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peror, could certainly have issued my com The latest accounts from Canton state, mands, and have changed the time of the that much discontent prevails among the audience, in order to correspond with their people of Cochin-China, occasioned by the intentions in coming ten thousand miles to King nominating for his successor a son of my court.”—The edict then censures se one of his concubines. The Emperor of verely the conduct of the minister, and also China, who pretends to have a right to inseveral other officers of the court, who knew terfere in the appointment of the kings of of the imposition, but did not undeceive the that country, has expressed his displeasure Emperor.
at the nomination.
PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT.
HOUSE OF LORDS.
the opinions of Attorney-Generals, but no
decision of any court of law that could be ACADEMICAL SOCIETY.
recognised as an authority. He still conThursday, May 1.-Lord SPENCER pre- sidered, therefore, the circular of the Noble sented a petition from this society, similar Viscount as unconstitutional, in attempting to that presented to the House of Commons to interfere with the administration of jusby Mr Wilberforce on the 28th April. tice ; and he feared it would lead to a prac
LORD SIDMOUTH'S CIRCULAR. tice productive of the greatest mischief to May 2.-The LORD CHANCELLOR individuals. In this view, after taking stated the result of his inquiries respecting considerable pains to inform himself upon the cases of Spence and Hogg, mentioned the subject, and having been able to find in the opinions of the law officers referred no competent authority to sanction such a to in Lord Sidmouth's circular letter. With measure, he felt it his duty to bring it unrespect to the case of Spence, it appeared, der the consideration of the House, and on that on the 13th of April 1801, an informa- Monday se'nnight he should move for the tion upon oath was sworn before Mr Ford, case referred to the law officers of the Crown, then at Bow Street, by a person of the name upon which their opinion had been given, of Seale, that he had printed for Thomas and which was of great importance, with a Spence a work entitled, “ Society restored view to form a proper estimate of that opi. to its original Principles ;” and for that nion. work Mr Ford held Spence to bail, to ap The Lords were ordered to be summoned pear in the Court of King's Bench on the for Monday se'nnight. first day of the ensuing term. On the first Monday, May 5.-_On the motion of the day of the term, the then Attorney-General Earl of EGREMONT, the Landlord and filed an information against Spence, who Tenant's Bill (the object of which, we bewas called on his recognisance, and ap- lieve, is to give power and authority to peared. He was subsequently tried and landlords to resume possession of farms beconvicted. With regard to the case of Hogg, longing to them at the end of six months it appeared that an information was sworn after the abandonment of the same by the before the then Lord Mayor (1801), by a tenants, instead of waiting a year) was read person who had purchased at Hogg's shop a second time, and committed for tomorrow the trials for adultery. The Lord Mayor week. held Alexander Hogg to bail, to appear in
TREATY WITH NAPLES. the Court of King's Bench on the first day May 8.-- The Earl of LIVERPOOL laid of the ensuing term, and the recognisance on the table a copy of a treaty of commerce was drawn up by the then Attorney-General and navigation, between the King of the On the first day of the ensuing term, the
Two Sicilies and the Government of this late Mr Perceval having, in the mean time, country. become Attorney-General, that gentleman
EXTENTS IN AID. filed an information against Hogg, who was May 9.-The Earl of Rosslyn precalled upon his recognisance, and appeared. sented a petition from certain persons, comSubsequently, upon Hogg's delivering up plaining of the abuse of excents in aid, a all the books charged against, the prosecu- remarkable example of which had lately tion was dropped. There was no opinion occurred in Bristol, in the case of a banker given with respect to these cases, in any in that city ; and praying the Lords to adopt other way than by the proceedings he had such measures as might appear best calcustated.
lated to remedy the evil. Laid on the table. Earl GREY expressed his acknowledgments for the candid statement of the The Earl of LIVERPOOL moved the apNoble and Learned Lord, but observed, pointment of a committee to consider the that it did not appear that in either of the present state of the poor laws, and whether cases the point had been disputed, or that any and what remedy could and ought to there had been any question raised as to the be applied to the evils of the system. legality of the proceeding. There were only After a short conversation, the motion
was agreed to, and the committee was die when any change was made in the state of rected to meet on Monday, at twelve o'clock. the Established Church in Canada, the cir. LORD SIDMOUTH's CIRCULAR LETTER. cumstance should be communicated to the
Monday, May 12. The order of the day British Parliament. It had been directed, being read, Earl Grey moved for a copy that when grants of land were made, a 7th of the case laid before the Attorney and should be reserved for the clergyman of the Solicitor General. The debate was long and parish; and a doubt had arisen whether interesting; and the motion was lost by a this was in lieu of, or in addition to, tithes. majority of 75 to 19.
