Obrazy na stronie

application of its meanis? Supposing that Christian edocation. Let the whole weight tes, twenty, thirty, or forty years ago, the of this institution (and to what labour of Leishops and the clerical and lay members of love would not its power be equal ?) be ap. this society bad anited in recommending, plied to remedy this defect, by means of both pablicly and privately, to Government, some well-digested legislative provisions, and is proposing and supporting in Parlia- which shall put it within the reach of every beat, a judicious plan for the general educa. poor man in the British dominions to learn tion of the poor, similar to that which exists to read his Bible. Is this impossible ? Let in Scotland; would they not have done far the attempt be at least made with zeal and zme extensive good than can have been unanimity. If the Society should fail, it efected by the gift of a few books or a little will fail gloriously. But we cannot believe noaey to any number of charity schools that it would fail in such a cause. If every World they not also have shut out much thing should not be gained which might be wil? There would then have been no room desired, enough, we are persuaded, would be is such extensive schemes of education as gained to reward so blessed an effort. We wa vitness in the present day, of a character highly esteem the exertions of voluntary 'sowhich many consider as hosule to the Esta- cieties in the work of education, but only as Visktent

. The whole ground would liave a substitute for more efficient means—as supbeen accupied. Education would have be- plying the state's lack of service. But is it ne a common good, like the air we breathe; not at once obvious, how much a single act and we should have had ere now an univer- of Parliament, which should enact that every sly instructed peasantry, taught to fear parish in the land should be bound to proGott and honour the King; to read their Bi- vide Christian education as well as bodily bies

, and to learn thence their duties both to sustenance for its poor, would exceed in effi. God and man. But let it not be supposed ciency, and in extent of benefit, all the efforts that we deem the Lancasterian schools an of all the voluntary societies which have been end; far from it Vader all the circum- formed, or may yet be formed, for the parstances of the case, we deem them a great pose of educating the poor? Found. They have done mach in the great 2. Much praise is alyn due to this society wack of education, which would otherwise for the large number of Bibles, Prayer-books, have been left undone; and they have un. and other pious books which it has been the siouably bad the effect of producing the means of dispersing. But how much it had National Education Society, which, we trust, left to be done in respect at least to the il complete what still remains 10 be ac. supply of Bibles it is needless to point out. samplished

. But will any one now deny, Another society has arisen, which in seven that it would have been infinitely better had years has dispersed more Bibles, than the the Society for promoting Christian Know. Society for promoting Christian Knowledge lodge, at an earlier period, employed its im- had done in seventy. We mention this, not Brax power and influence in organizing a with a view to undervalue its past labours, paral system of education for the poor? which have been most important, but to urge And even if their plans had met with some it to increased exertion ; to urge it by means resistance in Parliament in the first instance, of the bishops to ascertain, as nearly as posfel saderthe auspices of the whole episcopal sible, the wants of the poor in every hamlet bezen

, they could not fail to have been ofti- in the United Kingdom ; to avail itself of tutely realized.

its own resources and of those of other so. ket why refer to á reglect which is now cieties, particularly the Bible Society, for tremediable? We do it for no invidious supplying these wants; to lay aside its unpapere. We do it for the purpose of de. sounded jealousy of that Society, and to coporting, from past experience, an important operate cordially withi it in effecting their seation with respect to the future. The common end of saturating the world with Jobiety must see how much ground has been Bibles; to use its influence with government ** by its having failed to exert its iuflu- to provide the navy and army, (and here

aces for the establishment of an oniversalwe 'anticipate the fourth head), as well as Aries of education for the poor. It is not our garrisons, national hospitals, depots, &c. he late, bowever, to repair a considerable with Bibles arid Prayer-books ; and to avail fact of the evil

. There is still a large por- itself of the influence it could command with Hea of our English population, and a still governors and conimanders in our colonies

Et proportion of the population in Tre. and dependencies, with ambassadors and na and in the colonial possessions of the consuls abroad, for diffusing the light of front, who are destitute of thie means of Christian truth in every quarter of the globe. Chist. OBSEkv. No. 124.

