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PORTUGUESE AMERICA.

matter alighting amongst shavings in the a garrison of 150 men, he marched for New churchyard. The Parsonage-house provi- St Andero, where he established his headdentially escaped. From the chapel the fire quarters, and collected a force of 2000 rank was carried half a mile further, and de and file. The inhabitants received him with stroyed a house inhabited by Thomas Clark, acclamations and ringing of bells. Six at Croker's cove. In the mean time, fifteen thousand horses had been brought in. He houses in town were totally destroyed. mustered the whole of his force, and on the

Accounts from Quebec, of the first Au 24th and 26th May marched in two divigust, mention, that nineteen vessels had sions to attack a body of royalists posted in arrived from the United Kingdom, having the vicinity of St Andero. The battle was on board 1267 settlers, besides other pas- expected to take place on the 28th, and vicsengers. This number, it was said, will tory was confidently anticipated. Two comnearly complete 3000, received at this for- panies of the royal army are said to have tress in the course of the season. It is the deserted, and to have joined Mina, with project to settle the Eastern townships in their arms and accoutrements. preference to any other part of the two pro On the other hand, it is stated from New vinces.

York, that a General Ferrand had gone A Halifax paper observes, there are ad over to the army of the royalists with 2000 vertisements in the Irish and Scotch papers men, having first obtained the king's par. stating, that vessels for the Islands in the don; and the Madrid papers boast, that Gulf of St Lawrence, Nova Scotia, and Mina is reduced to the greatest extremities, Halifax, would convey passengers to Cana- his troops deserting him daily, and his reda ; that the ports such vessels are bound to treat by sea cut off. In short, that the flame are on the high road to the place they wish of insurrection in Mexico is just on the to arrive at; while every well-informed point of being finally extinguished. person knows, that to come from Halifax, The intelligence from Chili is important. St John's, Pictou, Prince Edward's Island, It is confidently asserted that the royalists &c. to Quebec, will cost as much as to come retain no place in that province, and that from Britain or Ireland direct.

the patriot forces were pressing forward to Peru. A letter from Madrid,

published in

the Dutch papers, states that the city of Accounts from the Brazils, to the end of Cusco, in Peru, is already in their hands, June, mention the death of the Count de and that they were threatening Lima. A Barca, and the appointment of the follow. military academy for fifty cadets (patriots) ing new administration :— Thomas Antho had been established at Chili; and many of nio de Villa Nova, Prime Minister ; Count the Chilian patriots, who were banished" by Palmella, now Ambassador at the Court of the royalists to Juan Fernandez, had been London, Minister for the Foreign and War brought back in triumph by the insurgent Department; Count Dos Arcos (Governor troops to St Jago. of Bahia), Minister of Marine; M. Bezer In the beginning of August, a vessel sail. ro, the Department of the Treasury. It is ed from Portsmouth for St Thomas's, with reported that the new ministry are to push 10,000 stand of arms, 10,000 muskets, and the operations on the Rio la Plata with 10,000 cutlasses on board ; and also about more vigour than was at any time displayed 100 British officers, volunteers, to join the by their predecessors; and there are suffi- independent cause in South America. The cient grounds for believing, to make their Spanish Minister in London complained of operations successful, that vigour cannot be this to Lord Castlereagh, who told him exerted too soon.

that no law existed for preventing British The letters from Pernambuco are to the officers on half-pay, from leaving the king26th June, and state, that although every dom, or throwing up their commissions. thing continued tranquil, trade was still in The Ambassador replied, that if they were a deranged state. The property of those taken in Company with the rebels, they engaged in the late insurrection has been must expect to meet with their fate. To confiscated.

this observation Lord Castlereagh had no

thing to reply, except that the British offiSPANISH AMERICA.

cers so circumstanced must abide by the The latest advices which the American consequences. papers contain respecting General MÓGregor's expedition, are of the 24th of July,

WEST INDIES: from Amelia Island. At that period his A memorial has been presented by the force amounted to only 300 men, and he merchants of Jamaica to the Board of Trade, was strengthening himself in expectation of in which they beg for an efficient protection further reinforcements. It is supposed that of their trade with South America. The he would meet with considerable opposition great value of this trade may be estimated in East Florida, and particularly at St Au- by the fact here stated, that British manugustine.

factures to the value of ten millions sterling Advices had reached New Orleans, from have been already disposed of. If such is Mina's followers, to the 27th May. Have the extent of the commerce already estabing fortified Soto la Marina, and left there lished, in spite of the disordered state of

