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day for the House resolving itself into the Europe ; he praised the generous sympathy said Committee, observed, that he intended which bound all classes of society together in to propose only such votes as would go to this happy land, and those spontaneous efthe renewal of certain usual annual taxes, forts made to lighten the burdens of the desand a grant of Exchequer Bills to replace titute, by sharing them. In the highest those which were now out. The several quarter, in the head of the government of duties on malt, sugar, &c. were then moy. this country, the same feelings and sympaed; as also that £24,000,000 be raised by thies were shared that actuated his people. Exchequer Bills for the service of the year He not only sympathized with their distress, 1817.

but was prepared to share their privations After some observations by Sir C. Monck and, from the spontaneous movement of his and Mr Calcraft, the resolutions were agreed own mind, had expressed his determination to.

to abstain from receiving, in the present state FINANCES AND REDUCTIONS. of distress, so much of the civil list as he Feb. 7.-_Lord CASTLEREAGH (the could refuse, consistently with maintaining House being in a Committee on that part the dignity of his station, without doing of the Regent's Speech which related to the what Parliament would disapprove of inFinances), in an elaborate speech of great curring.-(General Cheering.) His Royal length, and embracing a variety of views of Highness had given his commands to inform the state of the country-past, present, and the House, that he meant to give up for the prospective,--did not disguise or extenuate public service a fifth part of the fourth class the present distress, but still maintained, of the civil list, which, it ought to be obthat with the characteristic vigour and served, was the only branch connected with energy of the British character, and an the personal expenses, or the royal state of economy pervading every department of the the Sovereign ; for all the other heads of public service, we should soon be restored charge included in the civil list, except the to our high situation among the nations. privy purse, were as much for paying pubHe then entered into a detail of the reduc. lic services as the sums included in the estions of the national expenditure which were timates he had this night mentioned contemplated, making a total annual dimis (Hear, hcar!) That branch of the civil nution, in all the different branches, of six list amounted to £209,000 ; and his Royal millions and a half, and thereby reduc- Highness offered, out of this and the privy ing the current expenses of this year to purse, £50,000—(Hear, hear !) for the £18,373,000; and that there might be a fur- public service. His Royal Highness had ther saving of above a million anticipated in directed and applauded the exertions of his the next year, which would bring the expendi- people, he had shared in their glories, and ture down to £17,300,000 ; and that of this now generously sympathized in their suffer. sum there was not more than £13,000,000 ings, and determined to share their privaapplicable to current services, for there were tions.--( Hear!) The servants of the Crown now paid in pensions, and half-pay to the had resolved to follow the example of their officers and men in the army, navy, and Royal Master, and to surrender that part of ordnance departments, who had contributed their salaries which had accrued to them to bring the war to so glorious' a termina- since the abolition of the property tax. tion, upwards of four millions. A certain (Hear, hear !) His Lordship came then to proportion of the pensions would annually the last branch of the subject, the formabe available for the public service by the tion of a Committee, for the purpose of indecease of those who enjoyed them. A quiring into the income and expenditure of hundred thousand men were now in the re- the country, on the mode of choosing which, ceipt of pensions and half-pay. He had and on the duties they were to perform, his made inquiri as to what, upon ordinary Lord expatiated for some time, and then calculations, might be expected to accrue concluded with proposing the appointment annually from the falling in of their allow- of a Committee, to consist of 21 members, ances. By assuming the medium age of “ for the purpose of inquiring into the reve40, one half of the whole would cease to nue and expenditure of the country for the exist in the course of 20 years, making 2,500 years ending the 5th January 1815, the 5th annually; and, as the allowances are four January 1816 and 1817, and also for the millions, the sum becoming available every years ending the 5th January 1818 and year for the public service, in the reduction 1819, with a view to the investigation of of the public burdens, would be £100,000. measures for affording relief to the

country, In making up the estimates, a sketch of without detriment to the public service; and which he (Lord C.) had submitted to the to report thereon, from time to time, their House, Ministers were actuated by the most opinions to the house." Before he sat anxious desire to effect every possible re- down, it would be right to mention, that he duction ; to carry into effect every plan of proposed the committee should be invested economy that was consistent with our situa- with full powers to send for persons, papers, tion and security ; and to bring the expendi- and records, ( Hear, hear !) that they should ture of the nation as much as possible within possess all the means of pursuing their inits means His Lordship took a review of quiries to the bottom. the general distress that prevailed all over The noble Lord concluded with reading VOL. I.