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We could certainly wish also that the list of We bave sometimes been accused of being the Society's tracts were purged of certain cold and niggardly in our praise of this Soexceptionable articles, and that care should ciety, while we have been warm in our exbe taken not only to fashion every tract pressions of approbation with respect to other which it issued according to the model of societies. We admit the fact, and we think our Liturgy, Articles, and Homilies, but we have said enough to justify it. When that all should breathe an air of Christian we see the Moravians, for example, struggling kindness and conciliation.

with poverty and difficulties of various kinds, 3. ihe efforts of the Society for evange- making unexampied sacrifices, and unexlizing India, have certainly been among the ampled efforts, to the utmost extent of most honourable of its good deeds. We their means, yea, and beyond their means, have so largely and with such satisfaction to extend the knowledge of a crucified recorded the transactions of its missionaries Redeemer, we inust feel, and feeling must in this quarter, that we need not now enter express our admiration of them. But into details respecting them. But will it be measuring, as we ought, the good done by allowed us to remark how much more the any society by its means of doing good, Society might have done in this important we do feel that the Society for promotbranch of service thin it appears to have ing Christian Knowledge has not acted thought of? What might not the concurrent up to the just expectations which its exvoice of the bench oi bishops and of the tensive means of usefulness excite. It may other members of this Society have effected, have done nore than any other society, but on the occasions of renewing the East In- still it has not done, in our opinion, one dia Company's charter, towards promoting tenth of what it might have effected. Its inChristian knowledge in the East? Look at fluence has not been exerted, in the accomthe immense empire of India at this mo- plishment of its own professed designs, in ment, with only three churches in its whole such a manner as to render those designs extent belonging to the Church of England; effectual; and hence our comparative coldwith a scanty appointment, it is true, of Let it put forth its real strength and military chaplains, but without any meaus efficiency, and we shall be among the first of Christian discipline which is adequate to to feel and to acknowledge its claims to gethe wants even of a twentieth part of our neral gratitude and admiration. We wish Christian population ; without a single semi- it to be not only the oldest, but the best and nary for the instruction of Cliristian minis- most active and most useful of our instituters; without a single bishop to give them tions; and in order to this, to us nothing ordination, when instructed. Look at this, seems wanting, not even additional funds, and say is there has not been some defect but only the fair, firm, and concurrent emof zeal in this Society. We could not have ployinent of the influence which it pos. done any thing, some one may say. But sesses with Government, in Parliament, and what have you attempted to do? Former with the country at large, to accredit, and opportunities are not, however, to be recalled. to carry into full effect, those very schemes The past years of darkness, which but for of Coristian benevolence, on which alone is our supineness might have been illumined, founded its claim to the public support. will, indeed, return no more. But has not the Society, at this very moment, an oppor

RELIEF tunity afforded to it of signalizing itself as one


ESTA of the best benefactors of mankind? It has now an opportunity of interceding for India. We have taken several opportunities of Ils voice, if exerted, must be heard. Let bringing this society to the knowledge of our it not be insensible to its high destiny; but readers. A fresh report of its proceedings by a judicious, firm, and concurrent effort, has recently been published, exhibiting, as let it unbar the passage of light to British on former occasions, a variety of those cases India, and provide the means of diffusing it of extreme poverty and distress among our there. What a splendid prospect lies before Clergy which present the most powerful the Society! This would be, indeed, to claims on the benevolence of Christians. A crown itself with glory, to entitle itself to few extracts, however, from the correspond. the everlasting gratitude of perishing but ence will speak more on the subject than a rescued millions ! Let it pursue ibis course, volume of reflections. and it must rise to undisputed and unenvied - One clergyman thus writes: * Nothing but distinction ; nor would any of its members the indigence of myself, wife, and children, be more forward than ourselves to join in its would have prevailed upon me to apply. If triumphs and exalt its fame.

