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measure originated with the Finance Minister, Don Martin Garay, who, having made the proposition to the Council of Finance,
received from them a report, strongly re. An extraordinary document has just appear. commending the measure, and containing ed, which, if genuine, may at some future various reflections, agreeable both to sound period be the source of important events in policy and humanity. this country. It is a representation of Maria Letters of the 15th ult. from Madrid men. Louisa, late Empress of France, protesting tion, that the finance decree of 30th May, against the occupation of the throne by the notwithstanding the opposition of the clergy, Bourbons, and claiming it for her son, both by inuendoes in the pulpit, and elaboCharles Francis Napoleon. This instru rate pieces in the papers, had been favour. ment is dated February 19, 1815, and ad- ably received in the provinces. dressed to the Congress then sitting at Vi. The letters from Spain state, that nearly enna ; and it bears, that the Powers there the whole of the Spanish cavalry, to the assembled ordered it to be registered among number of 2000, were about to be sent to the acts of Congress, with the concurrence of South America. Another article states, that the Emperors of Russia and Austria. The eleven men are to be taken by lot from each French minister protested against this deci. regiment of the line in Spain, and the whole sion, and refused to sign it. The London force thus assembled, amounting to about Courier, however, asserts that the document 6000, is to be sent to South America. is a fabrication.
The unfortunate General Lacy, it apThe French Government, it is said, has pears, has been shot at Majorca. A letter succeeded in raising another loan to the a from Perpignan, dated July 13, gives the mount of three millions sterling. The con- following account of this event : - When tractors are the houses of Baring and others. the Spanish government sent orders, after We understand it was finally concluded on the sentence passed on General Lacy, to the 230 July at Paris, at the rate of 62.50, send him to Majorca, it was because fears being about 2 or 3 below the preceding were entertained that the numerous friends fortnight.
whom Lacy had at Barcelona, might be Letters from Cambray say, that it is now able to excite a commotion in his favour. considered as quite certain that the Duke of The most urgent representations were made Wellington is gone to Paris, entirely on ac- in favour of the General by several officers count of the negotiation for relieving France of the highest distinction, in order to obtain from a second fifth of the allied army. It a mitigation of the sentence of death, but is added, that all the allied powers do not they were ineffectual. On the arrival of approve of this measure ; but Russia and General Lacy at Majorca, his sentence was England have expressed themselves not dis- read to him, and he was shot on the morninclined to it.
ing of the 5th. This officer, who had so The Duke De Richelieu has addressed a many times shed his blood for the service of letter to the Chapter of Toulouse, request. his country, died with equal composure and ing their assent to a plan for restoring the firmness. “ All that I request (said he) is Church of France to as much of its ancient to die by the hands of my ancient brethren splendour as possible, by creating new Sees, in arms—it was on the field of honour, and and re-establishing some of the most ancient. while combating the enemies of Spain, that This is to take place with the concurrence a warrior like me ought to have finished his of the Pope. The Chapter immediately career.” After these words, he said to the agreed to the measure as far as it affected soldiers-“ Fire !" their jurisdiction.
The Duchess of Berri was safely deliver. ed of a daughter, at Paris, on the 13th Ju. We learn from Lisbon, by a letter of a ly; but the joy of the royal family upon recent date, that thirty of the conspirators this occasion was of short duration, as the have been condemned. General Gomez child died two days after.
Friere is to be banished. Baron Eben's fate was undecided : No confessions have
been made by him ; but a number of paThe Paris papers of the 2d instant con pers, which he had confided to a young tain an article from Madrid, stating, that woman, to whom he was under an engageFerdinand has been advised to grant a ge ment of marriage, have been secured, and neral amnesty to his subjects; which wise it is said their contents furnish much in.
portant infornation of the designs of the are twenty-one battalions of grenadiers, conspirators.
seventeen frontier regiments, a battalion of The Portuguese government is said to czaikistes, a regiment of Tyrolean chasseurs, have opened a loan of four millions, at an composed of four battalions ; twelve battainterest of six per cent.—The squadron lions of chasseurs, of which two are in France, which is to convey the Princess Royal to and five battalions are in garrison. Besides the Brazils, has at length set sail from Lis. these, there are the cavalry, the artillery, bon for Leghorn.
the miners, sappers, &c.
