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369 Review.-Scripture Natural History for Youth.
370 fections, his work is still considered as one just described ; and it cannot be denied, of the most precious relics of antiquity, that they stand on an elevated ground as and the loss of some other productions of candidates for fame. So far as mere emhis pen may be justly ranked among the bellishment can claim any title to respect, misfortunes of literature.
they have nothing to apprehend from the When Herodotus first recited his history most rigorous investigation. The binding to the people assembled at the Olympic is neat and elegant, without any needless games, it was received with such marks of decorations. The paper is of a superior distinguished approbation, that his fame quality. The type is clear, and the page instantly spread throughout the Grecian on which it is impressed exhibits an inviting states, and thus laid the foundation of that aspect. In the graphic department, the celebrity which has ever since been asso. two volumes contain eighty-two copperciated with his name. So highly, indeed, plate engravings, the whole of which are was his work esteemed, that the nine executed with a more than ordinary degree books, of which it is composed, received at of neatness, and at times display a portion Olympus, by unanimous consent, the names of elegance, which, from their vast number, of the Nine Muses, which have been we were not prepared to expect. These transmitted to us through every transla- plates exhibit the various beasts, birds, tion.
reptiles, insects, trees, plants, and shrubs, In this version of Herodotus, Mr. Taylor that are mentioned in scripture, and occahas shewn much fidelity in his adherence sionally introduce to our notice representato the text of the original, and displayed tions of the same species, taken from disan equal degree of talent in supporting coveries in more modern days. In some that fidelity, without suffering a greater of the copies, we apprehend, these plates portion of the spirit of the venerable are coloured, but not having seen any of Greek to evaporate. His language is clear this description, we can say nothing of their and dignified, generally full of life, and superior excellence. expressive of ideas that are rarely obscured In connexion with these plates, the places by any involution of the sentences through of scripture in which the subjects they rewhich they are conveyed to the reader's present occur, are either pointed out or mind. In former translations, . notwith- quoted at large, and these are followed by the standing their numerous imperfections, natural history of the creature or its species. Herodotus has been perused with pleasure, The history thus given is derived from and no one who has admired him in the various sources, and frequently enlivened habiliments provided by Littlebury and with anecdotes and incidents which the Beloe, will think that he
less occasion furnishes; but the description is majestic and attractive in the elegant never lengthened into tedious detail. Mrs. attire in which he is now arrayed by Mr. Hewlett seems to have acquired the art of Isaac Taylor.
terminating her historical delineations be
fore the interest which it excited has forReview.- Scripture Natural History for she transfers the source of attraction from
saken her page. By following this plan, Youth. By Esther Hewlett (now
one subject to another, and thus, by imperCopley.) With numerous Engravings. ceptible degrees, holds the youthful reader 2 vols. 12mo. pp. 280—388. Fisher in pleasing captivity, until she has con& Co. London.
ducted him through her volumes. The blooming annuals, which of late years In the history of each animal or species, have made their appearance about Christ- the manner and reason of its being menmas, seem to have given a new impulse of tioned in scripture is constantly kept in elegance to numerous publications that view, and not unfrequently we discover, now adorn the shelves of the booksellers, that all allusions to the creatures are renand the libraries of the purchasers. Adered strikingly appropriate, by the pecuspirit of imitation thus excited, has called liarities of their varied character. With forth a spirit of rivalry, both among pub- these branches of natural history, Mrs. lishers and artists; and many may at pre- Hewlett seizes every opportunity to intersent be found contending for the prize of weave some moral or religious truth, which, beauty—not with the Nereides, but with instead of elevating the flag of local diseach other, without dreading the fate tinction, has a direct application to the which awaited Andromeda in her peril- heart and life. They also, at times, afford ous attempt.
room for important inferences and reflecThe volumes now before us may be con. tions, which the fair authoress well knows sidered as belonging to the class we have | how to introduce. In all these respects.
