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Lord Calthorpe, and various other gentlemen, who favoured the company with their senti
The fourth Annual Report is in the press, and will soon be before the public.
BAPTIST MISSIONS IN INDIA.
(Continued from p. 328.)
We proceed with our extracts from the 22d Report of the progress of these Missions. Mr. Mardon writes thus from Goamalty:
"On Monday, Nov. 12, Deep Chund and I went to Nazir-pore, and discoursed with a number of people, for nearly two hours, beneath the Banian shade. No people wherever we go give as greater encouragement than do the inhabitants of this village. They seem to have a thirst for knowledge. I believe there is scarcely a person in the village that can read, a few brahmans perhaps excepted, but is in possession of some part of the sacred volume. Several of them have been soliciting me to establish a school for the education of their children, which I very much wish to do. A school was establish. ed in June last at another village called English, at the unanimous request of all the inhabitants. They cousist mostly of invalid sepoys, and their families. Deep Chund and myself were there on Tuesday last. Several persons paid great attention while he gave them a brief outline of the life of Christ in Hindoosthanee."
"Dr. Carey, in a letter to Mr. Fuller, Jan. 22, 1811, says, 'The church at Cutwa is now small; but they have lately had the addition of one member, a native, and I hear of six or seven more who are desirous of being baptized. One of these, Kreeshna Rosha, is a native merchant, of considerable property, who formerly had a house of gods. After hearing and reading the Gospel, he expelled his idols, tied them up in straw, and sent them to brother Chamberlain, who sent them to Serampore. This was a year and a half ago. He also clave up a fine Rutha, or Car, of the god Krishna, and used it for fire-wood. His ci-devant temple is filled with merchandize. There are others who adhere to him, and who have received the word of God. These people living too far from Cutwa to attend the Gospel (about sixty miles) have, 1 understand, sanctified the Lord's-day to reading the word and carrying on the worship of the true God in the best manner they are able. Their heathen neighbours have taken every opportunity in their power to injure them, and have by some false charges in the Zilla Court of Bheerbom, occasioned one of them consi
derable expense. I hear, however, that the magistrate has been informed of this villainy, and obliged them to enter into security respecting their future conduct. The place where they live (Lakra-koonda) is a large town lying on one side just at the entrance into the Mahratta country, and on another just at the entrance into South Bahar; both which countries the merchant often visits in the way of trade.-Brother Chamberlain has at our desire left Cutwa, and is going to attempt the forming of a mission station at Agra. We have obtained the consent of Government for his and brother Peacock's settling there. My son William is now at Cutwa. At present he almost sinks under the magnitude of the undertaking: but I trust the Lord will strengthen and hold him up.
"On Jan. 23d, Mr. W. Carey writes thus to Mr. Ward. I set out on the 11th instant to pay a visit to Lakra-koonda, and on my way went to Kendooli. I think I never saw such a concourse of people before. We spoke to a good number, and gave away some papers. From Kendooli we went to Lakra. koonda, and found some of our friends. The principal person, however, was not there. He had been falsely accused, and was gone to the court. The people around them are doing all in their power to injure them. On account of this opposition, those who were desirous of baptism were rather intimidated : but after we had been there two days, the principal person returned; and his presence emboldened the rest. I was much pleased with his conversation. I baptized two, and left them the same day. I was from home about nine days. We have received into the church the man whom Kangalee baptized. He has given me much pleasure. He was a Vishnuva. We expect to receive auother soon. Kangalee has been very il since his return, but is better now.'"
On the 27th March, Mr. Ward adds ; "A few days ago I received a letter from Lakra-koonda, and am sorry to say the op position continues. Kreeshna-Rosha is a rich man, and I have reason to think-a Christian. Since he has renounced idolatry and destroyed the idols he had set up, the Jemindar of the place has accused him of many things of which he is perfectly clear. They have lodged a complaint against him for the rent of land to the amount of ninety rupees, of which he knows nothing. All the people of the court are his enemies, by which he has lost and is losing a great deal, and I fear will soon be ruined, if something cannot be done for him.”
The accounts of the mission at Jassors are very favourable.
By the indefatigable labours of C. C. Aratoon, the church at this station," say the Missionaries, "is greatly increased. At the close of 1810, it consisted of nearly sixty members, thirty-two of whom were baptized in that year; namely, fourteen Mussulmans, and eighteen Hindoos of various casts. Six more were baptized on Jan. 6, 1811, and eight more were to have been baptized on March 17; but from Aratoon's wishing to administer the ordinance in their own villages, it was deferred in respect of six of them.