A letter from Vienna, of the 20 July, ITALY
says, that the mountain called the Huns. By a recent treaty concluded at Paris, it ruck, in Upper Austria, has disappeared, appears that the Duchy of Parma does not and its place been supplied by a lake. This descend to young Napoleon, but, on the de mountain was very high, and the country cease of his mother, reverts to its former around took its name from it. Since the possessors of the house of Etruria. Young preceding month, several phenomena had Bonaparte is to have the appanages in Bo- warned the inhabitants that something aw. hemia, once belonging to the Grand Duke ful would happen, and there were frequent of Tuscany, the revenues of which are subterraneous noises heard. About a dozen worth something more than £29,000 per cottages, which were built on various parts
of the hill, have of course disappeared; but
it was not known whether any person perGERMANY.
ished in them. The German Congress has finished its In the course of last month Switzerland Session ; but another is talked of for the sustained dreadful damage in many parts purpose of taking into consideration the af. by inundations. Several rivers broke their fairs of Spain and Portugal in relation to dykes ; houses and bridges were destroyed their colonies.
in many places; and on the banks of the The project of a new constitution for the Lake of Constance many communes were states of Wurtemberg has been brought for. laid under water. In the Oberland, the ward. It has met with much opposition, fields, meadows, and plantations, were enand occasioned a great deal of discussion. tirely submerged, and masses of the soil The people insist upon the re-establishment were seen floating about, torn up by the of their former rights; and the King, who fury of the waters, covered with potatoes, is said to be goaded on by the Emperor of vegetables, and hay. The storm had causRussia, seems determined to oppose them. ed great misery to the poor peasantry, alRussian influence is said to be so great in ready suffering severely from the dearth of these states, since the marriage of the King provisions. with the sister of the Emperor, that the whole of the military are now attired in Russian uniforms.
The Hamburg papers contain a singular The new Council of State of Prussia have, letter from Stockholm, describing the measby a great majority, rejected the plan of ures adopted by Government for the supfinance submitted to them by M. Bulow, pression of Foreign trade, by bringing back the minister of finance, and have petitioned the manners of the people from modern rethe King to assemble the provincial estates, finements to the standard of their ancient whose proper business it is to determine on simplicity. Voluntary associations are formall matters of supply.
ing in the different provinces, for laying aside The Paris papers contain, under the head the use of all foreign articles,-for wearing of Frankfort, a long memorial or remon no clothes of foreign manufacture, for strance to the Diet from the free towns of using no liquors except such as are made at Hamburgh, Lubeck, and Bremen, on the home,--and for retrenching all superfluous subject of the visit paid to the British Chan expenses at weddings, christenings, burials, nel and the North Seas by the Tunisian &c. This system is too artificial to last, pirates. The memorialists state, that the and we may be assured that, however strictcaptain and crew of one of the Hamburghly it may be enforced for a time, it will soon vessels have been carried into slavery, and be evaded in all points. they have appointed a committee of five The Hereditary Prince, Oscar, was ad. to report upon the best means of securing mitted a member of the Council of State onthe trade of Germany against these depre- 15th July. dators.
The state of the organization of the Austrian army has been published in the Bel. The Danish Government has availed itgian journals, from which it appears that self of the first moments of peace to remove there are 564 generals and 380 colonels, of the burdens caused by the war, including whom 321 of the former, and 163 of the late the extraordinary income tax, which had ter, are unemployed. The forces are com been imposed for eight years. posed of fifty-eight regiments of infantry of On the 25th ult. the prisoners in the House the line, of which six are in France, and of Correction at Copenhagen revolted, and three in the Neapolitan dominions. There set the prison on fire ; cannons, loaded with
grape shot, were brought down and fired whole country, Augustura excepted, where upon them. The ringleaders were tried on the king's troops are closely besieged and the 27th by a Council of War, and several reduced to great extremities. Women and of them were executed. The damage done children, to the amount of 1500, had left the by the fire is estimated at from 3 to 400,000 city, and all sorts of unclean animals had
been resorted to for food. It is affirmed, on the authority of a gentleman arrived at
Baltimore from St Thomas's, that the america.
