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become, from an agricultural, a commercial prevent premature and imprudent mar. country. In 1776 the poor rates were stato riages ; but it must be their object to inspire ed at a million and a half ; now in the the poor with some forethought of the mi. course of forty years, they might be taken series that might come upon an unprovided altogether at eight millions and a half. offspring. The great object of a proper This monstrous sum must excite the deep- Committee would be, to find means of shew. est regret: but it was not merely the a. ing to the people their own interest and admount that was to be deplored, for the sum vantage, in taking their happiness into their of happiness and consolation was not in. own hands. He gave a melancholy picture creased by it; but, on the contrary, there of the demands in the shape of Poor Rates, was an augmentation of human misery. in the West Riding of Yorkshire, where one Something must now be applied. He was farmer, occupying 210 acres of land, was well aware that the amount was so great called upon to pay a guinea a day; and in that it was impossible to cut it down at once. Sussex, Shropshire, and other counties, he We had, in the course of years, in fact tak- mentioned assessments at 18s. 20s. 24s. and en away the care of the people from them. 26s. ; and even higher. After stating a selves; and the result of this conduct un- number of laborious calculations, to enforce fortunately was, that they regarded the pre- or elucidate his arguments, he said it was sent time as every thing, and the future as his intention to call on the fund-holder, the nothing. It was now our interest and our money-lender, and the trade of the country, duty, to endeavour to rescue them from this to bear their proportion of the burthen ; but condition, and to revive and elevate their it was his great aim to lessen the number of minds by the operation of some other prin- claimants, to reduce pauperism within narciple. If we did not, we should lend our- rower limits, and to restore to the mass of selves to the destruction of their industry, population that independent spirit, which their virtue, and their happiness. A for- would teach them to trust to themselves eigner must look with astonishment at the and their own exertions for support. After enormous sum of nine millions raised for developing his plans and intentions, he the relief of the poor. Few foreign Sove- moved for a Committee to be appointed, to reigns had so great a revenue for all the consider the state of the Poor Laws and the purposes of their governments. He could Labouring Poor. make his appeal to those gentlemen who were Lord CASTLEREAGH complimented the Magistrates, to say, whether the poor were Hon. Member on the calm, deliberate, and at present happy, contented, and grateful! judicious manner in which he had introduced No! they must answer, that they were un- this important subject ; and admitted, that happy, dissatisfied, ungrateful to those who his claim on him for his general view of the afforded them temporary relief, and without subject was fair. He was anxious to supreal comfort. (Hear !). They looked on port inquiry, as were all around him. Minevery thing with a jaundiced eye, and dis- isters would dedicate their time to it most content of mind. He had visited Ireland, cheerfully, as far as was consistent with their and when he first saw the wretched Irish other avocations. His Lordship then encabins, with the smoke issuing through the tered into a most explicit statement of his door, his feelings of disgust were so strong, view of the subject, which we regret ex. that he turned away, desirous of not enter- ceedingly that we cannot give. ing: but when he did go in, he found a A Committee was then appointed, and surprising revolution, and the least looked. ordered to report from time to time to the for that he could have imagined. He saw House. within the place the exercise of all the affec- REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF SE. tions of the heart, while potatoes were the
CRECY food, and butter-milk the only luxury. He Monday, Feb. 24.-Lord CASTLEREAGH thought the Irish peasant happier than an prefaced the measures he had to submit to English pauper. He saw a proof that hap- the House with expressions of extreme repiness was chiefly seated in the mind. The gret at the necessity, which compelled him, poor Irishman did not appear broken in in the discharge of his public duty, to bring spirit or degraded. He travelled a thou- them forward; he then entered into a very sand miles in that country, making obser- copious analysis and illustration of the revations on the state of the poorer classes port, but without adding any thing material wherever he went. Nothing, he was con- to the statements thereof, or disclosing the vinced, was so dangerous to the poor as facts and evidence on which it was founded, pauperism : yet there were not less than assigning the same reasons that Lord Sid. two millions of British subjects in that de- mouth used in the other House. In order grading condition. Could the House re- to counteract and repress the treasonous quire a stronger stimulus than this afflicting practices now afloat in the country, the Miconsideration, to impel them to the appli- nisters of the Crown deemed it necessary, cation of an instant remedy! After ages of Ist, That a bill should be passed, suspendinconveniences had passed, the remedy could ing the Habeas Corpus Act: 2d, For the operate only by slow degrees ; but still he more effectually preventing seditious meetmust assume the possibility of its efficacy. ings and assemblies: 3d, For extending the It was not possible for the Legislature to same legal protection to the person of the
Prince Regent as to the King ; 4th, For the formed that a secret conspiracy was organbetter prevention and punishment of persons ized in Glasgow, which had communicaattempting to seduce the military from their tions with societies in England. That conduty and allegiance. The last two he would spiracy was held together by means of a propose to make perpetual; the first two secret oath, which he read to the House : only temporary, perhaps to the close of the “ In the presence of Almighty God, I present session or the commencement of the A. B. do voluntarily swear, that I will per
He concluded with moving for leave severe in my endeavouring to form a broto bring in a bill for the more effecţually therhood of affection amongst Britons of preventing of seditious meetings.