Q

SINECURES.

the following list: Lord Castlereagh, Chan- which have lately been presented to this cellor of the Exchequer, Mr Ponsonby, Mr House. ( Hear, hear, hear!) Sir, I would Bankes, Mr Long, Mr Tierney, Lord Bin not be a party in telling the people, (monning, Sir J. Newport, Mr Peel, Mr C. W. strous assertion !) that twelve hundred years Wynne, Mr Arbuthnot, Mr Frankland ago this country enjoyed a free and perfect Lewis, Mr Huskisson, Mr N. Calvert, Mr constitution. (Hear, hear, hear!) This, Davies Gilbert, Mr Cartwright, Mr Hol- sir, is a specimen of the historical know. ford, Mr Edward Littleton, Lord Clive, Mr ledge of the antiquarian research, of the Gooch, and Sir T. Ackland.

acquaintance with constitutional law of these Mr TIERNEY, and many other members, wiseacres out of doors, who, after poring delivered their sentiments at great length, for days and nights, and brooding over their both against and for this nomination, after wild and mischievous schemes, rise up with which the House divided. For the Com their little nostrums and big blunders to amittee 210 ; against it 117.

mend the British Constitution ! (Laughter Two other divisions took place, on a mo- and loud cheers.) And then, sir, we are tion to substitute other names in the room pronounced ignorant and daring who refuse. of Lord Binning and Mr Huskisson, but to subscribe to the creed of these true re. the majority decided that they were to stand formers, who know accurately what hapas part of the Committee.

pened in this country five hundred years be

fore authenticated history begins ! (Hear !) Tuesday, Feb. 11.-Lord CASTLEREAGH, and we are told, that he who will not believe in reply to General Ferguson, stated that the self-evident propositions of these genthe Noble Marquis (Cambden) alluded to tlemen, which it is said are so reasonable as had resigned all the emoluments and pro- not to admit of the least controversy, are fits of the office he held (Tellership of the dishonest as well as ignorant and daring. Exchequer, and only retained the regulated The people of England have presented hun. salary of £2500. (Cheering.) The Noble dreds of petitions to this House. I believe Marquis had been for some time desirous above a million of people have declared to of making this sacrifice, but as his office was this House some opinion or other on the in the nature of a vested right, and as he question of reform. These persons have been did not know what effect this surrender collected together at meetings, to which they might have on others in a similar situation, flocked simply because they felt severe dishe delayed till the meeting of Parliament. tress. They knew from their own experience, Seeing, however, the example of retrench, and from the nature of their sufferings, that ment and sacrifice set in the highest quar. they in a great measure originated in the ter, he no longer hesitated, and offered now mal-administration of public affairs. There all the emoluments of his appointment is one conclusion, sir, which we ought to (Hear, hear!)

draw from all these considerations ; namely, PARLIAMENTARY REFORM.

that severe distress is the real cause of this Feb. 14.-A great many petitions have popular agitation, and that as far as the ing been presented praying for a Reform people call upon us for great retrenchments in Parliament, most of them claiming unic and some reform, the call is well founded, versal suffrage and annual elections, as the and must be heard. I heartily hope that it ancient constitution of the kingdom, Mr may be heard before it is too late, and that BROUGHAM spoke to the following effect : the people may by that means be taken and “ Sir, I have in all cases gone as far as it kept out of the hands of those who would was possible for me to go, to assist in opening betray them into misery a hundred fold the door of this House to the people's come greater than that which they at present enplaints : and I have done all that I could dure." -(Hear, hear !) and not less than the Noble Lord (Cochrane) COMMITTEE OF SECRECY, to discountenance, as far as my little influ. Wednesday, Feb.19,-Mr B.BATHURST ence would allow me, any proposition which appeared at the bar with the report of the appeared to me to be calculated to impede, Committee of Secrecy, to whom certain cramp, and hamper, the exercise of popular papers, laid before the House by command rights.---( Hear, hear, hear!) I therefore of his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, put myself on my country, in competition had been referred. --Ordered to be printed, with the Noble Lord, as to which of us has and taken into consideration on Monday shewn himself to be the greater friend of next. the people of England. (Hear, heur, hear!) But, Sir, I will not shew my friendship for Feb. 21.- Mr CURWEN, in a clear and the people, by telling them falsehoods. argumentative speech, took a wide and com(Hear, hear, hear!) I will not be a party prehensive view of the Poor Laws, in their in practising delusion on the people. f Hear, origin, progress, and present oppressive hear, hear?) I will not take advantage of magnitude. We can only give a few the warmth of popular meetings,-a great detached passages. The great evils were proportion of the individuals constituting increasing still, and would increase much which are necessarily ignorant of the nicer more, unless some remedy were applied points of history and antiquity,

to induce to bring things back to their original the people to sign such petitions as those state. We had, it was to be recollected,