ALGIERS.

the people, and where the productions of that the Emperor of China has sent a letter this country are so little known, what an to the Prince Regent, requiring that no increase must take place under more favour more embassies be sent to the « Celestial able circumstances! The memorialists, af- Empire.” The Anti-English party at the ter pointing out the value of the communi. Chinese court is reported in the same letters cation with the South American provinces,

to have been restored to the Emperor's fastate, that it has been much interrupted vour, notwithstanding his severe edict of by the insurgent privateers, and mention censure against them. their apprehensions from “ large brigs from the United States, well armed and manned with enterprising men,” who, it seems, have gone round Cape Horn.

AFRICA. By a letter from St Kitt's of so recent a date as the 11th July, we learn that the face EXPEDITION TO THE NIGER. of that island has been entirely scorched, We regret to learn the death of Captain not a shower of rain having fallen there for Campbell, the able commander of this unieight months! and only half crops are ex

fortunate expedition to explore the interior pected next year.

of Africa. A letter from Sierra Leone, of Bermuda gazettes, of the 25th June,

June 30, states, that intelligence of the loss state, that an infectious disease, which had

had arrived at that place a few days before. made its appearance at Antigua and Grenada, Captain Campbell was reported to have died had entirely subsided ; and the intercourse of a broken heart, and the expedition was between these islands and Bermuda was expected to return. The second naval officonsequently restored.

cer in command, who had been left at Port-au-Prince, June 28.- On the 19th

Sierra Leone on account of ill health, but instant, the large magazine in the intrench

was recovered, and on his way to join the ment on the borders of the town was struck expedition, returned to Sierra Leone on with lightning and exploded. It contain- hearing of Captain Campbell's death, to ed 108,000ʻlibs. of gunpowder, and, as you

consult the governor upon the future conmay suppose, has done much damage to

duct of the expedition. A despatch was the neighbourhood.

immediately sent home to Lord Bathurst. Last evening Fort Bisseton was blown up by the Commandant of that port, in a fit of intoxication and anger, in revenge for a sup

The plague has been for some time raging posed injury done him by one of his supe- along the Barbary coast, having been introriors. It contained about 28,000 libs. of duced into Algiers, on the 15th July, by a gunpowder; the officer was the only person

caravan of Moors returning from Mecca, killed.

and who afterwards proceeded over land to Morocco. The religion of the natives not

allowing them to take any precautions to ASIA.

avoid infection, the disease is allowed to spread its ravages throughout the country.

Every necessary measure Accounts from Bombay, of the 16th adopted in the opposite European ports to

was instantly March, state, that the trade to the Persian prevent its introduction ; and Gíbraltar, Gulf has been most dreadfully annoyed for and the other parts of Spain most exposed a length of time by the Jooffmel pirates, to the danger of infection, are in consewho had no less than forty cruizers at sea.

quence yet free from the contagion. On the 6th January, three of them attacked and captured, after a smart action, the

ST HELENA. Deriah, Doulut, belonging to the East

The Cæsar, which lately brought home India Company. Seventeen of the crew Lord Amherst and his suite from Batavia, were murdered, eight detained as prisoners,

in consequence of the loss of the Alceste and the remainder, who were wounded,

frigate, is the bearer of the latest intelliwere landed to the westward of Bombay.

gence from St Helena, relative to the health The pirates were armed with six nine

and manner of living of the Ex-Emperor of pounders, and carried from 100 to 200 men.

France. The Cæsar having occasion to The Union, Captain Barker, is stated to

touch at St Helena, Lord Amherst exhave been wrecked about fifteen months pressed a desire to be introduced to Bonaprevious to the above date, near the island parte, and, together with Captain Maxof Engano. The captain, three officers, and well and Mr Lynn, surgeon of the Alceste, 47 men, had reached the island, where they was allowed to wait upon him. On the 3d were stripped and detained prisoners : ore

July Lord Amherst was ushered into his of them, a native of Batavia, had escaped, presence at Longwood, whilst Captain Maxand brought the above intelligence.

well and the surgeon waited in an anti

chamber. It was not long before those CHINA.

officers were desired to join. Letters are said to be received from Can. There was nothing in the appearance of ton, dated on the 8th of March, which state, Bonaparte which in the least indicated ill

EAST INDIES.

