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we contemplate the Deity, the most content to pay his homage to Surya, daring flight of imagination, the ut. or Ganga, or Mariataly, or some most comprehension of thought, in- other of the numberless spiritual stead of fathoming that mysterious agents who preside over the cbjects and ineffable idea, are themselves of nature and classes of society, with lost in the survey of the unexhaust- limited powers and local jurisdiced and inexhaustible riches that tions. The like tendency of human spread and multiply around them. nature to retire from the contemplaTo the dignity of such a subject, no tion of a Being too great to be upcreated being can possibly do jus- derstood by the careless, and 100 extice. He is first, and last, and midst; cellent to be loved by the sinful, has “that is, and that was, and that is to been manifest during many periods come.” He formed all things hy his of the popish superstition, and reword; he sustains and permeates mains still visible in some dark corthe whole creation. Nothing is too ners of its dominions. The whole vast for the controul of his domi- host of canonised saints and martyrs nion; nothing too little for the vigi- owe their idolatrous pre-eminence Jance of his inspection. Let us en. to the same principle wbich planted deavour to conceive whatever is su- Minerva at Syracuse, Diana at Ephepreme in power, comprehensive in sus, and Jupiter in the Capitol. wisdom, perfect in purity, and en- Their jurisdiction too, like the deities chanting in goodness, and we shall of old, extends only over a limited present to ourselves, not indeed a class of worshippers. Santa Rosalia living picture of the Deity (for how is in high honour at Palermo ; but could we support its lustre!), but a Santa Maria would be justly jealous, faint and shaded image of him, such if she clained any authority at Traas our mortal vision may bear to pani. 'The patron saint of Catania contemplate. “ Lord, what is man, bas often arrested the fiery streams that thou art mindful of bim; or the which burst from the sides of Æ!na, son of man, that thou regardest him!” but she works no miracles al Syra

It is worthy of remark, and per- cuse. haps no mean argument of the I cannot help observing, also, that truth of revelation, that, of all the those bolder geniuses, who of late varied systems of religion which ytars have rejected Christianity as have prevailed in the world, the a dispensation unworthy of the wisJewish and Christian is that which don) and equity of God, have by no bas alone presented the one supreme means done credit to their own, more God, as the proper and direct object rational and simple, scheme of reliof worship, with any distinctness to gion, by sublimer delineations of the the minds of its volaries. Paganism character of the Almighty, or the peopled every vale and mountain, expression of a profounder reverence every stream and forest, the air, the towards him. Mr. Hume's language, earth, and the ocean, with tutelary in those parts of his Essays where he intelligences; but the great First touches on the attributes of God, is Cause was unknown to the creeds of very highly presumptuous; and his popular superstition, and was sought private correspondence was profane. only in the schools of the philoso- Voltaire, a sincere Theist, in one of phers. In the Indian mythology his lighter works, speaks of the moral (which indeed was the same in its government of the Deity in terms of origin), a like peculiarity is observe the most in solent and offensive leable. The Supreme Being is never vity. And so little tendency had presented to the vulgar eye. Some his speculations to produce an inmore thoughtful disciple of Vyasa, creased veneration towards the Auin the shades of Benares, may in. thor of all things, that neither his quire into his nature, and adore hiin reproaches nor his authority were in secret; but the poor Hindoo is sufficient to prevent some of the most illustrious of his pupils from push- I know which is the most sublime ing his principles to the direct dis, and most consoling, avowal of a First Cause. Both Dide, God invites us to put our trust in rot and Condorcet were atheists. him. And is he not trustworthy ? The former, in one of his letters, The ordinary blessings of life are says; Ce pauvre Voltaire radote apt to escape our notice; but our un peu. Il avouait l'autre jour qu'il heavenly Father undoubtedly in croyait à l'etre du Dieu.” D’Alem- tended ibem as assurances of bis unberi laboured pretty generally under failing providence. We can imathe same imputationbut La Harpe gine, indeed, a state of existence, of says in his letters, that he had fre- such a nature, that the whole series quently heard him (D'Alembert) of circumstances and events should say, " que la probabilité etait pour appear to be the mechanical results le Theisme." 'La probabilité!--and of some one original impulse. Or is this all that a man possessed of so we may suppose a world so constifine and profound a genius could tuted, that every thing should be discover of that August Being to manifestly directed by man, as the whose bounty he owed the enjoy- efficient agent; in which his activity ment of all his distinguished facul- and foresight would be the fipal ties?

