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SPAIN.

NETHERLANDS.

whether payable at sight, or at one or more were not permitted to return to their holy days or months, or usages at sight, must duties before a month or six weeks. This demand payment or acceptance within six measure was arbitrary; but during the whole months from its date, on forfeiture of all reign of Napoleon, the name of the Prince claim upon the endorsers, or even the draw. ' de Broglie never once reached the public er, if the latter has made provision for it.

March 26.-CHAMBER OF PEERS. The Duke of Richelieu and the Duke of Feltre were introduced. The former de The strict prohibition of journals publishlivered to the president his majesty's pro ed in England or the Netherlands, which clamation, conceived in the following had for some time been suspended, is reterms:

newed with great severity, probably on acLouis, by the Grace of God, &c. count of the popular discontent manifested The session for 1816 of the Chamber of at some late acts of the government. The Peers and the Chamber of Deputies is and frequent arrest for political offences is said remains closed.

to be regarded with particular disgust. (Signed) Louis. Letters from Spain of the 4th Feb. state, Thuilleries, March 26, 1817.

that in consequence of a new impost levied The Chamber broke up immediately af on charcoal at Valencia, which bore very ter the proclamation had been read. hard on the poor in the winter season, the

people murmured, and at last deputed com

missioners to wait on the governor (Elio) Intelligence has been received at Amster with their complaints. Instead of listening dam, that the Dutch commissioners receiv to them, Elio put the commissioners in ed the island of Java from the English on prison; the people rushed to arms, and li. the 19th of August.

berated them; and the governor, in his On the 19th of February, at Brussels, turn, was obliged to fly to the citadel. The the Princess of Orange was delivered of a insurgents kept possession of the city all son, who is to take the title of Duke of the 17th January ; but on the 18th, supBrabant.

plies of troops arriving, they were overThe States General have finally rejected a powered, and the governor liberated. He proposition for prohibiting the exportation attempted to put to death some of the riotof grain.

ers without trial, but the judges of the The Dutch papers communicate a mea High Court of Justice declared, they could sure calculated to injure, if not to ruin, the allow no citizens to be executed without a trade at Antwerp. A toll is ordered to be col- trial. The governor threatened to imprison lected upon all vessels entering or ving the the judges. The citizens were emboldened Scheldt, in addition to the custom-house du- by this vigorous conduct of the judges, and ties. Its weight is represented as incompati- affairs wore so serious an aspect, that Elio ble, not only with any prosperous commerce, posted off to Madrid to lay the matter be but with any other intention than that of des« fore the king. troying it, for the toll is seven times greater The report of some commotions having than the freight of goods brought from a arisen in Valencia, agrees very well with short distance England for instance. The what we know of the present state of popuking has been petitioned for its removal, lar feeling in Spain, viewed in connection and the latest reports give reason to believe with such instances as the following, of the that the application has been successful. cruelty of their semi-barbarous government.

The episcopal Prince de Broglie at Ghent, Pamplona, Feb. 10th. On the 2d, 3d, still occupies the public attention, by refus- and 4th of this month, and in the prison of ing to acknowledge the temporal supremacy this city, the torture was inflicted on Captain of the crown. Shortly after BONAPARTE Olivan, who for this purpose was brought assumed the imperial diadem, this prelate down from the citadel, where he had been ventured to act upon the same principle ; confined during eight months, merely bebut the Emperor, as jealous as himself of cause he was suspected of disaffection to his authority, conveyed orders to M. d'Hou- government. Amidst the most excruciating DELOT, the prefect, and to M. d'ERLA- pangs, no other than energetic declarations BURATH, the general of division, to put the of his own innocence were heard, as well as bishop under military arrest, and to com of that of more than thirty other officers pose a regiment of the numerous seminarists confined with him under similar circumwho embrace the orthodox tenets of their unbending pastor. This ridiculous scene The English government lately solicited, really took place. The youths

that a field in the neighbourhood of Tarragauches,” in their black robes, were march. gona, in which 300 English soldiers and ed to the place publique ; and, in the pre some officers fell gloriously defending that sence of an immense multitude, were march- fortress, should not be cultivated, or othered and countermarched, and taught all the wise disturbed, offering to purchase it: but evolutions of military discipline by corporals the city of Tarragona, emulating the feeling and serjeants of the national guard. In the of our government, nobly made a present of . night they were quartered in barracks, and the ground. VOL. I.

