Obrazy na stronie

remembers, that he had paused for by this preceptor's perverse silence a whole week to refit his moral As Falstaff had a kind of alacrity powers; and the period appears to in sinking, Huet has a kind of have been accurately adjusted to alacrity in reducing interesting the degree of impurity which it was topics to incurable insipidity; and judged expedient to remove. But more frequently in omitting them the influence of the principle ob- altogether. He is a true Baratarian tained by this process was limited physician; for as soon as the table by the walls of La Fleche. The is covered with delicacies, in comes aspirant returned to the world; and the bishop, touches every dish, tuthe world returned to him.

reen, and goblet; and in a twinkling, It can scarcely be necessary to they all disappear! The guests, remind the reader of the fanciful

at the full feast are famished, character of the piety which Huet Aud wonder why:mistook for practical godliness: "In- Studies connected with his elaborate timate and charming conferenceswith

defence of Christianity once more the Supreme Being*!” In no human writings, excepting perhaps the dra- lated a long-formed desire to go into

awakened bis conscience, and stimumas of Kotzebue and the novels of orders. Bossuet was consulted how Miss Owenson, can easily be detected this desire might be realized. The such strange phraseology. The bishop most serious view of the project must be supposed to mean the exercise of religious affections. Through the difficulty which attended the

seems to have presented itself in out the whole warrative, be seldom

transition from a court dress to the speaks of sacred things in the lan

costume guage of Scripture. Every subject advised the transition to be rapid;

of an ecclesiastic. Bossuet is secularised.

In 1670, he was appointed sub- but the subject of the experiment preceptor to the Dauphin (father of thought differently; and by an inFenelon's Duke of Burgundy), and himself from a perfect runa to the

verted process, gradually reduced filled that situation for ten years. unfinished figure of the tadpole. About this period he compiled his

But bear bim :-"I was of opinion great work, the Demonstratio Evangelica; and superintended the Del that I should not suddenly change phin edition of the classics, originally shortening my hair, and bringing projected by the Duke of Montausier. shortening my hair, and bringing Whosoever expects to find any anec

the rest of my dress to a more sober

form. This was at length approved dotes of the French court, or any de by. Bossuet ; and the matter was so tail of the mode of education adopted dexterously managed, that althougļi by Huet, will be sadly disappointed I had bitherto appeared in a garb * We give the translator credit for a

suited to a court life, and rather in faithful version. But in looking through the military mode, the alteration was these volumes, we frequently wished to have scarcely perceived." (Vol. ii. p.173.) consulted the original, to which we had no An achievement thus splendid drew arcess. Fidelity alone can account for some after it long streamers of glory. He of the odd expressions, belonging, we should had already received the clerical have thought, to no language wisatever. tonsure; he was initiated into the The annotations are a specimen of the pre- inferior orders of the church; and in vailing literature of times when we

his forty-sixth year became a perfect all expected to kuow all persons and all

ec esiastic. things superficially, and nothing profoundly. the translator, “to have taken ordi

He appears,"observes Dr. Aikin selected the work 'as - affording a good basis for the literary bistory of the age

nation like a nauseous dose; that is, in which Huet flourished ;--the best apology swallowed it down as quickly as posfor having turned into English so dry a

sible, in order lo get rid of the taste.” book.

Ile was soon after appointed abbot


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of Aulnai, where he wrote Latin good and true historian, but as verses, observed eclipses, weighed apologist ; or as one who will air, and examined the Cartesian phim heard first, that he may preju losophy.

