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could never have inferred from his soul is well pleased : I will put my statement of the reply of Jesus, spirit upon him, and he shall shew “ Go and shew John again those judgment to the Gentiles. He things which ye do hear and see, shall not strive nor cry; neither that those miraculous works were shall any man hear bis voice in the actually being performed when the streets. A bruised reed shall he messengers of John arrived, and not break, and smoking flax shall that they had been sent in conse- he not quench, till he bring forth quence of their having previously judgment unto victory. And in informed their master of the mira- his name shall the Gentiles trust." cles of Jesus ; nor can it be sup
The first circumstance in this posed, if St. Matthew had copied passage to which the reader's atfrom the account of St. Luke, tention is solicited, is that of our which is in the highest degree Lord charging the multitude whom improbable, that he would have he had healed not to make him been content with barely alluding known. His reason for thus ento these important circumstances. joining secresy upon them is usually They were doubtless present, not attributed to his desire that the to his
eye, but to his mind; and he Pharisees, who had consulted to would perhaps tacitly conclude, as destroy him, might not know where is frequently the case, that his he was. But their silence could reader was as well acquainted with not have availed in effecting this them as himself. In fact, there is purpose, while the multitudes connot the slightest appearance of tinued to follow him to be healed either of the relations being a of their diseases; thus effectually copy; they bear the very impress pointing out the spot where he was of original composition, and nei- to be found. Accordingly, we ther art nor design appears in the find, that the very next miracle remarkable coincidences between which he is recorded to have perthem. Hence it may with cer- formed - the healing of a tainty be inferred, that the transac- " possessed with a devil, blind and tion, in the relation of which they dumb”- the PHARISEES ascribed agree in so minute and undesigned it to the agency of Beelzebub. a manner, was a real fact, and (ver. 27.) Others suppose that he took place precisely in the man- charged them not to make it known ner, and attended with all the mi- that he was the MESSIAH, lest a raculous events which they have tumult should be excited; but it narrated.
does not appear, how the persons
who were healed should possess No. III.--Chap. xii. 14—21. a superior knowledge of his cha“ Then the Pharisees went out, racter to that which might be posand held a council against him, sessed by those who were merely how they might destroy him. But spectators of his miraculous works. when Jesus knew it, he withdrew Bye a reference, however, to the himself from them : and great mul- parallel passage in the Gospel of titudes followed him, and he heal- St. Mark, the whole becomes clear ed them all, and charged them that and consistent.-"For he had they should not make him known; healed many; insomuch that they that it might be fulfilled which was pressed upon him for to touch him, spoken by the prophet, saying, as many as had plagues. And unBehold my servant whom I have clean spirits, when they saw him, chosen; my beloved, in whom my fell down before him, and cried,
saying, Thou art the Son of God! | St. Matthew, how our Lord's withAnd he strictly charged them that drawing himself from the Pharithey should not make him known." sees accomplished that part of the (Mark iii. 10-12.) Our Lord, prophecy which declares “ he shall then, imposed silence, not upon the shew judgment to the Gentiles, diseased
the evil and in his name shall the Gentiles spirits, because he would not re- trust.” If we turn, however, to ceive the testimony of the father St. Mark, this becomes immediof lies. His kingdom was to be ately apparent.
From him we established, not by such testimony learn, that when the Pharisees as theirs, but bythe quiet submission held a council with the Herodians of the human understanding to the to destroy him, he receded from silent, but resistless evidence of them, with his disciples, to the sea his doctrine and miracles, and his of Galilee; “and a great multiblameless submission to the will of tude from Galilee followed him, his Father. This perfectly accords and from Judea, and from Jerusawith the brief statement of St. Mat- lem, and from Idumea, and from thew, which no one will pretend beyond Jordan; and they about was taken from it. But observe Tyre and Sidon, a great multitude, how this correspondence is effect- when they heard what great things ed: not by a transcript of that he did, came unto him.” By narrative, but by the introduction teaching them, therefore, and by of a new circumstance; which, performing his miracles of mercy though perhaps inplied in the ac- upon and before them, “he shewed count of St. Matthew, 'could not judgment to the Gentiles ;” and, have been derived from it, and doubtless, 66 in his name” did which it would have answered no many of these “ Gentiles trust.” purpose of forgery thus to intro- Here, then, is a perfect corresponduce.