causes of all visible things. Under Oh, star-eyed Science! hast thou wandered such economies, it might perhaps be there,

pardonable for us to think of the To waft us home the lesson of despair ?

Deity (1:ke the old Epicureans) as

the spectator, rather than as the go. It is impossible not to be struck at vernor of the universe ; lo acknow, the vast superiority which the sim. ledge his general authority, without plest among the faithful followers of much regarding his providence. But Christ possesses, upon these subjects, these are the dreams of fancy, not over the great masters of inodern the realities of nature. The world wisdom. The utinost that D'Alem- in which we live is so constituted, bert could discover, or wouid con- that every thing seems to proclaim sent, to believe, was, that the pre- aloud the perpetual presence of the sumption is in favour of the exist. Almighty. The free agency of man ence of a Deity. The true « hus. (that is, his real, and not merely netian, however little enlightened by cessary or nominal agency), though secular science, has learned not only, a marter of instinctive and inde. to cloibe the idea of God with every structible belief to every one of us, attribute of intellectual and moral is, in argument, far more difficult of greatness, but he even presumes proof than the constant and efficient without fear to draw down and ap. providence of God. There is not a propriate, as it were, to himself, the single phenomenon of thought or blessed object of his homage; to be. perception, respecting which, when Jieve, that He who fills the universe, correctly analysed, we are not com. with his majesty disdains not to visit pelled to copless, that we can render the abode of the meanest of his ser- no account of it, except, that such vants, to watch over him with pa- is the will of our Creator. The hiss ternal affection and solicitude, to tory of all physical science is preListen to all his prayers, 10 regard cisely the same. Gravitation, which his humblest wishes, to be present to has assisted us to explain so many of the most secret sorrows and anxie- the celestial phenomena, is only a ties of his bosom : “ He is about law or tendency, apparent in visible our path, and about our bed, and things, of which we can prove the spieth out all our ways." I will not existence, but have discovered nosay whether the creed of the disci- thing more. The chemical properple of Christ, or the disciple of Vol- ties of bodies are merely appear, iaire, be the most philosophical; but ances, which we may perfectly understand as facts, but which the most ten, or twenty, or thirty millions of skilful examination can only enable beings, not one of whom can support us to resolve into other more general life without a regular supply of appearances ; leaving us, with re. food, retire calmly to rest at night, spect to causation, in the same ob- in a perfect confidence that they scurity. Every science has its ulti- shall find a supply for their wants mate principles, and every ultimate on the following day. Need I add principle brings us at once to God. to these general proofs of the superNor are the lights of philosophy intending care and vigilance of God, at all necessary for the discovery of those personal experiences, which this truth. Like the elements of all of us, I am persuaded, possegs of light and heat, it impresses itself on his particular providence These the feelings of the simple, while it indeed are less fitted for argument speaks to the understandings of the than the public demonstrations of bis learned. It is the language of every agency, but I appeal to all who thing within us and around us. The bave watched the events of their organization of our bodies is so won- lives with any diligence, whether derfully delicate, che ramifications of they have not frequently been of a the vascular and nervous systems are nature to produce upon their own so amazingly fine, and interwoven minds a powerful and reasonable with such intricacy, that it is diffi- conviction, that the Almighty does cult to conceive how we could be not behold them with indifference ; kept alive for a single hour, without that he neither forgets their iniquithe preserving power of our Creator ties por despises their sufferings; but unceasingly exercised upon us. And mingles mercy with judgment, and what is the ordinary course of our vindicates his goodness in both. conduct and experience, but one If, then, we are persuaded (as continued testimony to the watchful surely we must be), that God is both providence of God? We lie down infinite in excellence and highly deupon our beds at the close of day, serving of our confidence, let us conand consign ourselves, without the sider what it is to put our trust in slightest solicitude, to a state of pas- him. The true nature of a thing sive inefficiency for many hours, may generally be best understood by well assured that we shall awake on contemplating its most perfect spe. the ensuing morning with every cimen. Trust in God was exhibited function of life restored and refresh- in its utmost possible perfection, ed. We commit the seed to the when Christ hung upon the cross for earth, in full assurance that, after a He could have called down few weeks, it will spring up in a new legions of angels, but he knew what form, and that “our valleys will stand was the will of his father, and “he thick with corn.” Day by day we committed himself to him who judg. are clothed and fed, though our eth righteousły." His strength and hands have neither wrought in the spirits sank under his sufferings; the loom nor wielded the sickle. It is powers of darkness were triumphant; idle to speak of this as effected by the shades of death gathered fast the mechanism of society ; it is pro- around him; his God had forsaken vided by the economy of God, who him; yet the last accent that faolhas formed us so wonderfully, and tered on his lips avowed his full so regularly operates on the faculties conviction, that ihe arın of the Lord and feelings he has given, that every was not shortened, nor the empire of one is secure of finding the supply righteousness subverted. It is the of his wants in the knowledge and peculiar character of a lively trust in industry of his neighbour. li is dif- God, that “ against hope it believeth ficult to conceive a spectacle more in hope." When all is cheerful striking than that which is exhibited around, and health and friends and every day in a great nation; where fortune unite to shower their boun