I were possible for me to provide for them






food and raiment by any other means, with- The profits of my school and almost half my
out forsaking the work allotted me by the salary, are swallowed in rent and taxes."
Lord in his church, I would not trouble A fourth. “ I am still curate of , and
you. I assure you, I covet' not riches nor ny salary is not increased ; that is, 301. a
delicacies, as far as I know myself; but it year; eight in family to be supported; myself,
grieves me to the heart when I cannot pay wife, and six children (all boys); my eldest
what I owe when due, and am constrained son is about ten years of age, and my young-
to borrow, as is often the case. Neither est about twelve months ; they are all of
doth it trouble me though we have five fine-them incapable of earning their bread, but
children (three sons and two daughters); they wear and tear a great deal of clothes,
though I have nothing worth the mentioning more than my salary is able to support, and
to leave them, having spent all my days I am very often ashamed to see them all
upon a poor curacy that was not sufficient, in rags about my house. I have been myself
in the cheapest times, to support us with very badly afflicted with an ague this sum-
common necessaries, without the help of mer, but thank God I begin to recover a
friends. My present curacy is only 36.; little, and my eyes are very bad indeed,
and if I consider the expense of keeping a and am obliged to wear spectacles, but I
horse for the purpose, not 30l. I leave my have not been able to buy a pair for myself
poor children to God; he is an all-sufficient yet; but am resigned to the will of my
portion; and we do every thing we can to Heavenly Father, and wait with patience
put them in a way to get their own livelihood. till my change come.”
The blessed work prospers in my parishes. One more case, and we have done.
The major part of the inhabitants in both “ I am truly distressed to inform you,
parisbes have set up fainily-prayer since my that our troubles and trials are growing fast
coming among them, which is a great bless- along with our family; having now four
ing, and I hope others will follow their good children, and the youngest but little more
example; for without family religion all than twelve months old, with another coming.
other pretences to it seem to be vain. Both My salary for four churches, 451. 10s. ;
I and my house will serve the Lord,' saith rent, taxes, &c. 161. 8s. 6d. The amount of

our debt I cannot at present ascertain; "Our worldly circumstances are low and having last week purchased a horse, which distressing, having unavoidably contracted is unpaid for; I am afraid that it is condebts to the amount of upwards" of 301. siderably above 401. Since last April we every article of subsistence being excessive had been without one; but now, winter apdear."

proaching, I thought it impossible to do Another. “ I am now curate of —-;my without one. We are now in immediate salary exceeds not 30l. as the living is small, want of many articles of wearing apparel, and my patron rather of low circnmstances. without any possibility of obtaining them, Also I have been out of employment all the unless by timely providential aid. These last winter; and have a wife and ten chil- things are indeed trying; but, praised and dren, nine of whom depend daily on me to

adored be our dear Redeemer's name, we find them bread. Now hoping the same have experienced Him to be unto us spirit to be in your bosoms, i am once more strength in weakness, a ready help in every encouraged, and take that boldness to soli- time of need.” cit the pious gentlemen of the committee (through you, dear Sir, by whose means, in PRAYER-BOOK AND HOMILY SOCIETY, the brands of the Lord, I have been relieved many times before), for any sum they please

We have been favoured with the followto appoint for me.”

ing statement of “ Reasons for establishing, A third. “Surrounded by a family of seven at the present time, a Prayer-book and Holitle ones

, the eldest only six years and a balfmily Society, for the sole purpose of distriold, and the dearness of the several neces- buting gratis, and circulating at reduced saries of life, have almost overwhelmed me prices, the Prayer-book and Homilies of the with despair. Yet, let me not forget His united Church of England and Ireland goodness, who provides for the raven, and among the people of the British empire, and providently caters for the sparrow. My cu- particularly in his Majesty's army and navy, racy has not, till within these last twelve and in our colonies and dependencies;" and months, exceeded 251, a year. I serve at we have much pleasure in laying them bepreseut three churches, attended with a walk fore our readers. of nearly sixteen miles ; salary 75h a year. “Notwithstanding the endeavours of the