dence, but obviously without the Another particular which de- smallest art or design. In one mands consideration in this pas- writer we have the prophecy, but sage is, the fulfilment of the pro- no detail of the circumstances by phecy quoted from Isaiah. We which it was fulfilled : in the other may easily perceive how beauti-writer, we are furnished with the fully one part of the prophecy was exact accomplishment of that proaccomplished by the gentle, lowly, phecy, but not a syllable of the compassionate, condescending, and prophecy itself. If one writer had beneficent nature of Christ's mira- copied from the other, or if an cles and personal ministry, devoid impostor had designed to effect a of all ostentation and severity ; correspondence, that correspondby his perseverance in the midst of ence would certainly have been opposition, without engaging in more obvious, and there would contentious disputations; and by have been some allusion to that his continuing, notwithstanding the with which it was intended to corrage of the infuriated Pharisees, to respond. Truth alone, we conheal all who came to him, and to ceive, can account for coincidences instruct all who were disposed to so latent, and yet so perfect, as hear, whatever might have been these unquestionably are. their former character, and however weak and imperfect their faith
No.IV.-Chap. xiv. 13, 14. might still remain. But it does “ When Jesus heard of it, (the not appear, from the account of murder of John the Baptist,) he
departed thence by ship into a years after the famine; and we may desert place apart: and when the well suppose, that, with the adpeople had heard thereof, they fol- vantages which the Hebrews enlowed him on foot out of the cities. joyed over the Egyptians, they And Jesus went forth, and saw a must, as to comfort and wealth great multitude; and was moved and improvement, have been greatly with compassion toward them, and in advance. This may not have he healed their sick.”
been much noticed at first; but it St. Matthew, by employing the could not but excite notice at the term εξελθών, GOING FORTH,
.” time of Joseph's death, or soon clearly intimates that our Lord had afterwards. A king that ascended previously entered some place. the throne, after the death of JoBut as the unfrequented nature of seph, saw how things were prothe spot (for it was “a desert ceeding, and had as much zeal place") precludes the supposition about the interests of his Egyptian that it was a house, we must infer kindred, as Joseph had for his that it was the vessel in which he Hebrew. The case was, however, had embarked. If such was the one of peculiar difficulty. Things case, then it follows that “the had gone on so long, that it was people” who had heard thereof,” not easy to make a change; yet and “ followed him on foot out of many things might naturally have the cities,” had, by some means or led Pharaoh to think a change abother, arrived at the place before solutely necessary. Judging from Jesus landed. Now this is pre- the Hebrew records, I think it cisely what St. Mark relates. He likely that Pharaoh saw, or thought says that “the people saw them he did, that one of three or four departing, and many knew him, things must take place. Either, and ran a-foot thither out of all 1. he must expel the Hebrews; or, cities, and ouTWENT them, and 2. he must amalgamate them with came together unto him.” (Mark the Egyptians, so as to form a vi. 33.) That St. Mark deduced promiscuous people; or, 3. see his this fact from St. Matthew's simply own people made slaves in their employing the word “went forth” own country by the Hebrews ; or, will never be pretended; and as 4. prevent that by making slaves of little can it be imagined that St. them. Matthew used that word in conse- To accomplish the first, might quence of having seen, or for the have been no easy matter. It purpose of effecting a correspond would in all probability have led ence with, the relation of St. Mark. to war. The Hebrews would have The correspondence must therefore most likely called in the aid of the be purely accidental, and such as Edomites, or some other of their arose from their both detailing the kin, and the ruin of Egypt might same fact, attended by the same have followed; orif effected, where circumstances, each in his own could the Hebrews have gone ?
They had been absent from CaLondon.
naan about one hundred years ;
and there was little probability SLAVERY.
that the Canaanites would allow ( Continued from p. 15.)
them to return. They would have
inost likely roved about on the JOSEPH continued to direct the borders of Egypt, and made inaffairs of Egypt for about seventy roads for plunder. As to blending
them with the Egyptians, and form- , lar treatment. If this state of ing them to the same manners and things did not justify his conduct, customs and religion, this was still Pharaoh might think it came very more difficult than the other. No- near to do it. He still found them thing is harder than to change the increase, and more rapidly than religion and habits, and prejudices when leading the easy life of shepof a people. Israel had now been herds. Under apprehension of the in Egypt above a hundred years. scenes that might follow a great Joseph had married an Egyptian. increase of their numbers, soured Yet the original prejudices of both as they were by his change of ponations, as well as their religious licy towards them, he was wrought principles, were nearly, if not fully, up to the cruel purpose of destroyas much at variance as at the first. ing their male children. (Gen. xliii. 32; Exod. viii. 26.) The thing was cruel; but, while Scarcely any inter-marriages took it cannot be too strongly conplace; and as to religion, the one demned, we ought in all reason to was an abomination to the other. recollect, that the exposing of inTo think of force, was idle. Their fants has been done by many naprejudices, religion, as well as tions. The polished Greeks and their complexion, (the Egyptians Romans, until Christianity put a were Africans, black; the Hebrews stop to it, often exposed their own from Mesopotamia, fair,) made the children. The same is done now thing hopeless. To expect Pha- by pagan nations in the East. Pharaoh to sit down and contemplate raoh was a Pagan, and his conduct a progress of things that tended towards the infants of Israel was directly, as he might naturally sup- not worse than others have obpose, to a struggle, and threatened served towards their own. There the loss of his throne, and the is a tribe in Hindostan who for slavery of his people, is to expect ages have destroyed their female more than was likely. The only children, and, if I am rightly inalternative, Pharaoh might easily formed, do it now. suppose, was to prevent this, by Moses did what was right, and adopting a new policy towards acted by Divine direction : this that people. He might easily per- need not however prevent us from suade himself, that it was but fair reflecting how Pharaoh, a Pagan, that Israel should make some re- would naturally view his conduct. turn for all they had received for Moses was saved from death by above one hundred years.