ties on us, there is little danger of the faithfulness of your Maker ; to falling into an anxious, desponding renounce the pleasure, to support temper. But health is not always the sullering, from a rational re. firm, friends are not ever present, gard to his will; to "endure, as and fortune is exceedingly fickle. seeing himn who is invisible?" Let Perhaps some little distress first it not be imagined that the seasons overiakes us; vexations and disap- in which this duty is to be exercispointments follow; a diminution of ed recur only at intervals; they are fortune succeeds; sorrows thicken daily and hourly. You are poor, fast upon us; the strong wall, that perhaps, and some sad child of afseemed to fence in our blessings so fliction comes to plead for your securelv, is almost levelled; and ca- compassion : trust in God, and be lamilies roll in, wave after wave, bountiful. You are engaged in till we are ready to perish. How is business, and others, less scrupulous it with us now? Can we still repose than you, are advancing before yqu : on the watchtul providence of God, trust in God, and be just. You are and trust in his mercy). Let us re- so peculiarly situated, that a slight inember, that these are the seasons prevarication or improper concealin which the character is to be ment would greatly favour your instrengthened, and the sincerity of terests, and enable you to prevent our professions established. Can we serious uneasiness to yourself or say that we love God, when the others : Trust in God, and be sioflame of our affection is ready to cere. Whoever will honestly alexpire with the first gust of misfor- tend to all the various occasions in tune ? Do we prelend that we put which he is called upon to testify our whole trust in him, and yet de. bis confidence in God by acting in spair of his mercy, and almost deny contradiction to present appearances, his providence, though notbing in will assuredly discover that this the whole world is altered but our principle, though its ulmost enercondition? It is alike the office of gies are developed only under the reason and of faith to correct the pressure of great calamities, commu. delusions of our senses, to place nicates its influence to the minutest things before us in their true pro- concerns; insinuating itself insensiportions, and prevent our being de- bly, where the Christian character ceived by mere appearances.

