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were, and reduces them to the mere tious or efforts for amendment in time to dast of the balance, by the eternal come can rescue, I had almost said the hopen weight of glory which it places in the less
, guilless victim :-and that noother scale. But is the best Christian thing but certain tumultuous, irresistible, inexempt from sorrows? Is not his explicable intimations can afford him any
sate aud well-grounded assurance of pardon state represented as a state of trial;
or reward.” pp. 24-26. a race, a warfare, a life of self-denial, taking up his cross, and bringing
The author thinks that every man, his body into subjection? So much “gifted with the feelings of humafor tbe author's accuracy as a divine. nity, would shrink from such a docTrue it is, indeed, that Christianitytrine and discipline.” In this we very is a benevolent system; that, like cordially agree with him; but not so its disciples, whatever house it en- in the declaration which follows, that ters, it says "peace be unto that "for the prevalence of such doctrine, house;"_but, then, the character of and the vindication and praise of her benevolence is not faithfully such discipline, he need only appeal delineated here. The painter has to the observation of those who hear not left her in her naked majesty and him.” If he designed to “ appeal to beauty, but has patched and painted the observation ” of the beau monde her to suit the heathen taste. by whose magic circle he was chiefly
“ But what,” asks the author, “ would this environed, we, who live in London, beathen say, if, after thus far soothing his do assure him, who lives at Shrews. benevolence, and thus far kindling his piety, bury, and therefore can know lirile we were also to tell him that his rational about the matter, that the repose of enjoyment of temporal blessings will ruin our various modish chapelries is his eternal happiness"--" that he may see never molested by this species of the birds exulting in their liberty; the hornet. If he meant his university beasts bounding over the plains, &c.; but audience, our eye has also rested that he (man) alone must grieve for his unworthiness in voluntary and mysterious St. Mary's, and we certainly have
pretty constantly upon the pulpit of gloom; that the senses with which bis heard neither this discipline vindiCreator bas framed him, are but the instruments of Iris ruin in the hand of the tempter,
cated nor these doctrines broached. and that bis desires, which are the watural and If he appeals to the members of the only spurs to action, are to be subdued into univerity who listened with sucha rupine indifference and listless insensibility. profound attention to Dr. Buchanan, Tell himn farther, that wheu he has done and at the Commencement 1810, we willed to do all that man is capable of doing; should expect them to rise up in a when, by a life of mortification and melan. body and challenge his accuser to choly and entire abstraction from all worldly make good bis charges. If, once interest, he has wrought bimself into habitual and invincible apathy; when he has accus
more, he appeals to the hearers of
Mr. Simeon (whose university ser: tomed himself to look with sullen and sour disgust upon the pleasures, and with oureless
mons we have more than once ness, or, it may be, with scorn, upon the em. judged it right to notice), we are ployments, and, as I should call them, the persuaded that the quickest eye at a duties of social life, his labour, ' even in the likeness can discover no resemblance Lord,' may yet have been in vain;' that as here. Besides, the doctrine and disa to him, Christ may in vain have shed his cipline which Dr. Buchanan and blood upon the cross, and that the God, Mr. Simeon are in the habit of vinwhose mercy is over all his works, may dicating, are placed distinctly on have secretly and irrevocably doomed him, record in their own numerous puba even before his birth, to everlasiing perdition, lications. Where, indeed, is the wrifrom which no contemplations, however serious, upon the attributes and works of the ter in the universe, with the excepDeity, no belief, however sincere, in his re
tion of the author, who ever darkened vealed word, no thanksgivings for mercies al paper with such words as these: “no ready received, no prayers for protection and belief however sincere, no thanks succour, no temorse for sins past, vo resolu- giviogs, no prayers, no remorse, no resolutions or efforts for amendment, all events, it will not be denied can rescue, I had almost said (he they hold and preach? Now t has quite said) the hopeless, helpless, supposing them to be (as the au guiltless victim?"