By this bill was declared, that the reserved May 13.-Lord MANVERS took the 7th was in lieu of tithes. The bishop of oaths and his seat.
the diocese had been consulted, and was saA bill for the regulation of certain customs' tisfied. duties, and several private bills, were brought The Stone Bottles Duty Bill, the Metrofrom the Commons, and read a first time. polis Paving Bill, and others, were brought LIBEL LAW.
from the Commons, and read a first time; Lord ERSKINE, adverting to the discus- and the Lottery Bill was read a third time sion of the night before on the subject of and passed. the powers of Justices of the Peace, with May 23.-The Royal assent was given respect to commitments for libel, observed, by commission to a number of bills. that it was impossible that so large a ques. The Justices in Eyre and Exchequer Of. tion, and one of such magnitude and import. fices' Abolition and Regulation Bills, were ance, should have been fully considered and brought up from the Commons by Mr discussed in the course of one night. A great Gilbert and others, and read a first time. deal more must be done in order to under LORD SIDMOUTH'S CIRCULAR. stand what the law really was on this sub Lord ERSKINE moved for an account of ject, and it was on that account that he all cases in which persons were committed thought proper now to mention, that it was or held to bail for libel, by magistrates, his intention to move for a return of the since the year 1648. --Ordered. precedents on this subject. After a number
ADJOURNMENT.-HABEAS CORPUS SUSof observations as to the uncertainty of the law, and the oppression which must ensue from the powers of Lord Sidmouth's cir
The Earl of LIVERPOOL rose to move, cular, he repeated, that if it should turn out
that the House should adjourn till this day that magistrates had the power to institute se'nnight. He took that opportunity of search, and hold to bail for libel, he would giving notice, that on that day he should never rest until the law should be altered. probably have to bring down a message or In the mean time, he wished to have it communication from his Royal Highness clearly ascertained what the law really was
the Prince Regent to the House on the state on this subject; and with that view he gave
of the country; and that he intended, on notice, that he would in a few days move
the same day, to move the re-appointment for a return of precedents of the description of the Committee which had examined and which he had mentioned.
reported on the communications before made May 14.- The Landlord and Tenant's
on the same subject. Bill was read a third time and passed.
Friday, May 30.- The Earl of Liver. A bill for incorporating another Gas-light POOL
stated, that certain circumstances had Company in London, after some discussion occurred which rendered it inconvenient to in regard to the responsibility required, was
bring down the message relative to the state read a third time and passed.
of the country this day, as had been intend. Máy 16.--The Catholic question called
ed. He had now, therefore, only to give forth a long and very interesting debate. notice, that it was proposed to bring down The Earl of DonouguMORE, after a long the message, and to move the proceedings and very able speech, moved, “ That this upon it on Tuesday next. House do resolve itself into a Committee of
The House was ordered to be summoned the whole House, to consider the petition of for Tuesday. his Majesty's Roman Catholic Subjects." The motion was supported by the Earl of
HOUSE OF COMMONS. Harrowby, the Bishop of Norwich, the Earl of Darnley, Lord Grenville, and Earl PETITION OF WOOL-GROWERS. Grey; and opposed by the Bishop of Lan. Thursday, May 1.-Mr BURRELL predaff, the Earl of Liverpool, and Earlsented a petition from the wool-growers in Bathurst. The motion was finally lost by a the vicinity of Brighton and Shoreham, majority of 52. The numbers were con- complaining of the diminution of the price tents 90 ; non-contents 142.-Adjourned at of wool, in consequence of the large importone o'clock till Monday.
ation of foreign wool. He stated, that TITHES IN CANADA.
wool, within the last eight years, had fallen May 22.-Earl BATHURST laid on the 50 per cent. The petition was ordered to table a bill of the Canadian Parliament or lie on the table, as was one on the same Assembly, pursuant to an act of the 31st of subject from Essex, presented by Mr Westhe King, by which it was directed, that tern.
