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BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS.
1817. Jan. 2.-In Devonshire Place, the lady of Maj.-Gen. Sir Wm Anson, K.C.B. a son.-4. In Hertford Street, the Countess of Clonmell, a son and heir.-At Holycombe, Sussex, the wife of C. W. Taylor, Esq. M. P. a son and heir.-At Cortachy Castle, the lady of the Hon. Donald Ogilvy, a daughter. At Montreal, the Countess of Selkirk, a daughter.-11. In Wimpole Street, the lady of Hon. J. T. Melville, a son.-14. In Wimpole Street, the lady of Right Hon. Lord Bridport, a daughter. 15. At Clova, Lady Niven Lumsden, a daughter.-16. Viscountess Folkestone, a daughter.-26. At Salton Hall, Lady Eleanor Balfour, a daughter.-27. In Charlotte Street, Pimlico, the wife of Michael Countze, Esq. three boys and one girl.-31. At the Admiralty, the wife of John Wilson Croker, Esq. a son.
Feb. 4.-At Powerscourt House, Cheltenham, the lady of Sir Hungerford Hoskyns, Bart. of Harewood House, co. Hereford, a son.-At Valenciennes, the wife of Lieut.Col. Macgregor, 88th Regiment, a daughter.-6. At Edinburgh, the lady of General Macpherson Grant, Esq. M. P. a daughter. -11. At Edinburgh, the wife of George Francis Dundas, a son.-17. Viscountess Duncannon, a daughter.-20. At Brussels, the Princess of Orange, a son.-27. The wife of William Henry Ashhurst, Esq. M.P. a daughter.
March 3.-At Aqualate Hall, Salope, the lady of Sir John Fenton Boughay, Bart. a daughter.-5. At Guines, in France, the lady of John Abercromby, Esq. 2d Dragoon Guards, a son.-6. At Wells, the lady of the Hon. Dr Ryder, Bishop of Gloucester, a daughter.-8. At Bath, the lady of RearAdmiral Sir John Gore, K.C.B. a daughter. -12. At Runcorn, Cheshire, the wife of Captain Bradshaw, R. N. a son and heir.13. At Yester House, the Marchioness of Tweeddale, a daughter.-14. Mrs Buchanan of Auchintorlie, a son and heir.-17. At Methley Park, co. York, Viscountess Pollington, a son.-21. At Melbury, the Countess of Ilchester, a son.
Elizabeth, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Montague Burgoyne, Esq. of Mark Hall, Essex. At Broadfield, Wm Macknight Crawford, Esq. of Ratho, to Jean, second daughter of the late John Crawford, Esq. of Broadfield.-14. Rev. T. Clarke, vicar of Mitchel-dever, Hants, to Anna Maria, youngest daughter of the late Hon. John Gray.-20. John Becket, Esq. under secretary of state for the home department, to Lady Anne Lowther, third daughter of the Earl of Lonsdale.-21. Thomas Boswell, Esq. of Blackadder, co. Berwick, to Lucy Anne, eldest daughter of Robert Preston, Esq. of New Sidney Place, Bath.-22. The Earl of Longford to the lady Georgiana Lygon, daughter of the late, and sister of the present, Earl of Beauchamp.-At Boulogne, Col. William Staveley, C.B. to Sarah, eldest daughter of T. Mather, Esq.-23. At Musselburgh, Major John Sutherland Sinclair of the Royal Artillery, to Frances, youngest daughter of Captain David Ramsay of the Royal Navy.-27. At Ugbrooke Park, Devon, Hon. Mr Langdale of Haughton, co. York, to the Hon. Charlotte Clifford, daughter of Lord Clifford.-28. Lieut.Col. H. F. Muller, 1st Royal Scots Foot, to Susan, second daughter of the late P. Wyatt Crowther, Esq. comptroller of the city of London.-29. Captain Ord, Royal Artillery, second son of Craven Ord, Esq. of Greensted Hall, Essex, to Miss Blagrave, niece to the late Lady Cullum of Hardwicke House, Suffolk.-30. Peter Herve, Esq. founder of "the National Benevolent Institution," to Miss Nicholls of Hampstead, daughter of the late J. Nicholls, Esq. of Lincoln's Inn.
