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labour. Who, I beseech you, is more speedily, curiously and earnestly, solicitous to encounter the afflictions and cross events of Providence than your
love and care is, when any thing threatens or urgeth upon the health, strength, sight, hearing, shape or straightness of your chiidren and nearest relations? Yea, how auxiliary are you to your servants and neighbours? How importunely do you pray for remedy! How are you (as Murtha) incumbered with receipts, plasters and medicine of all sorts, which
you think the most potent and sovereign to remove any presure or danger?
• Yea, as to those helps which are most mechanick and artificial, having nothing of native virtue, but merely such a formal application as makes but a shew of help to nature's defect; whom did your ladiship ever blame (if in other things unblamcable) for using a glass eye, which is but an honest mocking of the world, while it pretends to the place and office of a natural one, which God saw fit to take away as to our own sight and use? But he did not withal take away either our wits, or our hands, or our freedom, to make and use, if we list, a Crystal painted * Eye, both to hide our own defect and deformity; also to remove from others the less pleasing prospect of our blemish. When was your ladyship scandalized with any grave and sober matron, because she iaid + out the combings and cuttings of her own or others more youthful hair, when her own (now more withered and autumnal) seemed less becoming her? How many both men's and women's warmer heats in religion do now admit not only borders of foreign hair, but full and fair peruques on their heads, without singing one hair by their disputative and scrupulous zeal, which in these things of fashion is now grown much out of fashion? Your Ladyship's charity doth not reprove, but pity, those poor Vulcanists who balance the inequality of their heels or badger-legs by the art and help of the shove-maker ; nor are those short-legged ladies thought less godly who fly to Chopines I. and by enlarging the phyacteries of their coats, conceal at once their great defects in native brevity, and the enormous heights which make many
small women walk with as much caution and danger almost as the Turk danceth on the ropes.
was ever so impertinent a bigot as to find fault when the hills and dales of crooked and unequal bodies are made to meet without a miracle, by some iron bodies $, or some benign bolsterings? Who fears to set straight or hide the unhandsome warpings of bow-legs or bakerfeet |? What is there as to any defect in nature, whereof ingenuous art, as a diligent handmaid waiting on its mistress, doth not study some supply or other, so far as to graff ' in silver-plates into cracked skulls, to
• An enamelled eye. + Placed in sight.
* "Your ladyship is nearer heaven than when I saw you last by the altitude of a Chioppine.”. Shakesp. in Hamlet. The Chioppine was a kind of high shoe worn by ladies. The reader may see a print of a Turkish lady wearing Chioppines in Sandy's Journey, sd Edit. P. 68. s Boddice;
“ those stays of steel Which arm Amelia with a shape to kill.” Congreve. || Bakers were formerly wont to tread their dough, which occasioned splay feet.
. This is a vulgar error. It is commonly supposed that a thin plate of silver is laid over the hole made in the scull by the operation of the trepan. Jaflammation
furnish cropt faces with artificial-noses *, to fill up the broken ranks and routed files of the teeth with ivory adjuvants or Lieutenants."
Another passage, part of the answer to Ohjection 9th.—" the Fathers and modern Divines are much against all painting the face.” "I am sure nothing hath been more frequent than high and affected severities taken up by some of the later and lesser edition of Divines, who would be counted great reformers of the times, because they were vehement censurers and condemners of whatever they listed to dislike or not to fansie. Thus many of them have not only followed the tract of some of the ancients, in their strictnesses urged upon women as to their dresses, fashions, clothes and adornings; but they have horribly inveighed (at first) against many other things of new, yet civil and convenient use ; as against starch, especially if yellow t, (as' if there were sin in that colour more than in white or blue) to which at length they were so reconciled, that they affected to use nothing more in their ruffs and linen. How earnest were some preachers against careless ruffs; yea and against set i ruffs too? Both which they at length came to wear, rather than Pickadilloes & (which they thought had too much of the courtier) or little plain bands, which they liked not, because the Jesuits wore such.
How was tabaco || mistaken by many great masters of the pulpit and people's ears, before they generally fell to taking it theinselves, fansying (at last) that they never had more devout meditations or sharp inventions, than those which were begoiten, or at least brought forth, by the midwifery of a pipe of good tabaco; which at last perfumed their clothes, their books, their studies and their sermons? What enemies were some Ministers to peruques, to high crowned or broadbrimmed hats, to tong clokes and canonical coats, and now to long cassocks, since the Scotch I jump is looked upon as the more military fashion, and a badge of a northern and cold reformation ?