Review.- The Christian Remembrancer,
the numerous articles composing these vo- the second, are devoted to the history of lumes may be considered as an illustrative events and prominent circumstances recommentary on the subjects to which they corded in the Old Testament, together with respectively refer; and that reader, who biographical sketches of the more promimakes himself acquainted with their uni- nent individual characters that rise and form adaptations to inform his mind, will pass before us as we proceed through its have also learnt, that the sacred writings books and chapters. The remaining porfurnish a source of rational amusement, as tion of the second volume conducts us in a well as of authoritative doctrines and pre- similar way through the biography and ceptive ethics.
historical events of the New Testament, the "It is, perhaps, scarcely needful to ob- whole of which the plates either illustrate serve, that while the names of the numer- or render peculiarly interesting. ous tribes, both represented and character- In both of these volumes, as well as in ized in these volumes, are mentioned in the Scripture Natural History, the style is scripture, the materials of which this history easy and expressive; unadorned, indeed, is composed must be sought and found in with metaphor, but equally free from other sources. This has led Mrs. Hewlett bombast and servility. To any sparklings to consult the writings of voyagers and tra- of thought, or brilliancy of expression, vellers, not merely of ancient, but also of Mrs. Hewlett makes no pretensions, nor modern days; and from their concurring does she aim at any critical investigations testimony, as an authentic source of infor- or profundity of research. But what is of mation, she has furnished out the gratifying more importance to those for whom these repast, with which the youthful reader is to volumes are designed, she traces with be regaled.
fidelity the leading features in each At the close of the second volume, a list character and event, and inculcates moral of the plates is given, and reference is lessons while apparently furnishing nothing made to the page where each shall be but entertainment, deduced from faets finally introduced, that the engraving and which the sacred writings record. the description may appear together. De- Both the “Scripture Natural History,” tached from the embellishments, we have and “Scripture History,” belong to one perused many of the articles with peculiar common family; and although the two pleasure; but this is considerably augment volumes belonging to each work ed, by connecting them with the character distinct, and complete in themselves, yet istic plates by which they are illustrated. the wider range which these Works in the Congratulating Mrs. Hewlett, therefore, on aggregate combine, cannot but render the having produced a work so admirably cal- whole desirable; and we doubt not that culated to make an impression on the juve. those who have seen either, will readily nile mind, that promises to be as useful as procure the volumes they do not possess. it will be durable, we cannot hesitate On the talents and industry of Mrs. strongly to recommend these volumes to Hewlett, (now Copley,) these Works reflect the attention of our readers.
great credit; and to a juvenile library they
will form a valuable acquisition. REVIEW.-Scripture History for Youth.
By Esther Hewlett. 2 Vols. 12mo. Review.— The Christian Remembrancer,
pp. 412-512. Fisher & Co. London. or Short Reflections upon the Faith, This Work bears so strong a resemblance
Life, and Conduct, of a real Christian. to the preceding, by the same lady, that it
By Ambrose Serle. 18mo. pp. 182. may be considered as the completion of
Fisher & Co. London. what she had so happily begun. So far as Tuis treatise is almost exclusively confined to general terms are applicable, nearly all that experimental and practical religion ; not as has been said respecting the “Scripture these subjects are sometimes delineated on Natural History” may be said of these paper, with all the marks about them of the volumes. Written by the same pen, sectarian mould in which they were cast, but printed at the same press, sent into the as they are exhibited in the real experience world by the same publishers, arrayed in of the penitent, when he passes from death the same neat costume, and ornamented into life, and his actual practice in his daily with one hundred and fifteen appropriate conformity to the will of God. These deliand highly expressive engravings, these neations, no mere theory could so accurately striking kindred resemblances will supersede describe. Reality alone could have furnished the necessity of any particular analysis. their genuine source ; and nothing short of
The first of these volumes, and part of religion, operating upon the heart, could
Brief Survey of Books.