Jan. 6.-Lord Huntingfield to Miss Blois, daughter of Sir C. Blois, Bart. of Cockfield Hall, Suffolk.-8. H. J. Conyers, Esq. only son of J. Conyers, Esq. of Copthall, Essex, to Harriet, second daughter of Right Hon. T. Steel.-9. At Strone, Captain William Cameron, 79th Regiment, to Miss Jane Cameron, daughter to Captain Donald Cameron of Strone.-Lieutenant-Colonel Beresford, deputy quarter-master-general in Nova Scotia, to Mary, daughter of the Rev. J. Gilby, rector of Barmston, county of York.-13. By special license, Lieut.Col. Sir Guy Campbell, Bart. to Frances
Feb. 1.-William Henry Layton, Esq. eldest son of Rev. T. Layton, vicar of Chigwell, to Frances Elizabeth, second daughter and co-heiress of Ellys Anderson Stephens, Esq. of Bower Hall, Essex.-3. Captain J. L. Stuart of the Bengal Army, grandson of Francis, late Earl of Moray, to Sarah, sixth daughter of the late Robert Morris, Esq. M.P. for Gloucester.-A. Donaldson Campbell, Esq. of Glasgow, to J. Maria, daughter of Colonel Dunlop of Househill, co. Renfrew.-4. At Ickham Church, Kent, and at the Chapel at Hales Place, Edward Quillinan, Esq. 3d Dragoon Guards, to Jemima, second daughter of Sir Egerton Brydges of Lee Priory, near Canterbury, Bart. M.P.-5. Sir Watkin Williams Wyn
Bart. to Lady Harriet Clive, eldest daughter of the Earl of Powis.-6. At Delvine, Robert Smythe, Esq. of Methven, to Susan, eldest daughter of Sir Alexander Muir Mackenzie, Bart.-11. Sir John Anstruther of Anstruther, Bart. M. P. to Jessie, third daughter of Major-General Dewar of Gilston.-15. Major-General Moore, to Cecilia, only child of W. Watson, Esq. of Queen's Square.-17. Philip Zacha
riah Cox, Esq. Captain of 23d Lancers, to Louisa Frances, youngest daughter of the late Tho. Waleston, Esq. of Walton-hall, co. York.-22. Thomas Stamford Raffles, Esq. of Berner's-street, to Sophia, daughter of James Watson Hull, Esq. late of Great Baddow.-27. George Ulric Barlow, Esq. eldest son of Sir George Barlow, Bart. G.C.B. to Hilare, third daughter of Sir R. Barlow. March 5.-At Albury-vale, Surrey, Jas. Simpson, Esq. advocate, to Eliza, second daughter of the late Jonas Maldin, Esq. of Putney.
Jan. 1.-At Berlin, the celebrated chemist Klaproth, in the 71st year of his age. -2. At Foveran-house, Andrew Robertson, Esq. of Foveran, aged 86.—In his 66th year, Sir Martin Stapylton, Bart. of Mytonhall, county of York.-4. In the 77th year of his age, Sir Arthur Owen, Bart. He is succeeded in his title by his nephew, William Owen, of the Temple, barrister-at-law. -8. At Hainfield, in Styria, Godfrey Winceslaus, Count of Purgstall, &c. only son of the late Winceslaus, Count of Purgstall, &c. and of Jane Anne, second daughter of the late Hon. George Cranston.-9. At Wells, Tho. Clark, Esq. of Westholme-house. He was descended from a branch of the ancient and well-known family of his name of Pennicuick, near Edinburgh.-10. At West Ham, Essex, George Anderson, Esq. F.L.S. son of the late Dr James Anderson, author of Essays on Agriculture, The Bee, and other works. At St Andrews, Rev. Dr Robertson, professor of oriental languages. -11. At Edinburgh, Mr Moss, long the dramatic favourite of the Edinburgh public, and well known for the excellence with which he pourtrayed Lingo, and many other characters of the same stamp.-14. At Clifton, Lady Miller, widow of the late Sir Thomas Miller of Glenlee, Bart.-15. At Dundee, Charles Craig, weaver, at the advanced age of 108.-20. At Edinburgh, General Drummond of Strathallan.-21. At Johannisberg, aged 76, the Prince Hohenloe-Waldenberg-Bartenstein, Bishop of Breslau.-23. At Turin, the Count de Barruel-Bauvert. He was one of the hostages for Louis XVI.-24. At Warsaw, General Bronickowski, who commanded the Polish legion of the Vistula, in France.-26. In Grosvenor-place, Caroline, Dowager Countess of Buckinghamshire.-28. Lieut.-Col. Norris, of the engineers in the East India Company's service.-Lieut.-Col. Finlayson. -Lately at Aron, Galway, in his 120th year, Mr Dirrane. He retained his faculties to the last, could read without spectacles, and till within the last three or four years, would walk some miles a-day.