“ How have some cried down all dancing, which most sober persons now use? Many are at discord with all musick and singing with art and curiosity, in sacred psalmody, from which neither David nor the devoutest Jews of old, nor the holy Christians of former times did abborr; yea they highly adorned it, and devoted it to God's glory, as one of his special and diviner gifts to mankind, which the Church knows best how to improve.
and a continued effort of a nature to expel it, must needs follow on the insertion of an extraneous body beneath the integuments of the cranium. It is a curious fact that if a piece of the scull be taken out ,bony matter is never reproduced ; the orifice is filled with a cartilaginous substance merely. A plate may be worn, for security, over the part, on the outside.
* “ So learned Taliacotius from,” &c. Butler.
+ Mrs. Turner's yellow-starched ruff is very notorious; after her execution in one, yellow starch went instantly out of fashion.
# In Whitechapel Vestry. room hangs a portrait of Richard Gardner, 48 years Rector of that parish; he wears a quilled ruff
, and has a tippet of sable, exactly occupying the place of the modern scarf. Painted 1617.
§ The street called Pickadilly was so named from the makers of those bands living there.
11 One cannot but call to mind K. James's “ Counterblast to tobacco.” We think too meanly of King James's talents. Read his account of the discovery of the powder-plot, in his works; a production of no ordinary mind.
What was this?
“How bitter have some been against all lusory use of lots or any play with chance; so against all playing at cards, though merely recreative, as bowls and other sports are? Lastly, against all usury, or profit upon interest from dry money, how vehement hath the torrent of some men's judgment been which yet others reconcile of late* (by some distinctions) with God's laws and a good conscience, as finding that civil commerce cannot else be well carried on.”
I am, Gentlemen,
Your's &c. Aug. 7th, 1803.
A LONDON CURATE,
P. S. In the British Museum are the following letters of Bp.
4274. No. 49. Do. to Dr. Langsdale, Nov. 24. 1643.
No. 51. Do. to *** Feb. 22. 1656-7.
DR. JEKYLL, MINISTER OF BROADWAY CHAPEL,
TO THE EDITORS OF THE ORTHODOX CHURCHMAN'S MAGAZINE.
GENTLEMEN, I SHOULD he very happy to obtain some biographical notices of an
ancestor of mine, the Rev. Thomas Jekyll, D. D. some time Rector of Cottenham (near Cambridge, I suppose, a Living in the gift of the Bishop of Ely, rated at 361. 155. in the King's book) and Minister of Broadway Chapel, Westminster.
He was brother to Sir Joseph Jekyll, Knt. Master of the Rolls; and he married a Miss House, of Brightwaltham, Berks, by whom he had issue a daughter, who married, first, Mr. Nicholas Roberts, a merchant, at St. Lawrence Jewry, London, Feb. 13, 1700, the ceremony being performed by the Bishop of Chichester (Bishop Williams ;) and, secondly, Sir Edward Blackett, Bart. Mr. Roberts had a son, Ni. cholas Roberts, Esq. a Justice of the Peace for the county of Northumberland, who married Niss Katharine Kaye, daughter of Geo. Kaye, Esq. of Woodsome, Yorkshire, and aunt of the Rev. Sir Richard Kaye, Bart. L. L. D. now Dean of Lincoln. This Mrs. Roberts was my grandmother ; consequently the Rector of Cottenham was my greatgreat-grandfather. Joseph Jekyll, Esq. Member of Parliament for Calne, is lineally descended from the same person, who, as I conceive, is his great-grandfather.
* The Author has an eye here, I make no doubt to the very learned, and closely reasoned Treatise “ of the nature and use of lots, by Thomas Gataker, B. D. some time preacher of Lincoln's Inn, and pastor of Rotherhithe.” Gataker was one of the assembly of Divines at Westminster. A perusal of his work will amply gratify the reader. The margin is filled with references to, and quotations from a prodigious range of Authors; and I had almost said his text is as well argued as Sanderson's de juramenti obligatione. I know not who apologized for Vol. V. Churchm. Mag. Aug. 1803.
interest on money.
: I have, in my possession, a small manuscript volume, containing -three sermons, composed by Dr. Jekyll. They were written when he was very young, as appears from the following address prefixed to them ; which I transcribe by way of a specimen of his style, preserving the orthography of the time when it was drawn up.