POOR LAWS.

become, from an agricultural, a commercial prevent premature and imprudent mar. country. In 1776 the poor rates were stato riages ; but it must be their object to inspire ed at a million and a half ; now in the the poor with some forethought of the mi. tourse of forty years, they might be taken series that might come upon an unprovided altogether at eight millions and a half.- offspring. The great object of a proper This monstrous sum must excite the deep- Committee would be, to find means of shewest regret: but it was not merely the a. ing to the people their own interest and admount that was to be deplored, for the sum vantage, in taking their happiness into their of happiness and consolation was not in. own hands. He gave a melancholy picture creased by it; but, on the contrary, there of the demands in the shape of Poor Rates, was an augmentation of human misery. in the West Riding of Yorkshire, where one Something must now be applied. He was farmer, occupying 210 acres of land, was well aware that the amount was so great called upon to pay a guinea a day; and in that it was impossible to cut it down at once. Sussex, Shropshire, and other counties, he We had, in the course of years, in fact take mentioned assessments at 18s. 20s. 24s. and en away the care of the people from them. 26s. ; and even higher. After stating a selves; and the result of this conduct un. number of laborious calculations, to enforce fortunately was, that they regarded the pre- or elucidate his arguments, he said it was sent time as every thing, and the future as his intention to call on the fund-holder, the nothing. It was now our interest and our money-lender, and the trade of the country, duty, to endeavour to rescue them from this to bear their proportion of the burthen ; but condition, and to revive and elevate their it was his great aim to lessen the number of minds by the operation of some other prin- claimants, to reduce pauperism within narciple. If we did not, we should lend Cour- rower limits, and to restore to the mass of selves to the destruction of their industry, population that independent spirit, which their virtue, and their happiness. A for. would teach them to trust to themselves eigner must look with astonishment at the and their own exertions for support. After enormous sum of nine millions raised for developing his plans and intentions, he the relief of the poor. Few foreign Sove- moved for a Committee to be appointed, to reigns had so great a revenue for all the consider the state of the Poor Laws and the purposes of their governments. He could Labouring Poor. make his appeal to those gentlemen who were Lord CASTLEREAGH complimented the Magistrates, to say, whether the poor were Hon. Member on the calm, deliberate, and at present happy, contented, and grateful! judicious manner in which he had introduced No! they must answer, that they were un- this important subject ; and admitted, that happy, dissatisfied, ungrateful to those who his claim on him for his general view of the afforded them temporary relief, and without subject was fair. He was anxious to supreal comfort. (Hear !). They looked on port inquiry, as were all around him. Minevery thing with a jaundiced eye, and dis- isters would dedicate their time to it most content of mind. He had visited Ireland, cheerfully, as far as was consistent with their and when he first saw the wretched Irish other avocations. His Lordship then encabins, with the smoke issuing through the tered into a most explicit statement of his door, his feelings of disgust were so strong, view of the subject, which we regret exthat he turned away, desirous of not enter- ceedingly that we cannot give. ing: but when he did go in, he found a A Committee was then appointed, and surprising revolution, and the least looked ordered to report from time to time to the for that he could have imagined. He saw House. within the place the exercise of all the affec- REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF SE. tions of the heart, while potatoes were the food, and butter-milk the only luxury. He Monday, Feb. 24.-Lord CASTLEREAGH thought the Irish peasant happier than an prefaced the measures he had to submit to English pauper. He saw a proof that hap- the House with expressions of extreme repiness was chiefly seated in the mind. The gret at the necessity which compelled him, poor Irishman did not appear broken in in the discharge of his public duty, to bring spirit or degraded. He travelled a thou- them forward; he then entered into a very sand miles in that country, making obser- copious analysis and illustration of the revations on the state of the poorer classes port, but without adding any thing material wherever he went. Nothing, he was con- to the statements thereof, or disclosing the vinced, was so dangerous to the poor as facts and evidence on which it was founded, pauperism : yet there were not less than assigning the same reasons that Lord Sidtwo millions of British subjects in that de- mouth used in the other House. In order grading condition. Could the House re- to counteract and repress the treasonous quire a stronger stimulus than this afflicting practices now afloat in the country, the Mi. consideration, to impel them to the appli- nisters of the Crown deemed it necessary, cation of an instant remedy! After ages of Ist, That a bill should be passed, suspendinconveniences had passed, the remedy could ing the Habeas Corpus Act: 2d, For the operate only by slow degrees ; but still he more effectually preventing seditious meetmust assume the possibility of its efficacy. ings and asseniblies : 3d, For extending the It was not possible for the Legislature to same legal protection to the person of the

CRECY.