every description who are considered worthy The debate was long and animated ; and of confidence; and that I will persevere in on a division the numbers were, ayes 190; my endeavours to obtain for all the people noes 14; majority 176. The bill was read of Great Britain and Ireland, not disqualia first time, and ordered to be read a second fied by crimes or insanity, the elective frantime on Wednesday.
chise at the age of twenty-one, with free Lord CASTLEREAGH then presented a and equal representation, and annual parbill to extend to the person of the Prince liaments; and that I will support the same Regent the statute of 36 George III. for the to the utmost of my power, either by moral better preservation of his Majesty's person ; or physical strength, as the case may require. and a bill to extend the 37th of his Majesty, (Loud cries of Hear.) And I do further for rendering more penal the seduction of swear, that neither hopes, fears, rewards, or the soldiery. They were both read a first punishments, shall induce me to inform or time, and ordered to be read a second time give evidence against any member or memon Wednesday.
bers, collectively or individually, for any act LORDS OF THE ADMIRALTY. or expression done or made, or to be done Feb. 25.--A very long debate ensued on or made, in or out, in this or similar sociea motion of Sir M. W. Ridley, the pur. ties, under the punishment of death, to be port of which was to diminish the number inflicted on me by any member or members of the Lords of the Admiralty, which was of such society. So help me God, and keep lost on a division ; there being for the ori. me stedfast !" (Hear, from all sides of the ginal motion 152; for the previous question House ). moved by Lord Castlereagh, 208 ; majo- Feb. 28.-On the motion of the CHAN. rity 86.
CELLOR of the ExchEQUER, the bill was
tead a third time and passed. Ayes 265; Feb. 26.-On the first reading of this bill noes 103 ; majority 162. Another division being moved by Lord CASTLEREAGH, it took place on a motion of Mr PonsonBY, was warmly opposed by Mr Bennet and that the act should expire on the 29th May, other members. On a division the numbers instead of 1st July. Against the motion were, ayes 273; noes 98 ; majority 175. 239: for it 97 : majority 142. In the course of the debate, the LORD AD.
(To be continued.) VOCATE of Scotland said, that he was in.
THE HABEAS CORPUS SUSPENSION BILL.
its effects. The experiment was made at The Prince Regent has been pleased to the brewhouse of Calvert & Company a few grant out of the funds at the disposal of days since, with a dray, on which were his Majesty, £1000, in aid of the sub placed three butts of beer. The expense scription for relief of the labouring classes does not exceed 30s. From a conviction within the city of Edinburgh and suburbs. of its great utility, the Lord Mayor has
A useful discovery. A machine has been caused one to be placed in the care of each constructed under the immediate auspices of the watchhouse-kcepers in the six princi. of the Lord Mayor of London, calculated pal districts of the city, viz. Giltspur Street, to render the most essential services. Its Fleet Market, Mansion House, London object is to act in case of the overturning of Bridge, Bishopsgate, and Aldgate. carts, waggons, &c. heavily laden, when by 2.-A flat, yet lively contradiction. its use an immediate remedy is produced, [To the proprietor of the Dublin Evening and danger obviated, in cases where horses Post.] "Sir,-Having seen an account of become entangled, and their lives endan. my death in your paper, I request you will gered. The application of the machine has contradict it." been already proved to be instantaneous in
6.—This being the Princess Charlotte's Friday, but that they had found his wife birth-day, when her Royal Highness com. alive and hearty. The coroner repri. pleted her 21st year, the day was celebrated manded the witnesses severely for want at Claremont, and in London, by her Royal of discrimination ; but every one allowed Highness's tradesmen illuminating their that the great likeness there was between houses, and by other rejoicings.
