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restoreth my soul; he leadetli me will be convinced that no external in the paths of righteousness, for his good can constitute the proper bapname's sake. Yea, though I walk piness of a being such as man. through the valley of the shadow of Born' for immortality, and endowed death, I will' fear no evil : for thou with an intellectual and moral naart with me, thy rod and thy staff ture, his true felicity must certainly comfort me. Thou preparest a table be sought in those things which are before me in the presence of mine permanent as himself; in whatever enemies: thou anointest my head' may furnish a fit' and noble employ. with oil: my cup runneth over. ment for his faculties, or awaken his Surely goodness and mercy shall feelings to emotions of generosity follow me all the days of my life, and affection. Thanks be to God, and I will dwell in the house of the this world, with all its imperfections, Lord for ever." What cheerfulness, supplies abundantly occasions for what courage, what peace, what both. But God'is himself the highholy gratitude and heavenly piety est object to which the soul in all its breathe through this noble compo- powers can be directed. None ever sition! These are the rewards of trusted in him, without increasing placing our confidence in God; and, in spiritual strength. None ever however our timid hearts and waver- trusted in him, without discovering ing intellects may deceive us, these more and more of the plans of his are the true and everlasting sources providence, and of the depth of his of happiness. These are the riches unsearchable wisdom. None erer with which no stranger intermed. trusted in him, without tasting largedles. “ The kingdom of heaven is ly of his bounty. To trust in God, within you." In this land of sha- in its more advanced state, is to have dows visible things are continually the image of his perfections ever pressing upon the senses, and a care- before

us; to live in his continual jess unreflecting world pays them a presence, encircled, as it were, by ready homage. We admire wealth; the visible forms of his majesty and we value highly the estimation of goodness. What words can adeour neighbours; we are vain of be- quately pourtray the dignity of such reditary honours; we pant for politi- a condition; the tranquillity it com. cal renown. Poverty and unimpor: municates, the courage it inspires

, tance in society are dreaded, as the the joy, and gratitude, and holy aflast of evil's.' We are frightened fections it breathes through the with phantoms, and grasp at bau. soul! " Oh taste and see how grables. But, whoever will set himself cious the Lord is; blessed are all to read the word of God diligently, they that put their trust in him.” and with honesty and courage contemplate the real nature of things,




To the Editor of the ChristianObserver. ceedings from the suspicion of fee

bleness and disorder. Assuming Far, very far, be it from me, or from the credit of this 'motive in the preany enlightened member of the Es. sent address, I cannot dissemble the tablished Church, to blame the con- mortification and regret which, in duct of her governors, from any less common with numbers of the clergy honourable motive than that of at- and laity, I have undergone, in obtempting to rescue their future pro- serving the fallen character of the


occasional state prayers and thanks. ercises as are elaborated by boys givings.

eminent for poising words, without These formularies, according to disturbing themselves about their the official notices in the Gazette, are compiled by the aggregate wis- Scarcely had the lovers of eccledom of the Archbishops and Bishops siastical order congratulated each of the United Church of England other on the supposed condescenand Ireland,; and certainly ought to sion and prudence of their superibe so constructed as, at least, not to ors, than they were compelled to disgrace the most dignified Protest- witness a second effort to lower the aat hierarchy in the world, by such reputation of our liturgical estasentiment or phraseology as might blishment. You will anticipate my appear to justify the reproaches of allusion to the forei lately issued, rival establishments, and to confirm respecting the success of the British the antipathy of unbelievers and se- arms in Spain. Whether you will paratists.

perpetuate this act of state devotion, From whatever cause, the by transferring it from the enclosed prayer for the recovery of his loose sheet to your own work, is Majesty has been altered. The left to your discretion. I recomvariation of the original form was mend its insertion myself. We have determined upon, as

some imaall so far an interest in the preservagined, tron.the circumstance of its tion of this document, as to save it being inexpedient to refer to the from oblivion; if for no other cause, death of ihe Princess Amelia, be. yet for this, that should a brighter yond a definite period of mourning. period dawn upon the present eccleThis satisfactorily accounts for the siastical gloom, we may, with emoalteration, as far as the departure tions of sober triumph, compare the of her Royal Highness was connect- sublimity, the fervour, and the ed with the prayer: but the omis- unction of future acts of public supsion of a passage in the same form, plication and gratitude, with the dewhich was generally censured as an pressed character, the frigidity, and ill-timed example of sentimental ihe earthliness which have too evivulgarity *, awake a suspicion, that dently marked our recent formulathe correction had taken place with ries. a view to quiet the murmurs. of those The state thanksgiving for the who had reminded the Consistory of victory of Salamanca,, follows: the oversight they bad committed, “ Gracious God, accept we imin exposing -and in these days of plore Thee the praises and thanksvigilant hostility !-public acts of givings of a grateful nation, for the the church to the triumphant con- successes Thou bast repeatedly tempt of her opponenis. The emen

vouchsafed to the allied army, in dation, however, was far froin ren- Portugal and Spain, and especially dering the prayer invulnerable; for for the signal victory recently obto this hour, the feelings of many

tained in the neighbourbood of Saconsiderate and devout clergy men lamanca. are certainly not elevated by re