the jury before they call for In 1692 he was consecrated bishop witnesses. There is indeed a mer of Avranches, a city in lower Nors by which some self- biograph mandy; but the situation, he says, dis- have passed themselves for con agreed with him; and in seven years sors; but they bave had the sagac he abdicated the see, on the plea of to make their confessions of ill health. The annotator tells a set off what they assume to be ih different story. According to him, virtues; the lustre of the latter bei Huet was too fond of books to be heightened by contrast. They w fit for an active station. When consent to allow one part to be ev persons came to him on business, on condition that you will own ti they were constantly told, that the other nine, or forty-nine, or pinet bishop was at his books, and could nine, (the quantities vary), to be sul not be disturbed; upon which one stantially good. The dishonesty of them said, “Why did not the king self-biographers offends the mora give us a bishop who had finished feelings, by depriving the thoughts his studies?" Huet now retired to reader of that peculiar instructio the abbacy of Fontenai, conferred which is imparted, by comparing th upon him on resignation of the moral operations of anoiber min bishopric. Here was to be his with his own. Anxiety for himsel heaven. But no sooner was he com- as a probationer for eternity wil fortably settled, than there seemed create what may be called a sancti to be a general insurrection against fied curiosity io be informed by his peace. His successor at Avran- what process of spiritual degradaches, and the representatives of bis tion a man brings himselfdeliberately predecessor at Fontenai raked him to present the world with a false acfore and aft. Father La Chaise, ap- count of his own motives of action, pointed arbitrator in his disputes, be- and, while he professes to let them haved with downright severity. The into a secret, is, in reality, laughing very tenants of the abbatial farms at their credulity. There is an elawere only to be subdued by parlia- borate hypocrisy in this case, which mentary interference.--Huet died at may alarm such persons as recollect Paris on the 20th of January, 1721; our common origin.— The intellechaving almost completed his ninety- tual reader will be galled, by feeling

himself swindled out of the opporEvery attentive reader of this tunity which self-biography affords, book, will readily perceive, that by of observing the subtle operations of far the greatest part of it might the will, when conscience struggles much better have been written by with passion, and pride with senthe bishop's secretary. If a person suality, and when the occult causes profess to write his own lile, the of actions, unaccouniable to all but public has a fair right to know a the actor, are developed by the only little of the author's interior; for all person who could indulge him with the rest is known and read of all ihe disclosure. Not that the actor men.” He imposes upon bimself a can, as such, give the truest account moral obligation to tell what none always; but a quick-sighted judge else can tell; but if he virtually dis- of human nature will find some inowns the obligation, the public will structive amusement in watching express their sense of injury and avother's eliörts 10 tell what he thinks disappointment by suspecting :he about himself; when, like Cowper's offender to have disclosed all that sheep at the lime-kiln, he knows could be exhibited with credit. Coo- not what to think. sequently, he is regarded not as a A most unreasonable quantity

first year.


Huet's memoirs is engrossed by a superior to what a theist might catalogue raisonnée of his literary as- make to a metaphysical deity, unsociates. They seem to have sat revealed and inaccessible, the un. for their pictures, that the bishop known God of the Pagan world. might hang his gallery to repletion; The extremus labor of a Christian and then walk up and down this bishop might have been excused, temple of fame, communicating and even by the bigots of infidelity; had receiving greatness. To be sure, it contained the dying thoughts of a if vanity were justifiable, no lover of sound believer in Christ Jesus. As sound learning would quarrel with it is, the enemy may perhaps ex. him for exulting in an intimacy claim," Are these thy triumphs, Chris. with sach men as Bochart; but the tianity?” We answer,“ No: we refer bishop, like numbers of our fellow you to something more substantial. mortals, makes his familiars stepping Look at the examples of practical stones to importance.

religion which repeat the apology He appears to have been credu- of the early Christians: Non magna lous. One reason for this infirmity eloquimur sed vivimus.may perhaps be found in his want Some persons may acquit Huet of a practical knowledge of the on the score of old age; a season world, which he chiefly knew from when men have a prescriptive right books; and he was not free from to be garrulous. The question, what was once a vulgar prejudice, however, is not, whether their talk that whatever is in print must be may be redundant; but whether true; that is, in his case, of course, their talk onght not to discover that if supported by a great name. His serious subjects are wrought into the Swedish journey subjected him to texture of their minds, and cause one or two palpable honres. And thein, sometimes at least, to be rethere is a story about his having dundant on religion. The last years been half gulled by an alchemist, of holy persons may indeed betray (Vol. ii. p. 26.)

