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present day, which was not satis- attack, or, in other words, the strength of factorily answered by Origen near the religion. sixteen hundred years ago.
The “ In the third place, his admission of infidel's employment, since that many facts, which he would have rejoiced period, is most aptly described by belief of the facts, at the period at which he
to deny, is a strong testimony to the general a Christian poet in the following lines:
“ Fourthly, His wary suppression of some " He gleaus the blunted shafts that have circumstances incontrovertibly established recoiled,
by the authority of other persons, of much And aims them at the shield of truth again.” evidence which strengthened, and many
writers who had served the Christian cause, Mr. Cunningham has made a betrays his conviction that such facts could judicious arrangement of his mate
not be promulgated with safety to his argusials. He collects the objections of ment. Celsus, and the refutations of Ori- Let us lum next to the reasonings and gen, under the following heads :- the reply of Origen, and to the evidence for The History and Writings of the Christianity supplied by them. Jews; the Scriptures; the History
* In the first place, as the infidel mag of Christ; Miracles ; Character of find in the objections, all ihe weapons by the early Christians; Doctrines of which he is now accustomed to assault relithe early Christians. It is not our gion, so the believer may find in the anintention to follow him through pelled, and is sufficient to repel them for
swers of Origen, the shield which has ne. these several divisious. On the last head we will merely' remark, that “ The confidence with which Origen apo the objections of Celsus as clearly peals to the Scriptures, evinces the reverence prove that the doctrine of justifica- in which they were held at an age wher tion by faith was held by the first their spuriousness, if they had not been Christians, as the writings of the genuine, could 80 readily have been de present Bishop of Lincoln prove
tected. ihat this tenet is held by a body of
“ The exact correspondence of the scripan men, whom he calls the evangelical tural passages extracted by him, with our clergy. We will lay before our
own copies, establishes the integrity of the
sacred canon. readers the whole of Mr. Cunning
“ The confidence with which he challenges. ham's conclusion, which will both
an investigation of the miracles, and the put them in possession of his general miraculous powers of the Church, for soms argument, and furnish them with a
ages, leaves us no room to doubt of their specimen of his style.
existence. “Having thus noticed, in succession, the
" The firm faith of sucb a man as Origen, several topics which are chiefly insisted on in at a period when the evidence of Christianity the work before us; and having endeavoured lay most open to a scrutiny, is no sniada to deduce from eachi, the distinct evidence testimony of the truth of the religion. in favour of Christianity, which it seemed
“ The very rashness which is charged, to afford, it remains only to sum up the and justly clrarged upon Origen, is so far general testimony thus bome to our reli- satisfactory, that it assures us, the friends of gion.
Christianity, however injudicious, could opert « Let the evidence be first considered,
no avenues of attack through which thu most which arises from the concessions and objec. dextrous adversaries could successfully estions of Celsus. In the first place then lie sault the citadel of our faith. proves the existence of the Scriptures in
• Finally, The effect wrought upon the his own times, he relates some facts extracted character of Origen, and his contemporaries, from them, and he corroboratės many others, to which he continually refers, at onee gives which would otherwise stand-upon their un weight to their testimony. and vindicates thic * supported authority; and thus he authenti- claim set up by Christianity, to a Divine cates both the religion, and the Bible. efficacy accompanying its doctrines. Let
* In tle nest place, as 'Celsus-is usually Origen himself be examined. Such was hio considered the most subtle and malignaut of superiority to worldly attraction, that be the assailants of Christianity, the weakness was content to live and die, a humble cateof his assault discovers the difícalty of thc chist At Alexandria. Such wes bio devotion Curst. QBSEBV. No. 124.
tion to the sacred cause, that he sold his "Upon the whole, the reply of Origen to possessions for a daily allowance that would Celsus may be considered as one of the enable him to pursue the duties of piety and most valuable legacies of antiquity, The · Usefulness, without distraction. Such was importance of the subject; the talents of the his zeal, that he is said to have bequeathed contending authors, the ample evidence it to his fellow-creatures six thousand volumes, affords to our faith, claim for it our earnest the fruits of his own labour. Nor is his consideration; the errors of Origen are such character a solitary instance, upon the an- as a little sagacity may correct, his merit nals of Christianity. The great mass of ju- will ever be confessed, while religion shall dividuals who drank at or near the fountain- need an apology, or talent and piety have head of the religion, were evidently made áng claim to admiration. It is true that the · whole. They were animated by another revolution of ages has afforded, as might be spirit, and quickened into anotber lise. 'Old expected, to truth additional evidence, and things passed away, and all things became to error fresh refutation. So much however new.' It was moreover in the power of was effected, in their distinct entorprizes by these men to examine the sources of objec- the early enemies and friends of Christianity, tion which were opened to them by Celsus ; that the vanity of unbelievers should be subthis they had certainly done, but their be- dued, by discovering most of their objections Jief gathered strength by enquiry, and they to have been before advanced, and the faith sealed their testimony by their blood. We of Christians should be confirmed, by knowhave in their conduct a proof of the im- ing them to have been long since refuted." pression which the arguments of Celsus pp. 49—55. made on their minds.