Feb. 2.-At Seagrove, near Leith, Dame Jane Hunter Blair, widow of the late Sir James Hunter Blair of Dunskey and Robertland, Bart.-Aged 85, General Carleton,
colonel of the 2d battalion 60th foot, and great uncle to the present Lord Dorchester. -3. Sir Isaac Pennington, Knt. M.D. Regius professor of physic, Cambridge.-4. Mrs Christiana Howell, in her 107th year. She was sister to the late Colonel Monro of the royal marines.-6. The Right Hon. Lady Glenbervie.-7. At the Jews' Hospital, Mile-end, aged 104, Henry Cohen. He was taken ill in the morning, and expired in the evening, retaining his faculties to the last.8. At Pisa, Francis Horner, Esq. M.P. (See our first article.)-In her 89th year, the Dowager Lady Carew.-11. Aged 82, Sir John Palmer, Bart.-14. At Marseilles, Lieut.-Gen. the Hon. Sir John Abercromby, G.C.B. and Member of Parliament for the county of Clackmannan.-At her hotel, in Paris, aged 85, the Countess of Coislin, formerly one of the attendants on the Queen of Louis XV. and grand-aunt of the duchess of Pia of Bavaria.-15. At Edinburgh, Lady Miller, wife of Sir William Miller of Glenlee, Bart.-17. Aged 80, Rear-Admiral Alexander Edgar. He was the last male descendant of the Edgars of Wedderlie, in Berwickshire, one of the oldest families in Scotland, as appears by deeds as far back as 1170. -19. At Edinburgh, the Lady of Sir Alexander Don of Newton-Don, Bart. M.P.— 21. At Stirling, the Rev. John Russel, one of the ministers of that town, in the 44th year of his ministry.-At Little Dunkeld, Perthshire, aged 102, Mr J. Borrie.-23. The Right Hon. Lady Amelia Leslie, second daughter of the late Earl of Rothes.-24. Lady Henrietta Cecilia Johnstone.-Lately, at Rudding Park, in her 83d year, the Dowager Countess of Aberdeen. At Cammaes, in the parish of Llanhadrick, Anglesea, aged 105, Mary Zebulon.-At Trawnstynydd, county of Merioneth, aged 110, Edmund Morgan, being, as it is believed, the oldest inhabitant of Wales. He retained his faculties to the hour of his death.-At Eglinton Castle, aged 74, Eleonora, Countess of Eglinton. The ci-devant Prince Primate of the Rhine, and Grand-duke of Frankfort.
March 2.-At Brighton, in her 74th year, Theodosia, Countess of Clanwilliam. Her ladyship was lineally descended from the illustrious Earl of Clarendon.-3. At Edinburgh, Major-Gen. William Lockhart, late of the 30th regiment.-5. At Gilcomston, Aberdeenshire, aged 101, John MacBain. He was present at the battle of Culloden, and was attached to the corps brought into the field by Lady M'Intosh.-9. In Bolton-row, in her 75th year, Jane, Countess of Uxbridge, mother of the present Marquis of Anglesea.-12. In his 84th year, G. P. Towry, Esq. commissioner of the Victualling-office, father of Lady Ellenborough.13. Sir William Innes, Bart. of Balvenie, at the age of about 100 years. The title is now extinct.-15. At the encampment at Honniton, Mrs Boswill, sister to the Queen of the Gypsies. She was interred with great pomp.
On the Nature of the Office of Mareschal 123 A Last Adieu
Account of Mr Ruthven's improved
The Mossy Seat
Account of the Method of Engraving on
Anecdote of the Highlanders in 1745;
Lines written in Spring
The Mermaid (From the German of
On the Fall of Volcanic Dust in the
Island of Barbadoes.
