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been, from enlarging 'its views, for want of sive object the evangelizing of the Heatheo means: and it will hereby be enabled to di. World. Societies in England, in Scotland, rect its chief attention to the establishment in various parts of America, and in other and support of missions wherever Divine places, are all pursuing the same grand deProvidence may open the way.

sign of proclaiming this Gospel among the 1. A Missionary Society takes on itself a heathen. Bat there existed, before the for serious responsibility in sending missionaries mation of this Society, no associarton of memabroad. 'It cannor, hike the Bible Society, bers of the Established Church, with the exrelieve itself, in case of any failure of funds, clusive object of contributing to the evalby suspending its entire expenditure : nay it gerization of the heathen world. As a charch cannot even, for a considerable time, dimi- the pillar and ground of the Protestant faith nish its average outgoings : for the Mission- we have been too justly reproached with want ary Society has committed itself in the sup- of zeal for the diffusion of Christianity. The port of all the stations to which it has sent Church of Rome, with whatever mixture of missionaries, and to the unavoidable ex- secular motives, has done more to make penses connected wnh those stations, and all known the name of Christ among the beathe missionaries and their families attached then than all the professors of the Reformed thereto,

Faith : and, of all the nations professing that The “ Society for Missions to Africa and faith, Great Britain has laboured far less in the East" has not hesitated to seize every this great cause, in proportion to her means opportunity of attaining its objects, to which and opportunities, than any other state. Divine Providence appeared to call its ex. While, therefore, other bodies of Christians ertions ; assured that the public benevolence among us are strenuously exerting therwould keep pace with its prospects of usc-selves to remove this reprunch from out fulness and success. Seven Lutheran mini- land, let the United Church of England and sters, five lay settlers, six English studenty, Ireland assume that share in these exertions Gght wives of missionaries or settlers, and which becomes her. It was with the view of about one hundred and twenty African chil- associating her members in this holy work, dren, are dependent on the Society. The that the present institution was formed. Rett income in the year ending 31st March, There is no need here for unholy rivalry. 1812, was about 24001, while its actual ex- The wide world is before us. There is more penditare, and the debts incurred for that than room for all the efforts which the various year, amounted to upwards of 30001. The boilies of Christians in Europe, in America, exertions made by the Committee, this year, and in the Last, may be able to make for in preparing for a new settlement, and in the ages to come: five or six liundred millions addition of laymen to the establishment, must of Pagans and Mahometans in Asia, and one trench still further on the small capital of the hundred millions (if not double that number) Society ; which is bound, by the 27th Regu. in Africa, are perishing for tack of know. bation, to preserve a tonded property egaal ledge. in amount to the subscriptions of the existing While the providence of God las weatmembers for life.

ened the Church of Rome, made her trem. It is evident, iberefore, that great exer- ble for her own existence, shu her up frous fions are requisite to meet the present de- making any efforts even to maintain the mands on the Suciety; and that still greater missions she had established, and suffered will be needed to enable the Conimittee to her professed children to alienate to theit enter fully into all the designs which are be. own ambitious schemes the revenues by fore .

which those efforts were supported ; yet, ir In the support of this greut cause Christians the mean while, in the Protestant čburchy are now invited, in the name of their Lord, of the United Empire in particular, a loly to unite with those who are endeavouring to žeul 'has been kindled for the salvation of the remove the reproach of uegligence from their heathen. The patient labours of the Soo soántry. The honour of our Divine Master eiety for pronding Christian Knowledge, of demands it at our hands. To us the bread the Sociery for propagating the Gospel, and of life has been liberally deakt: let us learn of the Church of the United Brechiren, begin to impart á portion of that brend to our pe- how to receiée sortewhat of their reward, i pishing neighbour

al the applause and imitation of the Christinn Chiwch, the Committeo wish to press this knowledge

of the Scriptures" has pervaded consideration, That this is the only Society every patt of the Empire, is discovered idea that Clwreh, whicle bus for its exclus Photo debout this tontient itself