extravagantly enough does sup! Dr. Butler, however, does not guilty of endeavouring to impos leave us in doubt respecting the per. sort of papal and monkish ri sons whom he intended to charac upon the world, might not i terise by this extraordinary de- firm adherence to the grand dis scription. He lets us know distinct- guishing doctrine of the Refor ly that they are “the evangelical tion be fairly set against this proo clergy.” Here, however, we would their papacy? Could Luther observe, that, after the wrong which called from the throne, which Dr. Butler has done to the charac- trust he occupies in heaven, to org ter of our Saviour, we cannot won. nize a church on earth, would der that the tendency of his sermon Jaunch his thunders at the heads should be to vilify and degrade his those who were the champions a servants. " It is enough for the aposeles of his chosen doctrin disciple that he be as his Master, Would he predict the revival and the servant as his Lord. If they popery under their administration have called the Master of the house would be not say—“This, this wa Beelzebub, how much more shall the great and characteristic bless they call them of his household." ing of the Reformation, that me If a man can so mistake our Lord's were again laught to seek thei principles of action, as to represent salvation at the foot of the cross? ihe conduct of Socrates in associate Would not his discovery of thei ing with courtezans as an adum. fidelity to this great article, per bration of that of Christ, we can- suade him to a generous interpreta not wonder that he should find a tion of their sentiments and conduct parallel (for, atter this, no parallel as to other points ? Would it not can be extravagant) between those spread a sort of glory round their “ modern Puritans," as he calls heads, in which the minor defects of chem, “the evangelical clergy," their features would be lost? If so, and the adherents of the Church of Luther and Dr. Butler do not see Rome. In order to assist the parale with the same eyes, or interpret lel, he begins by declaring that the upon the same principle. But we “great and characteristic blessing of must repeat it, it was not to be exthe Reformation, was the removal pected that one who could so entirely of needless and burthensome cere- mistake the character of Christ, monies, of an usurped dominion, &c. should rightly appreciate that of his of authority, &c. &c."
servants. This must be our answer unquestionably owe much to the lo much of what the author has Reformers for the restitution of a written between pages 29 and 35, simple and spiritual form of wor- and in which we scarcely know ship; but do we owe them nothing which to admire most, the general else? Was the emancipation fron boldness of the author's fabrications, absurd ceremonies really the “ chief or the occasional levity and proand characteristic blessing of the faneness of his statements
. We had Reformation ? Did Luther call almost said, that, as respects the this the “ articulus stantis aut ca- clergy called evangelical
, there is dentis ecclesiæ ?" Or was it not the not one word of reality in the whole doctrine of " justification by faith representation ; and if we had said alone,” which he so named; that so, we are not sure that we should very doctrine with which the evan- have had any thing to ratract. We do gelical clergy are sometimes charg- not, however, charge Dr. Butler with ed as their crime, and their “ foul inteutional misrepresentation. We disgrace ;" that, doçuripe which, at can account for his grossest mistakes
without thus usurping the office of his sent day." We ask, in what writown conscience. Such of them as may ings, and in what discourses, are they kot be fairly explained on the prin- to be found? It is true, indeed, that ciple of sheer ignorance of the sub- a few sentences(and to these we sus, ject on which he writes, may, we pect the writer refers),which may lead think, be referred to that defect into a construction of this kind, may be his moral taste, to which we have found in a sermon of Mr. Simeon's, already adverted, as lying at the reviewed by us in our last volume, root of some of his other misrepre- p. 304, where we spoke of it more sentations.