Prince Regent as to the King ; 4th, For the formed that a secret conspiracy was organbetter prevention and punishment of persons ized in Glasgow, which had communicaattempting to seduce the military from their tions with societies in England. That conduty and allegiance. The last two he would spiracy was held together by means of a propose to make perpetual; the first two secret oath, which he read to the House : only temporary, perhaps to the close of the * In the presence of Almighty God, I present session or the commencement of the A. B. do voluntarily swear, that I will pernext. He concluded with moving for leave severe in my endeavouring to form a broto bring in a bill for the more effectually therhood of affection amongst Britons of preventing of seditious meetings.

every description who are considered worthy The debate was long and animated ; and of confidence ; and that I will persevere in on a division the numbers were, ayes 190; my endeavours to obtain for all the people noes 14 ; majority 176. The bill was read of Great Britain and Ireland, not disquali. a first time, and ordered to be read a second fied by crimes or insanity, the elective frantime on Wednesday.

chise at the age of twenty-one, with free Lord CASTLEREAGH then presented a and equal representation, and annual parbill to extend to the person of the Prince liaments ; and that I will support the same Regent the statute of 36 George III. for the to the utmost of my power, either by moral þetter preservation of his Majesty's person ; or physical strength, as the case may require. and a bill to extend the 37th of his Majesty, (Loud cries of Hear.) And I do further for rendering more penal the seduction of swear, that neither hopes, fears, rewards, or the soldiery. They were both read a first punishments, shall induce me to inform or time, and ordered to be read a second time give evidence against any member or memon Wednesday.

bers, collectively or individually, for any act LORDS OF THE ADMIRALTY. or expression done or made, or to be done Feb. 25.--A very long debate ensued on or made, in or out, in this or similar socie. a motion of Sir M. W. Ridley, the pur- ties, under the punishment of death, to be port of which was to diminish the number inflicted on me by any member or members of the Lords of the Admiralty, which was of such society. So help me God, and keep lost on a division ; there being for the ori- me stedfast !(Hear, from all sides of the ginal motion 152; for the previous question House). moved by Lord Castlereagh, 208 ; majo- Feb. 28.On the motion of the CHAN,

CELLOR of the EXCHEQUER, the bill was THE HABEAS CORPUS SUSPENSION BILL. read a third time and passed. Ayes 265;

Feb. 26.-On the first reading of this bill noes 103 ; majority 162. Another division being moved by Lord CASTLEREAGH, it took place on a motion of Mr PONSONBY, was warmly oppos by Mr Benner and that the act should expire on the 29th May, other members. On a division the numbers instead of 1st July." Against the motion were, ayes 273; noes 98 ; majority 175. 239: for it 97 : majority 142. In the course of the debate, the LORD AD

(To be continued.) YOCATĘ of Scotland said, that he was in

rity 86.

BRITISH CHRONICLE,

JANUARY.

its effects. The experiment was made at The Prince Regent has been pleased to the brewhouse of Calvert & Company a few grant out of the funds at the disposal of days since, with a dray, on which were his Majesty, £1000, in aid of the sub- placed three butts of beer. The expense scription for relief of the labouring classes does not exceed 30s. From a conviction within the city of Edinburgh and suburbs. of its great utility, the Lord Mayor has

A useful discovery.-A machine has been caused one to be placed in the care of each constructed under the immediate auspices of the watchhouse-keepers in the six princi of the Lord Mayor of London, calculated pal districts of the city, viz. Giltspur Street, to render the most essential services. Its Fleet Market, Mansion House, London object is to act in case of the overturning of Bridge, Bishopsgate, and Aldgate. carts, waggons, &c. heavily laden, when by 2.-A flat, yet lively contradiction.se its use an immediate remedy is produced, [To the proprietor of the Dublin Evening and danger obviated, in cases where horses Post.] Sir,Having seen an account of become entangled, and their lives endan- my death in your paper, I request you will gered. The application of the machine has contradict it. been already proved to be instantaneous in

Bicud KYFFIN."

