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REVIEW.

The Oppressive, Unjust, and Profane Na- “Britons ! This is the glorious civil and

ture and Tendency of the Corporation religious liberty of which we boast ! А and Test Acts exposed ; in a Sermon worthy and conscientious man must be ruined preached before the Congregation of for doing his duty ! Truly, methinks no Protestant Dissenters, meeting in Can- unprejudiced man, that feels as a man, would non Street, Birmingham, Feb. 21, 1790. refuse to strain every nerve in order to break By the late Rev. SAMUEL PEARCE. such shackles from his fellow citizens !" Second edition. London: Wightman and Cramp. pp. 28.

O no! we shall be thankful if our

rulers will “ loose us, and let the opWe bave been informed from what pressed go free;" but we would much we conclude to be good authority, that rather bear our burden than use any the pious author of this sermon very other methods, besides those of petitionmuch regretted at a subsequent period ing, for the purpose of “breaking such of his life, some of the modes of expres- shackles.” Whilst we are secured from sion which he employed to expose those persecution for conscience sake, we shall acts which he justly designates “oppres

boast of our glorious civil and reli. sive, unjust and profane." On this ac- gious liberty." count we regret the republication of Mr. Pearce is more at home, when he paragraphs, which, we are persuaded, thus expresses his abhorrence of Dis. had Mr. Pearce been living, he would senters taking the sacramental test. have expunged from a " Second edi

“No, blessed Redeemer! we will never tion.”

prostitute the memorials of thy death and No persons can feel greater opposi- sufferings, to obtain secular advantages. tion than ourselves, to the laws which we will stand in awe of thy word, which this sermon exposes and condemos, es- saith, “ As often as ye do this, do it in repecially as they relate to the required membrance of me. No, we will never go profanation of the Lord's Supper; but Never will we visit Gethsemane with our

to Calvary to seek temporal emoluments ! we have not been in the habit of consi- feet, while our hearts are set upon onr idols ! dering exclusion from civil offices, to be We will never make thy tomb the path to the perfect resemblance to those laws earthly preferment. We will rather endure " throngh which England glistened shame and disgrace, contempt and persecuwith the flames, and echoed with the and lips thy sacred institutions,” &c. p. 27.

tion, than profane with anhallowed hands groans of dying martyrs, in the days of the sangninary queen Mary!” The features of these unjust, impolitic and pro- On Education. A Sermon preached in fane acts, are, when correctly exbibited,

the Cathedral Church of Wells, at the most hideously horrible ; there is not

Anniversary Meeting of the Bath and

Wells Diocesan School, on Tuesday, the least occasion for caricature! We

Oct. 9, 1827. By GEORGE HENRY are persuaded, had the heavenly minded

Law, D. D. F. R. and F.A.S. Lord evangelical Pearce, drawn this picture Bishop of Bath and Wells. Rodwell. in 1800 instead of 1790, it would have

This Sermon on Prov. xix. 2. is dedi. been much more accurate. Most hear- cated to the Earl of Eldon, and the tily do we wish success to the measures

Bishop takes credit to himself, for not about to be adopted, by respectful ap- having done such a thing while the Lord plications to the Legislature, to get rid High Chancellor of England was disof these obnoxious and oppressive laws; pensing the patronage of the crown, but we could not, either from a pulpit reminding us, with a classical apology, or a platform, make use of such incau- that the ancients did not sacrifice to tious language as the following :

their heroes till after sun-set.

He seems friendly to universal edu- | And in these degenerate days, it is re. cation, though be is not without some viving to hear that he has been speedily apprehension lest it should produce evil encouraged to reprint it with enlargerather than good, and, of course, he ments. strenuously pleads for “the principles The plan is judicious. It is divided and doctrines of the church of England.” into three parts. “Part 1. shewing by But in p. 18. he makes a most un-bi- many examples drawn from real life, the shop-like distinction between Chris- happy effects of religious education, in tianity and the national church.