patriots had actually obtained possession of
the place, as well as of all the country on UNITED STATES.
the Oronoko. With a view to strike some The letters from America speak of the effectual blow against the royal party, before continued exertions of the Government of the arrival of reinforcements from Spain, the United States in building a formidable they had collected all their forces on the navy.
river Oronoko ; and, accorţing to an account The new President commenced in June in a Boston paper, the decisive battle had a tour through the States, and was every already taken place. The royalists are said where received with the most cordial de to have sustained the impetuosity of repeatmonstrations of satisfaction. To judge from ed attacks with great firmness, but were in the answers made by him to the various ad. the end overpowered, and compelled to fly dresses which were presented to him as he in all directions, leaving 549 slain, and about passed, his views are decidedly pacific. He
500 prisoners. The capture of the two seems averse from shewing himself too much Guayanas was expected to be the result of in public, and has uniformly declined to this battle, the date of which is not however accept of any invitation to the public din stated. ners which were offered him.
There appears to be seven patriotic armies
in Caraccas and New Andalusia, whose THE BRAZILS.
united numbers amount to 23,300 men. The insurrection at Pernambuco never The naval force, commanded by Admiral extended beyond the limits of that province, Brion, consists of 32 vessels of war. and the authority of the insurgents was not Sir Gregor M'Gregor is positively assertof long duration. While a naval force was ed to have sailed with a considerable force instantly despatched to blockade the port from Charleston, and to have commenced an army marched over land from Bahia. his operations by seizing Amelia Island ; a This force was met by the insurgents at some capture which may expose the movements distance from Pernambuco, on the 15th of the Spaniards in the adjacent quarters to May, and, after an action which lasted till serious difficulty. night, the latter were totally defeated and Mina is said to have been joined by 7 or dispersed. On the 16th, Martins, the chief 800 militia in his march from Soto la of the insurgents, at the head of a small Marina, a small town where he landed, to column, was attacked by the royal troops, St Ander. defeated, and taken prisoner. He was sent The independent Government of Caraccas to Bahia, and accounts from that place, of has issued a degree permitting English and the 12th June, state, that he had been exe American goods to be imported for a duty cuted there the day preceding. About of 8 per cent., instead of the 17] exacted seventy other prisoners, who had been sent from other nations ; but promising to these there along with him, all persons of some
other nations the same mitigation of impost consideration, were about to be tried, and whenever they shall shew to the patriots the it was expected would share the same fate. same conciliatory disposition. While the insurgent army was engaged with the royal troops, the sailors and marines
BRITISH AMERICA. from the fleet landed, and hoisted the royal Newfoundland papers, to the 11th June, flag at Pernambuco, and the latest intelli- mention, that the scarcity of provisions was gence from that place states, that tranquillity no longer felt. There had been extensive was completely restored, and the royal au arrivals of provisions from Halifax and from thority firmly re-established in the province. · Ireland. The Royal Gazette, of the 27th
of May, states, that his Excellency, General SPANISH AMERICA.
Lord Dalhousie, governor of Halifax, adoptThe New York Columbian states, that the ed measures immediately to afford relief, independents have retaken Barcelona, and and that they were carried into effect in the mentions the receipt of intelligence, that the most prompt manner by Captain Baldwin royalists have been completely defeated at a of his Majesty's ship Fly, every officer atplace called the Missions, about a hundred tached to government using the greatest miles from Augustura.
exertion to alleviate their wants. Bolivar is stated, in advices from Jamaica, Letters from Halifax, of the 16th, state, to have entered Caraccas on the 18th June, that numerous vessels continued to arrive at the head of 5000 men, having beaten the there with emigrants from Great Britain. royalists twice in the same day. It appears Within the three weeks immediately prethat the patriots are in possession of that ceding that date, about 1000 individuals Vol. I.
had been landed, and immense numbers rible effect. A bomb falling on the magawere on their way to Canada. The brig zine occasioned a tremendous explosion, Traveller, from Leith, with 60 emigrants, which destroyed numbers in the garrison of foundered at sea in the month of May, but Hattrass. Our loss, by the fire of the enethe passengers and crew were saved by the my, was inconsiderable Lieutenant Courtship Valiant, and landed at Prince Edward's land was the only officer wounded. The Island in the gulf of St Lawrence.
conduct of Scindia, in the countenance he
has given Rio Doss in his hostile dispositions WEST INDIES.
towards the British, is much blamed. A The Jamaica papers, of the 20 June, probability might be entertained of a Mahcontain details relative to the predatory ves ratta war, were it not for the impression, sels with which the West Indies is infested. which the British arms may have made on At Jamaica they give the appellation of the councils of the Mahratta confederates. pirates to their crews, and denounced ven We are concerned to announce a melangeance against them.