6.-This being the Princess Charlotte's Friday, but that they had found his wife birth-day, when her Royal Highness com. alive and hearty: The coroner repripleted her 21st year, the day was celebrated manded the witnesses severely for want at Claremont, and in London, by her Royal of discrimination ; but every one allowed Highness's tradesmen illuminating their that the great liķeness there was between houses, and by other rejoicings.

the living woman and the deceased might 7.-The gazette of last night contains have deceived better judges, particularly an address from the corporation of Dub- as both the women had similar private lin to the Prince Regent, thanking, in marks on their arms. the warmest terms, his Royal Highness Hawkers.— Yesterday John Barlow was for his munificent contribution of £2000, examined under the hawker's act, charged in aid of the fund for the relief of the la- with going from house to house, and of bouring classes of that city.

fering

for sale Cobbett's Political Register, 8.- The committee for distributing re- price twopence, the same being unstamped, lief to the labouring classes in the city and he not having a hawker's license. He of Edinburgh have now on their list

was convicted in the penalty of £10, and above 1600 persons. The men are em. in default to be committed for three months ployed in working on Leith Walk, at the to the house of correction. head of the Links, on the ground at the 9.-Inverness. - Died at Ardersier, in east side of the Mound, and on the Cal. this vicinity, a gander, well known to ton Hill. The subscription amounts to have been full grown when the foundaupwards of £6000.

tion of Fort George was laid, in the year East India House.--A special meeting 1748, His helpmate died only two years of proprietors of East India stock was ago. held in Leadenhall Street, to take into Ireland. The Marquis of Londonderfurther consideration the question of ap- ry, in addition to his liberal donation to pointing an additional European profes- the poor on his Lordship's Derry estate, sor of the oriental languages in their col. has advanced £1000 for the purpose of lege at Hertford, at a salary of £400, purchasing fuel and provisions, which are and a further allowance of £100 per to be delivered out to them at very low annum; when, after a long and ani. prices. mated discussion respecting the character 10.-Shocking Storij.-A melancholy of this establishment, the resolution was catastrophe took place at Bolsover, in put to the vote, and carried in the affirm the county of Derby, a few days ago. It ative.

appears that a poor woman of the name 8.-For several hours this morning, of Wylde, took the horrid resolution of the fog throughout the whole of the me- destroying herself and her four children tropolis was so intense, that candles were by poison. The deadly preparation was used in every shop and counting-house. procured, and the children called up at About twelve o'clock, however, the sun an early hour in the morning, under the burst out again in all its glory, and a fine pretence of giving them a medicine for summer-like day succeeded.

the worms. She

administered it to them, 8.- The body of William Pinkerton, and also a considerable quantity to herself, smuggler, was found in the Great Canal, in the presence of her husband. Its dead at the Plash, near Rockvilla distillery. ly effects were soon visible, and terminated This man has been missing since the be in their death, leaving the agonized husginning of last month, and when found had band in a state of mind which it would be a flask of whisky tied to his back.

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vain to attempt to describe. Singular Occurrence.On Thursday 13. Ely. It is with extreme regret we the 2d instant, the body of a woman was state that a tremendous breach has taken found tied to a boat, near the landing place in the Burnt Fen Bank, near Mr place of the Royal Hospital at Green- Seaber's, on the river Lark, by which near wich, on which an inquest was held be. 15,000 acres of land are inundated. fore one of the coroners of Kent, when Melancholy Accident. A letter from an old man came forward, and swore that Lochgoilhead, dated the 3d January 1817, the deceased was his daughter, and that to a gentleman in Glasgow, says" On she was the wife of Israel Friday, an out- Monday last a boat left this, in order pensioner of Greenwich College. He to go to Greenock; when sailing down then went into a long account of a quar. Lachgoil, they were hailed by a person rel which took place between Friday and that wanted to cross; they condescended, his wife the day before the body was and, being upon the lee shore, gave the found. Other witnesses also swore to boat the two sails, which before had but the deceased being the daughter of the Half way over opposite the Wainold man. The coroner thereupon directed inan, came on a squall, and run the boat diligent search to be made after Friday, down by not relieving the sheets. Eight the husband. The jury met again on the persons were on board, of which five were 10th instant, when the constables report, drowned, and a sixth died after being got ed that they had not been able to find on shore.

one.

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