leading to early piety, to great useful

Part 2. “We are sare that Christianity is founded ness, and to final salvation. apon a rock, and that the gates of hell shall showing, by examples also from real not prevail against it. The security, bow- life, the blessing which has finally atever, and the permanence of every civil es-tended the patient labours and fervent tablishment depend on its utility; and its prayers of Christian Instructors, after utility is best manifested by its promoting the true interests of religion and morals. great anxiety, fear, and disappointThe clergy, therefore, must watch the signs ment.” This collection, very properly of the times, if they wish to retain their placed by itself, will be read, we trust, wonted influence over the hearts of the peo- with great advantage by many an afflictple. More exertion, more energy are re- ed parent. “ Part 3. showing how a quired now, than were called for in the days Christian education ought to be conof onr forefathers. Whilst improvements in other things are taking place, let not ducted. Here the sentiments and dithe ministers of religion alone stand still.”

rections of the best writers on this in

teresting subject may be found. The All this is very intelligible: therefore rules are given which were adopted by we add neither note nor comment.

wise and holy parents in the instruction The Bishop anticipates the result of and government of their families ; and the present universal zeal for edaca

a variety of anecdotes and suitable extion, a speculation highly interesting to amples are interspersed.” the philanthropist, to the politician, and above all to the Christian. His words glance upon the touching scenes in the

If the eye of a pious youth should are worth transcribing :

Biographical Sketches, he will be re“ The period in which we live is pecu- minded of his obligations to God and Jiarly eventful and admonitory. A most im- to his parents. And if the reader be portant experiment, an experiment which an impious youth, he may see his face must be highly favourable or adverse to in the glass, and learn the necessary the prosperity of this empire, is soon about to be tried. Ere long, the British Isles lessons of humiliation and penitence. may exhibit an instance never before known, Here he will be directed and encouof a whole nation educated und able to read raged to place himself under the care and write."

and guidance of the adorable Redeemer, who “is able to save into the uttermost

all who come to God by him.” The Parent's Monitor ; or Narratives, Christian parents will find the most

Anecdotes, and Observations on Reli- pungent motives to diligence in traingious Education and Personal Piety; ing up their offspring for their country's designed for the instruction and encouragement of Parents, Guardians, and sake, and more especially for Zion's Teachers. In three parts. By David sake. BARKER, Minister of the Gospel. Let the pastors of our churches conSecond edition enlarged. Richard sider what sort of members their sucBaynes.

cessors will have. We know that God Piety at home is so powerfully enforced can from the stones raise up children to in the sacred writings, and yet unhap. Abraham; but we are warranted to expily Ro much neglected, that we are pect that the ravages of death will be glad to see any thing on our table which repaired chiefly from the families of appears adapted to promote it. Mr. those who are now church members. Barker's is a family book of great value. Whether they will be judicious, well

he says,

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principled, established Christians, will but which are in danger of going into depend very much, under the divine oblivion. If the republication of the blessing, on the education they now re- present pamphlet is the means of exceive.

citing attention to other works of the In the excellent “ address to parents” same class, it will be a great advantage there is one passage in which we can- to our Denomination, and yield much not concur with the author. Page 373, gratification to many of its members.

" Though I have read many The present pamphlet is a clear, disvolumes on the subject, I have not met tinct defence of religious liberty, avowwith one instance of a child religiously ing the broad principle, that'“ no man and faithfully educated who died in a is to be persecuted for his religion, be wicked and impenitent state. It is con- it true or false, so he testify his faithful trary to the promise of the God of truth allegiance to the king." On this ground and grace.” On the contrary, we be the author urges the consequence of a lieve there have been many instances; free toleration in a variety of directhough they were not likely to be re- tions; shews that no political danger corded in the volumes which the author can arise from it; that, it is true, it has read, nor in any other. If we ask bears hard against certain persons then what promise Mr. Barker refers to, le in power, particularly of the Ecclesiaswill tell us (as we gather from p. 47.) | tical order; and above all, against the that he refers to Prov. xxii. 6. “ Train church of Rome, with whom the author up a child,” &c. It is obvious, how- is on no terms of amity. ever, that those words contain not a