health ; on the contrary, he looked well, istence which gave the powers of Europe and less bloated than ordinary. With his the right of detaining him a prisoner on the general precision, Bonaparte inquired of the island of St Helena, or elsewhere, and officers what stations they filled on board of strongly urged the propriety of his present ship. On learning Mr Lynn was the sur. situation being taken into consideration by geon, he inquired what system of pharmacy the crowned heads of Europe. he pursued ? That depends upon circum Bonaparte expressed an anxious wish that stances,” replied the surgeon. “ I hope,” Lord Amherst would be the bearer of a rejoined the General, “ it is any other than letter from him to the Prince Regent, which that practised on this island ; for here we had been prepared for some time. His have the same thing over and over again Lordship undertook the trust, which we bleeding and calomel for ever."

believe he has faithfully executed ; but it is The conversation taking a turn on the understood no answer will be returned to it. mission of Lord Amherst to China, his The Ex-Emperor had lately received a Lordship related the cause of its failure, bust of his son, which afforded him much which he ascribed to the necessity imposed evident satisfaction. It was given in charge upon him by the Emperor of smiting the to a sailor of the ship Baring (it is beground nine times with his forehead ; an lieved), who, upon his arrival at the island, indignity which his Lordship intimated was to concert the most prudent means of could not be submitted to. Bonaparte im- conveying it to its destination. The man mediately replied, “ Indeed ! now had it became dangerously ill before the opportusuited my policy to send an ambassador all nity of executing his secret commission prethe way to the Emperor of China, I would sented itself; and sending for his comhave instructed him to kiss his great toe, manding officer, he revealed the circumand if that would not do, he might, if re

stance to him.

The bust was thereupon quired, have saluted a more offensive part, sent to Sir Hudson Lowe, who, though provided my object was attained.” Bona- Bonaparte had long refused to be on terms parte protested strongly against his imprison- of even courteous civility with him, instantly ment. He said he knew of no law in ex caused it to be conveyed to him.

PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT.

HOUSE OF LORDS.

the Message was ordered to be taken into Tuesday, June 3.- The Commons came consideration on Thursday. up at half past three o'clock, with the Right Lord SIDMOUTH delivered the following Hon. Charles Manners Sutton, the Speaker, Message from the Prince Regent:to be presented for the Royal approbation.

" G. P. R. The new Speaker advanced close to the “ His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, bar, when the Lord CHANCELLOR declared acting in the name and on the behalf of his his Royal Highness's approbation in the Majesty, has given orders to lay before the usual form.

House of Lords, papers containing informaTHE LATE SPEAKER-ROYAL MESSAGE. tion of the continuance of those practices,

The Earl of LIVERPOOL presented a meetings, and combinations, to which his Message from his Royal Highness the Prince Royal Highness thought it proper to call Regent, which was read by the Lord CHAN the attention of the House of Lords at the CELLOR, and was as follows:

commencement of the present Session of Par“ G. P. R.

liament, and shewing that these practices “ His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, are still carried on in different parts of the acting in the name and on the behalf of his country, in a manner and to an extent calMajesty, thinks it proper to inform the culated to disturb the public tranquillity, House of Lords, that having taken into his and to endanger the security of the consticonsideration the circumstance under which tutional establishments of the empire. His the Right Hon. Charles Abbot has retired Royal Highress recommends to the House from the situation of Speaker of the House of Lords to take this message into its immeof Commons, and the arduous and eventful diate and serious consideration." period during which he has performed the The Message produced a long debate, at duties of Speaker, has conferred upon him the conclusion of which, the motion for the - the dignity of a Baron, by the style and dig- Committee, as proposed by Ministers, connity of Lord Colchester of Colchester, in the ' sisting of the Members who composed the county of Essex ; and his Royal Highness first Committee (with the exception of the recommends to the House of Lords to con Duke of Bedford, for whom was substituted cur in making such provision for the said Earl Talbot) was agreed to. Lord Colchester, and the heir male succeed.. June 5. The Earl of LAUDERDALE ing him in the title, as under all the circum- presented a petition from the Lord Mayor stances may appear just and reasonable." and Livery of London, in Common Hallasa

On the motion of the Earl of LIVERPOOL, sembled, against the continuance of the Sus

TRAITOROUS PRACTICES.

pension of the Habeas Corpus Act.-Laid operated to expose the minds of the labour, on the table.