"This church consists of four branches, each about thirty miles' distance from the other, the whole comprehending an extent of country little less than a hundred miles in diameter. Partly to relieve the poor members from travelling, and partly to diffuse the Gospel, this amiable man goes the whole circuit every month; preaching and administering the Lord's Supper at one branch, then in the course of the week travelling to the next, and so on. At his request four native brethren have been stationed at these different branches, who dispense the word, and converse with inquirers when he is absent: viz. Seetaram, of whom honourable mention has often been made; Manik, who has itinerated for several years; Prau-krishna, baptized at Serampore, who has suffered much for the Gospel; and Manik-sha, a steady man, baptized by Aratoon bimself.
"These people are very poor. Their pastor himself (says Mr. Marshman) is a poor man. nor have they a rich man amongst them. The hardships they encounter iu embracing the Gospel are truly serious.' Of these the following examples, from the jourpals and letters of Aratoon, may suffice.
"Chougacha, Aug. 2, 1810.- Brother Pran Krishna and his family came hither, in consequence of their being turned out of the house and village in which they lived. The Zemindar, or Head-man in the village, stirred up a number of persons to turn him out. He told Pran Krishna, that he brought other persons thither to preach the Gospel, and that others in the village would embrace Christianity: they would therefore turn him out of the village, for it was better to lose him than to lose a number of others."
"March 20, 1811. The Zemindars of Sooryadeeya called on Manik-sha, and asked him why he was making a house? He answered, I am a Christian, and am making a house to worship in. They then flogged him, and kept him in prison three days, without giving him any thing to eat. At
length one of them, being afraid of the con. sequence of treating him thus, persuaded the others to let him out of prison. They then took four rupees from him, and left him, saying, 'Go home; you may make your house, but do not preach in these parts. If you do, we will kill you some day.' Maniksha replied, You are able to kill my body, but you are not able to destroy my soul. One of their servants then struck him, saying, Go away from this place; we do not want to hear you.'
"At some places, however, they are treated more kindly. On Sept. 10th, (says Aratoon) I went to a village called Botopara, where the Head-man invited me to preach in his house, which I did; and on the 4th of October, he sent me another invitation, and promised to prepare a place for me to preach in.' Pran-Krishna, on returning to his village about a week after, was allowed by the Head-man to preach even in his (the Head-man's) house.
"If any of the members through fear or shame disown Christ, the discipline of Aratoon is, when they profess to repent, to require, as the test of their sincerity, that they go in company with one or two of the brethren, to the same place, and there publicly acknowledge him."
Mr. F. Carey, in a letter from RANGOON, dated Jan. 1811, observes;
"I am now able to smatter a little in the Burman language, and hope I shall be enabled to put it into use as opportunities occur. I often get into conversation with my teacher, who I think at times is ashamed of his religion. He is a man of real learning, of deep penetration, and is very inquisitive: he is not satisfied unless he gets to the bottom of every thing. I believe he is also greatly attached to me. My mind is bent on getting a perfect knowledge of the language, which I hope the Lord will enable me to accomplish. Pray for me. My only wish now is, that I may be made a blessing in this country, even as you have been in Bengal. Ta see the cause of Christ established in this land will be the consummation of all my desires.
"The Burman I delivered from the cross has turned out a bad man. He has been again detected in thieving, and is in custody for it. The agonies of a cross were insutfi cient to reclaim him."
Of the ORISSA mission it is said:
"Mr. John Peter, who engaged in this mission but from the beginning of 1810, has in less than a year seen good fruit arise from his labours, and those of the pative brother
Krishna-das. On Oct. 1, he says the church here consists of Europeans, Portuguese, and Mussulmans; and if God please he can bring in sonie Ooriyas, All the members of the
church, except one, give me pleasure. Their conduct is as becometh Christians."
(To be continued.)
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
CONTINENTAL INTELLIGENCE. WAR has been at length declared between RUSSIA and FRANCE. An account of the negotiations which preceded this rupture has been published by Bonaparte; and it serves remarkably to confirm the views which have usually been entertained both of the general perfidy of his character, and of his peculiar and deep-rooted batred to England. The papers, which have now been given to the world, do not, we admit, make any new discoveries. They put an end, however, to all controversy on some important points, and furnish the Government of this country with a very sufficient justification of the identical measures of its policy which have seemed to some persons the most question able, We allude particularly to the attack of Copenhagen, and the Orders in Council, Bonaparte's secretary for foreign affairs ecruples not to declare, in his master's name, that by the treaty of Tilsit, France and Russia had engaged "to summon the three courts of Copenhagen, Stockholm, and Lisbon to close their ports against the English, to declare war against England, and to in sist on the adoption of the same measure by the various powers." And yet, in the same breath, he complains that England was guilty of violating the rights of nations, in seizing the fleets of Denmark, He likewise affirms, that the main object of this treaty was to undermine the maritime power of Great Britain, by destroying her trade; an object, indeed, to which the whole bent of Bonaparte's genius, as well as the general current of his measures, appears to have been directed. It was, as he himself avows, in order to accomplish this object, that he added Holland and the Hanse towns to his empire; and it is with the same view that he has now involved himself in war with Russia, His grand complaint against Russia is, that she has favoured English commerce, There are some minor points of difference between France and that power; but this forms the carpus delicti, the real, the avowed ground of hostility. Under these circumstances, it
is important to learn what is the view which Bonaparte has taken of the Orders in Council. He considers them as having been a powerful obstacle to the attainment of his purposes. The system of England," he says, "was triumphant. Her Orders in Council threatened to produce the most inportant results;"—and, to prevent these results, the utmost efforts are declared to have been necessary.