A is matured, into the whole system of firm trust in the wisdom and bene- life; and, like the element we breathe, ficence of God is at once the evi- imparting purity and vigour wherdence and exercise of both. ever it prevails, though itself, per

But the duty of trusting in God is haps, unseen by those whom it renot limited to ihe seasons of distress. freshes. Then, indeed, it is the most severe- It is natural, for those whose hearts ly tried; and in proportion to the are deeply penetrated with a sense severity of the trial it is invigorated. of the beneficence of their Maker, to But the general uncertainty of hu- inquire with some solicitude how man concerns requires an internal they may offer to him an acceptable principle of strength that is equally service; what are the actions, what extensive; the constant care and the dispositions, which he will consikindness of our Maker demand the der as more peculiarly consecrated return of an unceasing confidence. to his glory. 'Certainly, among the Trust in God will produce in every many motives which recommend the period, and under all the varied cir. duty of putting our trust in God, the cumstances of life, a seuled prefer- consideration best filted to affect a ence of spiritual things over those grateful and generous spirit is, that which are temporal. Suppose any it is a homage peculiarly pleasing to conceivable temptation: the question his Creator. It may even be said, always is, do you dare to rely upon without presumption, that it is a tri


bute in some measure worthy of parture from his native land, and him. We have confidence in those ihat solemn act of faith by which he we love. We have confidence in offered up his only begotten son. those whom we highly esteem and Such was the cheerful courage of venerate. To trust in God, is to de: Caleb and Joshua, when the body of clare practically (and this is a very the Israelites refused to march into different matter from the mere pro- the land of Canaan. Such was fession), that we believe him to be “the holy enthusiasm of young Dasuch as he really is, all-powerful, of vid," when he fought and slew the unfailing wisdom and faithfulness, champion of the Philistines. Such abundant in mercy and loving kind- was the pious humility of Hezekiah, ness. This is an acknowledgment when he committed to God the which in the nature of things must - protection of his people against the be acceptable. It is a service not overwhelming forces of the Assyriof the lips, but of the heart. It is “ Now these things were writan avowal in the sight of the uni- ten for our example, that we, verse, that “this God is our God.” through patience and comfort of the It is a solemn and effective recogni- Scriptures, might have hope." tion of his authority, and of our en- It seems a sort of injustice to the tire resignation to it. What parent subject, after urging the motives for is not gratified to find, that in the putting our trust in God which hare midst of apparent severity or neg. been last mentioned, to speak of the lect his child has ever placed an en- benefits which will result to our. tire reliance on his affection? Who selves. God, however, who knows does not feel his heart glow with his creatures and desires their hapgratitude towards those who have piness, bas multiplied the induce. loved him in absence and silence, ments to his service, so that no and with perhaps the appearances reasonable or virtuous principle of of alienation on bis pari? When action in the heart of man may be Alexander gave into the hands of left unaddressed. Indeed, the rehis friend and physician the paper wards which he proposes to Chriswhich accused him of perfidy, and tians, are of so spiritual a nature, that in the same instant swallowed the while, contemplated in one aspect, medicine which he was informed they appear fitted to operate upon would be fatal, what words can do that sense of interest and rational den justice to the feelings of both? We sire of happiness which belongs to are not presumptuous in thus trans- every living creature, in another ferring the ideas which are attached character they address the feelings to the most intimate relations in this of the heart in a language of the life to spiritual concerns ; because, most persuasive eloquence. The when God vouchsafed to assume the blessings which Revelation offers are characters under which he has re- ever of a nature to bring us nearer vealed himself to us in holy writ, he to God, the source and consummacertainly intended not merely to in- tion of them att. This great princistruct us in our duties towards him, ple, which breathes through the but to animate and console us by whole of religion, is visible in that the communication of his sentiments portion of it which we are now conand dispositions towards us. And sidering. conformably to these views, we find, I know not, indeed, that any that of the many celebrated actions words can more beautifully describe of holy men which have been haud- the blessedness of trusting in God, ed down to us, none are marked than those of the twenty-third with stronger testimonies of the ap- Psalm; " The Lord is my shepherd, probation of God, than those which I shall not want. He makeih me to indicated a very lively, confidence lie dowa in green pastures; he leadin him. Such was Abraham's de eth me beside the still waters. He Christ. Orsery. No, 130.

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