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V.=Vision. H.= Hearing. Ht. = Heart. Lng.=Lungs. Gn. Ap.=Gen'l Appearance. Method of recording neurological data is that described by author in article in collaboration with Dr. H. G. Thomas, appearing

in the AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INSANITY, July, 1917.

MARCHANT CALCULATING MACHINE CO.

RESEARCH DIVISION.

(DEPARTMENT 1. ACCURATE NAME OF JOB 2. NATURE OF JOB

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A. KIND OF WORK
B. OPERATOR (MALE OR FEMALE)
C. WORKING CONDITIONS

1. Dust
2. Light
3. Heat
4. Noise
5. Keen eyesight required
6. Speed required
7. Accuracy
8. Attention
9. Judgment
10. Automatic
11. Special skill or ability
12. Previous training necessary
13. Agreeable ....
14. Disagreeable
15. Planning ability
16. Ability required to quickly recognize relationship of well-defined

and easily recognized parts to a given whole (assembling)

17. Analytical power associated with manipulating ability requiring

attention and continuity of effort ...... 18. Ability to observe and remedy defects (inspection) 19. Discrimination of form ...... 20. Necessity for following directions accurately after careful and repeated explanations

FOREMAN (Should this sheet be inadequate to cover each item, use other side.)

SUPPLEMENTARY Data. The following information demonstrates more than words the value of medico-psychological examinations as a method to be used in employment departments of industrial plants :

In the assembling department of the Marchant Calculating Machine Co., Oakland, Cal., 57 employees were examined. About two months after the examination a “strike " occurred. The reasons for the strike and the factors leading up to it will not be discussed in this communication.

In the case of every employee terminated for the group examined whether discharged or voluntarily leaving, the prediction of a possible abnormal conduct or a dissatisfaction was made in the laboratory report and recommendations to the employer.

A brief summary of the analysis of the situation following the strike follows:

ASSEMBLING DEPARTMENT.

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I

Number of employees examined

57 (24 males, 33 females). Number of employees examined who have terminated ...

34 (9 males, 25 females). Reasons for termination: Strikers (discharged) .....

23 (6 males, 17 females). Work unsatisfactory (discharged)

5 (2 males, 3 females). Better position elsewhere ..

2 (1 male, i female). Dissatisfied with work and wages

2 (females). Husband returned from war

2 (females). The conduct of the strikers is described by the foreman as 'good," "fair," "very poor," and “agitators,” divided among them as follows: Good

5 Fair

7 Very poor

Agitator's According to the records, every one of the strikers had something wrong with them from a nervous or mental standpoint (nearly all having a psychopathic history); it was noted that with three exceptions the“ strikers " cited as agitators were among those grading the highest on the intelligence scale used. The three exceptions can be explained as follows: One who graded 45 per cent, but had a sister who was also an agitator, but who graded high; one who graded 35 per cent, but the laboratory report shows him to be easily rattled, stutters, badly depressed at times, many nervous symptoms, and psychopathic heredity; one who graded 51 per cent, but whose education indicated that she should have graded higher, was timid, but had considerable selfassertion when crowded, besides having a definite psychopathic history.

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Three of the strikers cited as “good” showed low grades: one 13 per cent, one 45 per cent, and one 57 per cent. The other two showed high grades: 87 per cent and 79 per cent, but the laboratory report in the one grading 87 per cent shows that she is very nervous, shut-in type, suspicious, many fears, psychopathic history.

The two leaving for better positions had high grades: one 97 per cent, who had been employed in this plant two years; one 75 per cent, who had been employed but one month (an unstable, nervous individual).

The two leaving on account of being dissatisfied: one had a grade of 89 per cent, but gives a very suspicious history, which, associated with her age ( 16 years), definitely indicates adolescent instability; one had a grade of 67 per cent, easily rattled and worried if put under any stress.

The five discharged for inefficiency showed low intelligence, or definite abnormal mental symptoms in four. The fifth had a very high intelligence (92 per cent), but very definite symptoms of mental trouble. Two others also showed definite mental symptoms, both being paranoidal and very suspicious. The grades for intelligence according to Stearns' test for this group were 28 per cent, 13 per cent, 55 per cent, 65 per cent, and 92 per cent.

We learn from a study of this terminated group that the agitators were the ones with the highest intelligence as a rule; that the “good” one showed low intelligence or some nervous condition inhibiting the self-assertive instinct; that the ones leaving for better positions were high in intelligence; that those leaving because of dissatisfaction were definite psychopaths; that the inefficient ones discharged showed low intelligence or were mentally wrong. The above brief analysis demonstrates the success of a medico

a psychological examination in spotting types and giving accurate information regarding individuals. It could not be concluded from this or any other examination that all strikers, whether agitators or not, are psychopaths; but this examination does show that the agitators in this group were the self-assertive ones and the ones grading the highest in intelligence, the others simply followed the leader. It is not proposed here to enter into a discussion of the causes leading up to the stimulation of this self-assertive

instinct and the resulting conduct. It is necessary, however, to call attention to the value of the examinations in predetermining conduct, and thus enabling the employer to remedy conditions which would be likely to cause trouble in his plant.

Of especial value of this "coordinate" method of examination is the determination of queer guys, eccentrics," " disturbers," " querulous persons," "unreliable and unstable fellows,"

misfits," "the irritable,” “the sullen," socially disgruntled," "unsociable," " negative," "conscientious," " litigious," "beara-grudge," " peculiar,"

peculiar," " glad-hand," " gossipy,” “roving," " restless," " malicious," " lying," swindling," "sex pervert,” “ false accusator," "abnormal suggestibility," and "mental twist " types !

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