ing classes to irritation and perversion, yet June 6.-Lord HOLLAND presented the this distress, in their opinion, has been rapetition of the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and ther the instrument than the cause of the Common Council of London, against the disaffection. In some of the disaffected disfurther continuation of the Habeas Corpus tricts, they believed that distress had been Suspension Act.

less felt than in many other parts of the

kingdom ; while in other places, where the Thursday, June 12.–The Earl of LIVER- distress has been most grievous, it has been POOL laid on the table a green bag, con sustained with such patience, loyalty, and taining farther information on the subject good conduct, as cannot be too highly comof traitorous practices. The papers were re mended ; and the Committee think, that it ferred to the Secret Committee.

is chiefly by the means mentioned in the REPORT OF THE SECRET COMMITTEE. report of the former Committee, namely,

The Earl of LIVERPOOL presented the by the extensive circulation of seditious and report.

blasphemous publications, and by the con“ By the Lords' Committee appointed to tinual repetition of inflammatory discourses, take into consideration several papers, seals that this spirit of disaffection has been exed up in a bag, &c. and to report to the cited and diffused. These have gradually House, &c.

weakened, among the lower orders, the at“ The report begins by stating, that the tachment to our Government and ConstituCommittee, after an examination of the tion, and the respect for law, morality, and papers referred to them, feel it their painful religion ; and their minds have thus been duty to declare, that they see but too many prepared for the adoption of measures no proofs of a traitorous conspiracy to overthrow less injurious to their interests and happithe Government and the Constitution, and ness, than to those of every other class of to subvert the existing order of society. his Majesty's subjects.”

“ The report then praises the active ex The report then proceeds to detail the cirertions of the Government, and particularly cumstances relating to Manchester, Yorkof the Magistrates in the execution of the shire, and Derbyshire, and includes the tu. general laws, and of the special powers en- multuary transactions of Nottingham, Sheftrusted to them by the new Acts of Parlia. field, and Birmingham; stating, however, ment; but the Committee assert, that that the assemblies have been dispersed, the though the plans of the conspirators have mischief prevented, conspiracies detected, been thus frustrated, yet, in spite of all this, and disaffection defeated. The report con. the same wicked and desperate designs are cludes with observing, that the time is not still pursued.

yet arrived when the maintenance of public “ The Committee then observe, that their tranquillity and the protection of the lives intelligence rests, in many of its parts, upon and property of his Majesty's subjects, can the testimony of persons who are either them. be allowed to depend upon the ordinary selves implicated in these criminal transac

powers of the law." tions, or who have apparently engaged in

On the motion of the Earl of LIVERPOOL, them for the purpose of obtaining informa- the report was ordered to be printed. tion, and imparting it to the Magistrates or the Secretary of State.

June 13.-Lord SIDMOUTH.-The re. " The Committee allow, that such testi- port of the Secret Committee being now on mony must be very questionable ; and your Lordships' table, I present to your state, that they have reason to apprehend, Lordships a bill for the continuation of the that the language and conduct of some of measure called the Suspension of the Habeas the latter description of witnesses has had Corpus Act; and in presenting this Bill, I the effect of encouraging those designs, which beg leave to assure your Lordships, that I it was intended they should only be the do it under the fullest and deepest convicmeans of detecting. But allowing for these tion of the urgent necessity that it should circumstances, the Committee are still of pass into a law. opinion, that the statement which they pro Earl GREY could not suffer this occasion ceed to give is by no means exaggerated, to pass, without declaring, that from all he but perfectly warranted by the papers sub- had heard, and all he had seen, he entermitted to their inspection.

tained the strongest conviction that there “ It proceeds to state, that the papers re was no necessity for this measure. late, almost without exception, to the manu The Bill was read a first time, and orderfacturing districts in the midland and ed to be printed. northern counties; and although the disaf Monday, June 16.- The order of the fected still look to the metropolis with the day being read for the second reading of the hope of assistance and direction, yet to the Bill for continuing the Suspension of the districts thus referred to the more recent Habeas Corpus Act, a very long and interprojects of insurrection were to have been esting debate ensued, at the close of which confined.

the House divided. Content 109_Proxies ". The Committee then state, that al. 81–190:-Non-content 21-Proxies 23 though in many of these districts distress has 50: ---Majority 140.

