrosiroooorrrierico......................vasicoooorrrwcassvirisire
and the perfect Epontes was then ala taha REVIEW.—The History of Initiation, in regenerated, or new-born, restored to a renovated
existence of life, light, and purity, and placed detailed Account of the Rites and Cere
under the divine protection. This was a figura.
tive representation of the descent of Noah into monies, Doctrines and Discipline, of all the Ark, which was a place of refuge from the the secret and mysterious Institutions of
punishment inflicted on the sins with which the
old world was stained. Here he remained in the Ancient World. By George Oliver, darkness and solitude, impressed with feelings of Vicar of Clee, &c. &c. 8vo. pp. 307. horror and apprehension, not unaptly termed
death, until the earth had been purified by a Washbourn. London. 1829.
general lustration; and then with the seven just In all the ancient systems of idolatry, the
persons who were incarcerated with him, he
emerged into the light and hope of a new and rites of initiation were esteemed of such perfect world, on which the favour of heaven once essential importance, that no honours were
more smiled, as it did on the first created man
in the garden of Eden. The candidate, at his áttainable, no distinctions to be enjoyed,
initiation, was a representative of the patriarch but through this indispensable avenue. during his erratic voyage and subsequent delivery The mysteries were reputed to be the con.
from destruction. Like Noah, he beheld, in a
figurative manner, the uncontrolled license of the servators of every social and moral virtue ; iron age, the vicious anarchy and lawless conand though deeply tinctured with the sordid
tentions of the impious race before the flood,
under the despotic sway of their prince Ophion, dregs of licentiousness, were the powerful furious as wild and ravenous beasts contending engines by which the policy of every for their prey like Noah, he descended into
Hades or the Ark, a place of solitude and darkgovernment was managed, and its stability
ness, and here in safety he heard the dissolution ensured. Cicero, who thought the security of the world, the rush of waters, the dismember. of the state depended in a great measure
ment of rocks and mountains, the bitter eries and
shrieks of the despairing race of sinners in the on their conservation, says, “Mysteriis, agonies of remorse and death :-like Noab, be quibus ex agresti immanique vita exculti ad
passed unhurt through the purifying element :
and being thus regenerated, like the diluvian humanitatem, et mitigati sumus. Initiaque
patriarch he emerged into a new life of purity ut appellantur, ita re vera principia vitæ and perfection, and rejoiced in the distinction cognovimus; neque solum
which, he was taught to believe, his piety had con. cum lætitia
ferred.”-p. 15 to 16. vivendi rationem accepimus, sed etiam cum
Again, spe meliore moriendi.”
- The places of initiation were contrived with We have oftenwished to see these mysteries much art and ingenuity, and the accompanying fully developed, but must confess that the de.
machinery with which they were fitted up, was
calculated to excite, in its most elevated form, sire, though sufficiently anxious, was not ac every passion and affection of the mind. Thus companied with any very sanguine degree of the hierophant could rouse the feelings of horror
and alarm; light up the fire of devotion, or ad. hope; because we considered the subject
minister fuel to the flame of terror and dismay too dry and laborious to tempt any mode and when the soul had attained its highest rate antiquary into the arena of its elucida
climax of shuddering apprehension, he was fur
nished with the means of soothing it to peace by țion. Our wishes, however, have, in some phantasmagoric visions of flowery meads, purling degree, been realized; and Mr. Oliver, who streams of water, and all the tranquil scenery of
nature in its most engaging form, accompanied has already favoured the world with some
with strains of heavenly music, the figurative discussions on parallel topics, has produced harmony of the spheres. These places were
indifferently a pyramid, a pagoda, or a labyrinth, a work, which, as far as it goes, is calculated
furnished with vaulted rooms, extensive wings to give much satisfaction on this abstruse connected by open spacious galleries, multitudes inquiry. It is no namby-pamby jumble
of secret vaults and dungeons, and vistas ter
minating in adyta, which were adorned with of incidents compiled merely to excite
mysterious symbols carved on the walls and astonishment, or to elicit admiration ; but pillars, in every one of which was enfolded some
philosopbical or moral truth. Sometimes the a regular series of systems which have been
place of initiation was constructed in a small in actual operation amongst the worshippers island in the centre of a lake; a hollow cavern of false gods; and every illustration is
natural or artificial, with sounding domes, tor
tuous passages, narrow orifices, and spacious vouched on some competent authority.
sacelli; and of such magnitude as to contain a In the Introductory Lecture, Mr. Oliver numerous assembly of persons. In all prac.
ticable instances they were constructed within the traces the origin and progress of the
recesses of a consecrated grove, which, in the heathen mysteries, from their institution to torrid regions of the East, conveyed the united their fall, and gives a rational account of
advantages of secrecy and shade ; and to inspire
a still greater veneration, they were popularly general usages founded on particular faets. denominated Tombs, or places of sepulture." For instance, he says,
p. 23 to 25.
The general arrangement of this work Initiation involved all the profuse and com
comprises, 1. the Asiatic and Grecian plicated mechanism of heathen mythology; and many of the political and domestic customs of mysteries. 2. The Celtie mysteries; and antiquity may be traced to the same inexhaus.
3. The Gothic and American mysteries ; a tible and prolitie source. It was considered to be a mystical death or oblivion of all the stains disposition which appears to include every and imperfections of a corrupted and an evil life, as well as a descent into hell, where every pollu. tion was purged by lustrations of fire and water; succinct account of the ceremonies of in