“ Thine O God is the greatness, peating, “ Let not our prayers as

and the power, and the victory, and sume the language of complaint, the majesty: without Thee, there is nor our sorrows the character of de- neither success in the wisdom, nor spair; -a sentence built of mate- strength in the courage of man: the rials to be found in such school ex- skill of the captain, and the obedi.

ence of the soldier, are thine. « For which our hearts bleed;" or

“ Direct our hearts O God! so to something in the same style. I have no exult in victory, that we forget not copy of the prayer.

whence it cometh; so to use it, that

we provoke not Thy heavy displea- fice and Admiralty. Most vnsure against us.

fortunately, the majority of English “ Continue we pray Thee, Thy fa- readers connect the name of Salavor and protection to our captains, manca with the popular hero of Le and soldiers, and allies. Unite their Sage ; and not a few of them have counsels, and prosper their enter- an inconvenient recollection of an prises for the general good. And epitaph constructed under the pleof Thy great mercy o God! open nary influence of the art of sinkthe eyes of our blinded and infatu- ing:ated enemies; that they may see and understand the wickedness they Lieutenant-colonel to the Earl of Mar.

And thou, Dalhousie, the great god of war, are working. Touch them with the spirit of remorse; awaken their jus- If names must be introduced at all, tice; and correct their inordinate and particularly if they are meant ambition : so that at Thy appointed to invigorate and point a period, it time, and under Thy good provi- is advisable to select such as may dence, the miseries of war may not enfeeble what already totters; cease, and destructions be brought por impose a new burden upon that to a perpetual end:

which is in danger of descending by These prayers and thanksgiv. its own gravity. ings we humbly submit to Thy Di- The fourth paragraph in this form vine Majesty, in the name and has been a cause of unpleasantness through the mediation of our Lord to many thinking persons, by its and Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen." redundant vituperation of the

In the introductory paragraph of French government. Our enemies this address, it is impossible to for- are blinded; infatuated; working get, or to censure, a canon enforced wickedness; inordinately ambitious; by all the masters of eloquence, no spirit of remorse ; no justice. even by such among those masters The question is not, whether this as are mere repeaters of technical accumulated guilt be righteously rules, mere men of nouns and par- chargeable upon Bonaparte, his ticiples,-namely, that if you wish agents, and partisans ; båt whether to impress, have a care of descend- we have a right to be abusive in ing from imposing generalities, into prayer. There is, doubtless, a the deeps, and lowest deeps, of mi- strong temptation, in drawing up nuteness, and common-life detail. public acts of devotion, to express What accession of devotional feel. public feelings; and in the circum. ing, or of high-toned sentiment, stances of Europe, the sublime and could be gathered from the geogra- celestial virtues of forbearance, and phical items in this passage, is not compassion, and charity, have in. very obvious; especially when no deed had a fall and long-continued member of the united church could opportunity of having their perfect suspect that any other allied army work; and of exhibiting the tricould be meant than the confede- umph of Christianity over every rates in the Peninsula ; nor could feeling of resentment and vengebe thankful for any recent victory ance. It is difficult to clear this except the one achieved by Lord paragraph from the imputation of Wellington. But, oh the climax! personal enmity. “in the neighbourhood of Salaman- As to the phrase, "awaken their ca!” If ninuteness in state forms of justice, it is surely unusual at best. prayer be supposed to invest them To compel so learned a body as the with an air of imperial dignity, fu- English and Irish clergy to submit ture compilers may readily gather themselves, pot merely to question, materials for devotion, in the dis- able divinity, but to questionable patches forwarded to the War-Of, phrascology, is an act of severity which may amuse those who exert teach us to appreciate. For some their power with more caprice than time, his productions were laid wisdom; but cannot strengthen aside as improper; and other forms, their credit, nor conciliate their ad- constructed with sobriety and moversaries.