“ To his ever honoured Father Mr. John Jekyll,
the Account of Nature, and a liberal Education, I know not after what Maner to express my Acknowledgments of it, unless by a constant, and filial Obedience unto all your Comands, and a diligent Observation of every thing that you desire; As a testimony of wch, therefore, since you were pleased to recomend to me * two particular Texts of Scripture to be the subjects of my next publick Discourses, I thought I could doe noe less, both out of obedience to a Father, and out of Gratitude to soe good an one, then to compose and dedicate the sermons unto you; thereby not only to testifie how ready I am to obey you, but alsoe to present you with a Tast of the first Fruits of a Tree of your own planting, wch next under God, are therefore only due to you ; wherein if you find any thing that may give you Encouragement to hope for a better Crop afterwards, soe as not to thinke all your Care and Charges utterly lost, its all I look for and expect; such an Acceptance being an Assurance that I have done well, then wch ther canot be a greater satisfaction. But becaus I am sensible of a great deal of Weakness in myselfe, give me leave only to make this apologie for what I have done, wch is to desire you to look upon these Sermons as some of my
first Beginings, and upon me as your Son; and then I hope natural Affection will make you forgive the Faults of youth. After wch I have noe more to begg of you in this Particular, but only your hearty and earnest Prayers for me, to the God and Father of us all, that he would assist me, his most unworthy Servant, by his Spirit, to goe through this great Worke unto which I am calld, that soe being an Instrument of his Glory in his Church Militant here on Earth, I may be a Partaker of it too in the triumphate Church in Heaven, wch shall be the constant Endeavour of
s honoured Sir !
dutifull and London, May 13th,
“ obedient Son, 1671.
“ THO: JEKYLL.” I think my good ancestor writes as becomes one deeply tinctured with filial piety, and shews himself a Christian Minister impressed with most proper sentiments concerning his sacred calling.
My worthy relation, Mr. Jekyll, has been too much busied, I fear, in the arduous task of editing the profound compositions of that luminary of the sable generation, Ignatius Sancho; to spare a moment on the less splendid accomplishments of our joint progenitor. But I can tell him,
Is. xxxviii. 1. Gen. iv, 7.
that Dr. Jekyll's style approaches more nearly the best models of writing ; which his age afforded, than Ignatius Sancho's reaches that of Lawrence Sterne; for I hold Sancho to be one of the poorest imitators of that strange mixture of vigour and indolence, of originality and plagiarism. . I had a picture of Dr. Jekyll ;-sorry I am to say had ;- for a person to whom, about eighteen years ago, I intrusted it, to be cleaned and repaired, wholly spoiled it. I have a portrait of his wife untouched; but not in good preservation. Mr. Jekyll has a very good picture of Sir Joseph (painted, I think, by Dahl) from which the engraved porr traits, by Vertue, are taken.
I am, Gentlemen, Aug. 5, 1803.
Your most obedient servant,
A LONDON CURATE.
TO TAE EDITORS or THE ORTHODOX CHURCHMAN'S MAGAZINE,
GENTLEMEN, IN your last number some notice was taken of the schismatical prac
tices of Drs. Hawker and Haweis in direct violation of their duty, as ministers episcopally ordained and beneficed. But as a slight notice is not sufficient in cases so pregnant with mischief as these, I send you some particulars relative to the first of these gentlemen which you will I doubt not think serious enough to be exposed, that scenes so extremely disgraceful, may be guarded against for the future. In the spring of every year the motley tribes of sectaries, pour into London from every quarter, to celebrate a jubilee occasioned by the anticipated success of the Missionary Society, and since the above named Doctor obtained great applauses from the party for his harangue, in behalf of this curious Society, the incense has so intoxicated his brain, that he regularly comes up from the west to bestow his pious labours in converting the heathens, and edifying the saints in the east. There are certain pulpits, as you know always open to gentlemen of this stamp, though closely guarded against orderly divines, and it so happens that when the doctor pays his annual visit to the metropolis, he occupies them all in n, and the crowds which besiege the churches to hear him, are as numerous as those which were wont to pour around his prototype George Whitfield.
You will naturally suppose that the present specimen, will be furat nished from the Southwark hot-bed of schism, where three orthodox preachers of the faith, can stand little chance of being attended 10m surrounded as they are by men who under the specious plea of being evangelical preachers, do all that lies in their power to set the parishioners against their orthodox pastors, who will not adopt the pleasing lullaby of election, and faith without works.
* The Rev. J. Evans, rector of St. Olave's. The Rev. C. Hodgkin, Chaplain of St. Thomas's, and the Rev, D. Gilson, Lecturer of St. Saviour's, 02