In the course of his work, (the chief promise, but a proverb, and a proverb, part of which is carried on in the form we may add, which has been verified of a Dialogue), he also exhibits and dein all ages and nations. It is sufficient fends his sentiments as a Baptist, and to establish the truth of the proverb, by this means he shews us what were that the thing affirmed appears visible the popular arguments in support of Inin most instances, though the exceptions fant Baptism in his day. At the end may be numerous. The fact is, we of the work, is “an humble supplicaconceive, that parents, like ministers, tion to the king's majesty,” presented do not always succeed; the means of in 1620, in which the cause of religious grace are put into our hands, and we liberty is again stated and argued at have many and great encouragements, length; and the right of interpreting but the grace itself the Lord keeps in the Scripture is contended for,.freely his own hands. Dr. Johnson has stated and boldly. In this part of his labour, the matter wisely and guardedly in re- the author holds the learned in very low lation to parents, in the motto which estimation, and considers the Spirit, our author has adopted for his first which he observes is given “to every part. In general, those parents have particular saint of God," as the best most reverence, who most deserve it."

guide to lead us into the sense of his word. This “humble supplication” is

addressed to the king, by his Persecution for Religion Judged and Con

demned ; first published in London in jesty's loyal subjects, not for fear only, the year 1615. The fourth Edition but conscience , sake, unjustly called with a Preface. By Joseph IVIMEY. ana-baptists.Wightman and Cramp. Price 2s. This work is, we believe, the first

in which the principle of religious liberty This is a curious pamphlet, and we are

was ever brought forward clearly and glad to see it republished. We wish distinctly. In the preface, Mr. Ivimey the plan of publishing some of the scarce informs his readers, that one reason for tracts of our ancestors, in our religious republishing it is to settle an historical profession, was adopted; it would pre- fact. The Independents, it seems, have serve many that are worth preserving, claimed, and do still claim, the honour

66

ma

pp. 82.

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of being the first Christian denomina- , II. From his settlement at Gosport, to
tion who have recommended “religious the formation of the seminary for the
liberty to the esteem of the world.” ministry.— III. From the commence-
Mr. Ivimey states, on the authority of ment of the Theological seminary at
Messrs. Bogue and Bennett, in their Gosport, to the formation of the Mis-
History of Dissenters, that “the first sionary Society.--IV. From the forma-
Independent church in England was not tion of the Missionary Society, to the
formed until the year 1616, the year afflictions of his latter days.-V. David
after this pamphlet was published.” | Bogue's last'afflictions and death.—VI.
(Preface pp. 6, 7.) If the Indepen- His character and works,
dents can prove that before this time The narrative is skilfully drawn out,
they pleaded the same cause, let it be and more replete with incident than
done; in the mean time, the present might have been expected. It will sur-
pamphlet is a proof that it was exhibited prise many to find that David Bogue,
with great cogency of argument in 1615. who seemed to be made of sterner stnff
The author is believed to be Mr. Thomas than most men, who had a frame so ro-
Helwisse, a character highly deserving bust, and an aspect so austere, and who
esteem and veneration. We unite cor- often dealt in eight and forty pound-
dially with Mr. Brook in his “ Lives of ers, should be so exquisitely susceptible
the Puritans,” in saying of the present of all the tenderness and endearments
work, “ This was a bold protestation of domestic love,
against the illegal and iniquitous pro-

. And all the charities ceedings of the ruling prelates, and a

Of father, son, and brother.' noble stand in favour of religious li

The criticism is elegant, acute, someberty." We need not say more in

times profound, sometimes playful, free, recommending it to our readers.

though of course restrained by the re-
verence such a pupil must ever cherish
for the memory of such a tutor.