deration, proposed to be adopted. There is in every human esta- But on Sancroft's succession to the blishmeat a tendency to stagnation; primacy, he revived the energy of except where inactivity is succeed- Ego ei' Rer meus, and contrived to ed by immediate loss; as, for ex- introduce his own performances ample, in the case of commercial under the royal authority. They corporations; and even here the were accordingly inserted in the tendency exists, if the members Prayer-book, as we now find them. composing these bodies are so nu. After the Savoy conference, as Burmerous as to permit the feeling of net relates, a collect was also individual interest and responsibi- drawn up for the Parliament, in lity to lose itself in the mass, when- which a new epithet was added to ever an agent finds it convenient to the king's title, that gave great of. screen his own delinquency, by fence, and occasioned much indecharging a private error or fraud cent' raillery: he was styled our upon the general inadvertence. The most religious king. It was not effects of this stagnating principle easy to give a proper sense to are as visible in a national church, this, and to make it go well down; as in an establishment purely secu- since, whatever the signification of lar; and the progress of its opera- religious might be in the Latin tion in the church of England, is word, as importing the sacredness very discernible in our ecclesiastic of the king's person, yet in the Enge cal history, from the Reformation to lish language it bore a signification the early part of the eighteenth cen that was in no way applicable to tury. A progress precisely similar the king. And those who took might have been traced, had the great liberties with hiin, have often discipline of the church been pres. asked him, what must all his people byterian, or whatever had been the think, when they heard him praymodel, and not because it was ado ed for as their most religious king” justed by episcopalians; because, O:vn Times, 1661.-Would Cranthe existence of the stagnating prin- mer, and Ridley, and Jewell, all ciple depends upon no form of high prerogative men, as is evident government, but simply and solely from the Homilies on Rebellion, bave on the natural tendency of men, as created a world of causeless mismen, to become indolent from secu- like and irritation, for the sake of rity. I refer to this declension in a single epithet; which even the our church, in order to observe, good sense and easy nature of that when, at the Restoration, the Charles the Second would first have two forms of public devotion for the laughed at, and then have discardMartyrdom of Charles the First, and ed from the liturgy! But while the for the Return of the Second Charles, religious sensibility of that mowere drawn up by the then hierar- narch’s prelates was sufficiently stag, chy, a truly humiliating difference nant, they were wide awake, and was discernible between the ancient all in motion, when the debates of liturgy as generally compiled by the times touched the prerogative. the Reformers, and these two ap- Their error was so far escusable, pendages. When the Jews saw as being in the usual course of the second temple, they wept! The human things, the effervescence of offices in question were, in fact, minds fresh with the feelings of drawn up by Sancroft; a prelate, injury, and intoxicated with a rewhose character these performances cent and finished victory. We are

relieved from the unpleasant emo- mighty dead will in yain disturb our
tions awakened by the considera slumbers. Venit summa dies!
tion of their almost insolent exul- It is unfair to complain that the
tations, by recollecting that the me. formularies of these days are unequal
dals which commemorale Elizabeth's to the Liturgy*; but it is certainly
annihilation of the Spanish Armada kind to ourselves to retain so much
bear simply the devout inscription, at least of the vigilance of our an-
Affavit, el dissipantur !* And who cestors, as to preserve what they
has forgotten the first sentence of have bequeathed to us by endea-
Lord Nelson's dispatch after thevouring to sbew some reverence for
battle of the Nile," Almighty God their compositions; in our desire to
has blessed his Majesty's arms with imitate (not to rival) what is pro-
a great victory;"—and then this glo- perly capable of being imitated.
rious man modestly tells the tale of Their use of scriptural language;
the action, without any allusion to their adaptation of secular terms to
the unskilfulness or cowardire of a devout purpose without secular.
the enemy; and preferring no me- izing the idea; their carefulness in
ritorious claim of his own. I cer- purifying supplications to God from
tainly shall not plead, that our ad- mere human passion ;' their consci.
mirals may for the future compose ousness of being themselves sinners,
the state prayers; but the com- and needing all the compassion and
manders of our clerical forces may pardon which they implore for their
befriend us all, by remembering the enemies; their pious address in mak-
Jast telegraphic dispatch before the ing the mention of worldly affairs sub-
battle of Trafalgar, England expects serve petitions for the advancement
every man to do his duty.

of jhe kingdom of God ;--all these It ought not to be expected that are points of excellence, where we the United Church, or any other com- may safely copy, without presuming munion, should sustaio, onimpaired, to arrogate to ourselves any thing the high character of an age so pe- beyond a wish to follow a bright culiar as that of the Reformation. example. If we dare pot expect to There seem to bè æras in the his- equal our devout forefathers in the tory of mankind, when considerable speed of their progress, we ought bodies of men have acted with the unquestionably to pursue its track; concentrated purpose and effect of for the end of it is peace. Our state an individual. To create, however, devotion might surely be characterthis extraordinary energy, nothing ized by negative excellence; even short of a revolution in religious or if a more exalted quality were perpolitical sentiments is adequate; and fectly unattainable. It would be when the ferment subside's, and the better to acquiesce, than to be reconcession of the weaker party re- pelled. We 'sometimes bear with teases their opponents from anxiety cheerfulness where we wish for imand immediate exertion, then the provement, without any sanguine conqueror gradually falls asleep. hope of obtaining it; but what we

thus endure should surely be fairly Tempus erat, quo prima quies ixortalibus

tolerable. ægris Incipit, et dono divûm gratissima serpit.

Political as well as religious opi.

pions are connected with this subBut if the Greeks, after a feigned retreat, attack the imperial city, at

• His present Majesty bore a little too midnight, with a concentrated force, bard upon the successors of Cranmer, when or steal in through the gates opened he remarked to Dr. Beattie, “ Observe how by treachery, or left unguarded by Aat those occasional prayers are, that are now false security, the shades of the composed, in comparison with the old oues !"

Dr. Beattie's interview with their Majesties See also a State Prayer of that day, is inserted in your volume fur 1807, pp. 513 vol, for 1607, p 4.


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