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two great and excellent societies, for pro-, inhabitants of our colonies and dependencies. motiug Christian Knowledge, and for the Aniong these last, it is probable that in conDistribution of the Holy Scriptures, it has sequence of the exertions of the Bible San appeared to several persons, anxious to pro- cieties, the new society may be called upon tuote the prosperity of the Church of Eng. to distribute versions of the unrivalled com land, and the interests of true religion, that positions which it is their object to spread. there is still room for increased exertion. A translation of the Liturgy into the Hin. There are still some ohjects, which, either dostanet and Tamul has already been effectfrom the constitution of one of those so- ed; and many other languages might be. cieties are necessarily and upon principle named, which are spoken by people, among excluded, or from the variety of claims upon whom the doctrines of the Chusch may, now the benevolent attention of the other have reasonably be expected to extend ;-o say been hitherto only partially accomplisied. nothing of the Irish, Manks, and Welsh lane, Among these, that of more widely circulating guages. It would obviously be difficult for the Prager-book, and the Homilies of the the Society for promoting Christian KnowChurch of England, both in separate sermons ledge to pay full attention to these specific and in the entire volume, has appeared pe. objects, without withdrawing it from others. culiarly important.

of great importance and utility. " It is proposed, therefore, that a society “On these accounts it has seemed, exshould be formed, for the sole purpose of pedient, that the principle of the division of . circulating those formularies, without note or labour, which has been found so effectual in. comment, among the inhabitants of the secular affairs, should be applied to those of. United Kingdum, her colonies and depen. a religious nature; and it is probable that dencies; and especially among the army the usual benefits would accre to all the and navy. Such a society, from the simple parties concerned. and definite nature of its plan, from the evi- “ While such an institution, therefore, dent importance of its objects, and from the as that now proposed, would (it is preapparent impossibility of any difference of sunsed) greatly forward the intentions of the opinion, among churchimen, concerning them, Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, appears calculated not only to be extremely it would, from the definite nature of its obo useful, but also to unite all the friends of jects, have no occasion to employ a ballot in our Establishment in its favour ; and it the admission of members :-and it seems might especially look for patronage and co- fur this reason to be the best method of operation from the dignitaries of the securing the co-operation of many, who, Church, from the members of the Society from their objections to such a mode of eleco" for promoting Christian Knowledge, and tion, are prevented from joining themselves from the Church members of the Bible with that highly useful society. Thus in a Society.

variety of ways it will afford to the members " 1. To the Homilies perhaps, more than of that body an opportunity of promoting to any viber compositions, the establishment their excellent objects by new means not of Protestantism in the fiearts of the people bitherto within their reach, and will procure of England may, under Providence, be as- for them an accession of sellow labourers in cribed. So higbly important were they the great work, in which they are engaged. thought by the Fathers of our Church, that “ II. With respect to the Church members originally a copy of them was deposited in of the Bible Society who have been so acevery established place of worship. for the tively and honourably employed in distributperusal and instruction of the people. And ing and circulating the pure word of God, in our own times ample testimony has been in all countries and amongst all classes of borne to their excellence and utility by persons, it is humbly yet confidently antici. Bishop Horsley, by the present Bishop of pated, that they will not deny their patronage Lincoln, and by Dr. Hey, the Norrisian io an-institution, which has for its object, to Professor of Divinity. Yet from the mul- diffuse .more widely the formularies of the tifarious uature of the benevolent designs Church, which, in their estimation, can be pursued by the Society for promoting Chris deemed inferior only to the Bible itself, and liau Knowledge, the Honilies have never for which, their zealous exertions fave niuch been included in the list of its publicatious. increased the demand.