the living woman and the deceased might 7.-The gazette of last night contains have deceived better judges, particularly an address from the corporation of Dub- as both the women had similar private lin to the Prince Regent, thanking, in marks on their arms. the warmest terms, his Royal Highness Hawkers.—Yesterday John Barlow was for his munificent contribution of £2000, examined under the hawker's act, charged in aid of the fund for the relief of the la- with going from house to house, and of bouring classes of that city.
for sale Cobbett's Political Register, 8.- The committee for distributing re- price twopence, the same being unstamped, lief to the labouring classes in the city and he not having a hawker's license. He of Edinburgh have now on their list was convicted in the penalty of £10, and above 1600 persons. The men are em- in default to be committed for three months ployed in working on Leith Walk, at the to the house of correction. head of the Links, on the ground at the 9.- Inverness. - Died at Ardersier, in east side of the Mound, and on the Cal. this vicinity, a gander, well known to ton Hill. The subscription amounts to have been full grown when the foundaupwards of £6000.
tion of Fort George was laid, in the year East India House.--A special meeting 1748. His helpmate died only two years of proprietors of East India stock was ago. held in Leadenhall Street, to take into Ireland. The Marquis of Londonderfurther consideration the question of ap- ry, in addition to his liberal donation to pointing an additional European profes- the poor on his Lordship’s Derry estate, sor of the oriental languages in their colbas advanced £1000 for the purpose of lege at Hertford, at a salary of £400, purchasing fuel and provisions, which are and a further allowance of £100 per to be delivered out to them at very low annum; when, after a long and ani- prices. mated discussion respecting the character 10.-Shocking Storij.-A melancholy of this establishment, the resolution was catastrophe took place at Bolsover, in put to the vote, and carried in the affirm- the county of Derby, a few days ago. It ative.
appears that a poor woman of the name 8.-For several hours this morning, of Wylde, took the horrid resolution of the fog throughout the whole of the me- destroying herself and her four children tropolis was so intense, that candles were by poison. The deadly preparation was used in every shop and counting-house. procured, and the children called up at About twelve o'clock, however, the sun an early hour in the morning, under the burst out again in all its glory, and a fine pretence of giving them a medicine for summer-like day succeeded.
the worms. She administered it to them, 8.-The body of William Pinkerton, and also a considerable quantity to herself, smuggler, was found in the Great Canal, in the presence of her husband. Its deadat the Plash, near Rockvilla distillery. ly effects were soon visible, and terminated This man has been missing since the be- in their death, leaving the agonized husginning of last month, and when found had band in a state of mind which it would be a fask of whisky tied to his back.
vain to attempt to describe. Singular Occurrence.On Thursday 13. Ely. It is with extreme regret wę the 2d instant, the body of a woman was state that a tremendous breach has taken found tied to a boat, near the landing place in the Burnt Fen Bank, near Mr place of the Royal Hospital at Green. Seaber's, on the river Lark, by which near wich, on which an inquest was held be. 15,000 acres of land are inundated. fore one of the coroners of Kent, when Melancholy Accident. A letter from an old man came forward, and swore that Lochgoilhead, dated the 3d January 1817, the deceased was his daughter, and that to a gentleman in Glasgow, says" On she was the wife of Israel Friday, an out- Monday last a boat left this, in order pensioner of Greenwich College. He to go to Greenock; when sailing down then went into a long account of a quar. Lochgoil, they were hailed by a person rel which took place between Friday and that wanted to cross ; they condescended, his wife the day before the body was and, being upon the lee shore, gave the found. Other witnesses also swore to boat the two sails, which before had but the deceased being the daughter of the one. Half way over opposite the Wain. old man. The coroner thereupon directed inan, came on a squall, and run the boat diligent search to be made after Friday, down by not relieving the sheets. Eight the husband. The jury met again on the persons were on board, of which five were 10th instant, when the constables report, drowned, and a sixth died after being got ed that they had not been able to find on shore.