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6 un peu

Previous to the 18th Feb. a great number manner : First, a fixed donation to the Ro. of persons had been executed at Madrid, man academy of archeology of 600 crowns. under charges of treason against the person Second, 1070 crowns to found annual prizes, and authority of the sovereign. Nothing and a triennial prize for sculpture painting yet has transpired concerning the fate of the and architecture, which the young artists of unfortunate Arguelles and his companions, Rome and the Roman states only are comwho have been transported to a desert island petent to obtain. Third, 100 crowns to the of the Mediterranean. To those who know academy of St Lue. Fourth, 120 crowns the true character of the present Spanish to the academy of the Lynx ; and fifth, government, it will be no matter of surprise 1010 crowns to relieve poor, old, and inif this notice conclude their history. firm artists residing in Rome.

An edict for the prohibition of certain Foreign papers, dated in March, reckon books, divided into two principal classes, above 800 English families to be resident was published at Madrid on the 2d of in the three cities of Florence, Leghorn, March. In the first are comprehended and Pisa. The number of young English those which are prohibited, even to the per- who are receiving their education in various sons to whom the Inquisition may have schools in Italy may be estimated at 1500. granted licenses or particular permissions ; the other comprises works which are only

GERMANY. prohibited to such persons as have not ob By the new regulations in the Prussian tained those licenses. The works of the dominions, heavy taxes are to be imposed first class are eight in number, and are pro- upon English goods, while the manufactures hibited as defamatory of the supreme au, of other countries are to be subject to smallthority of the pope and clergy.-I'he second er duties. The continental system seems prohibition falls upon forty-seven works, to have created manufacturers, who are now which are described as full of a corrupt and in danger of being ruined by the competition revolutionary spirit. In this last class, M. of England. De Constant’s Principles of Policy-La A German paper contains the following, Croix's Elements of the Rights of the Peo as it is asserted, accurate account of the ple-Blanchard's Felix and Paulina-and

Austrian army. Adelaide and Theodore, or Letters on Edu

Infantry, .349,200 cation,-are included.

Light Infantry,mgom. 85,800
Cavalry,

75,000
Artillery, mamman

20,000 On the 15th of December, a catholic priest proceeded on foot to the cathedral of

Total,aww..530,000 Adria, in Lombardy, and returned thanks The king of Wirtemberg has abolished for having attained his 110th year, without the censorship of the press; and by conciinfirmities or sickness! He was accompani- liatory firmness towards his people, is likely ed by an immense concourse of people, and to become one of the most popular sovechanted the cathedral service in a firm, reigns in Europe. The States were opened manly, and dignified voice.

on the 3d March, at Stutgard, by the king The German papers have brought us a in person, when the project of the new con. document of greater importance than usual, stitution was presented to that body. It in the shape of a new constitution for Sicily. consists of 337 articles, and is highly faThat interesting portion of Europe has lost vourable to the liberty of the subject. nothing by the restoration of the legitimate sovereign to the throne of his ancestors. The king of Naples, unlike his namesake By the latest accounts, the present go, and cousin the sovereign of Spain, has sig, vernment of this country appears to stand nalized his restoration by confirming and on very slippery ground ; and something extending the blessings of a free constitu. more than even all the characteristic prution.

dence and worldly wisdom of Bernadotte The emigration of our countrymen to will be required to support him on the Scans Italy is so extensive, that 400 English fam- dinavian throne.-Stockholm, March 18: ilies now reside at Naples alone.

alarming reports of a political nature have Between 500 and 600 English are now arisen. One Lindhorne, a publican, de. resident at Rome, including branches from nounced, on the 13th, certain seditious the noble families of Devonshire, Jersey, language which he had overheard. The Westmoreland, Lansdown, Beresford, King, affair, of which the object was no less than Cowper, Compton, Dunstanville, Denbigh, a total subversion of the present order of goCarnarvon, and Breadalbane. Thedutchess vernment, has immediately given rise to the of Devonshire gives parties every week, and strictest investigation, and has appeared is a great patroness of the fine arts. sufficiently important to induce all the high

Canova. --The pope had attached to the colleges (or public boards), and deputations title of Marquis of Ischia, which he confer- of the armed force,—the nobility, the citi. red on the sculptor Canova, an annual pen- zens of Stockholm, and the peasants,-to sion of 3000 crowns. This celebrated artist wait on the Crown Prince, and assure him has disposed of this revenue in the following of their fidelity and attachment.

