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tained in the revelation of Christ, and received it as God's promise that thus it would be. He proves, and gives evidence of his faith, by calling his wife's name Eve, because she was the mother of all living. He had, before her fall, named her according to her sex woman, chap iç v. 23. Now he gives her another name of distinction; then, she was called woman because she was taken out of man; now, Eve; because all living were to come out of her. Adam shewed wisdom in naming the beasts: here he shews that and more, viz. faith and sense of his beta ter estate. She was rather the mother of death, having done that which brought death into the world; but he, sensible of a better life to come in by her, call her Eve, i. e. life, as the word sig, nifies. Lay this to that in John, chap. i. v. 4. “ In him was life, speaking of Christ, and the life was the light of men.” Eve was the mother of all liv. ing; viz. of Christ, and all that live by him.
I proceed to consider, secondly, the solemn exhibition of him as the propitiation for sin.
To keep this most important revelation and pro, mise of Christ in continual remembrance, required a representative priest and sacrifice, whereby the revelation and promise might be realized to the view and senses of believers in Jesus, in outward signs and memorials thereof. To inform Adam and all succeeding belgevers how the promise concerning Christ's victory over Satan, and of salvation, should be accomplished, the sacrifice and death of Immanuel were shewn forth and recorded in Paradise by the death of an animal, chosen out and commanded by the Lord to be offered in sacrifice to him : and the first death that ever took place in our world was a memorial, figure, and type, of the death of Christ. In reference to it, Christ bears the title of “ the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world." Rev. xiii. v. 8. , A Lamb was appointed by the Lord to be a symbol of Christ. It was substituted in the room of sinners. It was to have sin laid on it; then it was to be consumed by fire. In which the substitution of Christ's person in the room and stead of his people, the imputation of their sins to him, and his bearing them in his own body on the tree, and the acceptation of his offering by fire from heaven falling on the outward figure of it, were testified; and the removal and abolishing of all their sins out of the sight of God, by consuming and reducing the oblation to ashes by fire : hence it was stiled a burnt offering, because it was wholly consumed. Now this began immediately upon the fall ; was instituted by the Lord God; and was performed by Adam ; who knew, by the light and teaching of the Holy Ghost, its end and design. He was a partaker of the benefit of it from what we read at the 21st verse of this chapter : “Unto Adam also and to his wife did the Lord God make coats of skins, and clothed them.” The skins must have been those of the sacrificial animals, which had been offered up at God's command, as memorials of Christ, the Lamb of God: and though they are not mentioned, yet it follows from the title given
to Christ, « THE LAMB SLAIN FROM THE FOUNDATION OF THE WORLD;” and also from what it recorded in the next chapter, concerning Abel's offering to the Lord the firstlings of his Rocks, that Jesus the Lamb of God was prefigured in the garden of Eden by a lamb, or lambs. He might well, therefore, be proclaimed by the Baptist to be “the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sins of the world.” When it is said the Lord God made coats of skins, and clothed them, it is not relative to common clothing. This they had made for themselves; but it was typical of that righteousness provided by the Most High, and which was to be wrought out for them by the Lord Jesus, who is called THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. God's clothing Adam and his wife with skins, is an evidence that they sacrificed; for, they had no need of slaying beasts for any other purpose. They were slain, says Dr. Lightfoot, for sacrifice, and their skins sewed for clothing. Thus body and soul were provided for; and, in these sacrifices they looked unto Christ, and saw him in a figure, The first death in the world was Christ dying in a figure. The prophet Zacharias, in his song, has these words, “ As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began;" hinting that from the very beginning of the world, there were prophets of the Messiah : thus, Adam was a prophet of Christ, and prophesied of him in the name of Eve, which signifies life: and Eve prophesied of him in the name of Cain, chap. 4. v. 1. “She conceived and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the Lord;" or I have gotten the man, the very Jehovah : and also in the name Seth, she “ bare a son, and called his name Seth : for God, saith she, hath appointed me another seed.”. Thus Christ was set forth as the propitiation, in a most solemn exhibition of him in a sacrifice. His death was to be the accomplishment of the promise, and the way of reconciliation. Thus Father, Son, and Holy Ghost declared, that by the bloodshedding of the immaculate Lamb, Satan would be conquered ; sin taken away and entirely abolished; peace made; iniquity pardoned; the Holy Ghost bestowed; and access opened by the blood of Jesus, for the approach of sinners to God, as reconciled by the death of his Son. : I proceed, thirdly, to set before you the record of the acts and transactions of the Eternal Three, in the cherubic emblems placed at the east of the garden of Eden.
Adam was, in one day, under two vastly different covenants: the form of neither was plainly expressed, but clearly implied. The covenant of grace, and the covenant of works, were so far understood, as for him to feel that he had broken the one, and svas, through sovereign love and mercy, brought under the other, which held out to him, first, a root of a seed, as he was; secondly, one who would bring in an infinite righteousness beyond what he knew in his state of purity; thirdly, one who would, by
his obedience and death, destroy the works of the Devil for his own seed. This was mercy, which must in a particular way, unknown to all beside, bave warmed his heart and delighted his mind
Christ, as altar, sacrifice, priest, and purifier, having been freely and fully set forth, and the fallen pair having been made partakers of him and his great salvation, which, though but revealed, was as effectual to their acceptance, justification, and pardon, as it is now it has been completely accomplished; the Lord, to prevent Adam from turning aside to the covenant of works, acted in the following way with him :-" And the Lord God said, behold the man is become as one of us to know good and evil :" here is one in the incomprehensible essence, speaking in the language of Us, in an address to the other great ones, in the same undivided Godhead. “Behold, the man is become, as one of us.” This he foolishly aimed at; but by his very attempt he became, what he was not before, a sinful man ; his body mortal, and the subject of death. This was spoken in the hearing of Adam. By it the Lord God points out Satan's lying speech, “ Ye shall be as Gods, knowing good and evil;" and would impress the mind of Adam, with a proper sense of his pride and folly, in believing the father of lies, that, under proper views of his sin, he might walk humbly with his reconciled God. “And now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat and live for ever :" it is observed by the learned Ainsworth, that this speech is imper