Anecdotes of Antiquaries
Chemical Process of Combustion
Greece (From the French of Ardans), ib.
On the Original of Milton's Satan
White's New Invented Horizon
Tales and Anecdotes of the Pastoral Life,
Remarks on Greek Tragedy, No II. (Eschyli Chaphori-Sophocles Electra J
Shakspeare Club of Alloa
Notices concerning the Scottish Gypsies (continued).
Bingley's Useful Knowledge178
Edinburgh Encyclopædia, Vol. XI.
*186 AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE189
WORKS PREPARING for PUBLICATION 194
-----~~~~154 | Monthly List of New PUBLICA
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NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.
THE curious" Antiquarian Notices," by the learned author of the article "On the Nature of the Office of Mareschal," and the letter relating to the compilation of a Gaelic Dictionary, will appear in our next.
The articles—" On the Utility of studying the Ancient and Foreign Languages"-" On the Origin of Whig and Tory"—" On the Detrition of Mountains, &c."-and the Review of a recent elegant Poem, transmitted by A. D. are under consideration.
The Review of Dr Irving's Life of Buchanan has been unavoidably postponed.
The continuation of the "Memorandums of a View-Hunter,"—and the Letter relating to the proposed New Translation of the Psalms, were too late for insertion.
The obliging 'Hints' from N-'s, and the Additional Communications from 'Strila,' and from "An unknown Friend," have been duly received :—Also, several Gypsey Notices, which will be carefully attended to in our next.
The paper on 'Craniology,' by Peter Candid,' would have appeared in our present Number if it had not contained some improper personal allusions.
The "Memoirs of the House of Graham," in the shape in which they have been sent us, have nothing more to recommend them than the good intentions of the author.
The paper under the title of "Irish Literature," which announces the intended early publication of an " Irish-English Dictionary," in one volume quarto, by Edward O'Reilly," was omitted to be noticed in another place. From the same quarter we have received some extracts from a new work, of which the object seems to be to prove an affinity between the Hebrew and Irish languages; but we know not well what to make of them, and our correspondent has not condescended to assist us.
ON THE NATURE OF THE OFFICE OF MARESCHAL.
THE learned Selden has traced the etymology of MARSHAL under all its variations of Mariscaldus, Marscaldus, and Marscalcus, from the Teutonic 66 schalk," a servant, and "maere,' a horse, or rather a mare-the mare, it seems, being always the better horse*, and therefore very properly used generically to designate the speciesadding, that the term strictly describes a person who busied himself about horses and the manege.
This popular derivation is, in some degree, countenanced by the epithet having been applied to innkeepers, grooms, farriers, and horse-doctors, as is proved by sundry passages from Becanust, the capitularies of Charlemagne, and other authorities. It is, however, at the same time, evinced to have very early received other significations, having no reference either to the above quadrupeds or to their at
"He callit his marschall till him tyt,
BARBOUR, II. 4. MS.* Edward the Second's valet is called "marescallus aule regis." It was indiscriminately given to stewards of bishops and abbots, governors of jails and prisons, § and officers attending upon courts of law, || &c. &c.
These were not unfrequently deputies of the hereditary marshal of the kingdom, but most commonly they
servientes," or functionaries of rather a higher order.
There was also an old English office, of a singular import to modern ears, held heritably by grand sergeantry, and attached to a manor,-" callus de meretricibus in hospitio regis."
An ancient roll of Edward the Third indicates, that "Johannes de Warblynton, filius et hæres Thomæ de Warblyntone, fecit finem cum rege, &c. quod dictus Thomas tenuit ma
* Quoted by Dr Jamieson under this word. Vid. also Du Cange, voce Marescallus.
+"Rex concessit valetto Galfrido de Mildenhall, marescallo aule regis, unum (17 Ed. II. messuagium-in Bredon." Abbreviat. Rot. Orig. Scaccar.)
"Marescallus Episcopi," "Marescallus Abbatis," with their explanations. Du Cange.
§ Marescallus Banci Regis," in statuto Edwardi III. ar. 5, c. 8. Cui pottissimum incarceratorum incumbebat. Inde "Mareschalcia," dictus ipse carcer Londoniensis. Ib.
"Marescallus Curiæ," in Bulla Aurea Caroli IV. Imper. cap. 27. Ib. Q 2