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a body given to it according to the good pleasure of God, and suitable to the nature of the seed: so, in like manner, the body first dies, and then is raised in a different form, or with different qualities, by the power and according to the will of God. Then he illustrates the difference of the body, when sown in the grave, and when raised from thence, by the difference of flesh in men, beasts, and birds, which, though all flesh, differ from each other; and so will the flesh of the body, in the resurrection, differ from the flesh with which it is now clothed.
He gives a further illustration of this, by the difference there is in the heavenly and earthly bodies in the sun, moon, and stars, and how one star differeth from another star in glory. All which similes, acommodated to this subject, serve to shew the difference there will be in the bodies of the saints, at the resurrection, from what they now are, and will be by death; which, when it has done its office on them, they are so wņ in weakness, (for a dead body is perfect weakness ;) yet, at the resurrection of the just, they will be raised in power : they are sown in the grave in corruption; they are raised out of it in incorruption : they are sown, when committed to the dust, in dishonour; they are raised from it in glory : they are sown in the grave, natural bodies ; they will be raised spiritual bodies : and that the risen bodies of saints will be spiritual, the apostle proves, by comparing Adam and Christ together: the one had a natural body, the other had a spiritual body, after his resurrection ; the order of which the apostle gives. The natural body of Adam, was before the spiritual body of Christ.
These general outlines of the preliminaries going before my text and subject, I have borrowed from Dr. Gill: and thus being brought to my text, I will recite it, ver. 47, 48, 49. “ The Girst man is of the earth, earthy; the second man is the Lord from heaven. As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also which are heavenly : and as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of tbe heavenly.” • Thus the apostle, having laid a foundation in the person, life, death, burial, and resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ, for an eternal triumph over sin, the world, satan, death, and hell; and the certainty of our resurrection from the grave of death in due season, viz. at the second appearing of our divine Jesus; he proposes to our minds in the text, truths full of unspeakable consolation : in them we have the following particulars. - First. We have here Adam and Christ compared together : the one, the head of nature, the other, the bead of grace. And their original is pointed out: the one is of earth, the other is from heaven. “ The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven."
Secondly. We have the offspring of the one, and the other, which are different: the offspring of the first Adam are earthy, like him; the offspring of the second Adam are heavenly, as he was, and will have a body, like his. “ As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy; and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly.”
Thirdly. That as the offspring bore the image of the first man, from whom they naturally descended, by having a natural body like his ; so the offspring of the second Adam, the Lord from heaven, shall bear his image by having a spiritual body, fashioned like unto his glorious body. “ For as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the hea. venly.”
These are the particulars into which the text naturally divides itself: and may the Lord, the Spirit, inspire my mind, and give me so scripturally to understand the subject before us, that I may set it before you, to Christ's praise, and to your spiritual profit, and exceeding joy.
I am, first, according to the plan laid down, to consider, Christ and Adam, as compared together : the one, the head of nature; the other, the head of grace; with their original, which is here pointed out, “ The first man is of the
earth, earthy; the second man is the Lord from heaven." .
. . . . . ., By Adam and Christ compared together, we understand the one to be the type, and the other the antitype. This is a truth which our apostle intimates in more places than one : he expressly declares it in the fifth chapter to the Roinans, and the fourteenth verse, where he says, that “ Adam was a figure of him that was to come.” He was a figure of Christ in these following respects: Adam was a public person, and the head of all mankind, in his state of innocency, and hence it was, that he falling, conveyed to all his posterity, the imputation of sin ; and there with the total depravity of his fallen nature, his misery, and death: so Christ, as the head of his church and people, conveys to them righteousness and life. . .
This is, what the apostle treats of in the fifth: chapter to the Romans; but in the chapter before us, bis design in speaking of the two Adams, is to point out how Christ was set forth and represented by the first man, (even in his pure cre. ation state, above the consideration of the fall): as pre-ordained before the world was, to be the head and root of the elect, to convey to them all the blessings of supernatural life, immortality, and blessedness. Our apostle's doctrine in this chapter is concerning the resurrection of the elect dead: this he proyes by many arguments,
in the beginning of this chapter, the chief of which are drawn from the resurrection of Christ, in whom all the elect must live, as in Adam all die. This is treated of from the beginning of it, to the twenty-first and twenty-second verses. At the thirty-fifth verse he starts the question, as if made by one who yet objected to the doctrine of the resurrection; with what body, or in what state and condition of life shall the dead arise? To which he answers that, for matter and substance, it is the same body they had before. But for qualifications, the condition of their persons and state of life, shall differ from what they now are, as much as a body celestial, does from a terrestrial body.
After this, he proceeds to shew, that God had ordained two such different conditions of life, and of bodies, for the sons of men: the one common for all men; the other peculiar to the elect, “ There is, (says be) a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.” To prove which, he quotes a passage from the second chapter of Genesis, and applies it to the present subject, saying, “ And so it is written, the first man Adam, was made a living soul ;' and, as well knowing the mind of the Holy Ghost in the passage, he adds to it, “ the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.” This is what he deduces from it.
Thus he makes Adam a type of Christ. He calls one the first Adam, and the other the se