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ability able administrative officers adoption amendment American appointed associate authority ballot become bill Cabinet cabinet government called candidates carry cause character cities citizens common conduct Congress consists Constitution courts decide democracy democratic depends desire direct district duties effect efficiency elected electorate enacted English equal ernment executive exercise exist fact favor Federal Federal government five follows former function give given House ideas ignorant important independent individual intelligent interests judges judicial kind legislative body legislative department legislature less majority matter means ment merely minority nature necessary nomination opinion organization particular party passed perform person political population position present President principle protection question race reason represent requires respect responsibility result rule seek Senate separate superior things tion United usually vested veto vote voters whole
Strona 164 - When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates, there can be no liberty; because apprehensions may arise lest the same monarch or senate should enact tyrannical laws, to execute them in a tyrannical manner.
Strona 252 - ALL men are born free and equal, and have certain natural, essential, and unalienable rights ; among which may be reckoned the right of enjoying and defending their lives and liberties ; that of acquiring, possessing, and protecting property ; in tin P., that of seeking and obtaining their safety and happiness.
Strona 258 - Of the former class are the rights to one's own religious opinions and to a public expression of them, or, as sometimes said, to worship God according to the dictates of one's own conscience ; the right to personal liberty and individual property; to freedom of speech and of the press; to free access to courts of justice, to due process of law, and to an...
Strona 253 - To guard against transgressions of the high powers herein delegated, we declare that everything in this "Bill of Rights" is excepted out of the general powers of government, and shall forever remain inviolate, and all laws contrary thereto, or to the following provisions, shall be void.
Strona 258 - We suggest, without intending to decide, that there may be a distinction between certain natural rights enforced in the Constitution by prohibitions against interference with them, and what may be termed artificial or remedial rights which are peculiar to our own system of jurisprudence.
Strona 71 - A legislative, an executive, and a judicial power comprehend the whole of what is meant and understood by government. It is by balancing each of these powers against the other two, that the efforts in human nature towards tyranny can alone be checked and restrained, and any degree of freedom preserved in the constitution.
Strona 64 - DICKINSON had two reasons for his motion — first, because the sense of the states would be better collected through their governments than immediately from the people at large ; secondly, because he wished the Senate to consist of the most distinguished characters, distinguished for their rank in life and their weight of property, and bearing as strong a likeness to the British House of Lords as possible ; and he thought such characters more likely to be selected by the state legislatures than...
Strona 63 - ... single vote like the rest, the common liberty would be their slavery, and they would have no interest in supporting it, as most of the popular resolutions would be against them. The share they have therefore in the legislature ought to be proportioned to their other advantages in the state; which happens only when they form a body that has a right to check the licentiousness of the people, as the people have a right to oppose any encroachment of theirs.
Strona 72 - Enlighten the people generally, and tyranny and oppressions of body and mind will vanish like evil spirits at the dawn of day.
Strona 64 - In all civilized countries the people fall into different classes, having a real or supposed difference of interests. There will be creditors and debtors; farmers, merchants and manufacturers. There will be, particularly, the distinction of rich and poor.