“ Paganism began to tremble, when she We shall only add, that we have saw that the new religion was not only a ourselves perused Mr. Cunningban's new creed, but a new power; she anticipated work with great satisfaction ; that ber own downfall wlien she exclaimed, See it furnishes honourable testimony how these Christians love one another.' This evidence is peculiar to the Gospel. By and the correctness of his theologi
both to the extent of his reading, this, under the Divine aid, it ascended the throne, and grasped the sceptre of the
cal views; and that we hope that world. By this it will continue to conquer,
this, our author's first essay, will and the gates of hell shall not prevail against prove but the prelude to farther
labours in the same cause.
REVIEW OF REVIEWS.
Review of Dr. MARSH's Inquiry, 8c.
bute the Liturgy than Dr. Marsh
himself, though backed by a power'In our Review of Dr. Marsh's In- ful society *. But the argument, quiry into the consequences
after all, does not rest on the conlecting to give the Prayer-book with duct of any individual. At the same the Bible, in our last number, we time, we have no doubt, that if an find that we have, at p. 180, inadver- investigation were to take place, it teutly mentioned the name of Mr. would be found, that the members Simeon, as if he were a member of of the Society for promoting Christhe Society for promoting Christian Knowledge; whereas, in fact, he does
. Since the above was written, there have not belong to it. This circumstance, appeared Four Discourses, by Mr. Simeon, however, will be found not to weaken
on the Excellence of the Liturgy, preached but to strengthen the argument, if it vember 1811, which are prefaced by an
before the University of Cambridge, in Noshall turn out, as we believe it will, Answer to Dr. Marsh's Inquiry. Both the that, with his own unassisted means, sermons and the answer are well entitled to Mr. Simeon has done more to distri. Dr. Marsh's serious consideration.
tian Knowledge, who are also mem-of the Church of England; and, bers of the Bible Society, have been consequently, that the Bible, so among the most extensive contribu- given or received, will make both tors to the general diffusion of the giver and receiver more attached to Liturgy,
the Liturgy, and more inclined reIn our Review, pp.181 and 182, we spectively to bestow or to accept have considered Dr. Marsh as taking that boon also. Thus, in our hum. too secular a view of the Liturgy, ble opinion, the habit of giving Biand as too much disposed to send it bles alone from one Society, so far forth into the world authorised and from diminishing, may be consideraccredited as an Act of Parliament. ed as likely to increase the respect We ought here to have anticipated for the Liturgy, though obtained a rejoinder on the part of Dr. from another source. And of this Marsh, stating that he has admitted effect we presume ourselves to be the Bible to be the sole basis of the instances, when, in spite of our zeal Church of England (p. 13), and that for the Bible Society, and quite inbe has occasionally insinuated, that dependently of the present arguother sects and opinions derived from ment, we have been found mainthe Bible, have been so by means of taining as above, with Dr. Marsh, the perversion or false interpreta- the necessity of the Prayer-book tion of the sacred text (pp.5,10, &c.) standing in company with the Bible But let any man read the pamphlet, -a necessity, we argue, still more and attend to the general impression likely to be asserted, in proportion made upon his mind. "We shall be as Bibles shall be obtained to illusmuch surprised if any single person, trate, and hold up to view, the beauthe author himself excepted, will tiful conformity of our incomparable deny, that its general effect is that of Liturgy with the principles of Scripplacing the Liturgy, at least far too ture; and in proportion also as a much, on a level, as to intrinsic worth, more extended knowledge of that with the veriest excrescences and conformity will make men anxious eccentricities that have deformed and to guard more carefully than ever libelled the name of Christianity against other, and therefore false, We have no doubt the result of the interpretations of the great standard whole will be to leave the reader of truth. under an impression of the political But should Dr. Marsh still
press authority of the Liturgy infinitely his argument for the “natural and beyond its theological claims on our necessary tendency” of the Bible respect. And this is, we pronounce, Society to supersede, in our estimaipso facto, an affront, an injury, a tion, the necessity of the Prayerdisrespect to the Book of Common book, by too liberal a distribution of Prayer, leading, we are bold to say, Bibles alone from one particular to the most pernicious consequences.