.." We are sorry,” says lent gales. It is ascertained that the an Edinburgh paper, “ in the space of a vessel sunk off Rottingdean is not the few weeks, to have again to notice the Mistletoe, but some merchantman. The fatal effects of a very dangerous reef officers who have unfortunately perished of rocks, which extend from the shore at in her are, Lieut. Wade Blake (comFifeness, fully a mile and a half to sea- mander); Mr J. Duncan, second master ; ward, and terminating in Carr Rock. Mr Tully, master's mate; Mr J. BrenThe sloop Janet of St Andrews, forty ham, midshipman ; Mr Thomas Kennel, tons register, Elder master, bound from pilot; and thirty-two able seamen and Alloa, with coals, sprung a leak off the boys. Carr Rock about six o'clock on the even. James Watson, senior, who has ating of the 6th. The crew, finding that tracted so much of public notice, was in. the water gained fast upon them, were dicted for having assaulted Joseph Rhodes making to the shore, to run the vessel with a sharp instrument, with which he upon Balconibie Sands, when she unfor- struck and stabbed him. The jury retunately struck upon one of the outer turned a verdict of acquittal, when severocks of the Brigs, near the Carr. The ral persons below, and in the galleries, crew immediately took to the boat, and gave very indecorous demonstrations of landed in safety. Robert Watson, Lord joy. Kellie's fisherman, who has been resi- 23.- This day a meeting of delegates, dent at Fifeness about sixty years, is from various petitioning bodies in Great enabled, from what he recollects of the Britain for reform in parliament, was shipwrecks at the Carr Rock, to re- held at the Crown and Anchor-Major mark, that there has been, in his time, Cartwright in the chair; when it was re“ at least sixty vessels lost upon the solved, that representation should be coCarr !for if she missed her mark one existent with taxation, and that property year, she is sure to hit twice the year fol. ought to form no part of a member of lowing."
Parliament's qualification--virtue and ta17.-A meeting of the advocates for a lents being sufficient. reform in Parliament, was held at Free- Common Council..Mr Waithman movmason's Tavern this day, when several ed a number of resolutions on the subject resolutions were adopted, expressing the of parliamentary reform. These resolunecessity for a constitutional reform in tions do not go so far as those of the dethe representation, the abolition of use. legates just mentioned, having for their less offices and unmerited pensions, and object “the shortening of the duration of a reduction of the military establishment. Parliaments, and a fair and equal distri
IRELAND.-A meeting convened by bution of the elective franchise to all freerequisition, took place on the 13th inst. holders, copyholders, and householders payat the Green of Harolil's Cross, Dublin, ing taxes, with such regulations as would when a respectful address was voted to preserve the purity and integrity of the his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, members, and render the House of Comhumbly praying that he would give his mons an efficient organ of the people." royal countenance and support to the The resolutions were carried with not more measure of parliamentary reform. Se than ten dissenting voices. veral resolutions were also carried, stat- Hatton Garden.--Mr Hunt, Mr Cobing the public distress, and declaring that bett, and the boy, Thomas Dogood, who the object of the meeting was reform, tore down a posting-bill, entitled, “ Mr not revolution. A petition to Parliament, Hunt hissed out of the city of Bristol,” founded on the resolutions, was read and came to this office, when a good deal of adopted.
conversation passed between the magistrate 20—The trial of the rioters for plun. and Messrs Hunt and Cobbett, respecting dering Mr Beckwith's premises on the 2d the committal of Dogood, "and the conof December, the day of the first Spa- duct of the officer, Limbrick, who apprefields meeting, commenced this morning hended him,-which led to no result. at 10 o'clock, at the old Bailey, when Dreadful Catastrophe. On Friday evenJohn Cashman was found guilty, John ing, the 3d instant, about eleven o'clock, Hooper, Richard Gamble, William Gun. Mr Cobbett, jun. of Kingston, having nel, and John Carpenter, not guilty.- just retired to rest with his wife, to Cashman has since been executed. The whom he had been married but a few trial of the other rioters was resumed on weeks, put an end to his existence by the 21st, but none of them were capitally blowing his brains out with a pistol (of convicted.
