The Aurelian Legacy: British Butterflies and Their Collectors

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University of California Press, 2000 - 432
This entertaining and informative book traces the history of butterfly collection in Britain from the seventeenth century, when the study of natural history had its beginnings. Our knowledge of butterflies is the result of four hundred years of collection and study. However, butterfly collecting is a controversial subject today, and given the present state of butterfly populations, indiscriminate gathering of specimens can no longer be justified.

In addition to giving a history of butterfly collecting in Britain, this beautifully illustrated volume describes the equipment used and gives brief biographies of 101 deceased lepidopterists. The book is generously laced with anecdotes and quotations, and includes many contemporary monochrome portraits, accounts of selected species of historical interest, and an appraisal of the effects of collecting and of current conservation policies. Appendixes list all the British and Irish butterflies with their earlier, often confusing, and sometimes fanciful vernacular names, and provide a chronological account of entomological societies, publications, and significant events in the canon of British entomology.

The Aurelian Legacy is a fascinating account of the men and women who have made valuable contributions to our knowledge of British butterflies and of their early and often complex history. It is not only a good read but also an excellent reference source for current and future lepidopterists as well as social historians.

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Spis treści

The Hon Miriam Rothschild D B E F R S
15
PICTURE AND TEXT CREDITS
21
CHAPTER 2
29
Weapons of the Chase
55
A Company of Serious Thoughtful Men
93
Adrian Hardy Haworth 17671833
127
Edward Donovan 17681837
129
Joseph Grimaldi 17791837
131
Robert Watson 19161984
229
Edward Charles PelhamClinton 10th Duke of Newcastle 19201988
230
Richard Lawrence Edward Ford 19131996
231
Peter William Cribb 19201993
232
John Heath 19221987
233
CHAPTER 4
240
The Chequered Skipper Carterocephalus palaemon
241
The Essex Skipper Thymelicus lineola
244