The trade of that choly accident, which occurred in Columbo island seems to have suffered most severely harbour on the 27th of January, by the upfrom their depredations. Nor is the evil setting of one of the boats belonging to his likely to be lessened speedily, for Commo- Majesty's ship Iphigenia. From the acdore Taylor, as he is styled, a bold and ad. counts received it appears, that a party of venturous leader, has collected no less than officers belonging to his Majesty's 73d regi13 armed vessels in these seas. His im- ment had proceeded on board the Iphigenia mediate object was represented to be an at on that day, to dine with the officers of the tack on Porto Rico, the richest of the Span- ship, and that on their return in the evenish West India islands, and close to Sting the boat unfortunately upset, by which Domingo. It has sustained several attacks distressing occurrence no less than seven from well appointed expeditions during the lives were lost. Ensigns Campbell, Coane, last three centuries, and Commodore Taylor and Hanwell, of his Majesty's 73d regi. may therefore find himself baffled. Much, ment; and Lieutenant Sanders of his Maof course, depends upon the depositions of jesty's ship Iphigeniu, two seamen, and one the troops and inhabitants. The Jamaica boy, were drowned ; the remaining seven Courant, of the 16th of May, says, “ In- got safe on shore. formation from home states, that Lord Mel. The letters from the Mauritius by the ville had forwarded to this island positive Pallas, which sailed the 8th of April last, instructions to check in every instance the convey very gloomy intelligence of the state piratical depredations of any flag which may of that colony. In consequence of the dreadbe found annoying the commerce of this ful fire, houses of the highest commercial colony.”
character have required six and ten years to
meet their engagements.-All metallic moasia.
ney had disappeared ; and the Local Treasury had been compelled to issue notes for
sums as low as a rupee. These are depreDespatches overland from India have ciated in the Bazaar, and, even in exchange been received at the East India House, for brass money, the holder is compelled to from the Governor of Bombay, dated allow a premium. The second expedition March 22, and communicating the im to Madagascar has experienced as disastrous portant intelligence of the taking of the a result as the first. Before the Pallas fortress of Hattrass by the British army. sailed, the Musquito sloop of war was The circumstances which led to this event despatched from Port Louis to bring back are as follows: A chief, named Rio Doss, the survivors; but it was feared, from the had for some time past manifested a spirit dreadful mortality, that all the new settlers of restlessness and encroachment towards the had perished, amongst whom was Governor British, and, by taking possession of this Farquhar's Aide-de-Camp, Lieutenant-Gostrong fortress, his hostile designs against vernor Le Sage. the British possessions bordering on the Mahratta territories became obvious. Remonstrances and explanations proving unsatis By an edict published by the Chinese factory, recourse was had by our Govern- Emperor, the failure of Lord Amherst's ment to more effectual measures, by prompt embassy to Pekin is ascribed to certain imand vigorous military operations. Our army, positions practised by the minister Ho-shecomposed of British and native troops, im- tay. An hour of audience had been apmediately took the field under the command pointed, but the envoys having travelled all of Colonel Marshal, an officer of high mili- night, and their dresses of ceremony not tary reputation. Arrived before the place having arrived, they could not present themhe summoned it to surrender ; but the ene selves; and the Chinese minister made a my, confiding in his strength and means of report to the Emperor, couched in disredefence, refused to capitulate. It was then pectful language, in consequence of which, determined to carry it by storm-a heavy the embassy was sent back without an aubombardment was commenced; and bombs dience. Had the minister, says the decree, and Congreve rockets were used with ter “ addressed to me a true report, I, the Em.