, wherever the

con el de member of the Botebtischert wird. An earnest desire to diffuse the

Christian mind is left at liberty to express its bier, was in the chair; and there were prefeelings, and animales both the Western and sent between three and four hundred perEastern World.

sons. The Secretary, the Rev. Josiah Pratt, The field of labour is most ample: the delivered the instructions of the Committee prospects of usefulness are great: and the call to the Missionary and his companions; and on Christians in general, and particularly on the Rev. Henry Budd, Chairman of the members of the Church, is now made with a Committee of Correspondence, addressed confident expectation that it will be felt and them on the subject of their duties and enanswered. Let every man give, as he is able, couragements. Mr. Butscher, who has been to all such institutions as aim with simplicity six years in Africa, has become well acat the same great object. It cannot be ex. quainted with the character of the natives, pected that the consersion of the world will and appears to bave gained the confidence of be effected, but by the simultaneous efforts the chiefs, replied to these addresses in a of various bodies of Christians: yet Chris- spirit of simplicity and prudent but detertians may be allowed to support, and in mined zeal, which greatly impressed the Cruth ibey ought to support, most strenuous- meeting. Two settlements have been formed ly, the efforts of that body to which they on the Rio Pongas; and a third, named have, of deliberate choice and settled con- Gambier, after the Noble President of the viction, allached themselves.

Society, is abuut to be formed on the Rio Sermons, preparatory to the formation of Dembia. Mr. Butscher takes out with him 'Church Missionary Associations, are recome three laymen, who, it is loped, will contri'mended as the most etrectual metliod of bute to the success of tke mission by adawakening we attention of a lown, parish, vancing the civilization of the natives through or congregation, and of interesting the seel- the exercise among them of various useful ings of the members of the Church on this arts, with which they are acquainted. subject. And wherever a desire may be The meeting was addressed by the SecreSelt of forming parochial or other associ- tary, the Rev. H. Budd, the Rev. D. Wilson, ations, in conformity with the plan of which the Rev. Dr. Smith, and the Rey. J. W. we have given merely an abstract, the Se- Cunninghams and much interest appeared cretary of the Society will furnish any further to be excited by the prospects opening be'information, and will supply such papers as fore the Society. Seven Lutheran ministers, may be required.

five Jay sellers, six English students, eight Donations and subscriptions will be re. wives of wissiouaries and settlers, and about ceived by the Treasurer, H. Thornton, Esq. 120 African children, are dependent, as has MI.P. Bartholomew Lane; by the Secretary, been already observed, on the Society. The Rev. J. Pratt, Doughty Street; by the De- income pf the Society fell short of its exputy Secretary, Mr.T. Smith, No. 19, Little penditure, last year, by the sum of 600l,, Moorfields; by the Booksellers, Mr. L. B. and being wholly inadequate to the exesSeeley, 169, Fleel Street, and Mr. J. Hat- tions which are now waking, the Noble Prechard, Piccadilly; and by Messss. Down, sident added liberally to his former ample Thornton, Free, und Down, Bartholomew contributions to the funds; and, as many Lane; Hoares, Fleet Street; and Ransom, persons present have regretted that they Morland, and Co. Pall Mall.

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were not invited at the meeting to follow

his lordship's example, it is hoped that they, On Blonday the 12th instant, a special and others, will fulfil their kind intentions, General Meeting of the Society for Missions by sending their contributions or subscrip10 Africa and the East, was held at the New Lions to one or other of the places mentioned London Tavern, Cheapside, for the purpose above.

of addressing and disinissing to their labours It was likewise announced, that the “ Plan the Rev. Leopold Butscher, oue of the So- of Church Missionary Associations," of which ciety's missionaries, on his rewrn to Africa, some account has been given, was about to accompanied by eight other persons, in order be extensively acted upon; and that Asso 20 strengthen and extend the Society's mis- ciations were about to be formed at Bristol, sions on the western coast of that cominent, and in various other parts of the kingdom.' the President, ibe Right Hou. Lord Gans

I

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

SPAIN.

