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to the 26th of July, inclusive, and therefore embraced a period of 24 days; and eight of these observar tions were made when the comet was on the meridian, and consequently in the most favourable position for the purpose. The observations were doubtless continued subsequently to the 26th, but, as these are not included in the printed list, we are unable to specify either their number or the results. Those above stated, however, are sufficient to give the elements of the orbit with considerable accuracy. These are the following: viz. Peribelion distance
0.36247 Inclination of the orbit
80° 7' 41" Longitude of the ascending node 9$. 3 53 40 Longitude of the perihelion
20 48 Passage of perihelion, June 28th
11h 38m. 32s. For a variety of interesting particulars relative to these wandering bodies, we must refer to the volume of TIME's TELESCOPB for 1817,
The Naturalist's Diary
For MARCH 1820.
The winter's past,
To pluck their ripened sweets. The superabundant moisture of the earth being dried up, the process of vegetation is gradually brought on; those trees which, in the last month, were budding, now begin to put forth their leaves; and the various appearances of nature announce the approach of SPRING,
As Spring parades her new domain,
The melody of birds now gradually swells upon the ear. The throstle (turdus musicus), second only to the nightingale in song, charms us with the sweetness and variety of its lays. The linnet and the goldfinch join the general concert in this month, and the golden-crowned wren (motacilla regulus) begins its song. The lark also must not be forgotten. The melody of this little creature continues during the whole of the summer. It is chiefly, however, in the morning and evening that its strains are heard; and as it chaunts its mellow notes on the wing, it is the peculiar favourite of every person who has taste to relish the beauties of nature at the most tranquil seasons of the day, particularly at dawn.-See some interesting particulars of this bird in T.T. for 1817, p. 76, and the “ Captive Lark,” in our last volume, p. 79.
In this month, rooks build and repair their nests. Rooks, crows, and pigeons, but the first in particular, it has been proved, are by no means so detrimental to the farmer as is generally imagined, though many of them still commit great havoc among these birds, and use every means in their power to frighten them away'. A pleasing little poem on this subject has been privately printed and circulated among his friends, by its noble author, LORD ERSKINB, in whose distinguished life one of the most brilliant features is, his long exerted zeal in the cause of the suffering animal creation. The poem was occasioned by his lordship's having, at the instance of his bailiff in Sussex, complained to a neighbour of his rookery, the only one in that part of the country; but having been afterwards convinced of the utility of rooks, he countermanded his complaint, and wrote the “ FARMER's Vision," from which the following lines are extracted.
Know, then, since man's disastrous fall,
! See T. T. for 1816, pp. 86, 87,
Midst the pale fading stalks are seen
In the large animals, you see
See the whole of this interesting poem in the Literary Gazette for March 20, 1819; the notes are in a subsequent number.
Upon these concluding lines his lordship justly observes, in a note, “it may be necessary here to come under the poet's license, otherwise vermin of all descriptions, however manifestly destructive in our gardens, ought to be permitted to lay them waste. The economy of nature throughout the minuter gradations of animal life mocks all investigation; yet Providence must undoubtedly have intended that all created beings should be fed as their instincts direct. Trees, therefore, of all kinds bear their fruits and seeds in a thousand times greater quantity than are necessary for their reproductions, and which must obviously have been intended for animal subsistence. When they grow in a wild state, innumerable tribes of birds and insects take their allotted proportions without interference, and man is contented with what remains, whatever it may be; but in the resorts of luxury he will bear no partnership. The Peaches and Nectarines on his walls bring a hundred times what would come to his reach if they grew in the desert, yet he will not spare one of them, but hangs his honied bottles on every branch, when wasps and other insects surround them; not, indeed, in their natural number, but multiplied by the allurements of human monopoly.In the same manner, when men congregate in large cities, and amass greater wealth than is, perhaps, consistent with a wholesome state of society, thieves and robbers abound in proportion; and the Judge at the Old Bailey, like the Gardener in the orchard, has a duty imposed upon him to keep them down.
Cowper, in his Task, has given the rule for our conduct to the lower world in almost a word; and the latitude he allows to man's acknowledged dominion is surely amply sufficient.
The sum is this if man's convenience, health,