HABEAS CORPUS SUSPENSION

June 17.- The Edinburgh Canal Bill clauses of the bill, and pointed out various was read a second time, and ordered to be parts which required amendments, in order committed.

to render more clear what he supposed to June 18.- On the motion of Lord Sid. have been the intention of the framers of MOUTH, the Habeas Corpus Suspension the measure. He also stated, that he meant Bill was reported, ordered to be engrossed, to propose some new clauses. One clause and to be read a third time to-morrow, and in the bill he particularly objected to, namethe Lords to be summoned.

ly, that which authorises persons to receive HABEAS CORPUS SUSPENSION. allowances from their parishes, notwithJune 19.—Lord SIDMOUTH having mov- standing they may have money to a certain ed the third reading of this Bill, the amount in their saving banks. This was

Duke of BedFORD said, he could not to encourage that sort of spirit which inducsuffer the bill to proceed, without doing all ed beggars to sew up money in their old in his humble power to prevent its passing clothes, where it was found after their deaths, Our room will not permit us to name the but from which they never derived any beheads even of his Grace's arguments, or of nefit during their lives. This clause he those Noble Lords who succeeded him ; but thought ought to be expunged. The a. in animadverting on the manner in which mendments were then moved and agreed to Government spies had driven many mis- pro forma. guided persons into treasonable acts, the Monday, June 30.—The amendment Duke stated it as a fact, that a quondam made in the House of Commons to the jacobin at Norwich, who had published a Habeas Corpus Act Suspension Bill, limitblasphemous parody twenty-five years ago, ing its duration to the 1st of March, was having now turned spy, and being in the agreed to without a division. pay of Government, has secretly republish July 2.—Lord ERSKINE presented a peed his own work, and sent it to his employ. tition from certain persons, whose names ers, as a testimony of the irreligious habits were signed to it, praying the abolition of of those among whom he lives !

the practice of chimney-sweeping by means The Earls of Donoughmore and Essex, of climbing-boys. The petition was laid Lord St John, the Marquis of Wellesley, on the table. and Lord Holland, also opposed the third July 3.-Lord Colchester was introduced reading of the bill, grounding their objec- by Lords Redesdale and Dynevor, and took tions to it on the conviction that the laws the oaths and his seat. were sufficiently strong to repel disaffection

In answer

a question from Lord without so arbitrary a measure ; that so fre- MONTFORD relative to the conspiracy of quent a suspension of the liberties of the Brock, Pelham, &c. (who observed it was people would end in despotism ; that al- understood that the Royal pardon had been though they knew seditious and designing extended to them), Lord SIDMOUTH said, men had endeavoured to draw many of the the state of the case was this, that these perlower classes from their allegiance, yet they sons were still under sentence of death, but had only succeeded through the poverty and that the execution had been respited. If it distress of their victims ; and that a mild should turn out that these persons could and conciliatory policy ought to be adopted not, from a defect in the law, be brought to by Ministers, instead of despatching spies punishment, care would be taken that the through the country, not to check but to law should be mended in that respect. He promote-not to control, but to instigate did not mean by any means to say, howand inflame-not to diminish the growth of ever, that these persons might not still be crime, but to cultivate and cherish it; to punished ; but at present the state of the bring it to its utmost height and perfection, case was as he had mentioned--that they and to afford Ministers an abundant crop of were still under sentence of death, but that justice and punishment.

the execution had been respited. The Earls of Westmoreland, Limerick, and Harrowby, Marquis Camden, and Lord July 11.-- The Earl of HARDWICKE Somers, defended the conduct of Ministers, presented a Report from the Committee which and the measure in question, declaring their had been appointed to consider the state of solemn conviction of its necessity, as a mea

the Poor Laws. The report, his Lordship sure of preventive justice-they disavowed said, would soon be printed ; and he hoped any improper tampering with spies, denied that their Lordships would maturely consithe truth of the imputations against Oliver, der it, and endeavour to procure as much and requested the House to suspend its additional information as possible on the judgment on his case. After continuing in subject of the Poor Laws during the recess. debate till half-past two, a division took PROROGATION OF PARLIAMENT. place, and the bill passed, by 141 against Saturday, July 12.– This being the day 37.

appointed for the prorogation of Parliament, The Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal this House, as is usual on such occasions, Bill was read a third time, and passed. was crowded to excess at any early hour,

The House resolved into a Committee on both within and without the bar. the Saving Banks Bill.

At two o'clock the Lord Chancellor took Lord REDESDALE went over the different his seat on the woolsack, and in half an

to

POOR LAWS.

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