harshly, perbaps, than it deserved. The substance of the several suc- A liberal adversary, (we are sorry ceeding pages may be summed up ever to use this epithet in opposition in tbe imputation, that the evangeli- to that which we think more apcal clergy are even worse than the propriate to Dr. Burter,) upon papists-for whereas the latter“ ap- finding that every other page of Mr. peal to antiquity for the vindication Simeon's writings breathed a conof their creed, the former vindicate trary spirit; that he cultivated literatheirs solely on the score of its ture himself; that he recommended novelty.” The same charge is rei. the pursuit to others;that he displayed lerated in the notes, where a passage in his printed sermons no inconsiderafrom Erasmus is extracted, which we ble share of learning; would have suspect did not merely suggest itseif referred these few sentences, at the in defence of the allegation, but sug- worst, to some unguarded moment; gested the very allegation itself. or, which would be the candid Now of this charge, as of much that course, have interpreted them by precedes it, we are compelled to say, the peculiar circumstances of the aue that it is wholly unfounded; and we dienoe which he addressed. When here publicly defy the author to a large body of men are occupied in produce a single passage from the one pursuit, they are likely to be works of the clergy he calumniates absorbed by it; therefore, in every to maintain it. If he cannot do this, university, it may be conceived, ihat ought he not either to retract his in the pursuit of learning every charge, or to be content that some other object will be apt to be fora men sbould have so little charity gotten. Above all, religion, which, for bim as to accuse him of wilfully from our natural corruption, is least misrepresenting his brethren? We likely to present any powerful magcan tell Dr. Butler that the specific net to the mind, is likely to be abanground on which the objects of his doned. And more especially if there vituperation rest their vindication; arises any distinguished teacher,who, and he could not open one of their himself possessing much learning. books without seeing this; is not the unduly exalts it; who, occupied in novelty, but the untiquity of their sacred criticism, forgets too often the opinions. Their appeal is uniformly subject matter of the critcism; who, made to the Scriptores, to the au- bordering continually upon sacred thorised formularies of the Church ground, seldom enters it; who, holdof England, and to the writings of ing bis lamp to the vestibule of the her blessed reformers and martyrs. temple, lets no ray of it fall upon the
We really cannot consent to pol- interior ; who, by degrees, is doing late our pages with any more of that which, however unintentionally, the slanders which more or less fill has a tendency to withdraw the those of the author, till he comes to minds of Biblical students from doce the distinct charge in p. 41, “ that. trines to words, and from the obvious strong indications of even more than meaning to the various readings of contempt for literature, are occasion-"the passage ;-we can conceive that ally manifested in the writings and a man zealous for his God, and for discourses of the fanatics of the pre- his young and lettered countrymen, CHRIST. OBSEBY. No. 121.
should lift up his warning voice, mistaken as to the opinions of Caland, in a strain which other circum- vinists: he attributes to them no. Stances would not justify, insist upon tions which, we will venture to say, the comparative insignificance of are no where recorded, except, perliterature. If we are not mistaken baps, in the annals of Bedlam. Of in the dates of the lectures of Pro- this, at least, we are confident, that fessor Marsh, and the guilty sermon they are not to be found in the write of Mr. Simeon, we imagine that ings of any divine of the Church of the one may serve as a sort of key England to whom Dr. Butler would to the other. , But whatever mighl give the appellation of modern Puris be the opinion, or the literary heresy, ian. We again, therefore, call on Dr. of an individual, bis offence must not Butler either to vame the writings be visited upon a large body. To say which contain these obnoxious opinothing of Mr. Simeon himself, was nions, or to retract his charges, under Mr. Milner, the ecclesiastical hise pain of being accused of intentional torian, or is bis brother, the Dean of misrepresentation. Carlisle, a despiser of knowledge ? Our author, in one of his notes, has Or is Dr. Jowett, or Professor attacked Dr. Buchanan for appearing Farish, or Mr. Faber, to be classed to favour Unitarianism, by remarking among the religious Goths and in his sermons, entitled the Eras of Huns of the nineteenth century ? Light, that “the true criterion of İş Mr. Wilberforce the foe of elo- the faith of a Christian at this day quence, or Mrs. More the extir. is to acknowledge the continued ina pater of wit ? Are the sermons of fluence of God the Holy Spirit;" Gisborne and of Cooper, breathing a remark which obviously means no as they do the purest evangelical re- more than this, that as there are ligion, inferior in point of compo- many in the present day who will sition to any of the age ?
readily acknowledge the love of There is nothing in the discourse God the Father, and the mediation of before us which is more remarkable God the Son, but who are neverthethan this, that while the author pro- less very averse to the admission of fesses 10 regard with peculiar ab- the continued influence of the Holy horrence the vices of " acrimonious Spirit in sanctifying the hearts of censoriousness and austere intole- believers, it becomes especially im-, rance;" yet if we were asked to portant to insist on this last truth. characterise his own production in Indeed, the language of Dr. Putler, a single sentence, we should think in this very publication, is of a nathese very terms the besi a lapted 10 ture which seems to call for some, convey to our readers some idea of such reniark as that of Dr. Buchanan. its qualities; and if the terms “
“ Let us bear in mind," he says, fane levity and unfoun‘ied assertion' “ that the age of miracles has long were superadded, we do not know ceased, and that we are now left to that any thing would be wanting to the common operations of reason and complete the description. We do investigation, for advancement in not mean, however, io enter the lists our religious as well as all our other with bin in tavourjeither of Calvinists intellectual improvements.” p. 114. or Methodists, excepting to say, that How widely ditferent from this he misrepresents both. He seems language is that of the Church of to attribute to John Wesley, and his England! What is the language followers, the errors (if errors they of her liturgy? " Send thy Holy be) of Calvinism, although their de- Ghost, and pour into our hearts,” &c. cided hostility to that system is well “ Thou alone canst order the unruly, known, and although Wesley him. wills and affections of sinful men." self was the ablest oppugner of its “ O Lord, from whom all good things peculiar doctrines which the last do come, grant to us, that, by thy holy century produced. Nor is he less inspiration, we may think those
things that be good.”