It is impossible, in reading the papers to which we have referred, not to be struck with the perfect contempt which Bonaparte entertains for public opinion. A single instance will serve as an illustration. He lays his hands on the duchy of Oldenburgh, and adds it to his dominions, The Emperor of Russia remonstrates in favour of his relation, the Duke. Bonaparte replies, that the duchy is so dovetailed into his states, so very conveniently situated for giving an arrondissement to his territory, that he cannot possibly part with it, but that he will give the Duke an indemnification elsewhere; a slice, we presume, of Turkey, or of Prussia. This reply does not satisfy Alexander; and Bonaparte affects to consider his dissatisfaction with so fair and reasonable an offer, as conclusive evidence of a hostile disposition.
By way of interlude to the negotiations between France and Russia, there appears, among the papers published on that subject, a letter dated April 17, 1812, from the Duke of Bassano, the French minister for foreign affairs, to Lord Castlereagh, proposing peace; together with his lordship's answer. The proposition was manifestly in tended to serve no other end than that of influencing the pending discussions with Russia; a copy of it having been transmitted to St. Petersburgh before it could have been known that it had reached London, In the communication which is made of this proposal to the Russian court, Bonaparte rather affects to have been moved to this offer of peace by commiseration for the unhappy condition of England, "The distress felt by England, the agitations to which she is a prey, and the changes which have taken place
in her government, decided his Majesty to take this course." The basis on which the French minister proposed to treat was:
"The integrity of Spain shall be guaranteed. France shall renounce all idea of extending her dominions beyond the Pyrennees. The present dynasty shall be declared independent, and Spain shall be governed by a national constitution of her cortes.
"The independence and integrity of Por tugal shall be also guaranteed, and the House of Braganza shall have the sovereign authority. "The kingdom of Naples shall remain in possession of the present monarch, and the kingdom of Sicily shall be guaranteed to the present family of Sicily.
"As a consequence of these stipulations, Spain, Portugal, and Sicily shall be evacuat. ed by the French and English land and naval forces.
"With respect to the other objects of discussion, they may be negotiated upon this basis, that each power shall retain that of which the other could not deprive it by war." This offer was prefaced by a detail which was intended to fix on England the guilt, not only of recommencing the war, and unnecessarily protracting it; but of giving to it that peculiar character of harshness which it has unhappily assumed.
The reply of Lord Castlereagh, dated 238 April, is chiefly confined to a request that the Duke of Bassano would explain the precise meaning which the French government attaches to the words "the present dynasty" of Spain. If they mean that the brother of the head of the French government is to be recognised as possessing the royal authority, then the obligations of good faith will not permit the Prince Regent to receive a proposition founded on such terms. But if they refer to Ferdinand the Seventh, the Prince Regent will then be disposed to enter into full explanations on the proposed basis, it being his earnest wish to contribute to the repose of Europe. A few words are added, generally denying the fairness of the imputations contained in the Duke of Bassano's letter, and expressing an anxious desire that, whether at peace or war, the relations of the two countries might be restored to the liberal principles usually acted on in former times.