WAR IN THE NORTH. Tải Marquis of Wellington, after taking On the 7th of September a general battle possession of Madrid and establishing the took place at a village called Borodino, on Buthority of the Cortez in that capital, the road from Smolensk tó Moscow, between deemed it expedient to return northward, in the armies of Russia and France. The conorder to prevent the remains of Marmont's Alict was of the most furious and sanguinary army from again assuming an offensive atti description; and it seems probable, from a tude, either in consequence of the renewal of comparison of the somewhat contradictory its equipments, or of the arrival of reinforce- reports which have been received from both ments from France. Leaving a great part the combatants, that the loss in killed and of his own army, therefore, at Madrid and

wounded on
each side

did

not fall mucha its neiglıbourhood, he proceeded to take the short of 40,000 men. The fury of the con. command of a body of troops which he had test, and the carnage which attended it

, are ordered to be collected at Arevalo; and ad- said to have exceeded even the experience yancing thence in pursuit of the enemy, on of Prussian Eylau. The Russians appear to the 6th of September he took pussession of have remained masters of the bloody field, Valladolid, which the French had just aban- but they did not find themselves in a condidoned. He continued to follow them till tion to maintain it beyond a day or tro, or the 17th, when he drove them to the heights to act offensively against the French. Prince close to Burgos. They retired through that Kutusoff

, who commanded on the occasion, town during the night, and took pp a posi- deemed it expedient éven to abandon the tion about ten leagues to the northward of defence of Moscow, whịch city the French H; the main body of their army afterwards entered on 14th September. Considerable yetiring to Miranda on the Ebro. The castle resistance appears to have been made by at Burgos had been very strongly fortified, the armed inhabitants, probably more with and a garrison was left in it of 2500 men.

the view of giving time for the completion Lord Wellington, deeming its capture essen- of the catastrophe which was to lay Moscow zinl, immediately commenced the siege of in the dust, than in the hope of effectually this fortress. On the 19th he carried by as- arresting the progress of the French. Pains sault the horn-work constructed on the hill are said to have been taken to remove from of St. Michael, which has a considerable the city all the stores and other valuables command over some of the works of the which could be conveyed away; and few castle. This operation cost the allies no inhabitants were allowed to remain in it ex. less than 400 men in killed and wounded. cept those who could be employed in its de An unsuccessful attempt to storm the ex- fence. No sooner was it ascertaived that terior lines of the castle, on the 22d, cost the French would certainly gain possession them & farther loss, in killed and wounded, of this ancient capital of all the Rossias, of 380 men. These lines, however, have than the flames began to ascend in every since been carried, though with an additional direction, and this immense city was involvJoss of 230 killed and wounded. Some ed in one general conflagration. The Kremspirited sallies have since been made by the lin, a large castle surrounded by a high wall

, garrison, which have retarded the siege ; but appears to have been strangely saved amidst no doubt was entertained of the speedy fall the surrounding fames. Bonaparte

, who is of the castle.

evidently anxious to have it understood ther General Hin was at Toledo on the 23d of at least a sufficient number of houses to lodge September. Soult at that time had quitted his troops, and a suficient quantity of stores Granada, with the view of effecting a junction and provisions for their comfort and subo with Suchet in Valencia. He was followed hy sistence, have been rescued from the general the army of Ballasteros. General Maitland destruction, thus describes the scene semained at Alicante, where he was making « Five-sixths of the houses swere built of every effort to strengthen his position. Gen. wood; the fire sprend with a prodigious tá Elio, who had succeeded to the command of pidity; it was an ocean of fame: churches

, the aring formerly under O'Donnel, had taken of which there were 1600; above 1000 pa. Consuegra, o place about twenty feagues laces ; immense magazines; nearly all have poath of Toledo, by capitulation

fallen a prey to the faines. The fires suh.