“ never dealt
BRIEF SURVEY OF BOOKS.
have depicted Mr. Serle as one of those many geographical and historical facts are amiable characters who
introduced to the notice of the reader;
but in all, he is taught to see that the In the false commerce of a trutli unfelt."
wisdom and power of God are pre-emiThe copy before us belongs to the fifth nently conspicuous. The great subject of edition, through which the Christian Re- Redemption, the author briefly unfolds, membrancer has already passed. This in all its leading characteristics, connecting circumstance denotes its sale to have been it immediately with the human soul, the very extensive, but not more so than its intrinsic value of which can only be merits justly deserve. From its diminutive known in the regions of immortality. size, this book would seem to be exclusively Sanctification is finally introduced, as adapted for the use of young persons, but essentially necessary to prepare the finite it will be found on perusal to contain many spirit for those abodes of blessedness, to valuable lessons, which Christians of longer which redemption gives it an unequivocal standing, and of more stately growth, might title. With these momentous subjects, advantageously learn. In the estimation the author furnishes proof that he is of many readers, magnitude of dimensions, intimately acquainted, although to peculiar and splendour of appearance, contribute modes of faith he has paid bui commuch to the value of a book. To all who paratively slight attention, these dimihave been thus deluded, we would strongly nutive localities being swallowed up in recommend the perusal of this unostenta- the magnitude of more exalted consitious and unpresuming volume. They will derations. then learn, that modest worth can exist without external decoration, and that sterling truth has more intrinsic value than all the embellishments which art can bestow. 1. An Essay on the Cultivation of the Already it has been honoured with five Infant Mind, &c., by Robert Brown, editions, and if it pass not through as many (Marshall, London,) proceeds, in several more, it will only be because its excellence respects, upon the same principles as the is not more generally known.
treatise of Mr. Wilderspin, which we reviewed in our last number. Both these
authors assert, and with much reason, Review. The Christian Parent, or that the infant mind is capable of receiv
short and plain Discourses concerning ing impressions, which will influence the
Of this fact they generally believed.
must be admitted to be competent judges, It is a circumstance highly favourable to both having been engaged in watching this little volume, that from its first ap- for a long season, the development of the pearance in public, a few years since, 'it infant faculties, under the influence of that has passed through six editions, and that early instruction which they recommend. it still sustains a respectable rank in the Within a narrow compass, Mr. Brown market of religious literature. Designed has, in this pamphlet, laid open the princhiefly for children and young persons, ciples of his system for infant education, the style and arrangements are adapted and shewn their application as operating to their capacities, and its contents are in actual practice. It contains much of such an unquestionable character, that useful information, and will be read no thoughtful parents can hesitate for a with interest, excited by its diversified moment to place it in the hands of their materials, its numerous anecdotes, and offspring. The whole is divided into the instructive entertainment which it is three distinct parts. The first relates to calculated to afford. subjects connected with Creation; the 2. Palmer's Select Pocket Divinity, second to those included in Redemption ; (Palmer, London,)
appears before us and the third, to the work of Sanctification both in detached parts, as they were first on the heart. Each of these parts is sent into the world, and also in two subdivided into numerous short chapters, volumes, neatly printed, and elegantly which are rendered interesting by the put out of hand. Both' in their distinct topics to which they are devoted, in ad- and combined state, they have a pleasing dition to which, their brevity will prevent aspect; but what is of greater moment, them from becoming tedious.
the articles of which they are composed, In that part which treats of Creation, are of a very superior quality. These are
376 of a strictly religious nature, and bear the cided, the perigean point being situated names of their respective authors, most between the Sun and Earth ; the portion of whom are of high repute in the the- described by the Moon from her last quarological world. Of this work the circu- ter to her first, is consequently the lower lation has been very extensive, about part of her orbit, and is passed over in a fifteen thousand copies of the different much shorter period of time than the articles having been sold within fifteen higher portion, arising from two circummonths. In their combined state they stances, the increased velocity in conseembody most of the essentials of Chris- quence of the Moon's approach to the tianity, and in their detached forms, they Earth when near her perigee; and the are as admirably adapted for public dis- small extent of the lower part of her orbit tribution, as their contents are for general compared with that of the higher. This usefulness.