It is unnecessary to offer any comment on the letter of Lord Castlereagh. It was perhaps the only answer which it became a minister of this country, pledged as we are to Spain, to make; and unquestionably it is expressed in calm, moderate, and yet dignified language, No notice has been taken of it by the French government,
Bonaparte has already published several Bulletins of his Grand Army. The First is dated at Gumbinnen, June 20th. It briefly states the preparatory measures which France had adopted in the contemplation of Russian hostilitics; the march of various divisions of the French army to Poland; the increase of the garrison and munitions of Dantzic; the conclusion of a treaty offensive and defensive with Austria, by which each power engaged to assist the other with 30,000 men, and of a similar treaty with Prussia; and lastly, the movements of Bonaparte himself: he crossed the Vistula on the 6th of June. The Second Bulletin is dated at Wilkowski, June 22, and, after detailing some movements of the troops, and some farther abortive attempts at negotiation, announces that Bonaparte had issued orders to pass the Niemen: "The conquered assume the tone of conquerors: fate drags them on: let their destinies be fulfilled. The second war of Poland has commenced." The Third Bulle. tin, dated at Kowno, June 26, details the passage of the Niemen, and the movements of different corps. The Fourth Bulletin is dated from Wilna, the 30th June, to which place Bonaparte had advanced; the Russians retreating, and wasting every thing before them, without coming to an engagement. Their magazines appear to have been every where destroyed, previous to their retreat. The Fifth Bulletin, which is still dated from Wilna, on July 6, contains details of the subsequent movements of the different corps of the French army, and the retreat of the Russians: no action is stated to have taken place, beyond mere affairs of out-posts; and yet there are strong indications that something more than these has occurred, and that the French must have suffered severely. Bonaparte had laboured in his former bulletins to lessen the amount of the Russian force. In this he represents it as consisting of no less than 200,000 men. He talks also of a storm, by which he had lost several thousand horses, by which convoys of artillery had been stopped, and which had caused such a rush of the inhabitants in vast crowds into the suburbs of Wilna, as had in jured them. He dwells, moreover, on trivial circumstances. The King of Naples, with his corps, kills nine men and makes about a dozen prisoners. The immense magazines formed by the Russians in Samogitia, are stated to have been burned by themselves. This proves that the Russian generals have systematically adopted their present mode of warfare; and we trust they will continue to pursue it, until Bonaparte has advanced
too far into a desolated country to be able cavalry an opportunity of farther proving even to make good his retreat.
The French papers announce the re-establishment of the kingdom of POLAND, and the assembling of the diet at Warsaw, which has constituted itself into the General Confederation of Poland.
A peace was concluded between RuSSIA and TURKEY previous to the commencement of the war with France; but it is affirmed by Bonaparte, that the Porte refuses to ratify the treaty, and that war will be immediately renewed on the part of that power. This is probably, however, only the sanguine anticipation of what he hopes to effect by means of the ambassador whom he has sent so Constantinople; as the letters received by the regular channel of communication, are silent as to any such occur
SWEDEN, it is supposed, will take a part in the war against France; but we apprehend, that, in the present exhausted state of her resources, it will be almost impossible for her to transport and maintain large armies, unless she is largely assisted with money.
Conformably to the expectations which were formed respecting the course of events in SPAIN, Lord Wellington has advanced into the interior of that country. He entered Salamanca on the 17th of June; the army of Marmont retreating towards Toro, and leaving a garrison of eight hundred men in some strong fortifications, which had been erected by the labour of three years, on the ruins of the colleges of Salamanca. These forts it became necessary formally to invest. They were carried by storm on the 27th, with the loss of upwards of one hundred men killed, and three hundred and fifty wounded. Marmont, who, though he remained in sight with his whole army, did not think it prudent to interrupt Lord Wellington's proceedings at Salamanca, since the fall of these forts, has retired towards Valladolid. No general action has taken place, but several severe skirmishes have given our
1. The state of insubordination and outrage, in some northern counties, having be come such as to call for the interference of Parliament, a secret committee was appointed by each house to consider the subject. The reports of these committees made it ap
their superiority. The latest dispatches from Lord Wellington are dated from Nava, about fifteen leagues from Valladolid.
In the Asturias, General Bonnet, who commanded the French force there, is said to have been so pressed by the Guerillas, as to be under the necessity of evacuating that province. A Spanish force has laid siege to Astorga.
In the south, Soult had collected an army of 25,000 men, with which he advanced towards General Hill, who, with a force nearly equal to his own, was posted at Albuera. A battle was expected in this quarter; but Soult has suddenly retired towards Seville; in consequence of which General Hill has moved forward to Almandralejo. General Ballasteros hás experienced a defeat in Andalusia. In other parts of Spain, successful expeditions have been undertaken by the Guerillas, aided by the British ships of war, against different points occupied by the enemy. A considerable body of British troops from Sicily, joined by some Spanish regiments from Minorca, were about to make a descent in Catalonia. And it is said, that Spain has at last consented that an army of Spaniards shall be formed, to be trained and commanded by British officers.
The intelligence received from America, has assumed, in the course of the present month, a still more decided character of hostility than before. A resolution of an hostile description, and supposed to be in favour of immediate war with Great Britain, had been adopted by both the House of Representatives and the Senate; so that an absolute rupture may be anticipated. We cannot but deplore this unhappy issue. We are, however, fully of opinion, that while America has most unseasonably and unjustly hurried on this contest, she is likely to be by far the greatest sufferer from it. But we will not entirely abandon the hope, although we confess it is a very faint one, that hostilities may yet be stayed, and that the world will be spared the farther aggravation of its calamities, which must be the consequence of such a war. BRITAIN.
pear that the evil was of a nature which the existing powers of the magistracy were unable to repress. They gave a brief view of the lawless proceedings of the rioters, and of the system of military organization which they are stated to have adopted, similar in many respects to that which in Ireland preceded