may the daughter of Pharaoh : he was have thought he was justified in educated at court, and in the very gradually employing the Hebrews best manner. Soon after he was in building cities and in field la- grown up, he was found interfering bour; while he raised the military with the policy of the government character of the Egyptians, and towards the Hebrews. He fled, made such preparations as would and remained abroad until the death enable him to suppress any oppo- of the king.
But the new king sition to his plans.
was hardly seated on the throne, The conduct of Israel to the before he re-appeared, and, being Shechemites (Gen. xxxiv. 25—27), joined by the leading men among and their late attempt to plunder the Hebrews, presented himself at the inhabitants of Gath (1 Chron. court, and demanded that Israel vii. 20--23), might make him feel should be allowed to go three justified in providing against simi- days' journey into the wilderness to sacrifice. The man, the time, expectation of a throne, might be the manner, as well as the demand, willing to attempt any thing, rather were all likely to offend Pharaoh. than live in obscurity. Ought It is not needful to go over what Pharaoh to let a people under his took place at the several inter-authority be led on such an errand ? views. Pharaoh, pressed by the Might he not think it was his duty, plagues, tried to compound the in kindness to them, to keep them matter. At one time he offered to where they were, and to give them let the men go, detaining the wo- enough to eat, and wear, and do? men and children as hostages for And might he not think that all their return. He proposed that their talk about being free, and they should sacrifice and keep the complaining about their work, was feast in the land. While Moses produced by the intermeddling of readily complied with Pharaoh's Moses and Aaron? It really aprequest to remove the plagues, he pears to me, that he might happen abated not one whit of his first to take up notions of that kind; demand; but rather rose than fell and feel not a little provoked at in it. He declared that they must Moses and Aaron, for spreading take their families, their flocks and discontent among his slaves. herds, with them; that they would But there were still other diffinot leave one hoof behind. It did culties. The Hebrews formed the not admit of a doubt, that they great body of labourers in his kinghad no intention to return to sla-dom. Moses insisted on taking very. They were for being free. them all off, on the same day. Might not Pharaoh have feared, What a state of things this was that Moses had in view to keep calculated to produce in his kingthem for awhile in the wilderness, dom! Would it not ruin it? And provide them with arms, train them would it not ruin the Hebrews ? to military service, and then return They had been raised in slaveryto Egypt with his six hundred been unfit for self-government. He thousand slaves, transformed into had found it necessary to employ warriors, breathing vengeance for overseers, and even to call in the their supposed wrongs? And may aid of the scourge, to overcome not a mistaken notion of his own their idle habits. For a people safety have urged him to resist the with such habits, to be turned free demand ?
all at once! might not Pharaoh Or, admitting that Moses intend- think it would ruin them ?-that ed lead them to Canaan, might they could not govern themselves ? not Pharaoh have really concluded that they would starve ?-and that the scheme was little short of that kindness to them would formadness ? To attempt with a na- bid turning them loose, as Moses tion of slaves, without arms, with- demanded ? out any experience in war, without But we have no reason to think provisions, to cross the desert and that Pharaoh was wholly without attempt to dispossess the seven regard to the value of property. nations of Canaan, amounting to The Hebrews, as his labourers and perhaps ten times their number; a artificers, were very valuable
prowarlike people, well armed, with a perty. There were 600,000 lacountry filled with towers and ci- bouring men, besides the women ties “walled
to heaven !” Was and children. From their doubling there ever such an attempt ? A man in less than fifteen years, there in Moses' situation, educated in must have been a great many chil