Mr GRATTAN presented a petition from Mr BENNETT said, the author had been the Corporation of the City of Dublin, called on to explain the inuendoes contained against the claims of the Roman Catholics. in the last passage, and he had denied that He must at the same time say, that he dif- he had accused the Committee of want of fered from them totally and entirely in re candour or impartiality, and said that he spect to the prayer of the petition; and meant nothing disrespectful to the Committhough he did not agree with his worthy tee. Being again pressed to explain that constituents, and though he would not can part, he objected to answering that which vass their motives, still he hoped he might might criminate himself. It was the debe allowed to lament, in their conduct on sire of the Committee to have accepted any this occasion, what he could not presume to reasonable apology ; but none was offered blame. The petition was laid on the table. them by the gentleman until this morning,
when he expressed his contrition for the Mr Serjeant Onslow, in moving for passage complained of, it being merely a leave to bring in a Bill to repeal the laws rhetorical figure of speech, and that he had relating to the rate of legal interest, observ- directed his publisher to stop the sale of ed, that he had the pleasure to find, last his book. The Committee had, however, year, that he was only opposed by one gen. thought it right to bring the subject before tleman, although several thought it not then the House. He then moved, that the Rev. the time for such a measure. He was hap- Mr Thirlwall should attend the House on py that he had postponed his motion, be- Wednesday next. cause now he was sure every one would The motion was agreed to ; and on the agree that it was necessary, as a measure of motion of Mr BENNETT, the explanations political economy. He thought it extreme- given by Mr Thirlwall were laid before the ly strange, that persons should not be con House, and ordered to be printed.--Ad. sidered as capable of borrowing without di- journed till Monday.' rections expressly laid down by the Legis Monday, May 5.-The Scots Madhouse lature. It might as well be said, that no Bill was read a second time, and committed man should be allowed to sell except by the for the 23d May. direction of Parliament. The most bene. FIRST REPORT OF THE FINANCE COMficial projects had often failed by limiting the rate of interest by law, so that a capital In a Committee of the whole House, Mr could not be raised to carry them on.
Ire DAVIES GILBERT stated the views and obland had suffered particularly from the de. jects of the Finance Committee. ficiency of capital, owing to the existing There were several bills to be brought laws relating to the rate of interest. He in; and the first he now moved for, was one then moved for leave to bring in a bill to to abolish the Chief Justiceships in Eyre. repeal the laws which regulate or restrain A debate of considerable length followed, the rate of interest.
as to the utility of the proposed measure, Mr VANSITTART would not oppose the in the course of which Lord CASTLEREAGII bill at present, because he perfectly coincid. said he would vote for it, to do away the ed in the principle of the Learned Serjeant; false opinions which prevailed on the subbut he questioned whether the public mind ject of sinecures. It would not be a great was prepared for so sudden a change in that saving ; but sinecures being bad in princiwhich had been so long established by law. ple, it would operate as a cure to the im
Leave was then given to bring in the bill, pression and delusion that had gone abroad. and the House adjourned.
On the question being put and carried, it May 2.-Mr BENNETT brought up the was ordered that bills should be brought in Report of the Police Committee ; and he for the abolition of the offices of the two stated, that in a short time he would call Chief Justiceships in Eyre, north and south the attention of the House to the mode of of the Trent-the office of Auditor, and licensing public-houses. The report was four Tellers of the Exchequer--the Warordered to lie on the table.
denship of the Cinque Ports, and the Go. BREAOII OF PRIVILEGE.
vernorship of the Isle of Wight; also two Mr BENNETT said, he had received a other bills, to abolish the office of Commiscopy of a book, vindicating the charactersary General of Musters, and to regulate of the Tower-division Magistrates, contain: offices in Ireland. ing some passages reflecting on the Police The other orders of the day were then Committee; in consequence of which he disposed of. had summoned the author before the Com. May 6.-Mr HEATHCOTE presented a mittee, when he avowed himself the au- petition from the Wool-growers of Hampthor. The book is written by the Rev. T. shire, praying for a revision of the laws on Thirlwall, Rector of Bowden, in Essex. Wool.