may easily be illustrated by fixing two pins 3. Sketch of the Character of the late firmly in a board, having a sheet of paper Mrs. Greville Ewing, of Glasgow, a placed on it; let a string having both ends Discourse, by Ebenezer Miller, A. M. joined be placed over the pins, and a pencil (Holdsworth, London,) is rendered inte introduced, so as to describe a revoluresting, both by the excellent sentiments tion round the pins, keeping the string which it contains, and by the melancholy stretched as far as possible—the figure deoccasion of their being delivered. Mrs. scribed will be an eclipse, and a line Ewing, a pious lady, having been over- drawn over the points where the pins were turned in a carriage, received an injury inserted, will be the line of the apsides. which terminated her life. This disastrous Now, if a line is drawn at right angles incident the author endeavours to improve to this line through one of the abovefor the benefit of survivors. It contains a mentioned points, it will divide the orbit delineation of her character, which is truly into two parts, the smallest representing amiable, but rather leaves us to infer the the lower, and the largest the higher poruncertainty of human life from the awful tion; the point of the insertion of the pin event, than to point it out in any striking being the common centre of gravity beor impressive language.
tween the Earth and Moon; it is therefore evident that the revolving body will de. cribe the smallest portion in a less period
than the largest. APRIL, 1829.
While indulging in the gratification of In our last two papers we have laid before an evening's walk, the brilliancy of the our readers the time that elapses between western hemisphere cannot fail of interestthe Moon quitting any point of her orbit ing the admiring beholder. The consteluntil she arrives at the same again, and lation Taurus is a conspicuous object, and also from her quitting a certain position the planet Mars an important feature in it; until she arrives at another: in these state- below is observed the splendid constellation ments it has doubtless been noticed that Orion, and above the constellation Auriga : the periods are irregular, some increasing to the east is seen the constellation Gemini; and others decreasing; it will therefore be and still farther is noticed the Crab, which the endeavour of the writer to offer to the although it possesses no brilliant stars, yet notice of his readers, a few observations on is conspicuous on account of the Nebula the causes of these phenomena.
that it contains, and the planet Saturn, It is well known that the Moon revolves which is now situated in it. These, with in an elliptical orbit, the Earth, or rather the planets above-mentioned, form an inthe centre of gravity between the Earth teresting group, Mars being observed a and Moon, being situated in the lower little to the south of the Pleiades, directing focus; a line drawn from the Moon, when his course between them and Aldebaran; at her nearest distance from the Earth, and Saturn, near the same spot as last through the centre of the latter body, and month, very slowly approaching the third extended to the opposite part of her orbit, and fourth with the included Nebula of the is called the line of the apsides ; and a Crab. The former planet sets at 40 line drawn from the Sun through the Moon minutes past 10 in the evening; at 12 and Earth, and extended to the opposite minutes past 12, the noble planet Jupiter part of the Lunar orbit, is called the line rises in the constellation Ophiuchus, he is of the syzigies; a line situated at right angles noticed under a star of the sixth magnitude to the line of the syzigies, is termed the marked 28. Saturn sets at 20 minutes line of quadratures. In February, the line past three in the morning of the 2d ; at 12 of the apsides and that of the syzigies coin- minutes past four, the wirelike crescent of
ASTRONOMICAL OCCURRENCES FOR
378 the Moon ascends above the horizon; and volution at this point of her orbit being 32 minutes 43 seconds later, the first satel- completed in 29 days, 16 hours, and lite of Jupiter suffers an eclipse : the glori- 38 minutes, which is 2 hours 20 minutes ous luminary of the Solar system rises at longer than the preceding. The half re32 minutes past five; the Moon arrives at volution, or her passage from her last her perigean point on this day, and at 45 quarter, is performed in 13 days, 18 hours, minutes past 12 at night, she passes the and 48 minutes, being an increase on the planet Venus.