ITALY.

SWEDEN.

RUSSIA.

consideration of Congress. On the subject By an ukase of the Emperor Alexander, of finance the president expresses much sathe 'male population of Poland has, with tisfaction. The actual receipts of the refew exceptions, been made liable to the mi. venue during 1816 are said to amount to litary conscription, from twenty to thirty about 47,000,000 of dollars, and the payyears of age. A rescript to the governor of ments to only 38,000,000; thus leaving a Cherson, in favour of the Duchobooze, a surplus in the treasury, at the close of the sect of dissenters from the Greek Church, year, of about 9,000,000 of dollars. The is highly honourable to the humane feelings aggregate of the funded debt, on the 1st and enlightened views of this monarch. January 1817, is estimated not to exceed

110,000,000 of dollars, the ordinary annual TURKEY

expenses of government are taken at less Letters from Constantinople of the 1st than 20,000,000, and the permanent reFebruary state, that the British minister is venue at 25,000,000. The state of the curstill in negotiation relative to the affairs of rency and the establishment of the national the Ionian Islands, of which the divan per- bank are then noticed ; and Mr Madison tinaciously refuses to acknowledge the in- concludes this moderate and well-written dependence. Yet it was not unknown at dooument, by referring to the near approach Constantinople, that General Maitland had of the period at which he is to retire from arrived at Corfu, and had convoked the public service, and with animated expresGrand Senate to pronounce definitely on sions of satisfaction at the tranquillity and the administration or organization of the prosperity of the country. state. If we may credit letters from Vienna, It is pleasing to observe the facility with inserted in the Paris papers, it would seem which useful institutions are adopted, under

that the Porte has to contend with a rebel- the harmony at present subsisting among | lious subject in the person of the Pacha of mankind. The Provident or Saving Banks,

Bagdad, who having been formally deposed which have been established so beneficially by a firman from Constantinople, refused to in Britain, are likely to be soon very generesign his power, and acknowledge his suc- rally resorted to in the United States. The cessor.-It is also stated in the same jour- plan was in progress at Boston before the nals, that the Pacha of Egypt, the most close of 1816, and was countenanced by a powerful of the Turkish governors in the large body of the state legislature. Mediterranean, is preparing to dispute the From the report of the late secretary to sovereignty of that province with the Otto- the treasury, it appears that the gross revenue man Porte.

for the year 1816 amounted to 59,403,978,

and the expenditure to 38,745,799 dollars, America,

leaving an excess of receipts, amounting to 20,658,179, exclusive of the sum in the treasury on the 1st of January 1816.

A bill has been brought into Congress, to The president of the United States trans- prevent citizens of the United States from mitted to both Houses of Congress, on the selling vessels of war to the

subjects of any 4th December, a message by Mr Todd, his foreign power, and more effectually to pre. secretary, of which we can only give the vent the arming and equipping of vessels of general outline. It begins by noticing the war intended to be used against nations in partial failure of the crops, the depression amity with the United States. This bill is of particular branches of manufactures, and supposed to be chiefly directed against the of navigation,-complains of the British insurgents of Spanish America, and to have government for prohibiting a trade between been brought forward through the represenits colonies and the United States in Ameri- tations of the Spanish minister. rican vessels-notices the attack on the Ame It has been officially announced, that Mr rican flag by a Spanish ship of war, and Monro has been elected president, and Mr the uncertain state of the relations with Tomkins vice-president, for the constitu. Algiers-expresses much satisfaction at the tional term of four years from the 4th of tranquillity that has been restored among last month. the Indian tribes, and between these tribes An act of Congress has passed, by which and the United States-recommends a re all British vessels entering the ports of the organization of the militia, provision for the United States, from our colonial possessions, uniformity of weights and measures, the are to be subjected to an additional duty of establishment of a university within the dis two dollars per ton. This proceeding is retrict which contains the seat of government, sorted to, in consequence of the exclusion of an amendment of the criminal law--and the American shipping from our West India suggests, that the regulations which were

islands. intended to guard against abuses in the It has been proposed, in the House of slave trade should be rendered more effectu- Representatives, to reduce the peace estab. al. The expediency of a re-modification of lishment to 5000 men, and also to repeal the judiciary establishment, and of an addi. all the internal taxes. tional department in the executive branch The exports from the United States, for of the government, are recommended to the the year ending 30th September 1816,

UNITED STATES.

PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT.

success.

season.

Tuesday, 28th January.--The Prince lation to believe, that you will find it pracRegent came to the House of Lords with ticable to provide for the public service the

usual state at three o'clock, and opened of the year, without making any addition the Session of Parliament with the following to the burdens of the people, and without speech from the throne :

adopting any measure injurious to that sysMy Lords and Gentlemen,

tem, by which the public credit of the coun. It is with the deepest regret that I am try has been hitherto sustained. again obliged to announce to you, that no My Lords and Gentlemen, alteration has occurred in the state of his I have the satisfaction of informing you, Majesty's lamented indisposition.

that the arrangements which were made in I continue to receive from Foreign Powers the last Session of Parliament, with a view the strongest assurances of their friendly to a new silver coinage, have been completed disposition towards this country, and of with unprecedented expedition. their earnest desire to maintain the general I have given directions for the immediate tranquillity.

issue of the new coin, and I trust that this The hostilities to which I was compelled measure will be productive of considerable to resort, in vindication of the honour of the advantages to the trade and internal trans. country, against the government of Algiers, actions of the country. have been attended with the most complete The distresses consequent upon the ter

mination of a war of such unusual extent The splendid achievement of his Majesty's and duration, have been felt, with greater fleet, in conjunction with a squadron of the or less severity, throughout all the nations King of the Netherlands, under the gallant of Europe, and have been considerably agand able conduct of Admiral Viscount Ex. gravated by the unfavourable state of the mouth, led to the immediate and uncondi. tional liberation of all Christian captives Deeply as I lament the pressure of these then within the territory of Algiers, and to evils upon this country, I am sensible that the renunciation by its government of the they are of a nature not to admit of an impractice of Christian slavery.

mediate remedy ; but whilst I observe with I am persuaded, that you will be duly sen- peculiar satisfaction the fortitude with which sible of the importance of an arrangement so many privations have been borne, and so interesting to humanity, and reflecting, the active benevolence which has been emfrom the manner in which it has been ac. ployed to mitigate them, I am persuaded complished, such signal honour on the that the great sources of our national proBritish nation.

sperity are essentially unimpaired, and I enIn India, the refusal of the Government tertain a confident expectation, that the na. of Nepaul to ratify a treaty of peace which tive energy of the country will at no distant had been signed by its Plenipotentiaries period surmount all the difficulties in which occasioned a renewal of military operations. we are involved.

The judicious arrangements of the Go. In considering our internal situation, you, vernor-general, seconded by the bravery and will, I doubt not, feel a just indignation at perseverance of his Majesty's forces, and of the attempts which have been made to take those of the East India Company, brought advantage of the distresses of the country, the campaign to a speedy and successful for the purpose of exciting a spirit of sedi. issue ; and peace has been finally establish- tion and violence. ed, upon the just and honourable terms of I am too well convinced of the loyalty the original treaty:

and good sense of the great body of his Gentlemen of the House of Commons, Majesty's subjects, to believe them capable I have directed the estimates of the cur of being perverted by the arts which are rent year to be laid before you.

employed to seduce them ; but I am deter. They have been formed upon a full con mined to omit no precautions for preserving sideration of all the present circumstances the public peace, and for counteracting the of the country, with an anxious desire to designs of the disaffected : and I rely with make every reduction in our establishments the utmost confidence on your cordial supwhich the safety of the empire and sound port and co-operation, in upholding a syspolicy allow.

tem of law and government, from which we I recommend the state of the public in. have derived inestimable advantages, which come and expenditure to your early and se has enabled us to conclude, with unexam. rious attention.

pled glory, a contest whereon depended the I regret to be under the necessity of in- best interests of mankind, and which has forming you, that there has been a deficien- been hitherto felt by ourselves, as it is accy in the produce of the revenue in the last knowledged by other nations, to be the most year ; but I trust that it is to be ascribed perfect that has ever fallen to the lot of any to temporary causes ; and I have the conso- people.