William Spence 17831859
132
Richard Weaver f 17901860
133
Lætitia Jermyn 17881848
136
George Samouelle c 17901846
137
John Curtis 17911862
138
James Charles Dale 17921872
139
James Francis Stephens 17921852
141
James Rennie 17871867
142
Abel Ingpen 17961854
143
Frederick William Hope 17971862
144
Edward Newman 18011876
145
James Duncan 18041861
147
John Obadiah Westwood 18051893
148
Henry Doubleday 18081875 and
150
Edward Doubleday 18111849
151
John Arthur Power 18101886
153
Francis Orpen Morris 18101893
154
Frederick Bond 18111889
155
John William Douglas 18141905
156
William Buckler 18141884
157
Charles Stuart Gregson 18171899
159
Emma Sarah Hutchinson 18201906
160
Thomas Vernon Wollaston 18221878
161
Henry Tibbats Stainton 18221892
162
John Jenner Weir 18221894
164
Joseph Greene 18241906
165
George Carter Bignell 18261910
166
Henry Guard Knaggs 18321908
167
Joseph William Dunning 18331897
168
Octavius PickardCambridge 18281917
169
Charles Golding Barrett 18361904
171
William West 18361920
172
James Platt Barrett 18381917
173
William Henry Harwood 18401917
174
Albert Brydges Farn 18411921
175
Thomas Algernon Chapman 18421921
176
Thomas de Grey 6th Baron Walsingham 18431919
177
Francis Buchanan White 18421894
178
William Forsell Kirby 18441912
179
William Holland 18451930
180
Henry John Elwes 18461922
181
Richard South 18461932
184
Robert Adkin 18491935
186
Sir Edward Bagnall Poulton 18561943
187
James William Tutt 18581911
189
Edward Meyrick 18541938
191
Frederick William Frohawk 18611946
193
Heinrich Ernst Karl Jordan 18611959
197
Margaret Elizabeth Fountaine 18621940
199
Percy May Bright 18631941
202
Lionel Walter Rothschild 2nd Baron Rothschild of Tring 18681937
205
8o Edward Bagwell Purefoy 18681960
207
Leonard Woods Newman 18731949
209
Henry Attfield Leeds 18731958
211
Hon Nathaniel Charles Rothschild 18771923
213
Edward Alfred Cockayne 18801956
214
Dr E A Cockayne
215
John William Heslop Harrison 18811967
216
Philip Bertram Murray Allan 18841973
218
Norman Denbigh Riley 18901979
219
Lionel George Higgins 18911985
220
go Henry Charles Huggins 18911977
221
Arthur Francis Hemming 18931964
222
Sir Robert Henry Magnus Spencer Saundby 18961971
223
Edmund Brisco Ford 19011988
224
Baron Charles George Maurice de Worms 19041980
226
Russell Frederick Bretherton 19061991
227
Dr Bernard Kettlewell
228
The Lulworth Skipper Thymelicus acteon
245
The Mallow Skipper Carcharodus alceae
249
The Swallowtail Papilio machaon
252
The Swallowtail a woodcut from Moffets Insectorum Theatrum 1634
253
The Scarce Swallowtail Iphiclides podalirius
254
The Scarce Swallowtail a woodcut from Moffets Insectorum Theatrum
256
810 The Clouded Yellows Colias spp
257
The Pale Clouded Yellow Colias hyale
258
Bergers Clouded Yellow Colias alfacariensis
260
The Clouded Yellow Colias croceus
263
The Cleopatra Gonepteryx cleopatra
266
The Blackveined White Aporia crataegi
268
Petivers White butterflies including the Blackveined White 1717
269
The Bath White Pontia daplidice
271
Petivers Yellow White and mixt Butterflies including the Bath White
272
The Black Hairstreak Satyrium pruni
274
1517 The Coppers Lycaena spp
277
The Large Copper Lycaena dispar
278
b Seymers notes on the Scarce and Large Coppers
279
The Scarce or Middle Copper Lycaena virgaureae
285
The Purpleedged Copper Lycaena hippothoe
290
The Longtailed Blue Lampides boeticus
291
The Shorttailed or Bloxworth Blue Everes argiades
293
The Northern Brown Argus Aricia artaxerxes
295
The Mazarine Blue Cyaniris semiargus
297
The Large Blue Maculinea arion
300
Albins Hampstead Eye Junonia villida
309
Albins Hampstead Eye in Petivers engraving of Brittish eyewinged butterflies 1717
310
The Painted Lady Cynthia cardui
311
Charles duBois notebook entry for the Painted Lady c 1695
312
The American Painted Lady Cynthia virginiensis
316
The Large Tortoiseshell Nymphalis polychloros
318
The Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa
321
The European Map Butterfly Araschnia levana
327
Weavers Fritillary Boloria dia
329
The Queen of Spain Fritillary Argynnis lathonia
331
The Niobe Fritillary Argynnis niobe
335
The Niobe Fritillary from Newmans Ilustrated Natural History of British Butterflies 1871
336
The Mediterranean Fritillary or Cardinal Argynnis pandora
338
The Glanville Fritillary Melitaea cinxia
339
The Arran Brown Erebia ligea
343
The Monarch or Milkweed Butterfly Danaus plexippus
346
CHAPTER 5
351
To the Worthy Successors of the Aurelian Society
364
A shocking advertisement of 1827 for 20 Gross of Northern Brown Argus
365
Stevenss Auction House in King Street Covent Garden in the 1830s
368
APPENDIX 1
375
together with their past and present common names
377
The Apollo
379
The Brimstone
380
The Small White
381
The Orangetip
382
The Common Blue
386
The Red Admiral
387
The Painted Lady
388
The Peacock
389
APPENDIX 2
391
The Speckled Wood
392
The Wall
393
Entomological societies publications and significant events
397
Moses Harriss dedication to members of the second Aurelian Society
398
William Watkins with his butterfly cages
403
William Watkins advertisement 6 1892
404
Eric Classey entomological bookseller and publisher
406
BIBLIOGRAPHY AND FURTHER READING
409
INDEX
425
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Popularne fragmenty

Strona 14 - The beauty and brilliancy of this insect are indescribable, and none but a naturalist can understand the intense excitement I experienced when I at length captured it. On taking it out of my net and opening the glorious wings, my heart began to beat violently, the blood rushed to my head, and I felt much more like fainting than I have done when in apprehension of immediate death. I had a headache the rest of the day, so great was the excitement produced by what will appear to most people a very inadequate...
Strona 14 - I will give a proof of my zeal : one day, on tearing off some old bark, I saw two rare beetles, and seized one in each hand ; then I saw a third and new kind, which I could not bear to lose, so that I popped the one which I held in my right hand into my mouth. Alas! it ejected some intensely acrid fluid, which burnt my tongue so that I was forced to spit the beetle out, which was lost, as was the third one.

Informacje o autorze (2000)

Michael A. Salmon is an amateur lepidopterist who has made a special study of butterfly variation in Britain. He has been responsible for saving a number of historic collections now in danger of destruction from neglect and decay.

Informacje bibliograficzne