Ever since abandoning the nomadic lifestyle, mankind has been fighting with the disposal problems caused by everyday life's wastes. Today, humans are looking for ecological solutions, which are also economically viable. This book presents the history of this dilemma and the technical solutions available on the market today.
The first part provides an overview of the history of mankind and their waste. The tendencies in Europe and the current legislations for Switzerland and Europe are explained. A look beyond the borders of Europe to other continents shows that there the local residents are presently fighting with the same problems as Europe did at the beginning of the 20th century.
The second part deals more closely with waste definition, the technical possibilities to recycle waste and the processes to treat non-recyclable waste in a manner, that it can be safely brought back into the environment. The book discusses municipal as well as industrial wastes. Also special areas such as hazardous wastes, sewage sludges, landfill and contaminated site problems or biogenic wastes are highlighted.
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Origin composition and quantity of solid MSW
Categorisation of MSW
Flue gas cleaning
Flue gas cleaning and residue handling
How much does our waste cost us?
General abbreviations and acronyms
Waste disposal as final storage and the Swiss solution
Abfall acid aerosols Berner Zeitung boiler BUWAL carbon catalyst century chemical chloride collection combustion chamber components composting compounds containers cycle denitrification dioxins dioxins/furans disposal drier dump dust electrical electronic electrostatic precipitator emissions energy entropy environment environmental equipment fermentation filter flue gas cleaning flue gases fluidized-bed fly ash fuel furans gas cleaning system gas flow German glass hazardous waste heat heavy metals industry inert injection landfill mass mercury metric tons MSW incineration plant MSWI-plants municipal solid waste neutralisation operating organic oxide oxygen packaging packing bed paper particles plastic recycling pollution production pyrolysis quantity reaction reactor refuse residue salt Schweiz scrubber scrubbing liquid separation sewage slag sludge Source stage steam substances surface Swiss Swiss francs Switzerland Tages-Anzeiger temperature thermal Thermoselect tion transport Umwelt waste incineration plant waste management waste treatment waste water weight wet flue gas Zurich