source; should he press it in oppoWe take this opportunity of add- sition to the FACT' of the prodigie ing, that the argument we have em- ously increased circulation of the ployed on this subject is not wholly Prayer-book; should he urge it in an argumentum ad hominem, or a re- opposition to the argument by which tort of the charge of disrespect to- we have endeavoured to prove that wards the Liturgy upon those who the Bible alone (and we now speak have brought it against the Church of it as alone) has a greater tenmembers of the Bible Society. It is dency to make Churchmen than more: it is intended as an actual Dissenters, and in opposition also to proof, that the possession and study the suggestion which might still be of the Bible, even separately consi- added, that the importance of a man's dered, has a tendency to prepare the own church and system will be very mind, and bring it insensibly for- much in bis esteem what it was bem ward to a respect for the principles fore, though he may hare received
additional means for establishing the ground of this low and distant and extending the basis on which contingency, shaken as it is on all it tests; nay, finally, should Dr. sides by fact, by argument, by bis Marsh still hold his argument, in the own admission, and by the tremenface of his own admission, that the dous .comparison we have, in fine, Bible is the basis, and the sole basis suggested to his consideration, we op wbich the Liturgy of the Church must pow leave him on this poiot, in of England actually rests, why then full possession of his argument, sole we say it becomes, in the strictest and undisputed lord of bis imaginary sense of the words, a matter of opi- domain. pion, not of argument: it must be
Illè se jactet in aula left as an important call upon the Æolus, et clauso ventorum carcere regnet. Professor, to weigh the small proba- We must now take our leave of bility of mischief, that even he can this subject for the present, purpose naintain on this head, against all the ing, however, to resume it as soon certain and incomparable advan- as we can probably in our next tages of the Bible Society, as it is; month's number. and having narrowed his stand to
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
Preparing for publication: A new work In the press ;-a work on the general, on the Jurisdiction of Justices of the Peace, poral, and natural History of a considerable anat on the Duty and Power of Parish Part of India, where he resided many Years, Officers, by Mr. T. W. Williams ;- A His. by Mr. James Forhes, P. R. S.;- A History tory of the European Commerce
with India ; of Bengal, from the earliest Period of ar- --History and Amiquitics of Folham ad thentic Antiquity, to its Conquest by tite Hamniersmith, by Mr. Faulkner, of Chef English in 1757, by Professor Stewart, of sea ;-A new History of all Religions, by the East Ihdia College; A volume of the Mr. Bellamy ;- A Journey into Albania, Klements of Chemistry, by Dr. Davy ;-A Romelia, and other Provinces of Turkey, fourth and fifth volumes of Tales of Fashion- during 1809 and 1810, by J. C. Hobhouse; able Life, by Miss Edgeworth ;-4 work on -An Account of the Attempts of the the Life and Administration of Cardinal Indian Bramins to invest their Gods with Wolsey, by Mr. Galt;-Dialogues on the the Honour of thc Messiah, by the Rev. Microscope, by the Rev. J. Joyce ;- Mt. Maurice - And, A volume of Tales, to Sketches of Coitage Characters, by the Aư. publish uniform with his other Works, by thor of the Antidote to the Miseries of Rev. G. Crabbe. Human Life ; – A Voyage round the World, by command of the Emperor of CAMBRIDGE, April 3. The following Massia, in the Years 1803 to 1806, in the are the subjects for the Members' Prizes for Ships Nadeshda and Neva, conmm mded by the present year: Senior Bachelors. De Capt. Von Krosedstein ; translated by R. & Philosophia Platonica Distinctio et JudiHoppater, Esq. ;** An Essay on the Misre cium. presentations, Ignorance, and Plagiarism of Middle Bachelors.-Utrum præcepta : certain Infule! Writers, by the Rev. R. Rhetoribus tradita verde Eloquentia proWalpole ;-An Outline of Arguments for fuisse art nocuisse dicendum est ? the Authenticity of the New Testament, and a short Account of the ancient Versions and Mr. Wilson has prodeced a stereotype some of the principal Manuscripts, by J. F. edition of Jolinson's Dictionary, in 8vo.. Gyles, Esq.;--And, A new edition of Dr. remarkable for the beauty of its typography, Owea's elaborate work on the Epistte to the It contains several thousand new words LeBrews, by iho Mor. G. Wright,
distinguished Sean Johnson's by ap asterisk.
