The Virginia Report of 1799-1800, Touching the Alien and Sedition Laws: Together with the Virginia Resolutions of December 21, 1798, the Debate and Proceedings Thereon in the House of Delegates of Virginia, and Several Other Documents Illustrative of the Report and Resolutions
The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd., 2004 - 264
A collection of important writings that had a profound effect on the debates that led to the Civil War. The Virginia Resolutions were written by James Madison [1751-1836] and adopted by the Virginia legislature in 1798, the Kentucky Resolutions were written by Thomas Jefferson [1743-1826] and adopted by the Kentucky legislature in 1798. Both opposed the Alien and Sedition Acts and initiated a debate about the respective powers of the federal government and states. This edition collects these three works, and adds the texts of the Alien and Sedition acts, comments from other states and relevant extracts from Madison's letters. [vii]-xvi, -264 pp.
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But an objection had been made that the alien law had taken away from the poor
alien the trial by jury. He said that aliens were not a party to the compact, but
citizens only. The Constitution secured rights to citizens, and declared that they ...
In that case, a man was deprived of liberty without a trial by jury ; but that was
right, because society was bound to ... He again cited Mr. Jefferson's piece to
prove, that no cases under the law of nations were ever submitted to a jury to be
He then observed, that both the Constitution of the United States, and of this state
, directed that the trial by jury should be held sacred. He said, he would, then
proceed to examine if that right had never beem pretermitted by any law of the
He then called for the reading of the law of the state, which authorized the
delivering up ,a citizen committing a crime in a foreign country, at the instance he
said of the United States, without trial by jury, on mere suspicion and on demand.
No oath or affirmation was requisite ; no presentment or indictment by a grand
jury necessary; no trial by jury; his accusation, conviction and punishment, were
all to be announced by the Presidential officer in one breath. It was true, there ...