infirmities connected both with their I be character of this prelate is a spiritual and secular habits; yet striking and an affecting illustration the divine principle, even though of the difference-we adopt the lan- oppressed by much intellectual degoage of a living philosopher---be-bility, manifests its existence and tween beiog the dignified advocate efficacy too. From them the Chris. of Christianity, and its humble dis- tian paradox receives useful illustraciple. He published a work abound. tion: “As dying, and, behold, we ing with deep erudition and sound live; as sorrowful, yet always rereasoning; which the learned of all joicing; as having nothing, and yet pations have combined to admire. possessing all things.” Men of letters, to-day, have written Our report of the work under recommentaries on a voluptuous clas- view has been undertaken with resic; and to-morrow, on an apostolic Juctance; both on account of the epistle. In each case, they frequently innate disagreeableness of the book write as though there were no differ- itself, and because it was but barely ence between sacred and profane li- just to the Bishop of Avranches lo terature. The salvation of the soul is refrain from visiting him while the as an accident to the substance. The recollection of the noctes cænæque troth of the Gospel is demonstrated ; deum spent at Cambray*, made us and its doctrine practically denied impatient of all other society. CerThe infidel is confuted by the un- tainly, the nights and suppers at believer. Huet expresses no per- Avranches are purely buman. sonal interest in the Gospel.

« He

Fenelon--oh the freshening indies, and makes no sign!” His re- fluence of that name!--differs from ferences to “the God and Father of

Christian Observer for November, 1810, our Lord Jesus Christ,” are little

pp. 687-702,

Huet, as the beams of a vernal Neither the purity of Fenelon, nor morning from the night exhalations the delinquency of Huet, can be atof a morass. In the first, Christiani tribuled io their church. In that ty did indeed display her triumphs; communion, as in other divisions of from the other, she extorted the the Christian world, the personal heartless compliments of ceremony sanctity of eminent sainis seems to and office. Could any mortal bo- indicate the inefficacy of all human mage have increased her native dig- modifications of the Gospel ; that nity, she would have been indebted is, as distinguished from the immeto Fenelon for a boon unconscious- diate teaching of the Holy Ghost, ly bestowed ; while Huet would who chooses, as it were, to be somehave offered an unaccepted sacrifice, times equally independent of the though assumed by himself to be best and worst instruments. Not costly and meritorious. The two that the circumstance here supposed, characters stand opposed to each should be so abused as to make other, as a sublime degree of creeds a matter of indifference; for spirituality is contrasted to the the force of a principle must be worldliness of a man who considers measured by its known operation Christianity as a material out of on the mass, and not by its assumed which he may erect vast structures influence on individuals. Whoever of intellectual fame. The contein- refuses to concede this, may be replation of these is a compensation ferred to the undisguised profligacy for his having agreed 10 be a be- of manners prevailing among the liever. With a contractor of this kind, higher and middle ranks in Popish the question is, “What shall I be countries. Compare this with the profited, if I lose the world, and general decorousness of the same save my own soul?" The reply is classes in this island, or in any por, ready; "I have no occasion to lose tion of the world, where Christianity the world; for I will contrive 10 has been suffered to difluse her own make it all my own by causing re- doctrines without molestation. The ligion to be the prime source of my scale of morals will be found to correputation; and thus opposites shall respond to purity of faith; and, if for once he reconciled.” Fatal so- amidst the corruptions of Rome, phistry! but so we deceive, and are some, have walked with undefiled deceived.