Real value, for a series of years, of our Hutchiuson, Fendall. Smelt, Stockwell, Trote Imports and Exports, as laid on the table of ter, Kennedy, Yonge, Parks, Pringle, Sparks, the House of Commons :
Melville, Smith Whish, Todd, Barwell. In
IM PORTS. EXPORTS. General Hewitt, in the course of his speech, 1805....63,589,146....31,109,131 after giving the gentlemen, who had distin1806 ....50,691,707 .. •.52,028,881 guished the toselves, their appropriate praise, 1807....53,500,990....50,482,661 alsserved, that not a single instance of ir1808... 45,718,698....49,969,746 regularity had been reported to bim; but 1809... 59,851,362....66,017,712 tre pprehends the expensiveness and conse
1810....74,538,061 •-• •62,709,409 quent pecuniary embarrassment of some of An aceount of the number of Commercial the students. He dwells, at soine length, Licenses granted during the last ten years, on the advantages which seem to have arisen distinguishing the years:
from the institution of Hertford College, in 1802
facilitating the acquisition of the native lan1803
guages, and consequently shortening the 1804
1,141 period of residence at the College of Fort 1805
1,620 To die General's speech is subjoined 1807
2,606 catalogue of the worlos prepared under the 1808
4,910 patronage of the government and the col1809
15,226 foge since the disputation held in 1810. 1810
18,356 These me, 1. An Arabic Miscellany, by 1811
Shekh Abmud, a learned native of Yemen,
attached to the college, containing selections EAST INDIES.
and original pieces of his own, in prose and The annual public disputation, in the verse ; . A new edition of the Soorab, an College of Fort William, took place on the Arabic Dictionary, with Persian significa7th of August, 1811, before General Hevier, tions, by Moulavee Shooke Oollah and otser in the absence of the Goversiar-general. The learned natives; 8. The Noojoom ool Foor. disputations were in Persian, Hindostanee, kan, an Index Verborum to the Koran, by and Bengalee. The students, ons whom de Mustafa Khan; 4. The Kholdsut ool Hisab, grees of lionour wete conferred, were Mom an Arabic Treatise on Arithmetic, Algebra, tague Ainslie, Persian and Hindostance; and Geometry, with a Persian Commentary; J. C. Colebrooke Sutherland, G. W. Traill, the treatise composed by Shekb Bubaood and J. Ross Hutchinson, Hindostanee; R. Deer, the comment by the late Moulavee Lewin, T. J. Dashwood, and A. Anderson, Roshun Alee, of the college; now edited by Bengalee. Three medals were given to A. Moulavee Jan Aloe, of the Arabic departAnderson; two medals each to M. Ainslie, ment, and Tarnee Churn ; 5. The Sekunder. J. C. C. Sutherland, T. J. Dashwood, and namela of Nezami, a celebrated Persian G. W. Traill; and one medal to J. R. Hut. Poem on the heroic Achievements of Ales. chinson and J. Tendall. At the previous ander the Great, with a Commentary; annual examination in June, 1810, Ainslie edited by Budur Alee and Hoosein Alee, bad received a medal and books, of the moonshees of the college; 6. The Sidhants value of 500 rapees, for Persian; Suther. Caummi, a System of Sanscrit Gratimas, land the same for Hindostanee; and Lewin edited by Babooram Pundit, proprietor and the same for Bengalee; Smelt a medal and conductor of the Sbanscrit press; 7. The books, of the value of 250 rupees, for Per. Poetical Works of Meer Tukkee, in the Hia. sian; and Traill the same for Hindestanee. doostanee language, edited by Turnee Chum, A medal and books, value 200 rupees, were head moonsbee in Hindoostanee. The author also given to Lieut. Young for Persian was a native of Agra: his works consist of writing, to Whislı for Nagree writing, and to epic poems, odes, and other pieces 8. A J. P. Ward for Bengalee writing. Medals Collection of Oriental Proverbs, by Dr. Wilwere also given, on different accounts, to liam Hunter, Secretary and Examiner to the Yonge, Hutchinson, Dashwood, Whisk, Prin- College ; 9. An English and Hindoostanee gle, and Lewio; and medals of merit to Dictionary of Terms nsed in Navigation, by. Lieut. Young, Mossrs. Yonge, Saunders, Lieut. Roebuck, of the Madras EstablishMacsween, Pringle, Dashwood, Anderson, ment; 10. An Oorya or Orissa and English and Sutherland. The stadents leaving the Vocabulary, by Mohun Persbad Takoor, college werd twenty in number, viz. Ainslie, Dalive librarian to the college, xathor of a Setberland, Anderson, Desbwoed, Traill, Bongaleo und English Vocabulary, ul-cady