CEYLON.- The dutch planters of Ceylon deed, that the mortality was entirely owing have adopted some judicious regulations for to the land journey beyond these rapids, the gradual abolition of slavery ; all children and that Captain Tuckey died of complete born of slaves, after the 12th of August last, exhaustion after leaving the river, and not are to be considered free, but to remain in from fever. their master's house, and serve him for We lament to learn, that when the Doroboard, lodging, and clothing; the males thy transport was at Cabendo, in the end of till the age of 14, and the females till 12– October last, there were ten Portuguese after which to be fully emancipated. ships in the port waiting for slaves, and two

CHINA.-Although no official intelligence from Spain. has been received by government from Lord The Congo discovery vessel arrived at Amherst, since his arrival at Pekin, yet Portsmouth from Bahia last month. The there is reason to believe, from private ac journal of the lamented Captain Tuckey is counts from Canton, of the 17th November, said to describe the country he explored for that the British embassy to that court has 226 miles, as a rocky desert, and thinly entirely failed ; though it is impossible at peopled region, not worthy of further represent to assign the reasons. Another cir- search. cumstance mentioned in these letters, threat March 29.-Information has just been ens to produce still more unfortunate effects. received of the death of Major Peddie, be. The Alceste British frigate, commanded by fore he reached the Niger. Lieutenant Captain Maxwell, was fired at by the forts on Campbell is now the commanding officer ; either side of the river; but the ship, being and, we understand, proceeded to carry immediately moored within pistle shot of into execution the orders received by Major one of them mounting forty guns, with two Peddie. broadsides silenced both batteries. The ST HELENA.—The Orontes frigate, Alceste was then suffered to proceed quietly which left St Helena on the 4th January, to her destination ; and what is most singu- has brought to England Colonel Poniowski, lar, up to the 17th November, not the the Polish officer who followed Bonaparte, slightest notice had been taken of the affair and who was sometime since banished from by the governor of Canton.

that island to the Cape, for improper conPERSIA...The government of Persia, it duct; and Lord Somerset has now sent him is said, have applied for the permission of to Europe. Les Casas and his son have been the British government to take British offi- also sent to the Cape in the Griffin sloop of cers on half pay into their army, with a war, in consequence, it is said, of their view of introducing modern tactics into the concerting a plan of correspondence with military establishment of that country; an

France. attack being apprehended on the part of A letter, addressed by order of Bonaparte Russia. It is even stated in a letter from to Sir Hudson Lowe, governor of St Helena, Calcutta, of the 15th October, that the by General Montholon, brought to this Archduke Constantine has entered Persia country by Napoleon's usher of the cabinet, at the head of 100,000 Russians ; but this M. St Santini, has been published, in report as yet gains little credit in this coun which the Ex-emperor loudly complains of try.

the rigorous manner in which he is treated by Sir Hudson Lowe. But the conduct of

this officer was defended by Earl Bathurst, africa.

in the debate to which Lord Holland's late

motion on the subject gave rise, and the inCONGO EXPEDITION. The detailed sinuations thrown out by Bonaparte against accounts of the expedition to explore the the British government were very satisfacriver Congo, or Zaire, reached the Ad. torily repelled. miralty some weeks ago. Melancholy as ISLE OF FRANCE.--On the 25th of the result has been, from the great mor- September, a great fire happened at Porttality of officers and men, owing to the ex Louis, which is said to have destroyed processive fatigue rather than to the effects of perty to the value of a million and a half climate, the journals of Captain Tuckey, Sterling. Nineteen streets were entirely and the gentlemen in the scientific depart- consumed, including hospitals, prisons, barments, are, it is said, highly interesting and racks, magazines, and other public buildsatisfactory, as far as they go, and we be ings. The greater number of the unfortu. lieve they extend considerably beyond the nate inhabitants have been reduced to absofirst rapid, or cataract. It would seem, in- lute poverty.

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