three barrels) which he had previously 22.-The loss of the Mistletoe schooner, concealed under his pillow. The horrid tender to the flag-ship at Portsmouth, circumstance has occasioned his wife to with all her crew, upon the coast of be insensible ever since, and she is not Sussex, whilst cruising in search of smug- expected to live.-Coroner's verdict, Inglers, can no longer be doubted; she sanity. must have foundered in one of the vio. Coroner's Inquest.-An inquisition was
taken before Mr Stirling, coroner for coinage. This valuable cargo, amountMiddlesex, upon the body of Mary Anning to £300,000, was insured at Lloyd's Golding, the daughter of John and Eliza. at the low rate of 10s. 6d. per £100,–2 beth Golding, of No 30, Molineux Street, strong proof of the confidence placed in Mary-le-bone, whose death was occasion- the superior class of Leith smacks. ed by the barbarous treatment of her On Saturday, the 11th January, the parents. The deceased was only five inhabitants of New Lanark met in the years of age. The jury viewed the body: New Institution, for the purpose of takits appearance was shocking, being cov. ing into consideration the propriety of ered with marks of violence from the presenting an address to Robert Owen, neck downwards to the thigh. The back Esq. expressive of their high satisfaction had several old wounds upon it; the legs with his conduct, and that of the other were bruised ; and the whole frame was proprietors, in introducing various ameemaciated. The evidence taken before the liorations in the condition of their comjury disclosed a repetition of acts of bru- munity; and more particularly in reductality on the part of the child's parents, ing the time of working in their mills an which left no doubt on the minds of the hour a-day; which regulation took place jury, that they had been the cause of her the first Jan. 1815, the time of labour death. After an hour's consultation, the being from six to seven previously to that jury returned the following verdict : “ The date; since which it has been from six deceased died in convulsions, caused by the to six only. This proposition being uncruel treatment of her unnatural parents.” animously agreed 'to, à committee was
25.-Johanna Southcote.The delusion appointed to prepare and present the at this time practised upon the believers
It was then resolved, that the in the predictions and doctrine of the late village should be illuminated on the prophetess, is matter of great astonishment. Tuesday evening following, in testimony An interdict arrived at Newark on Sunday, of their regard for his disinterested conthe 19th instant, from a disciple of the duct in the management of the establishconclave at Leeds, inhibiting those of the ment, and also in commemoration of the faith, amongst other things, from attend- purchase of the mills by the present proing to their ordinary business during the prietors. ensuing eight or nine days; and a manu. 28.-Yesterday a third meeting of the facturer's shop in that place is at this time reform delegates was held at the King's entirely deserted, and the business of many Arms Tavern, Palace Yard. There were small dealers suspended in consequence. upwards of thirty delegates present, who
The following letter has been sent by affected to represent one hundred and the Secretary of State for the Home De- ninety towns throughout the kingdom. partment to the Lord Lieutenant of the After some discussion, which brought out county of Leicester, and, we believe, to nothing new or interesting, it was agreed the Lords Lieutenants of several other that those delegates, having petitions to counties. -Whitehall, Jan. 11, 1817. present to Parliament, should assemble this My Lord, It being deemed expedient day at three o'clock, in Palace Yard, to under present circumstances, that the civil put them into the hands of Sir F. Burpower should he strengthened in the county dett and Lord Cochrane.- The ineeting was under your Grace's charge, I have to re- then finally dissolved. quest that you will recommend to the ma. This being the day fixed for the meetgistrates in the principal towns within the ing of Parliament, the Prince Regent left same in which the measure is not al. Carlton House at half-past one, and reready adopted), to encourage the enrol. paired to St James's palace ---His Royal ment of respectable householders, to act, Highness took his seat in the state car. as occasion may require, as special con- riage accompanied by the Duke of Monstables for a fixed period of time, not less trose, master of the horse, and Lord James than three months; and I have farther Murray, a lord in waiting; the other to request that your Grace will communi- royal attendants followed in other carcate to the commanding officers of the riages.--The procession to the House was several yeomanry corps within the coun. not seriously disturbed; sone discontentty of Leicester, the wish of his Majesty's ed voices mixed their murmurs with the government, that they will hold them applause of the more loyal, yet there was selves, and the corps under their respec- no such expression of disapprobation as tive commands, in a state of preparation to excite alarm. On the return of the to afford prompt assistance to the civil royal procession, the discontent broke out authorities in case of necessity. I have, into the most outrageous abuse, and even &c.
SIDMOUTH. into acts of violence. The life guards were The Lord Lieutenant of the
insulted, and gravel-stones and other County of Liecester.
missiles were thrown at the royal carriage :
between Carlton-house garlens and the One of the Leith smacks arrived from stable-yard, one glass of the state coach London on the 26th instant, having on was struck three times and broken. It apboard nearly forty tons of the new silver pears from the evidence of Lord James