The book was handed to the Clerk, and Mr F. LEWIS thought that all parties in. he read the passages complained of. One terested would do well to let the matter rest; accused the Chairman, Captain Bennett, of but in the next Sessions he hoped the House hearing evidence alone, and protested a would investigate the matter seriously. gainst his being tried by Committees, In Sir CHARLES BURRELL was of opinion, quisition, or Star Chamber.
that some alteration should be made in these
laws, which were extremely oppressive in nified to him his intention of returning ; their present operation.
and had detained him (Admiral Beresford) Mr CURWEN said, he was a Member of at Rio Janeiro a considerable time upon the Committee of last Session, and the gen this expectation. eral opinion was, that there existed no reason No other Member offering to speak, Mr for complaint. There had been no petition CANNING rose, and said, that in a question from the Wool-growers last year ; but cer like the present, however disguised in forms, tainly it was a matter of very considerable he believed he felt in common with the importance, involving a great number of Hon. Mover, and with the Hon. Baronet interests ; and though he was happy to find also, who had spoken out more plainly, that it was not intended to press it this year, that it was individually and personally diyet whenever the question came he should rected against himself. The Right Hon. not oppose going into it. The misfortune Gentleman then entered into a general dewas, that we had always been legislating on fence of his conduct, and of this transaction particular interests ; but in future it would in particular. The motion implied, that be wiser to take a review of all our com. Government pretended to entertain a belief mercial and manufacturing interests, and in the return of the Royal Family of Por. not to encourage monopolies. The woollen tugal to Lisbon ; and had availed themmanufactures were now looking up; con selves of this pretence, corruptly to appoint siderable orders, he understood, had been him to a mission which he had as corruptly received from Russia ; and therefore he de- accepted ; but he declared before God, precated all discussion on this subject at the that he had most firmly believed that the present moment.
Prince fully intended to return to Portugal: The petition was brought up, and ordered but the existence and the reasonableness of to lie on the table.
such belief did not rest upon his veracity. MR CANNING'S MISSION TO LISBON. Lord Strangford had intimated it to have
Mr LAMBTON rose to make his promised been his conviction that the Prince would motion. He begged that the question return, and that he waited only for a squadmight be considered, not as an attack upon ron to convey him. Could he imagine that an individual, but as an inquiry into a mea all this was a dexterous artifice ? He then sure highly censurable, as being very ex recapitulated all the facts ; and asserted, pensive, and utterly unnecessary..
The that he had made arrangements to go to Hon. Gentleman argued at considerable Lisbon as a private person before he heard length on the subject, and concluded by any thing of his appointment. After ar. moving the following resolution :—That on guing at great length on the principle of the 18th July 1814, a despatch was for the case, the Hon. Member concluded by warded from Lord Castlereagh to Mr Syden- observing, that if he had not succeeded in ham, ordering him to confine his personal removing the charges that were brought expenses within the usual allowances, as no against him, this would be the last time he public grounds existed for continuing the would claim their indulgence. At the conexpenditure of his Majesty's servants at clusion of his speech he was greeted with Lisbon on the same scale as during the war. loud and general cheering. That it appears, that shortly after the date The debate was then taken up by Mr of this despatch, the Right Hon. George BROUGHAM, who went over the principal Canning, under pretence of congratulating grounds, and re-stated the main objections ; the Royal Family of Portugal on their re and insisted that the transaction was preci. turn from the Brazils, was appointed am- pitate, and that the whole expence might bassador to Lisbon, at an expense amount have been saved. It was this point, he ing in the whole to £18,880. That such said, upon which the judgment of the counan appointment is inconsistent with the try would finally be formed-whether any previous despatch to Mr Sydenham, un real necessity had existed for the embassy, called for by the circumstances of the time, or whether it was not a mere pretence to and a most unjustifiable abuse of the pub- suit the interest of individuals ? lic money.
Lord MILTON desired to say, that he Lord CASTLEREAGH justified the tran should not vote for the motion, though he saction on the ground of the then affairs of could not acquit the Right Hon. Gentleman Europe, and contended that the expense of all blame; and he thought the negotiawas as small as was consistent with the oc tion between him and the Noble Lord, casion.
which led to his subsequent appointment to Sir FRANCIS BURDETT said, there never the Lisbon mission, not very creditable to was in his knowledge a more complete fail. either. ure in an attempt at defence than had been Several other Members spoke, when the exhibited by the Noble Lord. The Hon. question being frequently called for, the Baronet went through the question at large, House divided :-For Mr Lambton's moand ridiculed and censured the transaction tion 96 ; against it 270. Majority 174. as a palpable job.