We must make room for a few ex-
Memoirs of the Life of the Rev. David tracts, which cannot fail to be accept-
Bogue, D.D. By JAMES BENNETT, able to our readers. In p. 35, there is
D.D. Price 12s. Westley and Davis.

a piece of advice which we heartily re1827.

commend to all our students and young DR. Bogue was so well known, and so ministers as of the highest moment. highly and justly esteemed, that many must have felt a desire to see an authen- nistry with much anxiety, and to have asked

“ He seems to have commenced his mitic account of his early studies, bis man- counsel of those to whom he communicated ner of life, and the steps by which he an account of the step. One of these, Mr. ascended to that eminence on which he Jolly, the minister of Coldingham, gave bim stood for a long course of years.

the following excellent reply :- I congra

tulate you heartily on entering upon the imIt may certainly be reckoned

among the rare felicities of this distinguished cellent work of the Christian ministry. I

portant and difficult, but honourable and exindividual, that his biographer is an make no doubt but you have taken the field able and accomplished man, his pupil with the most upright motives, and will enand his friend. Dr. Bennett has ac- deavour to approve yourself a good soldier quitted himself handsomely of the deli- of Jesus Christ. Dangers and discouragecate and difficult task assigned him. ments, trials and temptations, you may lay

your account with ; but it will be your wisWe cannot but wish he had given us a dom and your safety to follow the direcpreface, with a table of contents, or an tions of the Captain of salvation. I dare index; these, however, will be found promise you, in his name, that he will not perhaps, in subsequent editions.

only teach your hands to war and your finThe work is divided into six chapters. tory. As to your public discourses, I give

gers to fight, but lead you on to certain vicChapter I. From his birth to the com- it as my best advice that you study to unite mencement of his ministry at Gosport.- solidity and simplicity, ease and elegance,

strength of thoaght and force of expression. in this sort of good humour we proceed; Truth, like beauty, is never balf so amiable not suffering ourselves to be interrupted as when arrayed in a modest and homely or detained by those critical reflections dress."

which in a more rigorous examination It will appear from p. 105. that David of the performance, would be indispenBogue never lost sight of this advice, at sable. We must, however, confess that least, as far as solidity and simplicity we now and then meet with something, were concerned.

so much like a dereliction of duty, on "On the eighth anniversary of his ordina

the part of the biographer, that we find tion he adores God for the good tbat was

it extremely difficult to preserve the done. Some persons he notices as become stedfastness of our purpose, and fulfil thoughtful, and some as ander convictions of at the same time the implied contract sin. Many are become attentive to the between ourselves and those persons word. Family prayer has this year been who may be accustomed to consult our set up in many houses. Several liave been periodical observations. And this is esadmitted members of the church. are going on well in the ways of God, and pecially the case, if we happen to think more attend on public worship than ever be- that where the whole truth ought to fore. There is, however, much formality have been told, a part has been sup found among those who make a profession. pressed; or where certain facts have Some, it is to be feared, attend from worldly been stated, which, on account of their motives. But we have been settled in the new place more peacefully-than I expected. reprehensible nature, should either have As to my preaching, I see more and more been wholly omitted or their improthat plain and serious preaching is most priety more severely censured. useful. Much that is elaborate is thrown

In the memoir of Mr. Sykes, of whose away.” "While he was preaching on the question met with much that is justly entitled to

piety we entertain no doubt, we have • How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation ?' a person was so struck our approbation ; and we sincerely wish and agitated, that though she strove to the it were in our power to speak thus fautmost to suppress her feelings, she was at vourably of the whole. Some of the length overcome, and rushed out of the circumstances connected with his conplace uttering a tremendous sbriek. On

version from Arminianism to Calvinism, another Sabbath evening, be was sent for to converse with one who was in anguish of do not appear to us at all adapted to heart, in consequence of something that was raise his reputation as a Christian said in the sermon. The preacher found the minister. But that against which we person “ bewailing the guilt of sin, and the consider it to be our incumbent duty want of love to Christ.'

to enter our most serious protest, and

which we regard with unqualified disMemoir of the Life, Ministry and Corres- approbation, is the addiction he mani.

lence of the late Rev. George Sykes, of fested to jest with the phraşeology of Rillington. pp. 285. Baynes.

the Bible, which, together with certain We are so thoroughly convinced that eccentricities, in which he occasionally the tendency of pious biography is emi-indulged, seem almost to justify the nently beneficial, that we always sit asperity of the language in which he down to the perusal of such works, was once addressed : “Sure you are determining, if possible, not to take any not a Methodist preacher ! A jocose exception ourselves, nor present any to preacher is an abominable character.” the consideration of our readers, and p. 98.

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