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fo doing to observe the same Positive Institution; but in Lay-Baptism there's a perfect Contradiction : The Positive 'Institution of Baptism is broken, thạt by so doing, the fame Politive Institution may be observ'd and kept whole. From all which is very clear and evident, that the Eating of the Shew-Bread, and the Administration of Valid Baptism (in Cases of Necessity) by a Lay-hand, are things infinitely different in their Nature, and confequently not at all applicable the one to the other. To which I beg leave to add, that the Eating of the Shew-Bread was NO AUTHO. RITATIVE ADMINISTRATION for the conveyance of Supernatural Graces, as Valid Bap tism most certainly is : And therefore 'tis no wonder, that God put a good Construction upon David and his Men's Eating that Bread to satisfie their hunger, when no other was to be had; and yet upon all occafions, feverely punilh'd the Sacrilegious Usurpations of every one that attempted to officiate in such Authoritative Administrations, as he had appointed for the conveyance of Spiritual Benefits; the great. Necessories that urg'd them thus to officiate, were never admitted or allowed of, sơ much as but to mitigate their Crime, much less to make their Administrations Valid: This is apparently evident in the Case of Saul's taking upon him to offer a Sacrifice in his great Distress, when his Enemies were coming upon him, when he might have been flain before he

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was Aaron. APPEND I X. 163 could make his peace with God, when the Priest Samuel was not present; when he had waited and strove so long, that he at last forc'd himself to offer a Sacrifice to procure the Divine Favour. We see, that all this NECESSITY and the ABSENCE OF THE PRIEST; this eager desire to obtain a Blessing; was no excuse for his assuming the Priest's Office; God would and did punish him for it, by rending the Kingdom from him, and giving it to another, as you may see in 1 Sam. 13. This is a standing Example, upon which we should always fix our Eyes, and thereby learn, that however God may excuse in some cases of Necessity, he will never do it in such great Instances, as the taking upon our selves to Administer, or willingly concurring with those who do Minister in the Priest's Office, with

3: A S for that other Text, where 'tis faid I will have Mercy and not Sacrifice, it will as little serve for the Validity of Lay-Baptifm as the rest. For the occasion of our Saviour's using thofe Words, and the place of Scripture from whence he quoted them, do evidently prove, that the Design of this Text is only to convince us, that such Positive Institutions 16 are here call?d by the Name of SACRIFICE, were never appointed to frustrate and make void our Obligation to the Genuine Moral Duties of Natural Religion, particularly those of Justice and Equity, and of compafsion

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A copy of a Letter of Archboy wakis to m? Jone April 22. 1718

Madam
It has always been the opinion of the church of England that Baptism

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Necessities and Wants of our Fellow-Creatures; but that on the contrary, our Want of such. Excellent Moral Virtues, and our being of an unjust, una charitable and cruel temper, will make those Pofia tive Duties when performid by us, both loathsome and abominable in the fight of God.

THIS I say is evident, First, from the occasion of our Saviour's referring the Jews to that Text, “ I will have Mercy and not Sacrifice; for the Disciples being hungry plucked tle Ears of Corn on the Sabbath-Day, which the Pharisees observing, affirmed, that it was à Breach of the Sabbath, and therefore unlawful for them to do at that time; but our Saviour (who very well knew the barbarous Cruelty of their temper) bid them remember the Case of David and his Men's Eating the Shew-Bread, &c. and then tells them," If ye er had known what this meaneth, I will have ".Mercy and not Sacrifice, ye would not have conbe demned; the GUILTLESS, St. Mat. 12. 7 Whereby he prov’d the Innocence of his Dilciples, that they had not at all broken the Sabbath, by thus plucking the Ears of Corn to afswage their hunger ; and that consequently, the Moral Duties of Mercy, and Works of absolute Necessity, were never intended by the Positive Institution of the Sabbath, to be reckond as Breaches of the Duty of Rest, which God requir'd on that Holy Day.

2dly. THE Place of Scripture from whence qur Lord quoted those Words is Hofea 6. 6. I

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