" Grant us Roman classics, and yet tells us, as by thy Holy Spirit to have a right one having authority, to bear in judgment in all things.” « Without mind that we are now left to the thee, nothing is strong, nothing is holy.” common operations of reason and in" Lord of all power and might, who vestigation for advancement in reliart the Author and Giver of all gious improvement? We must leave good things, graft in our hearts the it to him to explain this paradox. love of thy name, increase in us We deem it incumbent on us to true religion,” &c.
16 Grant to us notice another misrepresentation of the spirit to think and do always Dr. Buchanan's meaning. In the such things as be rightful; that we, sánie sermons Dr. Buchanan had said, who cannot do any thing that is good that “the usual name of reproach" for Ebithout thee, may by thee be enabled religious men “at this day is methoto live according to thy will." " Of dist;" and that this name " is now thy only gift it cometh that thy peo- applied to any man of pure and unple do unto thee true and laudable affected piety, and is, in short, anoservice;” and “Fcrasmuch as with ther ierm for Christian.” Dr. Butout thee we are not able to please thee, Jer is very angry with him for saymercifully grant that thy Holy Spi- ing so, and, in the warmth of his rit may in all things direct and rule displeasure, misrepresents what he our hearts.” “Almighty God, unto has said. He assumes that Dr. Buwhom all hearts be open, all desires chanan's proposition amounts to this, known, and from whom no secrets that all men of pure and unaffected are hid, cleanse the thoughts of our pi-iy a-e'methodists (p. 109); wherehearts by the inspiration of thy Holy as Dr, Buchanan only says that Spirit." —And what
the Articles they are so called ; and that, in the on this subject? They tell us, that phraseology of the irreligious, me" Works done before the grace of ihodist is, in short, another name Christ, and the inspiration of his Spirit, for Christian. We believe that Dr. are oot pleasant to God;" and that Buchanan bas not much overstated "godly persons are such as feel in the matter, although of late the curthemselves the working of the Spirit of rent term of reproach has been Christ, mortifying the works of the somewhat varied, and “ Calvinist,” flesh, and drawing up their mind lo or “ modern Puritan,” is occasionhigh and heavenly things.".-Still more ally substituted, as the pages of Dr. in poiol, if possible, are the Homilies Butler bear witness. of the Church. “ It is the Holy Ghost, We had resolved, in the outset of and no other thing, that doth quicken our review, to carry on a sort of flythe minds of men, stirring up good, ing warfare with the author through and godly motions in their hearts, the whole of his notes, as well as his which are agreeable to the will and sermon. But, really, the number of commandment of God, such as other- objectionable passages delers us. Not wise, of their own crooked and pers only is there much wrong; there is verse nature, they should never have.” scarcely any thing right. To attack “ As for charitable and godly mo- every fault would exhaust all the tions, if man have any at all in him, small shot of our critical canister, they proceed only of the lloly Ghost, wear out our readers and ourselves, who is the only worker of our sanc- and perhaps, after all, not materially tification, and maketh us new men affect the author, who may now be in Christ Jesus.” Homily for White healing his wounded reputation as a sunday, ed. 1802, pp. 389, 390.- divine, by the issue of another play Can it be that Dr. Butler is a minis- of (we presume Saint) Æschylus. ter of the church which thus speaks; We pass over, therefore, among the same Dr. Butler who seems to many other passages, what he quotes, conteod (p. 119) for the divine in- at p. 112, as a fine observation, but spiration of some of the Greek and which we always thought a most perie