last of 5 hours and 19 minutes; and 7 At 21 minutes past 10 in the evening of days, 3 hours, and 6 minutes having elapsed the 3d, the Sun and Moon are in conjunc- since she was new, which makes a difference tion, after a lapse of twenty-nine days, nine of 5 hours and 53 minutes greater than the hours, and forty-five minutes, which is last period between the same points. At twenty minutes less than the preceding 15 minutes past three in the afternoon of revolution; the half revolution, or from this day, she is in conjunction with the full to change, is completed in fourteen planet Saturn, and is noticed considerably days, eight hours, and thirty minutes; and below him in the evening; her recess from from her last quarter to her present situa- him, and her progress through the consteltion, which is a quarter of a revolution, six lations. Leo and Virgo, are the principal days, fifteen hours, and two minutes, have features in her course; she is in apogee on elapsed. Her situation in the ecliptic is the 14th. in the 13th degree of Aries, and having On this day, Mars is noticed in a line passed it in her descending node at noon, with Aldebaran and ε Tauri; and on the she deprives a portion of the Earth's in- 16th he is observed very near « Tauri, his habitants of the invigorating beams of the passage by this star and v being an interestSun. This eclipse is not visible to us, in ing feature in his course. On the 17th, at 26 consequence of the luminary's having de- seconds past three in the morning, the first scended below the horizon. On the even- satellite of Jupiter is immersed in his ing of the 5th we hail the approach of the shadow; on the following morning, at 45 Moon, to add an increasing lustre to the minutes past one, the planet Saturn is in interesting objects that are observed in the quadrature with the Sun, 173 days having western hemisphere, her crescent being elapsed since he was last in quadrature noticed under the three first stars of the with this luminary; at noon the Moon Ram; she is directing her course under crosses the ecliptic in her ascending node, Mars and the Pleiades towards Aldebaran. and in the evening Mars is observed in a On the following evening she is observed line with the third and fourth of the Bull. considerably nearer Mars, and will evi- The Moon arrives at the point of her dently pass him before her next appear- orbit opposite the Sun on the 19th, at 22 ance; the planet is noticed between the minutes past six in the morning, being Pleiades and the third of the Bull; he is in situated at that time in the 28th degree of conjuction with the Moon at 45 minutes Libra, with upwards of a degree of latitude past one in the morning of the 7th. In which is now north of the ecliptic; she the evening of this day he is observed be- consequently passes too far north of the tween the Pleiades and 8 Tauri, the Moon Earth's shadow to suffer an eclipse; her being noticed a considerable distance to synodical revolution from her last full, is the east of him, increasing in magnitude 29 days, 16 hours, and 3 minutes ; which and splendour, and directing her course is 2 hours and 5 minutes less than the preto the planet Saturn, which is observed ceding; the time elapsed since the change near the same spot as at the commence. is 15 days, 18 hours, and 1 minute, being ment of the month, at some distance to 6 hours, and 10 minutes greater than the the east of her.
On the evening of the preceding half revolution between the same 8th, Mars is seen between Aldebaran and points; the quarter of the revolution from the Pleiades; and on the following even- the first quarter, is completed in 8 days, ing between the latter stars and ε Tauri. 4 hours, and 15 minutes, which is 7
At 6 minutes 43 seconds past one in the minutes longer than the period between morning of the 10th, the shadow of Jupi- the same points in the last revolution. ter eclipses his first satellite, and on the At 7 minutes past nine in the morning evening of the same day, the Moon ap- of the 20th, the Sun enters the sign pears half illuminated, being observed Taurus, 365 days, 5 hours, and 53 minutes under the two first of the Twins ; she is having elapsed since he last entered this rapidly approaching Saturn. At 7 minutes sign : on this day, he rises at 57 minutes past two on the following morning, she past four, and sets at 3 minutes past seven; enters her first quarter, her synodical re- I his declination is about. 11 degrees,