" It is doubtless from the same cause, * III. To the dignitaries and ministers of that its circulation of Prayer-books, althongh the Church generally, as well as to that vast much augmented of late years, has not been body of the Taity who are cordially attached equal to the increasing wauts' of the people, to lier, a Society, whose views tend to unite especially of the army and navy, and of the all parties within ber extensive pale, in on



great, simple and orthodox design of a strictly the advantages likely to accrue to the Church definite nature, may justly hope to be ac- of England, and, what is far more efsential ceptable.--It may justly bope to establish than the interests of any particular church, itself in their hearts and affections, and to to Christianity itself, from the proposed inengage their zealous assistance ;-because it stitution. Those who, by their adherence directly tends to unite under the banners of to her service, profess to regard her as exthe Church (for the evident and unequivocal hibiting the purest model of Christianity, promotion of genuine religion), the zeal and cannot require arguments to shew that es. certions of all her members,

tensive benefits may be expected from a « Finally, an humble confidence is enter- society, in which all her members may unite, tained, that by the combined exertions of which confines itself to the promotion of the Society for promoting Christian Knows what must be admitted by all to be true ledge, of the British and Foreign Bible So. Church-of-England objects, which excludes ciety, of the Naval and Military Bible So all occasion for variance of sentiment, which ciety, of the National Society for the Educa. requires no test un admission beyond a contion of the Poor, and of the proposed Prayer- tribution to its funds, and which operales by book and Homily Society, and other institu- means that are most obviously unexception, tions of a similar nature; the ancient fabric able. Under these impressions, we cannot of the Church will be cemented by inutual but look forward to the cordial concurrence charity and brotherly love, and immoveably of all the friends of the Etablished (Church, fixed in the hearts of the people.”

in a plan which promises to give that Church It is added, that “ A general meeting of a former hold than ever on the understandsuch persons as are favourable to the designs ing and affections of every class of her of this society, is appointed to be held on members. Wednesday, May 20, at the Freemason's Tafern, Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields." The chair to be taken at two o'clock precisely.

A special General Meeting of this $ociety, It will naturally be expected that we

which was most numerously attended, was should not dismiss so very important o pro- held at the New London Tavern, Cheapposition as this, without a few observations. side, on Friday April 24th, in consequence In the first place, then, we deem it right to

of a requisition, addressed to the Secretary, say, that the projected society has our cor

by many respectable members of the so. dial and unmixed approbation, les plan ciety. The requisition was as follows : may be considered as new. It not only ex

“ We, the undersigned members of the Socludes from the sphere of its exertion every ciety for Missions to Africa and the East,' composition to which the Church of England has not given its authoritative sanction, but it feeling it to be an imperative duty on the proposes to introduce into general circulation Society to exert itself, at this juncture, to a part of her formularies, namely, the Homie procure sach provisions in the New Charter lies, which have not hitherto been made the. to be granted to the East India Compay,

as shall, under wise and prudential regulaobject of distribution by any preceding institution in this metropolisThe impor. tion, promote Christianity in India, request

you to communicate to the Comiittee of the tance of this part of the plan seenus unques Society our united desire, that a special getionable. The Homilies contain a detailed exposition of the views of Christian doctrine neral meeting of the Society may be called and Christian practice entertained by the without delay, to take this important subject

into considerations." Church of England ; but they are almost wholly unknown to the bulk of our popula

The Right Hon. Lord Gambier was called tion. If the circulation of the Homilies

to the chair; when the following resolutions were the only object proposed by this new

were passed unanimously : institution, it would appear of itself to be

" That it appearing to this meeting that a sufficient to interest the affections and com

very numerous body of Europeans and namand the co-operation of the best friends of tive Christians, are subject to the British the Establishment.

Crown in India, and also, according to gene But it cannot be necessary to enlarge on

ral estimation, upwards of 60 millions of Ma

homedays and Heathens ; A society, lately formed at Bristol, dis, " Resolved, That it is a daty incumbent tributes tbe Homilies, but it distributes on the Society to exert itself in order to protracts alo.

cure gucle provisions in the New Charter to

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