garments, we do not forget that this We feel a very strong desire that degenerate communion has never Fenelon also bad written his own formally renounced the elementary life. As to poor Huet, he has done doctrines of the Gospel. They are the deed; and, with Snakspeare's indeed found in combination with Thane, we can truly say, “ This is baser matter; but expert analysts a sorry sight!” The portraits of bave succeeded in decomposing the both prelates hang side by side in mass; and, after examination, have our cabinet; and when to our fancy, chosen the good part. In all reli. the Gallican Church presents her gious communities there will be a matron form, we think of Hamlet's profanum vulgus, which will take its filial remonstsance,

upon trust; that is to say, will


have no faith at all, although ofLook here, upon this picture, and on this; fensively impatient with any party The counterfeit presentment of two brothers. but its own. This is not Popery, See what a grace was seated on this brow; nor Protestantism, but human nature A combination and a form indeed,

in religious masquerade ; someWhere every God did seem to set his seal,

times in a black, then in a purple To give the world assurance of a man. This was your husband. Look you now,

domino; and in fact, in every what follows;

colour and costume which can be Here is your busband ; like a mildewed ear,

invented. Fenelon never assumed Blastivg his wbolesome brother.

a character. His owa supported

itself. Huet was driven to personate was most rudely assaulted; that one to which he was unable to im- he would have fortified some weak part spirit and nature. He wore point in our own camp, or seized ibe mitre with such counterfeit dig- some advanced post of the enemy. nity, and waved the crosier with so We too fondly hoped, that, suiting clumsy a grace, that many who the topic to the audience, the preachwatched his feats at the masque- er would teach the worldly, the disrade, wondered he should have sipated, the thoughtless, the perils chosen the very character which he of worldliness, of dissipation, and of was irresistibly fated to spoil. neutrality. But whether it was that,

the elevation of some pulpits, like a

station on the Alps, gives a clearer Christian Liberty; a Sermon preached and more commanding view of the

et St. Mary's, before His Royal valley below; or whe her the magiHighness the Duke of Gloucester, cians of that astrological university (Chancellor of the University), and conjured up some phantom before the University of Cambridge, at the the eyes of the preacher

, we know Installation, June 30. 1811. By not. Certain it is, he did not see his Samuel Butler, D.D. late Fellow of audience with our eyes, or contend St. John's College, and Head Mas- with an enemy who appears to us to, ter of Shrewsbury School. Shrews. have any reas existence. But these bury, Eddowes ; London, Long. are points rather to be proved than man. 12mo. pp. 129. 1811. asserted; and although it will be at

the expense of carrying our readers In the month of June, 1811, as the over ground they have often trod, public well know, the Duke of Glou- they will, we trust, forgive, and, as cester was installed Chancellor of far as they can, accompany us, while the University of Cambridge; a dis- we review the work before us. If tinction which he justly merited, the hydra has seven heads, it must both on account of his public con- be beheaded seven times. duct and his private virtues. Our The text of the sermon is from readers will also remember, that on Gal. v. 1: “Stand fast, therefore, the occasion of his installation a pro- in the liberty wherewith Christ hath. digidus concourse of people of both made us free;" and the sermon is, as sexes, and of all ranks, assembled the text promises, a defence of Chriswithin the precincts of the Alma tian liberty-employing the term, Mater. Amidst other points of as however, as will be seen, in a very semblage, a great part of this mule peculiar sense.

It opens with detilude came together at the Univer- claring, p. 9, that " in insity church, to hear Dr. Butler ado fancy the germ of this passion (for dress them in bis ministerial charac. liberty) is developed among the ear. ter. Prepared for the nature and liest operations of the human will." extent of his audience; expecting The author proceeds to shew, in a to address thousands of the young, well written passage, that St. Paul the fashionable, the dissipated; se- did not, in his submission as a Chrislected by the University as a sorttian, forget his rights as a citizen. of organ of their embodied opinions; He then states his intention to inquire carrying, as it were, their reputa- “ whether the restraints and austerition, for a day, in his bande; he ties which some teachers (whom he thought proper to deliver the present does not name) would engraft upon discourse. It might have been expect- religion are consistent with the doc. ed, that a preacher, raised to such a trines or practice of Christ and vantage ground, would have eagerly his apostles.” He states also, that embraced the opportunity of fighting he shall pursue this inquiry, not the battle of Religion; that he would by examining" particular and de. have defended her cause, where she tached texts," but by regarding the Carust. OUSERY, No, 121.



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