The other orders of the day were disposed Upon the question being again put, Ad. of, and the House adjourned. mira] BERESFORD testified to the fact,
BREACH OF PRIVILEGE. that the Prince Regent of Portugal had sig May 7.-The order of the day was read,
for the attendance of the Rev. Thomas read a first and ordered to be read a second Thirlwall at the bar of the House; and, time on Tuesday next. the question being put, a long conversa The other orders of the day were then tion arose respecting the principle and ex. disposed of, and the House adjourned. tent of the proceedings in the present in
STATE PRISONERS. stance, at the close of which the Reverend May 9.-Mr GORDON, seeing the Under Gentleman was called in, when the SPEAK- Secretary of State in his place, begged leave ER informed him that a complaint had been to inquire whether any communications had preferred against him for a publication been received at his office from the Magiswhich contained reflections on one of the trates at Reading, respecting the treatment Committees of that House. The offensive of the state prisoners in the goal subject to passages having been read, the Reverend their inspection? Gentleman apologized to the House, and Mr H. ADDINGTON replied, that he implored its mercy ; in consequence of was not aware of the circumstance alluded which he was allowed to withdraw, and the to by the Honourable Gentleman, but if he business was dismissed.
thought proper to move for papers, no obA new writ was issued for Eye, in the jection would be made to their production. room of Sir William Garrow; and one for Mr GORDON hoped the Right HonourDorchester, in the place of Sir S. Shep- able Gentleman would be able to give the herd, who had accepted the situation of required information on Monday. Attorney-General.
Sir W. Scott presented a petition from On the motion of Mr C. W. W. WYNNE, the University of Oxford, against the Roman a committee was appointed to consider of Catholic claims. the best means for shortening the duration On the motion of the CHANCELLOR of of polls, and other regulations with regard the EXCHEQUER, after a few words from to elections.
Mr J. P. GRANT, there was ordered to be On the motion of the CHANCELLOR of laid before the House an abstract of the the EXCHEQUER, leave was given to bring net produce of the revenue of Great Britain, in a bill to lower the rate of interest upon for the years and quarters ending the 5th Navy Bills, and shorten their date to two of April 1815, 1816, and 1817. instead of three months.
Mr GRATTAN made his motion on the Mr D. GILBERT brought in a bill for Roman Catholic Claims this day, which abolishing the offices of wardens and chief produced an animated and interesting dejustices in Eyre, north and south of Trent; bate. The motion for going into a Commitand a bill for abolishing offices of auditors tee was finally lost by the small majority of of the Exchequer; which were read a first only 24, the numbers being on the division ; time.
ayes 221 ; noes 245. The other orders of the day were dispos
BIRMINGHAM POOR'S RATE. ed of, and the House adjourned at twelve Monday, May 12.—Sir C. MORDAUNT, o'clock.
in moving the second reading of the BirUSURY LAWS.
mingham Poor's Rate Bill, insisted on the May 8.—Mr Serjeant Onslow brought very unequal pressure of the rate at that in his bill to repeal the laws regulating the place. Of 18,000 ground-renters, 14,000 rate of interest, which was read a first time. paid no rate ; a great part of the town conSTEAM-BOATS.
sisting of small houses let from week to On the motion of Mr HARVEY, a Select week, and tenanted by occupiers so poor Committee was appointed to inquire into that it would be useless cruelty to distrain the causes which led to the explosion of the on them: it was therefore thought advisable engine belonging to the Norwich and Yar to apply to Parliament to make the propriemouth Steam-boat, to ascertain the best means of preventing similar accidents for After some conversation, in which there the future, and to report the result of their was much difference of opinion, the motion investigations to the House.
was negatived. MR HERRIES' APPOINTMENT.
FLAX DRESSING. Mr BENNETT made his promised motion Mr Curwen presented a petition from in regard to the retiring salary of Mr Her Samuel Hill and William Bundy, of Camries, late Commissary in Chief, and at the den-town, praying that an invention of close of his speech, moved a resolution to theirs might be examined by a Committee the following effect :-Resolved,
of the House. Their machine would be a the allowing of the late Commissary in great saving in cultivation, and in the dressChief, on the abolition of his office, to re ing of fax. It was not liable to the general tain £1,350 a-year, was an excessive re objections against machinery, as the use of muneration of public service, &c.” After it would give employment to 40 or 60,000 a considerable debate, the motion was ne- people, with many other advantages; and gatived. Ayes 42 ; noes 93.
would create a saving of £20,000,000. Mr D. GILBERT brought in the bill for Many prisoners might also be employed by the abolition of certain offices and sale of it. The petition was brought up and read, public buildings in Scotland, which was and referred to a select Committee, compos