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sided on the 19th and 20th: three quarters the whole, as far at least as the issue of the
of the city are burned; not above a quarter war is in question, been beneficial. Bonaparta
of the houses remaio.” This account is in- has indeed possessed himself of the ground
deed tremendous; and the more so as it comes on which stood what once was Moscow; but
from the mouth of the very man who has we doubt whether, in its present state, it will
gone forth commissioned to destrog, and as it even afford him shelter for his troops from
marks by its lone his familiariiy with the the inclemency of a Russian winter. By
work of destruction. We may applaud the his own admission he has failed to find there
unbending spirit of the people which the supplies on which he had calculated,
thus involved their own large arid magnific and which, in his address to his soldiers be-
cent capital in filanres; but cau we help de- fore the battle of Borodino, he declared to be
ploring the fatal necessity which suggested, necessary to them. His words were, “ Vic-
and perhaps justified, so desperate an expe. wory is necessary to us; it will give us plenıy.
dieni? We may deduce from it ground of good quarters for the winter, and a speedy
consolation and hope with respect to the return to your country." He has been evid
'issue of this mighty conflict; but can we denty disappointed in the two first of these
hide from our view the intermediate misery objects; and the accounts which have last
which must accompany such sweeping de reuched us from Russia, afford some ground
solations. Let us endeavour to realise the to doubt the accomplishment of the last.
scene which Moscow must have exhibited While Bonaparte was occupied in taking
on this occasion. Let us suppose the ne- possession of Moscow, the main Russian
cessity suddenly to arise for applying the ariny, under Kutusoff, took op a position
lighted torch 10 every quarter of the im- about four or five leagues south of Moscow.
mense city which now ills oor view, and Another large army was posted about the
Quads the earth for many a mile; and that same distance to the north of that city; and
after three days it cvald be said of that city, the advanced parties of both tliese armies
as of Moscow, in the emphatic language of continued so effectually to scour and com-
the French Emperor" London is 110 more." mand the intermediate circuit of the city,
Let us imagine to ourselves, if we can, the that the French had not, down to the 28th
multitudinous and complicated forms of of September, ventured above a few miles itt
wretchedness which those three days must any direction. Whatever French parties
have produced. Let us summon before us had been net, had been driven in, or cut in
the decrepitude of age and the helplessness pieces. Several Freuch detachments, and
of infancy; the wild agonies of parental ap- convoys of ordnance and ordnance stores,
prehension; the langour of disease; the throes and other supplies for the army, had been
of labour prematurely hastened in a thou- taken on the Smolensko road, and in
'sand instances, and arresting the fugitive in other quarters. On the Dwina, Count
the very midst of Aume; to say nothing of the Wittgenstein had been successful in seve-
universal terror and consternation, hungerral rencounters ; and an expeditiou from
and thirst, cold acd nakedness, fatigue and Riga had taken possession of Mittau on the
depression, which would be experienced at the 30th of September. A powerful Russian
time, and of the innumerable changes from force is stated, by Lord Cathcart, to be as-
affluence to beggary, which, on the most fa. sembling to the westward, of which the late
yourable supposition, must follow such an Moldavian army will form a part. The dif-
event; and the mind can hardly feign to it- ferent Russian armies have also been rein-
self a tale of greater horrors. Such a tale, forced, and the Emperor is said to have or-
kowever, is no more than the history of dered a farther levy of 400,000 men. Every
what Moscow has within the last six weeks offer on the part of Bonaparte to negotiate
been fated to feel ; Moscow, which seemed has been rejected ; and the zeal of all
to bave been far removed from the possible ranks in the cause of their country is said
approach of such a calamity; and which a to have been heightened as the danger has
few years since we should have thought still increased.
less likely to be visited with it than London If we may receive this statement as cor-
Stselt

. Let us be grateful for our past im- rect in its full exteat, and there seems no munity from such appalling visitations; but reason to question its correcloess, the prolet us at the same time contemplate their spect is certainly far from discuuraging, possibility, and study by penitence and especially as Bonaparte will find, in no long prayer to avert their infiction.

time, a new and ontsled enemy to contend But what has been the effect of this dreado with, in the severity of a Russian winter, fal sacrifice! The effect, we trust, has on which, independendy of all its many disad

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vantages, must render the provisioning or shall terminate, the disgrace they have sus reinforcing * of his army in its present situa- tained by the capture of General Hull. But uon almost impossible. We wait with some this we apprehend to be almost impossible, auxiety the events which the next two in the present state of the American army months are likely to develope.

and its equipments'; so that we may regard The much-talked-of Swedish expedition Canada as secure for some time to come. has not yet been put iu motion, and proba. In the mean time, we trust that the Anseri. bly will not till the spring returns. Peace has can Government will be induced to listen to been proclaimed between Great Britain and reasonable terms of accommodation ; so that Sweden.

before the return of spring, the necessity for

any farther hostile movements may be obUNITED STATES OF AMERICA. viaied. The difficulties which they expe.

The campaign of the American army, rience in carrying on the war; and its unpa under General Hull, in Upper Canada, las pularity in that part of the Union, the coclosed as nugix liave been expected from operation of which would be the most es

. the nature of its carly movements. On the sential to its successful prosecution, we mean 16th of August, the whole of it, amounting to the northern States, we hope may come in 2500 men, surrendered as prisoners of war aid of other and still more powerful reasuns to a force consisting of a few British regu- for an adjustment of the existing differences Jars, a body of Canadian militia, and some between the two countries. At the same Indian allies, the aggregate of which did not time we must confess, that we can perceive amount to more than 1500 wen, supported, no symptom of any such peaceful disposition however, by a sınall naval force. Fort De: in the present government of the United troit surrendered at the same time, with Stales; 80 that, unless the approaching electwenty-five pieces of ordnance. This ser- tion shall produce a change of tl:e president, vice was achieved, with hardly any loss, we fear that probabilities are against an acchiefly by means of the judicious disposition commodation. of the British force, which was so posted as In the northern States, the general senti

. to cut off the enemy's supplies, and to re. ment appears 10 run very strongly against duce him to the necessity of surrendering the policy of the war, and some energetic almost without firing a gun. The satisfac- remonstrances on the subject have becn adtion arising from this bloodless victory was dressed to the government. The New greatly daruped by intelligence, which was England States have refused to obey an order, received on the same day, of the capture of requiring their militia to march beyoud the one of our frigates, the Guerriere, Capt. liinits of their respective territories; and Dacres, by the American frigate Constilu- they justify this refusal by a reference to tion, Capt. Hull. The superiority of the the fundamental laws of the Union. They laller, boib in men and metal, was very con- deprecate the war especially as leading 10 biderable ; but still the contest might have French alliance; and some of them havo terminated very differently, had not the eren gone so far as to declare, that they will Guerriere's mizen-mast been shot away in have no participation whatever in measures an early stage of it, which rendered the res. which tend to unite their counsels with those sel unmanageable. The other two masis of Bonaparte, or to link their fortunes with afterwards went over the side; and the those of the military despotisna of France ; Guerriere was so mere a wreck when she and that, under whatever pretended character sorrendered, that the captors, unable to the troops of that nation may approach their farry her into port, set tire 10 per,

shores, they will receive them as enemies. These are the only warlike occurrences We are happy to find that Sir John Borwhich deserve to be mentioned, excepting lase Warren, who is appointed to the naval that the American privateers have been very command on the American station, is armed active, and also successful, in their depre- with full powers to treat with the American dations on our commerce. The Americans Government for the restoration of peace. Talk of renewing the invasion of Canada We are glad of this, as marking the anxiety with an army of 50,000 men, and wiping of our Government to neglect 10 means in out, even before the present season of action their power for putting a period to the cala

At the same time we ouglt A new conscription has been ordered'in to bear in mind, that concession may be care France of 140,000 nien, to be taken from ried too far, particularly' as we have to deal anjong the men born between the 1st Jany

maties of war.

with a government, which, instead of duly ary and 31st December 1793.

estimating the motives to concession, appeas,

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